The prince went to meet her, took her by the hand and danced with her. He would dance with no other maiden, and never left loose of her hand, and if any one else came to invite her, he said, "This is my partner."
Endymion/Mamoru/Tuxedo Kamen of Sailor Moon; particularly in the manga but generally fits this role in any of the franchise's incarnations.
In Candy Candy, there is the mysterious "Prince from the Hill", a handsome young man dressed in a kilt, who makes Candy smile again when she was sad, and then vanishes in the into thin air, leaving only pendant with a small bell as the only evidence of his existence. In the last episode of the series is finally revealed that the prince was Albert, who was also Candy´s Mysterious Protector "Uncle" William. Anthony (From the same series) also may count. In fact, the first time Candy meets Anthony, she thought that he was her "Prince from the Hill" since both had a similar appearence and personality.
James of Pokémon's Team Rocket has shades of this, with a little Gentleman Thief for good measure. Given that he's from a rich, affluent family, it sort of fits.
Negima!? Neo has Fate, playing it straight just to make Negi jealous.
Bill Willingham's comic book Fables (about characters from fairy tales living in secret in New York) has Prince Charming, who was married three times, to Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, and Cinderella. He's a bit of a Magnificent Bastard and eventually becomes Mayor of Fabletown.
The Queen of Fables thinks that Superman is Prince Charming and wants to either kill him or marry him. Maybe both. Given his nature, it's understandable that the delusional Queen would make this mistake.
In Divided Rainbow, Rarity's favorite pet name for Lero Michealides is 'my sweet prince.'
Films — Animated
Even though the Disney Animated Canon movies never used the name Prince Charming, the princes in Cinderella, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and Sleeping Beauty are called that (even though the one in Sleeping Beauty actually has a real name: Phillip). It should be noted that in Snow White and Cinderella the prince does little more than show up and be royal, Phillip on the other hand, is the only one with an actual charming character. Later merchandise and such identifies "Prince Charming" specifically as Cinderella's prince. Snow White's is simply "The Prince".
Eric from The Little Mermaid (1989) is one of the last examples of this trope being played straight in Western media. Notably, unlike the Princes from Sleeping Beauty or Snow White, he is a well-developed character.
In light of the above, the Princes in future Disney films play with this trope in various forms. They can be refusing their royal duties (Simba), be jerks at first (though later become better) (Beast, Kuzco, Naveen), actually start off as commoners who reach their role as prince through marriage (Aladdin, Flynn Rider), or even be the Big Bad (Hans)
Inverted in the Shrek sequels, as Prince Charming is vain, selfish and in Shrek the Third, arguably evil.
Films — Live-Action
Prince Edward from Enchanted is Prince Charming Played for Laughs. He's good-natured, handsome, and heroic, but he's kind of thick. And it turns out he's not the right man for Giselle—but when he realizes this, he gallantly steps aside for her true prince.
Played straight in Prince Charming a 2001 made-for-television film starring Sean Maguire is the story of a prince who gets turned into a frog because he dashingly rescues a damsel in distress who starts trying to reward him.
Kate and Leopold has Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany who writes the best apology letter in the history of mankind.
In the Czech movie Byl jednou jeden král (Once upon a time there was a king, an adaptation of the fairy tale Salt over gold) there are three princes who came to the kingdom as suitors for the three princesses: Prince Charming note who claims to be THE Prince Charming who rescued the Sleeping Beauty and the Snow White (but, contrary to what the fairy tales say, he didn't marry them), Prince Valiant, and Prince Cunning. They are all braggarts and cowards, and eventually they help themselves to the royal treasure - while the three princesses, as well as the king himself, get married to commoners in the end.
Mirror, Mirror is one of the very few modern movies based on fairy tales which play this trope almost completely straight with Andrew Alcott, a character with most of the usual Prince Charming traits.
Given how soon it was written after the term originated, The Picture of Dorian Gray is likely one of the first subversions. Dorian is called this by extremely naiveactress Sybil who he seduces and abandons, driving to suicide. Another lover also apparently called him this, and uses the nickname scornfully when he encounters her several years later as a prostitute.
Ella Enchanted exaggerates this. The prince's name is Charmont, which is sorta like Charming and borders on charmant, which is French for "charming" and comes from the Fairy Tale "The Blue Bird" where the hero was called Le Roi Charmant ("the charming king"). He prefers to be called Char, though.
The likes of Rhaegar Targaryen whose love for a woman he was not betrothed to incited Robert's Rebellion and the Wrong Genre Savvy Quentyn Martell.
In Terry Pratchett's Unseen Academicals, Glenda objects to Trev as Juliet's love because Juliet is special and all she needed was a prince — and she remembers her own fantasies. Juliet and Trev do end up together, and Glenda ends up with a king to be.
