Imagine you are hunting a killer. The perpetrator is insidious, invisible, and deadly. It is smart and reactive. Its victims die in horrifying pain. There is no reasoning with it, no bargaining with it, and no way to stop it. The military wants to avoid a panic. The media questions the methods being used to stop it. It is a billionth your size.Outbreak (1995) is a suspense film starring Dustin Hoffman , Rene Russo, and Donald Sutherland (among many others-Morgan Freeman, Kevin Spacey, Cuba Gooding, Jr.) depicting a what-if scenario surrounding a deadly fictional African virus called Motaba, inspired by real-life Ebola outbreaks, and speculating on the measures taken by the military and the Center for Disease Control if such an outbreak occurred in the United States. The film was nominated for various awards but failed to garner any major award nominations. Notable in that it was set-up as a counter-production to a film adaptation of the novel The Hot Zone that never materialized.
Dramatic Drop: The mom to the little girl who has befriended a monkey she's named "Betsy" drops a plate of apple slices (complete with dramatic shattering of dishware) when she sees the announcement that the monkey is a carrier for the deadly Motaba virus.
Everything's Better with Monkeys: Inverted. A capuchin monkey captured in Africa for the pet trade turns out to carry Motaba, infecting the first human victims and causing the outbreak. Also played straight, though, as on the other hand she is adopted by a little girl (whose mother thinks it's an Imaginary Friend), and turns out to have the needed antibodies for the virus that the CDC need to make a cure.
Failsafe Failure: A lab technician is infected with The Plague when he carelessly opens and reaches into a centrifuge while it's still spinning, breaking a vial of infected blood and cutting his hand. In Real Life, lids on centrifuges lock until the spinning has completely stopped; it's impossible to open one while it's still in motion, therefore, in order to open that, the lock would have had to have been broken.
Later, one of the scientists gets infected when the oxygen line on his isolation suit gets stretched too far, causing the suit to rip open like it were made of tissue paper.
General Ripper: McClintock, whose go-to option for disease control can be summed up as "Kill It with Fire". This is because he wants Motaba as a biological weapon, which won't work if it can be cured by anyone else.
Infant Immortality: Played with. When Jimbo is on his flight home, already sick with Motaba (which by now the audience knows is seriously deadly), a little boy in a cowboy outfit asks for his cookie. Jimbo, despite being quite ill, playfully tells him he can have it. But his mother stops him before he can touch the infected cookie.
Completely inverted later in the movie, when it is mentioned two children died from the new strain of Motaba.
Although Dustin Hoffman's character may have been casually referring to the Patrick Dempsey character and his girlfriend. That said, given the situation, it's highly likely at least some children in the town died.
It's The Only Way To Be Sure: A fuel-air bomb is used to sterilize an infected camp in Africa, and another is nearly used to sterilize an American town. They do in fact have the cure for the original Motaba strain, but jump to sterilization because it would make a very effective biological weapon.
Just Following Orders: Daniels tears this excuse apart as he's trying to stop the town from being bombed.
A Million Is a Statistic: Wisely navigated when demonstrating the impact on the town's populace. The soldiers begin rounding up infectees in the quarantined small town, and we get to see only one woman say a tearful goodbye to her family. We follow her for a few minutes while they take a blood sample during her initial medical exam. There is even a close up of the phial, labeled "Sample 612". In a later scene, we see a scientist examining blood slides:
Scientist: "Sample 607: Infected. 608: Infected. 609: Infected. *Frustrated sigh* They can't all be infected. 610... Infected. 611...Infected. 612... Damn! Still infected!"
We're later treated to a shot of her in a body bag.
Misplaced Wildlife: A capuchin monkey is a New World Monkey, not native to Africa where Jimbo gets it from.
No FEMA Response: The city is quarantined, and then the plan is to Fuel Air Bomb it to stop the infection from spreading.
No Ontological Inertia: Once the protagonist has found and isolated the antibody from the monkey's blood serum, by the next scene there's enough antiserum for all those infected (how?). Once injected into the dying people, it instantly cures them and everything shortly thereafter has returned to normal, with no lasting ill effects.
Obstructive Bureaucrat: Daniels encounters one of these, but convinces him to cut the crap by informing him that he has come all the way from the disease-infected city, clutching the man's hands very earnestly, and offering to cough on him if he doesn't believe him.
The Oner: The credits sequence, which has a camera going through the Army biological hazards lab, with helpful subtitles showing which specific Biohazard level people work on.
Revealing Coverup: Ford provides the team with a serum derived from the Motaba samples taken back in the Sixties, which they find out works just fine against the first, un-mutated strain. Daniels' insistence in finding out where it came from puts Ford in a rut of increasingly Implausible Deniability.
Scare Chord: Used somewhat effectively when Casey collapses as a result of the infection.