An independent movie directed by Jared Hess and distributed by Fox Searchlight. Napoleon Dynamite is a subdued and sweet little cult film, telling the story of a trio of friends and their attempts to overcome their status as social outcasts. The film became legendary for making audiences laugh at The Sundance Film Festival, and subsequently became a huge hit with the teenage crowd of the 2000s, resulting in a cult following similar to teen movies of the 1980s. The atmosphere of Napoleon Dynamite is peculiar, with downplayed humor, quiet absurdism, largely unrelatable and awkward characters, and deliberately stilted dialogue — but at the film's core is a very intelligent and optimistic portrayal of high school life.The eponymous Napoleon is not just a Hollywood Nerd — he's a real genuine dork, not particularly skilled at anything, angry at the world, incapable of even the most basic friendly conversation, and a mouth breather to boot. He has exactly one facial expression. People don't like him and he doesn't like people.The film has its setups and payoffs, but is very much a Random Events Plot: anything that would be a big deal in most high school films is very deliberately downplayed. The first half of the story has Napoleon meeting new student Pedro, and the two of them begin searching for dates for the upcoming school dance. In the second half of the movie, Pedro decides to run for class president with Napoleon as his campaign manager. A running theme is a mild quasi-romance between Napoleon and Deb, a girl who is even less socially capable than Napoleon.Additionally, Napoleon and his unemployed brother Kip are forced to host their Uncle Rico, a former high school football player trying to find a way to travel back to 1982 so he can win the big game and become an NFL star. Kip, meanwhile, joins in Uncle Rico's various get-rich-quick schemes to be able to meet up with LaFawnduh, a girl from Detroit he talks to in an online chat room on dialup.The movie aims to be as deadpan awkward as possible, and the results have caused quite a bit of Hype Backlash for those who expected a regular teen comedy. It was the breakout role of Jon Heder, who plays the title character and has gone on to mainstream roles alongside stars like Will Ferrell and Billy Bob Thornton. The filmmakers themselves, Idaho natives, went on to make Nacho Libre with Jack Black.It was announced in 2010 that an Animated Adaptation was in production for Fox, with the original cast returning to voice the characters. A trailer for the show can be watched here. The show premiered on January 15; the trope page for the cartoon series can be found here.
Advertised Extra: Diedrich Bader has two scenes and receives top billing but compare some of the other characters like Summer played by Fake Guest Star Haylie Duff who has much more screen time then him.
Ambiguous Disorder: Napoleon's awkwardness goes way beyond the level of your average unpopular kid, and is just packed full of odd quirks and ticks. Many fans and critics of the film believe he has Asperger's syndrome .
Anachronism Stew: The opening credits clearly shows Napoleon's school ID reading "2004-2005", but the plot lulls you into thinking it's the 80's (with the music and the characters' clothes). Then it jolts you out of it when Summer plays a Backstreet Boys song — though Kip having an internet relationship also seemed to contrast the 80's atmosphere... albeit with 90s-era dial-up. This was intentional, to make the setting/characters seem "backwards" when in fact the story takes place in the present. When Jared and Jerusha Hess were asked when their story was set, they responded "Idaho."
Awesome McCoolname: Napoleon Dynamite. (Fun fact: Elvis Costello was using "Napoleon Dynamite" as a pseudonym nearly twenty years before this movie came out. This nearly got the film into legal hot water.)
Big Lipped Alligator Moment: In-universe: Napoleon's dance sequence is completely unexplained. It is unrelated to any aspect of Pedro's campaign, style, or personality (which was, itself, very random). It does not respond to Summer's campaign promises by any means. It comes out of nowhere and makes zero sense and has very little context. Everything goes quiet, and then - thunderous applause; Pedro wins.It's a rare justified BLAM- Napoleon only did it because he had no idea that he and Pedro were required to perform a skit, so he just did the first thing that popped into his head to stall for time. It works beautifully.
Black Comedy: The scene where the farmer shoots a cow just as a schoolbus full of children stops on the street.
Blatant Lies: Napoleon is a frequent liar, and constantly claims he's done many outlandish exploits like hunting wolverines with his cousins, or being approached by a gang for his bo staff skills. He also claims to have tamed a "wild honeymoon stallion" and in the post credits scene, he shows up riding it. Whether or not he tamed it is still debatable, yet it makes you wonder whether all of his claims were as unfounded as they sounded.
Chekhov's Gag: When Deb tries to sell her hair salon services to Napoleon, she hands him a picture of a blond model to demonstrate what he could turn into. Napoleon later shows the picture to Pedro and lies that it's his ex-girlfriend from out of state.
Chekhov's Gun: Each of the food plates making up the opening credits are eaten during the course of the movie.
The dance instruction tape that Napoleon watches early in the movie (see Chekhov's Skill).
Pedro's cousins returning to intimidate a bully.
Chekhov's Gunman: While teaching his self-defense class, Rex shows the students a picture of his wife Starla. Later in the movie, Rex comes home just as Uncle Rico is trying to sell Starla "bust enhancers". It doesn't end well.
