Animal Motifs: Various allusions to rabbits abound and the Big Bad is known as Mr. Rabbit. Arby (real name Pietre - "Peter" and Jessica Hyde are revealed to be siblings. Peter and Jessica...Rabbit. And humans do breed like rabbits...
Anti-Hero: Virtually all of the main cast (save for the villains):
Ian, Becky and Wilson over the course of the series, use methods of kidnapping, breaking & entering, forceful interrogations edging towards Jack Bauer levels, eventually become Pragmatic Heroes. Becky realises it, and is horrified by what they're becoming. Wilson, however eventually does a Face-Heel Turn.
Jessica Hyde is an Unscrupulous Hero, even edging towards Nominal Hero, taking Grant away from the group and having him drink liquor to reveal the location of the manuscript. Her desire to stop the Network is less over for concern for the world and more of a big case of It's Personal.
Dudgale fits the Classical Anti-Hero mold, constantly being screwed over by the Network over what he knows.
Anti-Villain: Arguably, the entirety of the Network. They're attempting to sterilise 90% of the planet in order to hopefully avert poverty, war and starvation on an unprecedented scale.
Ass Shove: Dugdale asks Jessica how he's supposed arrange a rescue attempt of his wife and adopted daughter where they're held when the place checks for items on his person. Jessica tells him to shove it up his arse. Shewas being serious.
Be Careful What You Wish For: In the second episode of season two, Ian has grown visibly bored with going back to his normal life, and it's implied that his search for Becky is the only exciting thing he's got going for him. At the end of episode, he's found Becky...and is now back on the run with her and Grant.
Becoming the Mask: Wilson takes on the identity of Mr. Rabbit - complete with replicating the cuts on his skin - at the end of series two.
Belligerent Sexual Tension: Between Ian and Becky, at first. Interestingly, it's only after they get the tension out of the way through sex that they begin to talk honestly about their feelings for each other, and their relationship slowly develops.
Blatant Lies: In the fifth episode of series two, Geoff claims that someone is blackmailing The Network for £20 million in cash, and his evidence for this is the message written in newsprint. When Wilson asks Geoff whether the 'blackmailer' wants it in sterling, he then points out how ludicrous the request was because the accumulated weight of the (£50) notes would weigh half a ton, which would require a van at least to transfer.
Call Back: Wilson experiences some Sanity Slippage and threatens to kill Letts for being a part of organisation that killed his father, he then rants to Ian after he tries to stop him: "I've lost someone, Becky's lost someone, WHO HAVE YOU FUCKING LOST?!" The next reason, Ian's brother is killed by Wilson (without the others knowing), and in his conversation with Ian, he says "At least now you've lost someone." Becky and Ian react with disgust.
Clear My Name: Grant is falsely accused of carrying out a school shooting. Ian and Becky are also accused of child molestation when the Network tracks their forum names to their real identities. Subverted in Anya's case.
In Series 2, Ian is the main suspect of the murder of his IT boss, which was actually carried out by Lee.
Clingy Jealous Girl: Becky has shades of this to Ian, regarding Jessica Hyde. Because the latter keeps stringing him along, Becky mockingly asks him if he's attracted to tough women. Ian insists there's no attraction between him and Jessica (or at least not on his part).
Surprisingly, this trope is also invoked by Milner, concerning Jessica Hyde. From the moment she was born, Philip Carvel loved her completely, more than enough for him to have his doubts about the Network. When she captures Jessica at the end of season one, she takes especial delight in telling her that Janus was inside her ("Can't you feel Daddy's love inside you?"). And in episode five of season two, when Carvel reveals that he altered Janus so that Jessica would survive and carry on humanity...
:Milner:..You did this for her?
Colour Wash: The cinematography is highly over-saturated, in-keeping with the comic book medium.
Color Motif: A bright yellow is quite prominent in this series, and is often associated with imminent danger.
Cosy Catastrophe: The Network state that they're trying to bring about The End of the World as We Know It as quietly and humanely as possible in order to avert a bigger collapse, although numerous people state that it will still cause a global meltdown.
And then subverted when it's revealed a gradual collapse was never an option, as Janus firstly, does not prevent the viral epidemic The Network sought to engineer, and distinguishes between the Roma peoples and the rest of humanity, meaning it will kill tens of millions before the slow deaths of the rest of the population.
