Film: Bedknobs and Broomsticks

"Treguna Mekoides Trecorum Satis Dee!"

"You must face the age of not believing, doubting everything you ever knew.
Until at last, you start believing there's something wonderful in you!"

A Disney film from 1971, based on a pair of novels by Mary Norton. The film is often regarded as a Spiritual Successor to Mary Poppins — a live action fantasy musical with a substantial segment incorporating animation, with the same production company, same director, same scriptwriters, same songwriters, one actor in common, etc.

It's 1940 in the British coastal village of Pepperinge Eye, and among the children evacuated here from the ongoing London Blitz are three orphaned siblings: Charlie, Carrie, and Paul. They're reluctantly taken in by Miss Eglantine Price (Angela Lansbury), a spinster who's secretly taking mail-order witchcraft lessons in hopes of being able to aid the war effort with magic. Miss Price doesn't want the kids and the kids don't want Miss Price, so they try to get rid of each other as quickly as possible. But when the children see her flying on a broom at night, they strike a bargain: in exchange for keeping her secret, the children get to live their lives at Miss Price's home any way they like. To seal the deal, Miss Price gives little Paul a transportation spell which enchants the big bed into a magical travelling bed.

When the witchcraft school abruptly closes, leaving Miss Price without the all-important Substitutiary Locomotion spell she needs, she and the children travel to London via bed. They discover the "professor", Emelius Browne, is a fraud who was just selling her the pages of an incomplete spellbook. So begins a greater journey, from the market at Portobello Road to the Isle of Naboombu (land of animated talking animals), in search of the spell. Once Miss Price learns it, she'll have to use its power to bring inanimate objects to life to save her hometown from none other than the Nazis.


