Western Animation: Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner
"Right now, I'd like to show you one of my favorite cartoons. It's a sad, depressing story about a pathetic Coyote who spends every waking moment of his life in the
futile pursuit of a sadistic roadrunner, who mocks him and laughs at him as he's repeatedly crushed and maimed!
I hope you enjoy it
An extremely popular series of Looney Tunes
short subjects made by Chuck Jones
during The Golden Age of Animation
, the Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner shorts are centered on the titular duo as the smart but obsessive coyote does everything within his power (and uses everything within the ACME catalog) to capture the elusive Road Runner for dinner. Despite their penchant for formula, the shorts have remained extremely popular to this day, lasting for 40 shorts in the classic era, with new shorts being created for theaters.
They have made a comeback via CGI in The Looney Tunes Show
These cartoons provide examples of:
- Accordion Coyote
- Acme Products: Of course, it's a mystery how Wile E. can pay for all the stuff he orders from them, and a bigger mystery why he continues to do so, seeing as nine times out of ten, their products are the reason he fails. (One Cartoon Network ad hints that he's the QA tester for the company, but another one has him sue the company over all the malfunctioning equipment, gaining a prime-time slot as a settlement.)
- Affectionate Parody: The first short was made as a parody of "cat chases mouse" cartoons (and nature documentaries; the pseudo-Latin names are a direct callback to those), but audiences took it at face value and thought it was just something new. The rest is history.
- Amusing Injuries: Coyote suffers a multitude in every episode.
- Anti-Villain: Wile E. Coyote.
- Anvil on Head: A Looney Tunes staple, reproduced faithfully multiple times.
- Arch-Enemy: Wile E. and the Road Runner.
- Art Evolution: The designs of the two characters did change a bit over the years, but this trope was more evident in the background designs. The first three cartoons had scenic, but fairly bland-looking backgrounds, which gave way to more abstract designs starting with Maurice Noble's arrival. They gradually got more and more unusual, eventually leading to some flat-out weird scenery in "Gee Whiz-z-z-z-z-z-z" before settling down into a more consistent style from 1957 onwards.
- Ash Face
- Beep Me Up, Scotty: We all know it's "BEEP BEEP!" Yet for some strange reason, it still sounds like "MEEP MEEP!"
- Bear Trap
- Bomb Whistle: Everything that falls, including boulders, anvils, and Wile E. himself, makes this sound.
- Boomerang Comeback: Wile E. gets hit in the back of his head by his own boomerang (naturally) in "The Fast and the Furry-ous".
- Brick Joke: In some cartoons, an ACME contraption would fail early on and be ignored, until the Coyote comes back across it and does something foolish to trigger it.
- Butt Monkey: Wile E. himself; in fact he never gets to be anything butt.
- Iron Butt Monkey: Even for a Warner Brothers cartoon, it's amazing what the Coyote goes through - and then gets up and goes right back in.
- Canis Latinicus: Both parties receive a new genus/species name in this style before each short ("To Beep or Not to Beep" being the exception). In one short ("Soup or Sonic"), even the Roadrunner's beeps get a scientific name: "beepus-beepus".
- Though "The Whizzard of Ow" showed the actual scientific names, Geococcyx Californianus (greater roadrunner) and Canis Latrans (coyote).
- "Stop! Look! and Hasten!" also features a cameo by a Burmese Tiger ("Surprisibus Surprisibus")
- Cartoon Physics: But it's so side-splittingly funny in all cases that it doesn't matter.
- Catchphrase: Beep Beep!
- Colossus Climb: Averted. In the cartoon Soup or Sonic, Wile E. finally catches the Road Runner. The episode's running gag involving size changing pipes leaves the Road Runner gigantic, but unfortunately for the Coyote he has become tiny, very tiny. He doesn't bother trying to scale the huge bird (even he can appreciate he's massively outgunned) and instead asks the audience what is he supposed to do now.
- Conspicuous Trenchcoat: When Wile E. gets hold off a Spy Kit in "Sugar and Spies", he starts wearing a black trenchcoat and hat. In the middle of the desert.
- Crossover: Two, on a technicality. "Hare-breadth Hurry" has Bugs Bunny filling in for a sidelined Road Runner, while "The Wild Chase" has a cannonball race between the Road Runner and Speedy Gonzales, with the Coyote and Sylvester in pursuit.
- Wile E. also crossed into a few Bugs Bunny cartoons as well. These are where the "Wile E. Coyote, Super-Genius" persona comes from.
- The Dark Age of Animation
- Depending on the Writer: The Road Runner is variably either a wild creature going simply about its life and avoiding getting caught, or a sadistic trickster who deliberately sabotages the Coyote's plans and seems to enjoy seeing him get hurt.
- Determinator: The Coyote, of course.
- Rule Number 3: "The Coyote could stop any time ó IF he were not a fanatic."
- Halfway through the cartoon, one realizes that the Coyote doesn't want to eat the Road Runner at that point—he just wants his contraptions to work properly.
- Ditzy Genius: Wile E. Coyote, especially on the occasions when he goes after Bugs Bunny.