Death by Childbirth: Carvel's wife after she gives birth to their second child, Jessica. Milner's presence - and her words - when Philip gets the news suggest something more sinister at play.
Decoy Leader: Letts' unnamed assistant is a decoy for the real Mr. Rabbit, even going so far as to give himself the same disfiguring scars. And that's after we're led to believe that Letts is the one in charge.
Dirty Coward: Donaldson's involvement in uncovering the plot and retrieving the manuscript is shown to be solely so he can broker a deal with The Network in exchange for enough money for him to live the rest of his life comfortably. He goes home empty-handed but denies Becky access to medication.
The Dog Bites Back: Geoff tries to make Dugdale an offer by giving him a copy of his confession of the Network's existence, while he goes into hiding in Brazil, and later his family. He promises Dugdale £10 million pounds, but when Dugdale realises his family isn't protected by Geoff's plan, he literally kicks the shit out of him, and tells where to shove his offer, and go back to the Network, saying if he threatens his family again, he'll personally kill him.
Wilson gets this in Season 1, when he shoots his torturer, Lee. When he finds Lee is alive in Series 2, it's shown he's still traumatised from the encounter and fears him, until the penultimate episode, when he asserts his authority over him, and in the finale, when he executes him.
Downer Ending: Milner reveals herself to be Mr. Rabbit all along, and succeeds in capturing Jessica Hyde, who had been carrying Janus inside her blood all along - with everyone else unaware of this. Becky's Deel Syndrome triggers and she flees from Ian and Grant. Wilson Wilson has done a Face-Heel Turn and been left to die.
The season two ending is arguably worse. Wilson assumes command of the Network as the new Mr. Rabbit, even going so far as to make the same cuts on his stomach that Milner had, and is going ahead with the plan to release the Russian flu pathogen on a smaller scale. Dugdale faces even more scrutiny (cameras installed in his home) and is once more under the Network's thumb with his family being threatened. Philip Carvel, Ian, Becky and Jessica are all captured by the Network. Arby/Pietre wakes up in the hospital as armed thugs are capturing everyone, but his fate is unknown.
Dragon-in-Chief: Letts' assistant, who actually has a much more important role in the Network than his apparent boss, even though he's not actually Mr. Rabbit, just a decoy.
Lee: Nothing scares me. Nothing in the world. Except him.
Jessica Hyde is this as well. Even Milner is terrified of her, Leah thinks twice about calling her "dear" after she threatens to cut her face off, and even Lee after stating the quote above finds out how wrong he is, when stops his attempt to murder Arby while he's still in a coma, when Jessica threatened to kill him.
Terrence one of the three Sleeper Agentthe Network trained to release Russian flu, is this among even members of the Network. Dobri Gorski, the man who trained him, committed a violent murder just to ensure he's held in the most secure police station, believed even that wouldn't protect him from him. Likely extends to the two other Sleeper Agents as well.
Even Evil Has Standards: The school shooting in episode 3 has this effect on several Network members. It is this event that causes Arby to start questioning his loyalty, leading to his Heel-Face Turn, while Letts is visibly reluctant to give the order and has to be talked into it by his assistant.
In the flashback of the season two premiere, Milner is shocked when Philip tells her that Pietre's behavior - which led to him being arrested for child endangerment by his wife - is due to experiments he performed on him. His only excuse being Pietre was the only human test subject he had on hand.
Milner/Mr. Rabbit's assistant in the flashback episode. When Carvel implies that Janus would only work on people with 'certain' racial/genetic traits, he gets very offended and compares Carvel's work to The Third Reich. Becomes somewhat ironic in season two where we learn that Carvel was influenced by being a victim of the Third Reich
Every Man Has His Price: Dugdale manages to turn the tables on his blackmailers by obtaining evidence that the Russian flu outbreak is actually a mass poisoning carried out by the Network. Using this new leverage, he negotiates a deal whereby he will stay quiet in exchange for a substantial annual stipend, which helps to convince them that he doesn't pose a threat to their plan.
Fat Slob: Arby, his paunch accentuated by a much-too-small leather jacket. When he's not scoffing chocolate raisins, he's wolfing down fry-ups, and the constant wheezing of his troubled breathing is quite unsettling. He hasHidden Depths.