  • Accidentally Broke the MacGuffin: The characters have retrieved the Star of Astoroth, imprinted with the words for the Substituary Locomotion. But as they arrive home, they find the star has disintegrated during the journey. And it turned out to be unnecessary, as one of the kid's storybooks had an illustration of the star, and more importantly, the words to the spell.
  • All Witches Have Cats: Miss Price, a witch in training, has a cat named Cosmic Creepers. She's also a spinster according to the old archetype.
  • Ambiguous Syntax: One of the children asks if "Poisoned Dragon's Liver" means that you poisoned the dragon, or just the liver. (Miss Price doesn't actually know, as the jar was sent to her.)
  • Animal Reaction Shot: During the "Substitutiary Locomotion" number, Cosmic Creepers gets several cutaway shots. At one point, he seems to do the cat version of headdesking.
    • The first flight practice scene also has a number of these.
  • Animal Stereotypes: The Island of Namboobu is full of these, but the soccer game consists of almost nothing but—the laughing hyena, the temperamental (and arrogant) lion whose roar literally blows everyone away, the ostrich with its head in the sand, the elephant afraid of a mouse, the menacing crocodile who constantly snaps his jaws, the cheetah so fast he sets the ground on fire (and who eventually gets his spots blown off)...
  • Animated Armor: Miss Price animates a whole army at the climax.
  • Army of the Ages: The army that Miss Price assembles to ward off the Nazi invasion, although they are really living suits of armour, not actual people
  • Baleful Polymorph: Miss Price's spells tend to turn people into rabbits instead of toads — and in Mr. Brown's case, leaves a twitching of the nose after it wears off.
  • Barefoot Cartoon Animal: The Naboombu soccer players.
  • Bazaar of the Bizarre: Portobello Road.
  • Blackmail Is Such an Ugly Word: Charlie tries to blackmail Miss Price by threatening to tell the town that she's a witch. Her response is to turn him into a rabbit.
  • Blitz Evacuees: This aspect of the plot has something of a Reality Subtext to it. Angela Lansbury was herself a Blitz evacuee during the war.
  • Bowdlerization: The German dub removed much of the Nazi plot and things that relate to WWII, effectively cutting out a whopping 29 minutes of the movie.
  • Calvinball: Soccer matches on the Island of Naboombu. "Don't they have no rules?" "'Course they do. King makes 'em up as he goes along." All that's really known about the rules is that there must be a referee, but said person doesn't have the authority to do anything other than end the game once somebody scores (As both sides ignored Mr Brown whenever he tried to call a penalty).
  • Can't Take Anything With You: Miss Price goes to the Isle of Naboombu and gets the Star of Astoroth, but once she and her group return home, she realises not only that she couldn't take objects from different worlds, but that she didn't memorize the spell inscribed on the star.
    • Turns out there's an image of the Star, complete with inscription, in Paul's picture book.
  • The Cavalry: The finale.
    • Literally. With some British Proud Warrior Race porn. They drive off the Germans, however, a bomb blows up and knocks Price off her broom. Before the Germans realize that the armour is inert, the home guard come and force them to retreat.
  • Carnivore Confusion: The Isle of Naboombu. All the animals are anthropomorphic, but apparently the fish in the lagoon aren't seen as equals to the surface creatures, since the heroes' bed is hauled up to the shore when a bear fisherman's hook catches on to its frame.
  • Chekhov's Skill: The spell that turns people into rabbits, which Miss Price uses to save her and her companions from the enraged lion ruler of Naboombu. From there, Mr. Browne uses it to sneak into the castle the Nazis lock Miss Price and the kids in.
  • Children Raise You: The adventures Price must undertake through her bargain with Paul lead her to Mr. Browne, and they are a family by the end of the movie.
  • Circling Vultures: During the animals' soccer game, vultures serve as medics, waiting on the sidelines for the referee (Mr. Brown) to be trampled by the players. A Running Gag is made of them rushing into the field to "treat" Mr. Brown, only to be waved away after he turns out to be alive.
  • Clap Your Hands If You Believe: Mr. Browne can't use spells himself because, as far as he's concerned, "They're just nonsense words from an old book." At least until near the end of the film when he manages to transform himself into a rabbit.
  • Contrived Coincidence: The house Professor Browne chose to live in just happened to have a book about the Island of Naboombu in its nursery, the very place his torn book from the marketplace told them they needed to go.
  • Convenient Decoy Cat: Cosmic Creepers acts as this for Professor Browne when he sneaks into Miss Price's cottage just before the climax—after first drawing the Nazis' attention by making angry growls and yowls at Emelius, he is found by the Nazis amongst the wreckage of the items Browne had knocked over and smashed. They dismiss the noise (until Browne makes more from the next room) and even show affection for the "naughty" cat.
  • Conveniently Interrupted Document: Miss Price sees Mr. Brown about a spell book. She gets it and reads about the Substitutiary Locomotion spell, but the part where it talks about the incantation used to activate the spell is on a page that got torn out of the book. The group had to go to Portobello Road to look for it.
  • Correspondence Course: The entire plot is based on Eglantine taking one (in witchcraft!) and needing to finish the final lesson.
  • Covers Always Lie: On the 30th anniversary DVD cover, the talking animals were rendered much bigger than the leads, which could make some believe most if not all of the movie contains animation as opposed to live-action.