- Ejection Seat: When Wile E. Coyote builds a Weaponized Car to catch the Roadrunner in "Sugar and Spies", it includes an ejection seat. You can probably guess how useful this proves to him.
- Epic Fail: Cutting the branch hanging off a cliffside that the Roadrunner's on — and the cliff collapses. 'Nuff said.
- Anything involving catapults will end in misfires that break physics.
- Pretty much everything Coyote does ends in this. Hilarity Ensues.
- Everyone Has Standards: But of course! In one cartoon, Wile E. takes a massive tumble, falling down several cliffs, sucked through pipes, over waterfalls, and is hit by a truck, before finally coming to a stop at the top of a cliff, breathing hard and clutching his chest. You'd have to literally be a robot to not feel sorry for the poor guy, who is crying by this point. The Road Runner runs up behind him and has a chance to scare him off the cliff like he usually does, but At this point he's apparently as sympathetic as the viewers, seeing holds a sign up that says "I just don't have the heart", and runs off again.
- Failure Is the Only Option: How did he not starve to death? Oh yeah, he's functionally immortal. Averted at the end of one or two episodes, though. Flipped in the arcade game where you play the Roadrunner, and being eaten is the only way to end the game.
- Some later shorts show a possible method of survival, opening with the Coyote trying to eat a rock or a cactus, failing, then going in pursuit of the Roadrunner. One episode even opened with the Coyote successfully eating a lizard (on screen: "Coyote (Eatibus anythingus)"). The Roadrunner is probably the only thing around with any real meat on it, so he's willing to go to extraordinary lengths to get just one filling meal.
- Flat Character: While the coyote himself could literally be this on some occasions, the Road Runner was the actual offender of this trope. Hepretty much never served any purpose outside of being Wile E's victim. These were Wile E.'s cartoons, despite the Road Runner's advertised equal importance.
- Arguably this is no longer the case in The Looney Tunes Show, where The Road Runner is portrayed as finding Wile E. Coyote's efforts playfully amusing; he gets as close to the Coyote as possible, including posing for photos with him, and in the short "Heavy Metal" he repeatedly runs back through the same tunnel to encourage the Coyote to chase him again.
- But, as the quote above shows, the Road Runner of the original shorts can easily be viewed as sadistic, making fun of the Coyote's suffering, kind of like Tweety for Sylvester.
- Friendly Enemy: What the Coyote is to the Roadrunner. Wile E. does want to kill and eat him, but never acts outside a coyote's natural instincts, and is never openly hostile towards to the Road Runner.
- Getting Crap Past the Radar: In one short, Wile E.'s scientific name was given as "Hardheadipus oedipus", (i.e. hard-headed motherfucker). Meanwhile, the Road Runner's scientific name was given as "Batoutahelius".
- The Golden Age of Animation
- Gone Horribly Right:
- The Coyote disguised himself as a female roadrunner to attract the Road Runner. The disguise did a good work deceiving... other coyotes.
- Typically, whenever one of the Acme Products does work as advertised, their success manages to work against Wile E. For example, a Dehydrated Boulder, upon hydration, becomes so large that it squashes him, or he finds out that the Earthquake Pills bottle label's fine print states that the pills arenít effective on road runners... right after he swallows the whole bottle thinking they don't work.
- Gravity Is a Harsh Mistress: The Trope Codifier in the public mind, since about half the gags involved Wile E. falling off a cliff as the result of his latest failure.
- Rule Number 8: "Whenever possible, make gravity the Coyote's greatest enemy."
- Hammered into the Ground: Happens to Wile E. more than once, even as a result of his own inventions backfiring.
- Harmless Villain: The Coyote.
- Hero Antagonist: The Road Runner can be considered the hero of this short, being hunted after by a hungry predator. However his character is kept deliberately flat and Out of Focus in each short so that the audience's sympathy is instead with Wile E Coyote.
- Hoist by His Own Petard: Seriously, the Trope could practically be called "Wile E. Coyote Syndrome" it happens to him so often.
- Hollywood Magnetism: Wile E. Coyote got bitten by this once. In his attempt to catch Bugs Bunny with an iron carrot, his super-magnet ended up attracting all sorts of metal junk instead, including the Eiffel Tower, an ocean liner and finally a ballistic missile, which blew him to kingdom come.
- He also got the Road Runner to eat some iron pellets disguised as birdseed, then tried to capture him with a giant magnet. The magnet attracted a giant barrel of TNT instead.
- Homing Boulders: No matter how carefully the Coyote tries to avoid them..
- Hope Spot: Villainous example with "The Solid Tin Coyote", which the Road Runner shows visible fear towards and is captured by Coyote's Humongous Mecha. It doesn't work out.
- Human Cannonball: Wile E. has attempted to fire himself out of a cannon multiple times in his neverending quest to catch the Road Runner. What he has achieved is multiple new ways to injure himself.
- Humongous Mecha: The eponymous giant robot from "The Solid Tin Coyote".