He changes his diet in between seasons 1 and 2 and loses some weight, although he still eats the raisins.
Frame-Up: Grant is eventually framed by the Network for a massacre at a primary school by digitally altering the CCTV footage of Arby committing the act. As Jessica points out, it is not designed to hold up in a court, but it makes Grant a fugitive, and that much easier to apprehend him.
Gaia's Lament: Letts mentions that a third of arable land is now unusable due to overfarming.
Good Is Not Nice: Jessica exemplifies this by insisting that the other characters cut off all contact with their loved ones and constantly berating them for their stupidity, and she succeeds in keeping them alive. However her tendency of killing people who she believes are a liability is a step too far for Ian.
On a number of occasions, she threatens to kill or seriously injure the members of the group if they step out of line. Indeed, she stabs Wilson in an instant the second he let his guard down. Though by that point, Wilson had already made a Face-Heel Turn, and was pointing a gun towards her.
Dugdale in episode 3 of season 2. As soon as he realizes that the Network is back - and one of his scientists realizes that there's something wrong with the so-called vaccine -, he repeatedly tries to warn her from looking further. In the end, he leaves her to get gruesomely killed by two Network thugs.
Gory Discretion Shot: We don't get to see Wilson carving the Chinese symbol for 'Rabbit' on his stomach at the end of the second series, but we hear him screaming throughout and get to see the finished work.
Government Conspiracy: The Network has at least one UK cabinet minister and a shitload of people in the police and secret service on their side.
Guinea Pig Family: Long-lost siblings Jessica and Arby/Pietre were both experimented on by their father.
Also implied with Milner, whose son has Deels syndrome. If the person we see in her house is actually her son anyway...
Handicapped Badass: Wilson becomes this after losing an eye to Lee, and even manages to shoot him whilst completely blind.
Hannibal Has a Point: The Network's plan is obviously extreme and completely unethical — evil on an unprecedented scale. But whenever they are asked point-blank if there is any other way to prevent catastrophic overpopulation, the good characters can only come up with unconvincing "we're doing our best!"-type arguments, if that. Horrible though it may be, the reasoning behind it convinces Wilson to do a Face-Heel Turn, despite the fact that the Network murdered his innocent father.
Happily Adopted: Dugdale eventually adopts Alice after the death of her mother.
Grant becomes the newest addition to the Dugdale household at the end of the second series.
Heel Face Door Slam: In the second season finale, Wilson tries to ingratiate his way back into the group, hoping that he can be redeemed from murdering Ian's brother. When his overtures of friendship are rebuffed by Ian and Becky, he goes the complete opposite direction and eventually becomes the de facto head of the Network by the end of the episode.
Heel-Face Turn: Arby after he reads the manuscript and finds the truth about his traumatic past.
Humans Are Bastards: The Network are big believers in this. They don't think there's any reasonable way the human race will stop breeding past the planet's ability to support them, and fear poverty and war once resources start to run out. Our heroes don't exactly do a bang-up job of proving them wrong.
Hypocrite: Philip Carvel - who survived the horrors of the Holocaust as a child - designed Janus to sterilize people with certain genetic/racial traits, which would leave his fellow Roma alive to carry on humanity if unleashed.
I Coulda Been a Contender: Donaldson, who described himself as a rising star at Corvadt, was Reassigned to Antarctica after he revealed that SARS was not a real epidemic. His desire for a more flamboyant lifestyle is what pushes him to sell out.
I Did What I Had to Do: Jessica kills anyone who could possibly be used by the Network to find her. Ian calls her out on this, and she coldly informs him that if they leave witnesses behind they'll be dead within the week.
Dugdale informs the Network when Ian, Alice and Grant turn up at his door looking for help, which leads to Grant's capture. His other choice would have led to his wife being raped and his pregnant lover kept in jail indefinitely. He feels guilty about his decision, even moreso when he finds out the truth about Anya.
If I Wanted You Dead...: Arby/Pietre convinces the group to trust him, and specifically Donaldson when he points out he could have "neutralised" him if he was still with the Network...he still sells him out to them, to ensure the safety of his girlfriend and his daughter.
