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Lemeza Kosugi (ルエミーザ 小杉, ruemiiza kosugi)
Mr. Explorer himself, protagonist of the first game.
- Adventurer Archaeologist: But of course!
- Bad Ass: While he begins his adventure quite weak, the items, artifacts and skills he obtains throughout his journey can make him a force to reckon with.
- The Chosen One: He is ultimately granted permission by the Sages to chant the Mantras and summon the Mother. Up until then, there are a few references to a "chosen one", including one tablet that basically says "if you made it this far, we choose you".
- Disappeared Dad: To Lumisa in La-Mulana 2, since he's been in hiding after the events of the first game.
- Expy: Lemeza's yet another homage to Indiana Jones, of course.
- Fedora of Asskicking: Which he apparently wears over the helmet and perpetually has a hold of while falling and sinking. He also has to hold it on during the high-speed Palenque fight.
- Hero with Bad Publicity: In La-Mulana 2. Sure, he saved the world from Mother's wrath, but he also destroyed a world heritage site in the process. The public apparently only learned about/believed the latter, so he's been on the run from Interpol.
- Heroic Mime: As is the standard of all Retraux Metroidvania protagonists.
- Hyperspace Arsenal/Walking Armory: To the point that there's a piece of official art◊ gently poking fun at it. It's also reflected on his paper doll in the remake.
- Leitmotif: "Mr. Explorer", the Surface theme.
- Man in a Bikini
- Ninja: The Kosugis apparently have a long line of ninjutsu in the family tree. Lemeza himself uses ninja infiltration techniques for exploring the death traps he tends to wind up in.
- Meaningful Name: Kosugi means "small cedar." It's also the surname of a real-life curry salesman.
- Multi-Melee Master
- Raised by Grandfather: Since Shawn abandoned him to go looking for La-Mulana.
- Smoking Is Cool: Has a cigarette in his mouth in the PC manual and in the WiiWare official artwork. It's removed from pictures on the English side of the website, though.
- Spell My Name with an "S"/It Is Pronounced Tro PAY: In Japanese his name is written as ルエミーザ (ruemiiza) while his name is always written in English as Lemeza. Does he use a different name depending on language or is Lemeza meant to be pronounced like "ruemiiza?"
- Superior Successor: Fits Lemeza in every single way, if you consider the story behind the ruins, his role of chasing his father's work and defeating gods and goddesses who could have remained for eternity and used to rule over everyone.
- Trademark Favorite Food: Loves curry.
- Virtual Paper Doll: The remake's inventory screen shows a picture of Lemeza wearing the current equipment set, including weapon, subweapon, item, and assorted tools/plot coupons acquired along the way.
- Whip It Good: His primary weapon.
- Wholesome Crossdresser/Creepy Crossdresser: Up for debate if he's creepy about it or not. Mulbruk and Xelpud are significantly weirded out, but Lemeza himself has absolutely no problems donning the skimpy swimsuit from Hell Temple and workin' it. All the official art showing him in the thing has him happy as a clam, to boot.
Lumisa Kosugi (ルミッサ 小杉, rumissa kosugi)
The protagonist of La Mulana 2. She is Lemeza's (or Shorn's) possibly illegitimate daughter. With Lemeza vanished, she takes up Elder Xelpud's request to explore Eg-Lana.
- Action Girl: Big-time.
- Adventurer Archaeologist
- But Not Too Foreign: Despite having blonde hair and blue eyes, Lumisa is fourth-generation Japanese-American.
- Distaff Counterpart: To Lemeza, although the developers hope to develop her into a more distinct character than that.
- Early-Bird Cameo: Lumisa actually made a brief appearance in the April Fools development video made before the remake's release.
- Fedora of Asskicking: Much like her father, if it's Lemeza.
- Fingerless Gloves: She only wears one, oddly enough.
- Generation Xerox
- Mysterious Past: Was she the daughter of Lemeza's wife before they married? Is she actually an illegitimate child of Shorn? Did Lemeza father her when he was only 15? Nobody knows.