Dawson Casting: Most of the main cast of high school students were in their 20's or 30s, with the exception of Tina Majorino and Hailie Duff who were both about 18. Averted with the extras, played by actual high school students.
Face Palm: Done by a member of LaFawnduh's family in the post-credits scene when LaFawnduh and Kip marry.
Fake Guest Star: Haylie Duff as Summer among others who's in quite a bit of the movie despite not getting top billing. Compare with Advertised Extra Diedrich Bader who does and is in far less of the movie.
Foot Popping: When Kip and LaFawnduh first meet in person and kiss.
Glory Days: Uncle Rico had his glory days in high school football... as a bench warmer.
Gory Discretion Shot: While waiting for the school bus one morning, across the road Napoleon sees a farmer preparing to shoot a cow. Just before he does, the bus drives into the scene and Napoleon doesn't see the shot. The kids on the bus, however, do, and scream.
Gosh Dang It to Heck!: Elevated to an art form with both Napoleon's self-Bowdlerization ("What the flip was grandma doing at the sand dunes?") and his made-up words ("Why don't you go eat a decroted piece of crap?")
Gratuitous Japanese: "Bow to your sensei!" Considering "sensei" is a pretty common loanword, this probably wouldn't be an example if Rex weren't such a blatant Eaglelander.
Uncle Rico orders a "time machine" that is simply a box with a handlebar to be inserted between a person's legs. Activating it just gives one an electric shock. The next day, Uncle Rico is shown walking gingerly.
When Pedro and Napoleon try out tricks on Pedro's bike, Napoleon's attempt causes the ramp he's on to collapse and the bike to hurt his crotch.
I Believe That You Believe It: As noted, the name "Napoleon Dynamite" was first used as a pseudonym by Elvis Costello. Despite this, the film makers say that they weren't aware of that and thought up the name on their own. Costello isn't calling them liars, but he doesn't think it's a name that you'll ever come across twice.
The film makers claim that they heard a rambling homeless man call himself Napoleon Dynamite. It's a pretty plausible story that they heard it from someone else who knew about it and then assumed that the homeless guy made it up himself.
Lovable Nerd: Most of the protagonists, but Napoleon in particular.
Merchandise-Driven: Not made that way, but it was latched onto extremely fast. Almost every quote you could name from the movie appeared on a T-Shirt at some point.
And there is now merchandise backlash, e.g. t-shirts saying "Pedro lacks political experience."
Or "I voted for Pedro" with George W. Bush's face on it.
Metaphorgotten: "I, uh, would like to give you this advice. And a fella give me some years ago. He said, "When an argument arises... if you go outside and take, uh, a nice walk... you'll calm down and then you can come back and it won't be an argument."
"And you'll find that helps your health."
"All that fresh air and exercise will do you a lot of good."
Mormon Cinema: Often considered an "honorary" Mormon film. Despite containing no explicitly Mormon themes, most of the production team was LDS and recently graduated from BYU, the film is squeaky-clean to the point of it being part of the humor, and many of the jokes make a lot more sense if one has a familiarity with Mormon culture.
Mundane Made Awesome: The whole point of the movie. Napoleon could be the poster-boy for this trope—especially his dancing—but other characters get their fair share, like the scene where LaFawnduh gets off the bus.
Nerd: In an odd case, Napoleon isn't even particularly smart or hard-working, but has all the cornerstones of a stereotypical nerd - poor social skills, awkward posture, mouth breathing, eccentric habits, thick, ugly glasses, crappy fashion sense...
Nipple and Dimed: Cow nipples that is. Pedro examines them as part of a test on food inspection.
No Antagonist: Uncle Rico is probably the closest thing this film has to a villain, but he’s more of a delusional douchebag then evil.
Odd Friendship: Business-savvy redneck Rico and technology-loving loser Kip. Also Napoleon and Pedro, to a lesser degree.
Parental Abandonment: It's never explained why Napoleon and Kip are living with their grandmother and not their parents.
Poirot Speak: "We're going to put some santitos, el Santo Niño de Atocha is a good one".
Power Crystal: They're the power source for the useless, mail-order time machine, which doesn't do anything, except shock the groin area.
Random Events Plot: The time machine, the school dance, and the election have nothing to do with each other. They just happen.
Retro Universe: Both in-universe and in Real Life. As it turns out, the town they filmed in (Preston, Idaho) really was like that, since significant portions of Utah & Idaho (specifically, the more rural & Mormon-dominated areas) are notorious for being 10-15 years "behind the curve" in regards to popular culture of almost any sort.
Sassy Black Woman: LaFawnduh is downplayed due to lack of lines. She has the look but is otherwise nice and non-sassy.
She Cleans Up Nicely: Subverted. Deb spends the whole movie looking somewhat dorky, which can mainly be attributed to her silly hairstyle and bad fashion sense. When she shows up at the school dance in a self-made dress it only makes matters worse. She does however look genuinely pretty by the end of the movie when she sports a more conventional hairdo and, more importantly, smiles for the first time in the entire movie.
Shmuck Bait: The "time machine" couldn't be any more this.