  • Crowd Song: "Portobello Road," to a rather ridiculous extent.
  • Cute Witch: Miss Price. A bit older than standard, but no less cute.
  • Dancing Pants: A whole wardrobe's worth of clothes dance in the "Substitutiary Locomotion" number.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Miss Price often fills this role, especially with regards to Professor Browne's zaniness. The kids get some snark in at Miss Price's expense at the beginning.
  • Enhanced on DVD: Home video releases from 2014 onward have strings removed from flying and Substitutionary Locomotion scenes.
  • Everything's Louder With Bagpipes
  • Expy: Astoroth and his star seem to be inspired by the medieval alchemist and magus John Dee. His attempts to make animals sentient, on the other hand (as well as his ultimate fate) are rather reminiscent of Dr. Moreau, only with magic instead of science and (presumably) out of benevolence rather than For Science!.
  • Flat Earth Atheist: One night, Charlie sees Miss Price riding a broomstick. The next morning, she changes him into a rabbit. Minutes later in the film, Charlie refuses to believe that the traveling spell will work. After the traveling spell proves successful, Charlie claims he still isn't convinced because Emelius Brown has not appeared yet. His skepticism is given something of a Hand Wave when Miss Price explains 'The Age of Not Believing,' but by the time Charlie starts denying the existence of Naboombu, and claiming that 'fish don't talk,' it's almost facepalm worthy.
  • Flying Broomstick: Right there in the title; really.
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar: Hold on, are those women who approach Mr. Browne, while singing "You'll meet all your chums in the Portobello Road", hookers? Sneaky, Disney, sneaky.
  • Have a Gay Old Time / Accidental Innuendo: The characters going on and on about Paul's knob is bound to inspire a few giggles nowadays.
    • At one point Charlie objects to Paul getting involved in magical "hanky-panky."
  • Heartwarming Orphan: Charlie, Carrie, and Paul.
  • "Hey, You!" Haymaker: With a pair of gloves during the aforementioned Dancing Pants sequence.
  • Home Guard: The British Home Guard appears several times in the movie, including firing at the retreating Nazi commandos. They even have their own song, "The Soldiers of the Old Home Guard".
  • Hypocritical Humor: Miss Price, on the name of her cat:
    Miss Price: I don't believe in giving animals ridiculous names. I call him Cosmic Creepers, because that's the name he came with.
  • Immune to Bullets: More "no body to be affected by them". Since there's no actual living body in the armor animated by Substitutiary Locomotion, being raked by machine guns is but a minor inconvenience, though the bullets do in fact penetrate the armor. Suits of armor which include greaves and boots do seem to be inconvenienced by the weight of collected rounds, to the point where they halt their advance to disconnect a boot and dump out the bullet fragments. This is a move that drives home the fact that there's no legs in the boots and no hands in the gloves, but there it is. Even hand grenades can't keep one down for long.
  • Ironic Echo: The exchange between Heller and one of his men, when Miss Price turns up on a broom during the final battle.
    German Sergeant: It's a witch, sir!
    Heller: Don't be a fool, there's no such thing as a witch!
    Heller: There is the witch.
    German Sergeant: You said there was no such thing as a witch, sir?
  • Island of Mystery: The Isle of Naboombu.
  • It Was with You All Along: The description of the spell turns out to be in an illustration in the picture book Paul finds at Mr. Browne's place and carries with him from that point on. The words couldn't be read there, though.
  • Keystone Army: Miss Price's army of armour.
  • King of Beasts: King Leonidas.
  • Knife Outline: Archer suits of armour animated by Subtitutionary Locomotion pull this off with their arrows.
  • Knight in Shining Armor: If a whole army of empty medieval armour kicking the ass of Those Wacky Nazis counts.
  • Large Ham: Emelius Browne; his Cut Song, "With a Flair," even notes—"It doesn't matter what I do so long as I do it WITH A FLAIR!"
    • Also, the lion king of Naboombu.
  • Last Name Basis: Miss Price insists on being addressed only as such. But then, if your name was Eglantine, so would you.
  • Letting the Air Out of the Band: When Miss Price starts to recite the rabbit spell on a Nazi, only to forget how it ends.
  • Lions and Tigers and Humans... Oh, My!: The human actors stick out quite a bit on the all Funny Animal Isle of Naboombu.
  • Limited Wardrobe: The children wear the same clothes for most of the movie, but most of it takes place on the same day and they finally get different clothes in the last scene, which takes place the next day. Still, they seem to have worn their regular outfits for about three days straight, ending with the day most of the movie takes place on.
    • Justified in the film Charlie says they "Travel Light" and aren't "Laden Down With Frillies."
  • Literal Ass Kicking: A major part of the comedic tone in the climatic battle. A German soldier removes the upper part of a suit of armour and gets his ass kicked by the lower part. Another soldier gets his ass kicked repeatedly while dangling on a halberd. Another animated suit of armour swings its sword on some fleeing Germans' butts.
  • Location Song: "Portobello Road", about the London street where flea markets sell all kinds of interesting things, though a lot of it is just junk too.
  • Magical Incantation: This is how Miss Price casts spells, though Mr. Brown's difficulty in performing the comparatively simple "Rabbit" spell indicates there's at least some element of belief or will involved.
  • Magical Land: The Isle of Naboombu.
