In this inverse of the Round Table Shot, there is only one subject around whom the camera circles (usually on a dolly track), so as to provide a rotating view from all sides. Sometimes gives the impression that the subject is spinning.
This was a particularly common shot in music videos during the 1980s.
Orbital Kiss is a common subtrope. The Orbital Shot is often used in Bullet Time. See also Dizzy Cam, which is an Orbital Shot done with a handheld camera at a distressing speed.
Not to be confused with Kill Sat or Orbital Bombardment, both an entirely different kind of orbital shot.
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Anime & Manga
In the final episode of Steel Angel Kurumi 2, the animators' virtual camera does an Orbital Shot around Nako as she performs in the cello competition.
This happens in Death Note, during a personal confrontation between L and Light.
Sailor Moon Crystal has a fairly elaborate and protracted one in its Transformation Sequence, where the spinning is paired with dizzying zooms and zoom-outs that give a three-dimensional view of the sparkly, prismatic CGI void the heroine transforms in.
In Bad Boys 2, when the villain calls the heroes to inform them that he holds the lead girl (who happens to be one hero's sister and the other's girlfriend) hostage, the camera does a dramatic Orbital Shot as one of them delivers the punchline "Shit just got real!"
Sent up in Hot Fuzz, where the camera spins around the protagonists as they deliver these immortal lines:
During Batman's first fight with Bane, there is an orbital shot of Bane after Batman tries killing the lights.
In the just-begging-for-a-Rifftrax horror film Darkhunters, there is a scene where a demon is holding Carol Miller by her jacket and pulling her up to his face, and while they talk the camera is constantly panning around them. It's not a continuous shot but a series of half-orbits around the two of them, zoomed in close to their faces. Watch it here starting at 51:50. It lasts nearly three minutes, so have a bucket handy...
Dizziness exacerbated by forcing you to read subtitles during the whole thing!
A fairly brilliant one in Murder in the First, orbiting a cell set in the middle of a room. Thanks to flyaway walls, the camera appears to move in and out of the cell.
Done in Public Enemies during the start of the second bank robbery. The camera starts level with their gloved hands. Then it swivels around Pete Pierpont as they enter.
In Captain America: The First Avenger, after Cap escapes the S.H.I.E.L.D. holding area in Manhattan, he ends up in Times Square. The spinning camera nicely represents his bewilderment at the sights and sounds of the modern world.
The Lion King: When Scar is interrogating Simba in front of his pride over his "responsibility" for Mufasa's death.
MegaTokyo did this in five panels, in the middle of a fight in a crowded nightclub. It's about as confusing as you'd expect, and it's entirely possible to miss the fact that it's the camera that's rotating, not Kimiko.
Used forebodingly in Watership Down, when Hazel's group are inside Cowslip's warren. They're bunched up in the middle of a large chamber with multiple entrances, and the perspective rotates around the room, looking at them through each entrance in turn. It's creepy, because two or three resident rabbits crouch anxiously inside each tunnel, out of the newcomers' view, and are eavesdropping on their conversation.