- Happily Adopted: Possibly. At any rate, if Lemeza isn't biologically her dad, she seems to think of him as such - she calls him Papa in the April Fools video, and all material that isn't directly referencing Shorn calls Lemeza her father. How happy she actually is with him remains to be seen.
- Ninja: She is a Kosugi, so of course this applies!
- Wearing a Flag on Your Head: Or around your neck.
- And your breast pocket. And your pant leg. Notably, the flag on her pant leg has the Japanese flag superimposed over the 50 stars, representing her status as a Japanese-American.
- Whip It Good: Just like her father.
Shorn/Shawn Kosugi (ショーン 小杉, shōn kosugi)
Lemeza's father and Lumisa's grandfather (or possibly also her father). He sets off the first game's plot by discovering the ruins and taunting his son about it.
- Adventurer Archaeologist
- Archnemesis Dad: Taunted Lemeza into coming to the ruins, and basically waited for Lemeza to obtain the Treasure of Life before STEALING IT FROM HIS OWN SON.
- Back for the Finale: Shorn steals the show, so to speak.
- Disappeared Dad: Left Lemeza with his grandfather at a young age so he could search for the ruins.
- Dub Name Change: Zig-zagged. The original's fantranslation called him Shorn, the Japanese website for the remake still calls him Shorn but the English remake calls him Shawn, and in La-Mulana 2 he's apparently back to being Shorn again for the English localization.
- Expy: His spectacles, bucket hat (though the remake turns it into a helmet), and iffy relationship with his son clearly mirror Henry Jones, Sr. He also has a touch of Belloq in him, with the whole poaching research thing.
- Famous Ancestor: Shorn has a world-renown career as an archaeologist while the first game is Lemeza's first time doing anything that would grant him fame.
- Freeze-Frame Bonus: There are a couple of times you can see him leaving the room you're entering.
- Hero of Another Story: He spent much of his life trying to find the ruins, and he managed to explore them almost entirely. However, because the story is told from Lemeza's POV we only know tiny portions of his tale.
- Jerkass/Karma Houdini: Steals the treasure from his son at the end and runs off into the sunrise.
- Miles Gloriosus: According to the remake's manual, as his physical prowess started declining somewhat with age, he developed a history of poaching the results of Lemeza's work to compensate. No surprise when he steals the show at the end, then.
- Ninja: Had the same training Lemeza did, and has had longer to perfect it.
- The Unchosen One: His final message to you on his computer, which you find at the very heart of the ruins, says that he went through all of the same trials and traps you did and reached La Mulana's heart, but ultimately wasn't able to continue because he wasn't chosen by the four Sages.
- Whip It Good
Elder Xelpud (ゼルプド長老, zerupudo chourou)
The Elder of the village, and the guy who saves your game and generally chats to you. After the first game, he sells out and turns La-Mulana into a tourist trap.
- Badass Grandpa / Hidden Badass: In the remake. Remember that one puzzle where you have to get Shorn's diary, involving that falling pillar? in the original, you use the time lantern. In the remake, you talk to Xelpud, and he literally comes down to that room in the ruins, JUMPS IN ITS FALLING PATH, AND THEN LIFTS IT UP FOR YOU TO GET PAST.
- Bald of Awesome
- Cloud Cuckoolander/Talkative Loon: Rambles endlessly about the MSX in the original PC version and about gaming in general, among other things, in the remake.
- Cool Old Guy
- A Date with Rosie Palms: One of Xelpuds ramblings in the remake has him quickly deny he was looking at anything dirty when Lemeza walks in.
- Expy: In La-Mulana 2, he looks a lot like Kame-Sennin / Master Roshi thanks to sunglasses, a short-sleeved shirt, orange shorts, and the same beard he's always had.
- Facial Markings: In official artwork he has the the symbol of the Philosophers on his forehead, which is a clue to his true nature.
- Fanboy: Of the MSX. He even wears an MSX shirt under his robes, which is kept in the remake's art (though obscured for copyright reasons).
- Fun T-Shirt: Again, his MSX shirt under his robes.
- Forgotten First Meeting: He met Lemeza once before with Shawn, but Lemeza was too young to remember it.