Dugdale tells Jessica Hyde that he's not with The Network willingly, to which she replies she knows he's telling the truth otherwise she'd have just killed him.
I Have Your Wife: The Network regularly gets what it wants out of people by threatening their loved ones, including Dugdale's wife and both Grant and Alice's mothers. The latter is killed by Arby.
It happens to Dugdale again in Season 2, with The Network holding both Dugdale's wife and Alice in a cell at an undisclosed location, forcing him to cooperate with them.
Ill Girl: Becky, who's suffering from the same disease (Deels' Syndrome, which combines epilepsy and locked-in syndrome) that killed her father.
Subverted at the end of series two, with the revelation that she never had Deels' Syndrome, and the drugs she was taking was an opiate concocted by Donaldson.
Improvised Weapon: Grant fashions a shiv from one of the maintenance panels on a laptop and uses it to kill Mr. Rabbit.
I Warned You: When they live in someone else's house, Jessica warns Becky, Ian and Winston not to take a shower or a bath because they have to be ready to leave at any time. Becky finally takes a bath and, of course, the family owning the house returns at that precise time.
Irrevocable Order: Milner orders one of her Sleeper Agents to release Russian flu even with the knowledge that the vaccine doesn't work. Wilson halts his attempt to shoot her when she reveals only she knows who the agent is and can reverse it...only she is killed by Grant.
Donaldson's dickishness is taken Up to Eleven in the second series finale, where it's revealed that the drugs he'd been giving Becky to manage her disease were nothing but a combination of heroin and caffeine.
Karma Houdini: Donaldson. He is neither a good guy nor really a villain, just an egoistical bastard that wants revenge and money. He even condemns Becky to a slow and painful death out of petty malice by throwing the drugs that could save her life (or at least delay the unavoidable) into a lake. And he, out of all people, gets out of the story alive and mostly unharmed.
Lack of Empathy: Arby and Jessica, both of whom were experimented on as children by their father, turning them into remorseless killers.
It turns out they do have empathy, but they seem mostly incapable of expressing it very well. Arby went out of his way to have someone create fake passports to protect his girlfriend and her daughter, and his sister, Jessica; Jessica herself is shown to be violently protective of the people she's come to care about. Probably because of their time around 'normal' people, instead of working along or running from psychos, they Took a Level in Kindness.
Law of Inverse Fertility: While Dugdale and his wife struggle to conceive using IVF treatments, he accidentally impregnates a prostitute on the side. Subverted when she turns out to be a Network agent sent undercover to create the necessary conditions for blackmailing him (and whose pregnancy is most likely fake).
Leave No Witnesses: The Network doesn't like loose ends, so they kill anyone who knows anything about them, even old members of their organisation, so that no-one can figure out what they're up to.
Loss of Identity: Wilson had dedicated himself so much to the Network's cause over the course of Series 2, that he's no longer recognisable to his former friends, and eventually to himself. He comes to shed his former identity, and take up the name of 'Mr. Rabbit'.
Love Makes You Dumb: Milner's love for Philip Carvel invokes this trope. He is forgiven by her for doing things (trying to leak Janus to the press on more than one occasion) that would have any other person killed by the Network. After Jessica is born, he's allowed to keep the baby. And when he reveals that his 'adjustment' to Janus nullifies the vaccine for Russian flu - meaning that 98% of humanity would be sterile and then die horribly and quickly, as opposed to the Network's original plan of 95% of humanity dying quietly over a generation or two - she still goes ahead with the plan.
Dismantled Macguffin: The manuscript for the second Utopia comic is actually (amongst other things) a jigsaw detailing the chemical composition of Janus. Naturally, the heroes keep a few pages to themselves.
Living MacGuffin: It is eventually revealed that Carvill hid Janus inside his daughter, Jessica Hyde, and that finding the manuscript was only the secondary goal of the Network.
The Man Behind the Man: Letts' assistant is revealed to be the real power behind the throne. And he is just a foil for the real Mr. Rabbit...