  • Massive Multiplayer Ensemble Number: Portobello Road. The singers and dancers there are easily a hundred or more.
  • Medium Blending: The Isle of Naboombu is almost entirely animated, aside from the humans and the bed.
  • Mobile Kiosk: Everything in Portobello Road that isn't nailed down. As well as Professor Browne's nifty suitcase act.
  • More Dakka: The German soldiers use machine guns on the advancing armor. For all the good it does them.
  • Muggles: Professor Browne at first, but he believes once he sees (or rather, once he gets turned into a rabbit). And, amusingly, the Nazis, who don't believe.
  • Mustache Vandalism: Paul does this to a clay bust, then accessorizes it with a top hat.
  • No Ontological Inertia: After Nazis plant a bomb by Miss Price's workshop, blowing up all the agents that gave her powers, all of the suits of animated armour wind down and collapse on the spot.
    • It could be a moment of Fridge Brilliance, as she was the commander of the army, and the spell did require her both having a focus (Broom) and concentration. so once she was taken down the magic was disrupted.
  • No Sell: Yes, modern soldiers with machine guns could probably mow down plate-armored soldiers all day. When there's nothing inside the armor, on the other hand...
  • Not Now, Kiddo: Basically how his older siblings, and sometimes the adults, treat Paul. Basically, if they had listened to or believed him, much of what the heroes went through needn't have been done.
  • Ominous Latin Chanting: Well, it becomes ominous after Eglantine and company quit singing it: Treguna. Macoides. Trecorum. Satis. Dee.
    • Especially when the animated suits of armour start chanting it. If the Nazis weren't absolutely petrified before, they were after hearing that echo through the air.
  • Ostrich Head Hiding: During the soccer match the ostrich buries its head underneath the sand, but is kicked against his behind soon afterwards, causing him to tumble forwards and fall on its behind.
  • Plot Coupon: The heroes first seek the remaining pages of the spellbook; when they find it, they learn it doesn't actually have the words to the Substitutiary Locomotion spell. It does say that the Star of Astoroth has them, so now the quest is to find that and get the spell.
  • Punctuated! For! Emphasis!: "STOP! THAT! BALL!!!"
    • Also: "WHY! DIDN'T! YOU! SAY! SO?!?!??!!!!"
  • Road Sign Reversal: Something similar in intention is done by a British villager in the beginning of the film. He's painting out the signposts in order to confuse any possible invading Nazis, but the only people he confuses are two Home Guard Officers.
  • Roger Rabbit Effect: Whenever the humans interact directly with the animated animals on the Isle of Naboombu.
  • Rule of Symbolism: When the Substitutiary Locomotion spell is broken by Miss Price being hit by the bomb, the armor doesn't instantly drop to the ground—instead it slowly sinks down, allowing the 'soldiers' to stumble, fall, and collapse in a very eerie and sad representation of the army dying on the spot.
  • Say My Name: The song "Eglantine", as sung to her by Mr. Browne, much to her displeasure.
  • Seldom-Seen Species: The Secretary Bird. (He's also a Visual Pun: the King's secretary is a literal secretary bird.)
  • Shaggy Dog Story: The entire Isle of Naboombu subplot is rendered completely pointless once it's discovered that there's a picture of the Star of Astoroth in the book Paul found with the spell inscribed on it, clearly legible.
  • Shipper on Deck: Mrs. Hobday.
  • Shooting Superman / Bang Bang Bang Uh Oh: The Nazis take a while to get it through their heads that shooting Animated Armor is not very effective.
  • Silent Snarker: The cat Cosmic Creepers.
  • Spiritual Successor: To Mary Poppins.
  • Sword Beats Machine Gun: Especially when the side wielding the swords is Immune to Bullets
  • Talking Animal: The Isle of Naboombu is inhabited by these.
  • Talk Like a Pirate: The king of Naboombu, for some reason.
  • Tap on the Head: Two German commandos are knocked unconscious by the animated suits of armour.
  • Those Wacky Nazis: Variation: the heroine is the Secret Project Leader looking to turn the tide in the war in favour of the British, and the Nazis are flummoxed by her abilities because they don't believe in magic.
  • Too Dumb to Live: The ostrich in the soccer match.
    • Colonel Heller. "Es gibt keine Hexen! (There's no such thing as witches!)" Okay, then how do you explain the floating armour army and the flying lady on a broomstick?
    • Charlie at the beginning of the movie. Despite his siblings telling him that maybe trying to blackmail a witch is a bad idea, he persists until Miss Price turns him into a toad rabbit. Then, when he transforms back after almost getting attacked by her cat, he tries extortion again.
      • He did at least learn to be a little more clever about it the second time - rather than demanding she give them something fancy, he makes the deal that they receive a precious object (the travelling spell), and if they break their end of the deal, they have to give the object back. Miss Price even comments that it's an excellent idea.
  • Two Halves Make a Plot: Professor Brown has one half of the book that mentions the Substitutiary Locomotion spell, which appears to cut off just as it is about to mention the magic words that activate it. A bookseller has the other half, and has been looking for Brown's half, thinking it has the spell. It turns out neither half has it — which means the book was in more pieces than two and any additional pieces are gone altogether.
  • Unnecessary Roughness: In the animals' soccer/football match.
  • We Could Have Avoided All This: If they had just listened to Paul he could have told them about the picture of the Star of Astoroth in his book and they would have saved themselves a whole lot of trouble.

Alternative Title(s):

Bedknobs And Broomsticks