- Foreshadowing/Blatant Lies/Suspiciously Specific Denial: Xelpud's opening conversions with Lemeza in the remake are rather interesting if the player knows the whole story of the game.
- Jive Turkey: "FAIRIES, YO!"
- Leitmotif: "Xelpud"
- Sdrawkcab Name: "Xelpud" spelled backwards is "Duplex", one of the developers of the original game.
- Take That: Talks smack about the easiness of modern gaming. In the original version, he also likes to take potshots at the Famicom.
- Voice with an Internet Connection: In the remake, he sends e-mails to Lemeza when certain conditions are met, which can be read at any time. Some of these also double as tutorials, such as the one explaining how to use the Grapple Claw.
Mulbruk (ムーブルク, muuburuku)
A girl who lives in the Temple of the Sun. She offers advice on where to go or what to do, but only appears in the remake version. After the events of the first game, she adapts well to modern life and becomes an adventurer with a taste for cheeseburgers and fashion.
- Chekhov's Gunman: At the end, instead of escaping the ruins through the Guidance Gate entrance, Lemeza has to go talk to her. They both then run through an alternative exit.
- Facial Markings: In official artwork she has some kind of mark on her forehead. It's never explained just what it means.
- Fanservice: Beating the game with the Treasure That Must Not Be Seen on will let you see her sprite donning it as well during the staff roll. One of the Steam Trading Cards you can get shows her wearing it.◊ Along with Lemeza and Shawn, and a naked Xelpud.
- It Was with You All Along: Mulbruk has the Book of the Dead and doesn't even realize it until the topic is brought up.
- Leitmotif: "Mulbruk"
- Luke, I Am Your Father: Mulbruk is Duracuets' daughter.
- Really 700 Years Old: She looks like a 19-year-old girl, but she's actually a 5000-year-old sage. She's just been sleeping all this time.
- Reverse Grip: Her profile picture for the sequel shows her holding a knife like this.
- Spell My Name With An "L": Most sites use the name "Muburk" if they were made before the English spelling of her name was revealed.
- Third-Person Person
- Trademark Favorite Food: Beef, apparently. The third CD cover for the first game's soundtrack shows her eating a steak, and her profile picture for the sequel shows her eating a hamburger.
- You Gotta Have Green Hair: In the first game, at least, her hair is a very dark green. All images for the sequel show her with raven hair, though it's possible she dyes it.
Algol/ArgusSub-boss of the Surface.
- Advancing Boss of Doom: Does nothing but advance towards the player, eventually shoving Lemeza off the screen and restarting the fight if not defeated fast enough.
- Eyes Do Not Belong There: His entire body is covered in eyes.
- Meaningful Name: Named after Argos/Argus Panoptes, a giant from Greek mythology who is described as "all-seeing".
- Nigh-Invulnerability: Is impervious to damage until you get the Serpent Staff.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning/ Monochromatic Eyes: Well, only (presumably) two, on the face. All the other eyes everywhere else are normal eyes.
AnubisSub-boss of the Temple of Moonlight.
- Homing Projectile: Can summon a magic orb that follows Lemeza around.
- Nigh-Invulnerability: Can't be damaged until you get the Book of the Dead, and even then you can only damage his head.
BaSub-boss of the Confusion Gate/Gate of Illusion.
- Feather Flechettes
- Shown Their Work: In Egyptian belief, the soul was split into five parts. Ba is one of the parts, the part that defines individuality and personality. This part of the soul was usually represented by a human-headed bird.
- Savage Setpiece: Is passive until you hit it.
BackbeardSub-boss of the Endless Corridor.
- Faceless Eye: A floating mass of shadows and tentacles with a single red eye.
- Implacable Man: After being summoned it'll slowly follow Lemeza around, invincible until it's puzzle is solved.
- Nigh-Invulnerability: Can't be damaged until you activate two pedestals, and after that, can only be damaged when its eye is open.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning: Well, only one eye.
Bashumu/UshumSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Big Creepy-Crawlies: A great big worm with a mouth surrounded by feelers.
- Meaningful Name: Named after Bašmu the great horned snake from Akkadian mythology.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning: Three, in the remake.
BeelzebubSub-boss of the True Shrine of the Mother.