Manipulative Bastard: Donaldson is revealed to have been one post-mortem: When Becky turned to him after discovering she inherited a mysterious illness, he takes advantage of her by sleeping with her, giving her drugs telling her it was an experimental drug called Thoraczin, when really it was a mix of caffeine and heroin, slowly turning her into a drug addict, and sending her out to get info on The Network and its plans with the promise of more 'life-saving' drugs (at one point throwing the drugs into the lake knowing she'll come back to him), just so he could get blackmail the Network and get rich.
Meaningful Name: Jessica Hyde's bears a distinct resemblance to Jekyll & Hyde, foreshadowing her dual role of good and evil and of being the carrier of Janus, the genetic trigger named after the two-faced god.
Anya, Dugdale's prostitute lover who is supposedly carrying his child, is revealed to have been a Network agent all along. Her kidnapping was faked in order to manipulate Dugdale into helping the Network. It's also heavily implied that she wasn't even pregnant at all.
Becky is a mole for Donaldson, a scientist who wants to sell the manuscript to the Network. In return, he supplies her with the medication to minimize the fits brought about by the disease she's suffering from. In the end, Becky refuses to give him the manuscript and he throws the drugs into a lake.
When Wilson returns to the group in Series 2 working with the Network, he freaks Ian and Becky out by attempting to kill a Sleeper Agent despite him still working at his cover job, and his lashing out when they don't accept his ruthless pragmatism.
Not Quite Dead: Lee survived being shot by Wilson with lung and nerve damage, losing motor function in his left arm.
Wilson himself is alive after being stabbed by Jessica, and has joined the Network to work with Lee.
Anton is revealed to be Philip Carvel.
Obfuscating Stupidity: There are indications that Arby is more intelligent than he lets on. When he tells Jessica that he's a regular at the roadside diner they're in, she dismisses it as pathetic, transparent nonsense. However, he later pulls a gun on her out of nowhere — a gun he retrieved from a bathroom stall at the diner.
Offing the Offspring: In the penultimate episode of season two, Philip Carvel shoots Pietre/Arby in the chest.
Pragmatic Villainy: Lee describes post-Face-Heel Turn Wilson as this: he can't take life unless he decides that he logically should for The Network's plan to work. For instance, he doesn't kill Lee, who tortured him previously, even while holding has a gun towards him, and the latter is holding a crowbar towards him, because he on some level recognises The Network needs him. Contrasted with Ian's brother and the two MI-5 agents who captured him and know nothing of The Network, heard the sentence "Milner is Mr. Rabbit" by Milner, Wilson reasoned they can't be left alive and so brought himself to kill all three of them.
Ragtag Bunch of Misfits: The group is initially composed of people who just happened to be in the online chatroom when Bejan made his announcement; a media/comics student, an office IT worker, a Conspiracy Theorist and a delinquent child.
Season two adds more misfits to the group: a remorseless killing machine, a greedy former researcher looking for the big score, and a mentally unstable Romanian scientist who turns out to be Phillip Carvel, the man whose genius and actions started the mess in the first place.
Reality Retcon: Donaldson discovered that the 2002-2003 SARS outbreak wasn't actually a viral epidemic, but rather a bunch of unconnected respiratory infections. The Network responded by disgracing and discrediting him so that no one would take him seriously. The Series 2 premiere devoted a major part of its running time to linking real world events to the series' backstory. For example, the assassination of Aldo Moro, the Conservative Party's victory in 1979, the murders of Richard Sykes and Airey Neave, along with the Three Mile Island incident all had involvement with members of the Network.
Real Name as an Alias: Despite going to great lengths to ensure he can't be tracked online, Wilson still goes by the username "Wilson Wilson," precisely because it's such an implausible name to begin with.
Resignations Not Accepted: Arby/Pietre is forced to come back to the Network, after his girlfriend and her daughter are subtly threatened by Lee.
Scenery Porn: The over-saturated colors (indeed, like those of a graphic novel) and the carefully selected and framed shots make the visuals one of the best aspects of this series.
Sleeper Agent: The Network has these across five continents, receiving an order for them to move canisters containing Russian flu, release it, and after it's done, killing any relations they live with along with themselves.
Sociopathic Hero: Jessica Hyde, who having narrowed down the identity of Mr Rabbit to one of fourteen people suggests killing all of them just to be on the safe side. The others are all pretty much horrified by this. Granted, a lifetime of abuse and running from people trying to kill you is not the recipe for an empathic, well-balanced individual and her ruthlessness is the main reason she's managed to survive for so long.