Justified in the contemporary book Dream Boy written by Ann Reit, which stars a charming, but immature teenager who learned it from his father.
Played straight with Prince Jonathan of Tortall in Song of the Lioness who is a lover and a fighter. And oh boy is he a lover - right up until he meets Thayet, anyway, and she steals his heart and his ability to speak in all of ten seconds.
The Hero's Guide To Saving Your Kingdom by Chris Healy takes this trope and runs all over the map with it. The princes of four different fairy tales (Cinderella, Rapunzel, Sleeping Beauty and Snow White) get the short end of the stick when their stories are popularized because everyone remembers the princesses' names, but their names (Fredrick, Gustav, Liam and Duncan respectively) are lost and are just called "Charming", even though all four are radically different people. They eventually team up and become a league of Princes Charming.
Prince Charming is a character in Sesame Street, using the same puppet as Guy Smiley and Don Music, who can be relied upon to totally mess up any fairy-tale he's involved in (he's not a Prince Charmless, just incompetent and not very bright). He also works as a dance instructor, under the name Prince Cha-Cha-Charming.
Nate Archibald is all but explicitly based on this trope. He is described as charming with extreme regularity, and has the tendency to fall passionately in love (with various girls) and deliver romantic speeches (occasionally hilariously out of context) while rescuing them from some emotional or social dragon. He is in the books given the epithet "prince of the upper east side" and it is said that he can "snap his fingers and have any girl he wants." If you gave him fencing lessons, he would basically be the Prince Charming from Fables
In the musical episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, "Once More With Feeling", Buffy rescues a handsome prince, in an inversion of the traditional rescue scenario. He sings "How can I repay—" but Buffy cuts him off with "Whatever" given that she's in her depressed period.
Justified for Logan from Gilmore Girls who is his father's heir, charismatic, and quite a ladies man.
Played straight in Veronica Mars "Ain't No Magic Mountain High Enough" where Logan meets Hannah who he says is "like the hot daughter of a king he marries off to get like Denmark or something."
Imitated/played for laughs so to speak on Bones "The Prince in the Plastic", which had a victim who created a doll called 'Prince Charmington' and a suspect who dressed as the doll for store openings and such.
The main Prince in Once Upon a Time, James, is sarcastically (at first) nicknamedPrince Charming by his future wife, Snow White, when he captures her in a net. She says that he's so charming if that's the only way he can get someone. Of course she did steal from him.
Pretty much all the princes in the series fit the trope, including Cinderella's and Sleeping Beauty's Princes. Probably a rare instance in modern television where the trope is played straight for the most part, although James turns out secretly not to be of legit royal blood.
The "Dream Prince" in Akumuchan is a deliberate example of this trope. He is handsome, charming, rides a horse, and seems to exist for the sole purpose of rescuing Ayami from her troubled dreams and wooing her.
He appears in GoGo Sentai Boukenger to any lady who wore the Glass Slipper. He then traps her in his world with the help of one of Cinderella's Stepsisters. His true form is that of a monster, and he is killed off by the Boukengers.
Simon Tam from Firefly is not a literal prince, but he is a kind, brave, attractive young man from a wealthy, aristocratic family who insists on acting "properly" (in the Old-School Chivalry sense) even in the worst of circumstances, making him a rare modern straight example.
Into the Woods actually has two examples: there are two Prince Charmings, married to Cinderella and Rapunzel, respectively. In the second act, they abandon their wives for Snow White and Sleeping Beauty.
"I was raised to be charming, not sincere." - Cinderella's Prince
Fable III: The Male Hero looks like a classic example of this Trope
Psychonauts's official Psycho-Pedia has this to say about Lili's view of Raz:
Ultra Fast Pony inverts this without invoking Prince Charmless. Prince Blueblood is handsome royalty and a perfect gentlestallion. Unfortunately, the heroine Rarity has a mile-wide masochistic streak, so she wants a prince who will boss her around and hurt her. Rarity loses interest in Prince Blueblood because he's too nice.
Gil from Girl Genius is a kind of reconstruction. The Prince Charming has often been deconstructed by making him (the heir of) a tyrant. But Gil is very good at arguing his father is the most enlightened despot in the continent, and he's probably right. Also, Gil is beautiful, the ultimate warrior, Always Save the Girl… He just fails for the romantic side.
The Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends episode "Frankie, My Dear" has a Prince Charming imaginary friend. He is indeed handsome, charming, romantic—and smitten with Frankie Foster. Frankie tells him that she outgrew his type years ago, but don't worry, Friends like him get snatched up by little girls in no time.
Prince Gumball from the Adventure Time gender-swapped episodes seems to be this (At least for what can be seen in his only two apparitions in the series) There is also Prince Huge from the episode "The Hard Easy"