- Flies Equals Evil: In his second phase he turns into a giant fly, and in the remake he shoots flies at you.
- Meaningful Name: Beelzebub is sometimes referred to as "Lord of the Flies".
- Teleport Spam: In the original, he does this while shooting lighting at you.
BuerSub-boss of the Temple of the Sun.
- Mix-and-Match Critters: A lion's head with horse legs.
CentimaniSub-boss of the Chamber of Extinction.
- Body Horror: A moving ball of ghastly pale heads and outstretched hands.
- Meaningful Name: Centimani is a Latinised version of Hecatonchires "The Hundred Handed Ones". The Hecatonchires were three giants in Greek mythology, who helped overthrow the titans. It's said they each had 100 hands and 50 heads.
Creel/KululluSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Frickin' Laser Beams: In the remake.
- Our Mermaids Are Different
- Prongs of Poseidon
- Meaningful Name: Kulullû means 'Fish-Man'. Also named after the ancient Mesopotamian mythical monster.
Dragon/ UshumgalluSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- A Dragon Named Dragon: In the original.
- Beware My Stinger Tail
- Breath Weapon
- Making a Splash: The tail can shoot a blue energy ball that becomes a water geyser when it hits the floor. It doesn't damage you, but it's essential for getting the last Life Gem.
- Meaningful Name: Ušumgallu meaning 'great dragon', named after a horned snake in Akkadian mythology.
Ghost LordSub-boss of the Giant's Mausoleum.
- King Mook: A bigger version of the normal ghost enemies.
GirtabliluSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Beware My Stinger Tail: Has a scorpion tail that she can fire projectiles from.
- Cute Monster Girl: A scorpion woman.
- Godiva Hair
Gozu and Mezu/ Ox-head and Horse-faceSub-boss of the Chamber of Extinction.
- Blade on a Stick
- Dual Boss
- Monster Modesty: Loincloths are their only articles of clothing.
- Shown Their Work: These two come from Chinese mythology. They're the guardians of the Underworld.
KamaitachiSub-boss of the Graveyard of the Giants.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning
- Shown Their Work: The kamaitachi is a kind of Yokai from Japanese mythology. They're weasels with sickle-shaped claws.
Mushumahhar/MushnahhuSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Meaningful Name: Named after Mušmaḫḫū from ancient Mesopotamian mythology. The name translates to 'Exalted Dragon'.
- Took a Level in Badass: The ball with holes is no longer the weak spot in the remake, and the snakes are now bigger, faster and harder to hit.
- Zerg Rush: Those are a lot of snakes you have to deal with at once.
MushussuSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Breath Weapon: In the original it shoots energy balls from its mouth. It goes the more traditional route in the remake, breathing fire and green energy beams.
- Glowing Eyes of Doom: Eyes glow red when it fires its energy beam in the remake.
- Meaningful Name: Named after Mušḫuššu, the sacred animal of Marduk.
- Mix-and-Match Critters: Has bird wings, talons for hind feet, feline forepaws and a snake's head and neck. In the original it also had a horse's tail, but that was removed in the remake.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning
- Not Quite Dead: In the original, if you stick around in the room after killing it, it'll come back to life and start attacking again. You'll want to kill it twice and check the skull if you want the Gradius 2 Beta ROM.
NuckelaveeSub-boss of the Spring in the Sky.
- Frickin' Laser Beams
- Eye Beams: Shoots thin red ones that ricochet off the walls in the remake.
- Go for the Eye: In the remake.
- Took a Level in Badass: In the remake it got larger and became more difficult to fight.
- Shown Their Work: Nuckelavee comes from Orkney Island folklore, described as a giant, one-eyed, skinless sea monster that looks like a horse with finned hooves and a man attached to its back.
Nü Wa (女カ, joka)Sub-boss of the Tower of Ruin.
- Always Second Best: Like Tiamat, she tried to create life, but could not do better than the Mother.
- Godiva Hair: In the remake.
- Public Domain Character: Nü Wa is a creator goddess from Chinese mythology.
- Rule of Symbolism: Nü Wa is a creator goddess. In the remake, she shoots energy beams in the shape of a double helix.