Soundtrack Dissonance: Much of the series' soundtrack is bouncy, almost comedic, horns but underlain with a dark almost dirge-like backbeat.
Stalker with a Crush: Jessica for Ian. After they have sex, she slips a mobile phone inside his parka so she can track him down later on.
Start of Darkness: The first episode of season two focuses on Philip Carvel and how he first became tangled with Milner.
Wilson killing Ian's brother in the fourth episode. He ends the second season as the new Mr. Rabbit.
Sterility Plague: The Network plans to use Janus to sterilize 95% of the world's population, to prevent overpopulation and starvation across the world.
The Unfettered: Milner or Mr. Rabbit. Even after learning that the Russian flu vaccine will be rendered useless by Janus, and that millions will die horribly, she still carries out the plan to spread Russian flu. It's partially hinted that her love for Carvel and his work influenced this decision.
Those Two Bad Guys: Arby and Lee, the hitmen. Subverted in that Lee is shot and severely wounded in the first episode, and only appears again briefly in a flashback during episode 2. His absence is one of the first triggers for Arby's Heel Realization.
Timeshifted Actor: The series 2 premiere is a Whole Episode Flashback set in the 70's. Milner, Letts's Assistant, Jessica Hyde and Arby are all portrayed by younger actors than they are in the present day.
Too Dumb to Live: Geoff for some reason, thought it was a good idea to "anonymously" blackmail The Network after they throw him under the bus. They give him the money alright, but they coat with poison, and they make his death look like a drug overdose.
Tragic Villain: Arby the assassin, brainwashed and having had all the empathy beaten out of him by the Network, gradually comes to realise the error of his ways. The fact that he is unable to feel guilty over killing so many people upsets and confuses him, and he unwittingly reveals to Jessica during the cafe scene that he just wants to be normal.
Trapped In Villainy: Dugdale is initially blackmailed into buying the vaccine through his relationship with a prostitute whom he's gotten pregnant. Once he rebels and finds out that the flu epidemic is fake, he is shown that his wife is being tailed and will be raped on command if he doesn't comply.
When Dugdale is talking to Donaldson about how they are both being blackmailed by The Network, it leads to this amusing exchange:
Donaldson: All I know was within the next few weeks I was embroiled in a sex scandal. Professor Pervert addicted to coke and prostitutes.
Utopia Justifies the Means: Pretty much the Network's justification for sterilizing 95% of the world's population, believing it to be a merciful alternative to everyone starving to death when food shortages become too great.
Letts: You accuse us of being genocidal? Not acting is genocide! Where do you think your food comes from Ian? A third of the world's farmland is now useless due to soil degradation. Yet we keep producing more mouths to feed. And what's your answer to that? Energy-saving lightbulbs?
Villain Ball: Lee has one with smoking. The first time he tries to light up, he's standing next to an open gas main and nearly blows himself and Arby up. The second time, he gives away his position in a parked car to Grant when Arby opens the window to let the smoke out. The third time, he leaves Wilson tied to a chair to go out for a smoke; when he comes back Wilson has freed himself and shoots Lee with his own gun.
Philip Carvel. He was so traumatized by his experiences in the Holocaust (where his entire family was killed and he - a toddler at the time - survived by hiding himself in a mass grave for two days), that he modified Janus to ensure that only his fellow Roma would survive to carry on humanity.
Would Hurt a Child: The Network have no qualms against killing many children to advance their aims, though some members, most notably Arby and Letts, express reservations. The former is so sickened after having carried out the massacre in the school that he goes on the run and later asphyxiates himself, and the latter was visibly upset by having to give the order.
Mr. Onida from the flashback episode of the second season premiere. He'd been instructed to torture Jessica (who was four at the time) the same way he would torture her father. And then repeat the same thing, only this time with her in front of him!
Wilson tells Dugdale that he'll have his adoptive children Alice and Grant killed - along with his wife - if he steps out of line again.
Wrong Side All Along: Wilson, having come to the conclusion that the Network's plan will ensure humanity's survival, betrays his friends and so is subsequently stabbed and left for dead by Jessica.
Wilson: I mean, what he's saying... isn't that... right?