- Sinister Scythe: She carries one in the remake.
- Took a Level in Badass: She is completely different in the remake and much more difficult.
Ox/KuusarikkuSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- An Ox Named Ox: In the original, anyways.
- Meaningful Name: Named after an ancient Mesopotamian mythological demon.
PazuzuSub-boss of Inferno Cavern.
- Collapsing Ceiling Boss: In the remake he punches the ceiling, causing rocks to fall.
- Fireballs: Shoots standard ones in the original. In the remake, he heats up boulders until they're flaming balls of molten rocks, then throws it at Lemeza.
- Shown Their Work: Pazuzu is the Assyrian and Babylonian mythological king of demons, the bearer of storms and drought. He's often depicted as having a man's body, a lion's/dog's head, four wings, eagle talons and a scorpion's tail.
- Monochromatic Eyes: Has pure green eyes.
PerytonSub-boss of the Twin Labyrinths.
- Flunky Boss: Summons blue spirits when it lands.
- Mix-and-Match Critters: A mix between a stag and a bird.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning
Raham/LahamuSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Animated Armor
- BFS: In the remake its sword is about as big as it is.
- Luckily My Shield Will Protect Me: In the remake. In the original it never uses its shield.
Shu/Chi You (蚩尤, shiyuu)Sub-boss of the Confusion Gate/Gate of Illusion.
- Healing Factor: From the blood.
- Meaningful Name: Named after a Chinese god of war, the characters of his name can also be roughly translated as "natural fool."
- Mirror Boss: At least, he wields several of Lemeza's subweapons.
- Multi-Armed and Dangerous
- Multi-Melee Master: It helps that he has six arms. Subverted in the original game in that while he has multiple weapons, he never attacks you in melee (he does in the remake, though).
- One Steve Limit: May be a reason for the name change in the remake. In Temple of the Sun, one of the statues is Shu, the Egyptian deity of air who isn't related to this sub-boss at all.
- Taking You with Me: In the remake, don't wait around too long after you get the Infinite Key from him. Unless you want one of the "This is La-Mulana" achievements.
- Virgin Sacrifice: He lives on this.
SkandaThe rather goofy sub-boss of the Chamber of Birth.
- Attack Its Weak Point: In the remake, there's a red orb in its chest that you need to target.
- King Mook: A larger, more dangerous version of the normal mudman enemy.
Storm/ Umu DabrutuSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Meaningful Name: Storm, relating to its ability to summon tornadoes.
Tai SuiSub-boss of the Endless Corridor.
- Detachment Combat: Attacks by throwing its eyes at you.
- Faceless Eye: It's nothing but a formless mass of blue/green-gray stuff full of eyes.
- Nigh-Invulnerability: In the remake, it can't be damaged until you kill Backbeard.
ThunderbirdSub-boss of the Tower of Ruin.
- Yellow Lightning, Blue Lightning: Shoots blue lightning and, in the remake, surrounds itself in a blue electric barrier.
UgalluSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Dash Attack: In the remake.
Urmahlullu/EnlilSub-boss of the Dimensional Corridor and one of Tiamat's children.
- Glowing Eyes of Doom: In the remake, its eyes start to glow when its about to attack.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning: Three of them.
- Savage Wolves
- Teleport Spam: In the original. In the remake it still teleports but not as much.
ZuSub-boss of the Twin Labyrinths.
Amphisbaena (アンフィスバエナ, anfisubaena)A gigantic snake with a head at both ends. It is the boss of the Guidance Gate.
- Dual Boss: While only one creature, the fight against him functions like one.
- Kill It with Fire: Spits streams of flames as its primary attack.
- Leitmotif: "King Konda"
- Public Domain Character: Since it's from Greek myths, it's naturally this.
- Warm-Up Boss: Especially in the original, where a good shuriken spam was his downfall. He's only marginally tougher in the remake. Considering he's usually the first boss a player fights, it's almost like NIGORO wants to lull the player into a false sense of security...
Sakit (サキト, sakito)A Giant who wished for The Mother not to return to the sky. He is the boss of the Mausoleum of the Giants.
- Collapsing Ceiling Boss: Everytime he takes a step or fires his fist into the ground, rubble falls from the ceiling.
- Colossus Climb: Lemeza has to climb up Sakit's arm when he uses his Rocket Punch attack so Lemeza can strike Sakit in the face.
- Golem: All the Giants are preserved as huge stone statues. Most of them can move depending on what the time of day is (it's a puzzle, you hit three stone lanterns to change the insignias so they're all either star, sun or moon). Sakit can only be fought when the Moon is showing, unless you sequence break so much that you get the double jump before fighting him.
- Knight Templar/Well-Intentioned Extremist: Wants Mother to remain on Earth and will fight anyone to the death over it.
- Leitmotif: "Giants' Rage"
- No Sell: In the original version, his giant stone body is flat out immune to all subweapons, forcing you to close to dangerously close range in order to attack him. In the remake, he's immune to most subweapons until his mask breaks halfway through the battle.
- Regime Change: "Sakit took power into his hand," both figuratively and literally.
- Rocket Punch: A variant in the original, literally in the WiiWare/PC Remake version.
- Wake-Up Call Boss: Oh boy, is he ever. Many players chose to take him on much later, as he is very powerful, much more difficult than Amphisbaena, and isn't required to defeat for a while.
Ellmac (エルマック, erumakku)A gigantic frilled lizard. It is the boss of the Temple of the Sun.
- Collapsing Ceiling Boss: One of his attacks in the original is a roar that causes stalactites and stones to fall from the ceiling.
- High Speed Battle: Fought while riding in a quick-moving mine cart.
- Leitmotif: "High-Speed Beast"
- Made of Explodium: Original version only.
- Minecart Madness: The entire battle takes place during this.
- One-Hit Kill: In the remake, don't let Ellmac land on Lemeza when it jumps out of the background, or the fight's over real quick.
- Punny Name: His name comes from 襟巻き蜥蜴 (erumaki tokage), which means "frilled-neck lizard."
Bahamut (バハムート, bahamuuto)A giant blue fish with a head like a hippo. It is the boss of the Spring in the Sky.
- Fireballs: In the remake.
- Kill It with Fire: One of Bahamut's attacks in the original game.
- Leitmotif: "Dangerous Raid"
- Shown Their Work: The Giant fish is actually from Arabic mythology.
- Super Drowning Skills: In the original, Lemeza takes damage from the water during the Bahamut fight whether he has the Scalesphere or not.
Viy (ヴィー, vii)A demon so massive that it needs smaller demons to open its eyelid. It is the boss of the Inferno Cavern.
- Attack of the 50-Foot Whatever: The manual has a picture of what Viy actually looks like. All that is seen in-game is the area around its eye. Said part fills almost the entire horizontal area of the screen.
- Bad Boss: In the remake, after the pair of imps have his eye held completely open, Viy will either thrust his eyeball upward, knocking the imps away in the process (often right into you), or disintegrate them with his Wave Motion Eye Laser.
- Eye Scream: You hurt it by attacking its giant eye. And it can attack by everting its eye, trying to stab you with it.
- Flunky Boss: Summons demons to open its eye.
- Frickin' Laser Beams: It can fire one. From its eye.
- Go for the Eye: What would you expect to do if it has an eye that big?
- Leitmotif: "In the Bottom"
- Mercy Invincibility: Subverted in the remake. Touching Viy's body causes Lemeza's health to constantly drain, whether or not he enjoys Mercy Invincibility.
- Public Domain Character: It is based on a tale by Nikolai Gogol about a demon with servants that hold its eye open.
- Wave Motion Gun: It fires a ginormous laser beam from its eye.
Palenque (パレンケ, parenke)An alien who pilots a giant mechanical gunship. It is the boss of the Chamber of Extinction.
- Ancient Astronauts: It is based on one of the carvings that inspired this whole theory.
- Bullet Hell: Actually fires a lot of bullets even in the original game. It gets even worse in the remake.
- Difficulty By Region: Sort of. In the Wiiware remake, it was possible to fly right up in his face and kill him with only a few hits of the flail whip, as collision damage with Palenque did surprisingly little damage. In the PC version of the remake, however, Palenque has a fast life draining ability similar to Viy if you touch him. While this was mostly done to discourage cheap victories, it also makes his battering ram attack do a seriously large amount of damage.
- High Speed Battle: Fought while flying around at high speed while on a plane thing.
- Kaizo Trap: In the remake, after being defeated, he leaps out of his ship and explodes, killing you instantly unless you hit him again to smack him back into his ship.
- Leitmotif: "Ancient Machine"
- Made of Explodium
- Rule of Cool: You're fighting a Alien who's piloting a giant Gradius-inspired ship on a tiny little toy plane. With shurikens. While he has lasers and bombs and all sorts of things.
- Taking You with Me: In the remake, once his ship is trashed, he jumps out of his ship and blows up, killing you both if you don't retaliate in time.
- Unexpected Shmup Boss
- Wave Motion Gun: One of its weapons.
Baphomet (バフォメット, bafometto)A pagan deity mostly associated with witches. It is the boss of the Twin Labyrinth.
- Ambiguous Gender: In actual texts Baphomet is usually referred to as a male but it has a distinctly female body. Most people tend to settle on "it."
- Bishonen Line: In the remake, Baphonet's One-Winged Angel form is smoother, more streamlined, doesn't wear a robe, and has slick metallic skin and wings.
- Dangerously Genre Savvy: In the original version, one of the best ways to defeat Baphomet was to jump to the top platform in the boss room and throw spears at Baphomet's head. In the remake, the first thing Baphomet does after being summoned is destroying said platform.
- Flunky Boss: Has up to four witches for Lemeza to deal with during the fight.
- Kill It with Fire: Summons lots of flame pillars to fight.
- Leitmotif: "Sabbat"
- One-Winged Angel: In the remake, Baphomet decides to stop sitting around and takes to the skies after being sufficiently damaged.
- Our Demons Are Different
- Shock and Awe: One of her attacks is to summon lightning.
- Summoning Ritual: The witches you've been harassing throughout the Twin Labyrinth invoke one to summon the boss to kill you.
- Taking You with Me: In the remake, Baphomet summons a bunch of fire columns when she dies.
Tiamat (ティアマト, tiamato)A Lamia that can control the dimensions, and tried to obtain the secret of life. She is the boss of the Dimensional Corridor.
- Always Second Best: Attempted to outdo the Mother in creating life and failed.
- Background Boss: In the remake.
- Chest Blaster: She fires Frickin' Laser Beams from her cleavage in the remake.
- Cute Monster Girl: A trait she shares with her daughter Girtablilu (the scorpion woman).
- Eyes Do Not Belong There: In the remake she has eyes on her palms as well as a third eye on her forehead.
- Fan Disservice: In the first version of the game, her face becomes angry and distorted once she loses a certain amount of life.
- Flunky Boss: Has up to four bats flying around at any time and up to four energy orbs that can't be destroyed in the original game. Nothing of the sort in the remake, however.
- Frickin' Laser Beams: More like a Frickin' Laser Cannon in the remake.
- Godiva Hair: Especially in the remake.
- Kill It with Water: In the remake, she can summon a huge tidal wave that smashes on the arena, dealing massive damage to Lemeza unless he takes cover under a platform. If she retreats to the background, take cover.
- Leitmotif: "Interstice of the Dimention"
- Marathon Boss: Unless you use the knife combo trick.
- Mythology Gag: The mantra to chant in Tiamat's area is "MARDUK," the mythological character that killed Tiamat in Babylonian legend.
- Public Domain Character: Tiamat was a creator goddess in Babylonian mythology.
- Prehensile Hair: One of her many attacks in the original is to lash out with her hair while in the remake they are holding rings used for some of her attacks (Specially the dreaded Laser Cannon)
- Reality Warper:
- She changed the sides of her part of the Ruins round. That's right: The Endless Corridor is actually the BACKSIDE AREA of the Dimensional Corridor.
- She also disables the Holy Grail's power while Lemeza is in the Dimensional Corridor, though he can still teleport into the area.
- Rule of Symbolism: She's apparently meant to represent infinity and/or unchanging, with all the lemniscates (∞) in the Endless and Dimensional Corridors and during the fight with her. Of course, it could just be Naramura making us think they're symbolic.
- Slasher Smile: Does this in both versions of the game. As you do damage to her, her facial expression twists into a horrific grin.
- Snake People: Much more prominent in the original version, but she clearly has a serpentine lower half.
Unmarked Spoilers for La-Mulana
The Mother (聖母, seibo)/Mother's Soul (聖母の魂, seibo no tamashii)She's the creator of all sapient Life, who is unable to get back to the sky. Unfortunately, it's a genuinely impossible task, and she's utterly unable to acknowledge that possibility. The entire plot of the game is to put her out of her misery.
- All Your Powers Combined: In the remake during her final form she borrows attacks from all of the other Guardians.
- Ancient Astronauts: It's unknown where the Mother came from, just that she fell from the sky long ago.
- And I Must Scream: Has been trapped on Earth unable to move for millions of years.
- Background Boss: The fight against her head.
- Barrier Change Boss: In the original version four of The Mother's five forms are vulnerable to only one weapon.
- Bloody Tears: One of her forms cries these.
- Kill It with Fire: The tears create a wave of flames when they hit the ground.
- Bowdlerization: The English version of the remake calls her "Great Mother" rather than "Holy Mother." The remake also changes her third form to look like a skeleton rather than the Virgin Mary.
- Energy Beings: Her soul's first form is definitely this. She turns into it again to fight you in her final form.
- Final Boss
- Fetus Terrible: Her implied true form. Look at the background during the final form fight.
- Guide Dang It: Decipher the tablets or else good luck winning the battle against her Mother Ocean form. Mercifully averted in the remake.
- Kamehame Hadoken: Mother's laser attack borrowed from Viy in the remake is thrown like one.
- Kill It with Fire/Fireballs: Mother's attacks borrowed from Amphisbaena, Ellmac, and Bahamut in the remake.
- Leitmotif: "Last Battle?" (Head); "Good Night Mom" (Soul)
- Load-Bearing Boss: Justified since the ruins of La-Mulana are the Mother's body.
- Marathon Boss: Especially in hard mode.
- Mercy Kill: Because she can't be returned to the heavens as per her wish, the only other option is to forcibly put her to rest.
- Mother of a Thousand Young: She personally created everything you run into, and it seems like if humans imagined it at all—not merely myth and folklore, but as Viy, the Snouters, and Backbeard attest, even recent literature and pop entertainment— there's some sort of template within her that the idea ultimately emanated from.
- One Bad Mother: A powerful creator goddess who has the nasty tendency to off any of her offspring-races that fail to return her to the sky. The name fits.
- One-Winged Angel: Her soul has four forms and her head can be counted as a fifth.
- Resurrective Immortality: The Mother is immediately reborn if she dies, so the player must give her soul a physical form and kill that.
- Self-Made Orphan: You kill the creator of all sentinent life, after all...
- Sequential Boss: Five distinct phases in all.
- Sufficiently Advanced Alien: Heavily implied.
- You Have Failed Me: Constantly happens whenever she comes to the conclusion that the current sapient race is unwilling and/or unable to send her back. It's implied that she does this in part because otherwise there won't be room and/or materials for the new attempt at creating rescuers. One wonders what would happen if she were somehow convinced that she can't get back in the first place...
The Boss (ザ・ボス, za bosu)He is found in the Hell Temple, a big blue blob with eyes closed and a tongue sticking out that guards the last rooms.
- Ascended Extra: In the WiiWare version The Boss uses an unused music that was never used in the original game, Good Morning Mom.
- And Your Reward Is Clothes: He guards "The Treasure That Must Not Be Seen." It should probably stay unseen.
- Author Avatar: He looks like the avatar that Naramura typically has.
- Bonus Boss
- Exactly What It Says on the Tin: The Boss is the boss of Hell Temple
- Flunky Boss: He spawns the smaller, bomb-throwing blobs seen throughout Hell Temple.
- King Mook
- Leitmotif: "THE BOSS" (Also known as "Good Morning Mom")