- Impossibly Delicious Food: As Wile E. explains to two viewers in one episode, this is why he "spends his valuable time chasing this silly bird", claiming that "the Roadrunner is to the taste buds of a coyote, what caviar, champagne, filet mignon and chocolate fudge are to the taste buds of a man." He then pulls out a chart explaining that every part of the Roadrunner comes "In a dazzling array of flavors." From banana to sponge cake to candied yam to pistachio.
- Ineffectual Sympathetic Villain Protagonist: Rule Number 10: The audience's sympathy must remain with the Coyote.
- Invincible Hero Antagonist: Unlike most other recurring Looney Tunes heroes, who usually had at least the odd moment of defeat, the Road Runner never "lost", or was even remotely hurt or humiliated throughout any cartoon.
- Just Eat Him: Wile E. orders his aforementioned mecha to do this after capturing the Road Runner, which is strange considering that Wile E. himself should be the one trying to eat him.
- Large Ham: Wile E. Coyote, especially when he goes after Bugs Bunny, where he introduces himself as, "Wile E. Coyote, SUUUUUPEEERRR GEEEENIUS!!"
- Later Installment Weirdness: The cartoons are generally considered the oddball of Chuck Jones's work. Soon after Warner Brothers closed their animation studio, they subcontracted new cartoons including Road Runner titles, mostly directed by Rudy Larriva, which were sluggish, ill-timed, unfunny hack jobs only vaguely resembling the originals.
- Limited Animation: The Rudy Larriva shorts, and to a lesser extent, the two Robert McKimson shorts.
- Looney Tunes In The Forties: The very first short was made in the forties.
- Looney Tunes in the Fifties: Fifteen of the shorts were produced during this time.
- Looney Tunes In The Sixties: Where the bulk of the series output was made.
- Looney Tunes In The Seventies And Onward: A series of shorts made for The Electric Company, and the newer theatrical shorts.
- Made of Iron: If there's a way to get busted up, it's probably happened to Coyote, but he's always back the next scene, good as new.
- Matchlight Danger Revelation: In "Beep, Beep", Wile E. loses his way underground, lights a match and learns he's in a tunnel crammed full of high explosives.
- The Millennium Age of Animation
- Mr. Exposition: Wile E. becomes this in one cartoon where two kids watching the cartoon on television wonder why he wants to eat the Road Runner. He explains in detail - with visual aids - just why road runners are considers such a delicacy to coyotes.
- Oh, Crap: Wile E. has this expression a lot (especially when gravitational cognizance kicks in). Perhaps the only time the Roadrunner has shown it is when he sees the giant mechanical coyote that Wile E. has built.
- Packed Hero: Wile E. ends up in a parcel that was meant for the Road Runner. Courtesy of an Acme parcel-making machine, naturally.
- Painted Tunnel, Real Train: Road Runner loves this trope.
- Pedestrian Crushes Car: In one cartoon, Wile E. is hit so hard by a truck that he leaves a hole through it.
- Perpetual Smiler: The Road Runner—the only time he ever changes from this is when he sees the eponymous giant robot from "The Solid Tin Coyote".
- He also changes it into a thoughtful frown as he seemingly forgets his Catchphrase in "The Whizzard of Ow".
- Pin-Pulling Teeth: When Wile E. tries this in "Beep Beep", the grenade stays in his teeth.
- Pun-Based Title: Most of the shorts have a pun in their title.
- Racing the Train: In the cartoon "Zipping Along," the establishing scene features the bird zipping along a train, although he leaves the road and never attempts to beat the train to the crossing.
- The Road Runner's observation of safety is reprised in a later Operation:Lifesaver commercial aimed at children. In it, the Road Runner, despite his ability to put some extra speed in his already fast run, is aware of safety rules concerning railroad crossings and stops to allow a train to pass. Of course, Wile E. Coyote arrogantly doesn't, and he (once again) is crushed beneath another oncoming train.
- Recycled In Space: It's a cat and mouse cartoon IN THE DESERT! AND THE VILLAIN IS WHO EARNS OUR SYMPATHY!
- The Renaissance Age of Animation
- Road Runner vs. Coyote: Trope Namer.
- Rube Goldberg Device: Used in the climax of "Hook, Line and Stinker".
- The Runt at the End: When Wile disguised himself as a female roadrunner to attract his prey but instead attracted other coyotes, the last coyote was a runt.
- Rhymes on a Dime: In some Looney Tunes comic books from the 80's where both characters talk, the Road Runner does this.
- Shadow of Impending Doom: Anything that Wile E. launches will produce one of these. Right over him. Even if he tries to dodge.
- Shown Their Work: In some shorts, the freezeframes that show Wile E. and the Road Runner's scientific names show their actual scientific names.
"Road Runner (Geococcyx californianus)"
"Coyote (Canis latrans)"
- Small Name, Big Ego: In most of the Coyote's confrontations with Bugs.
- Strictly Formula: Popular as the shorts are, they're best watched in small doses, as they tend to feel really, really samey if you watch all of them back to back.
- Suddenly Voiced: At those rare occasions Wile E. does talk, he speaks in a very refined voice, as well as revealing the fact that he's an Insufferable Genius. However, he always speaks when he's up against Bugs (except for one short which doesn't really count, as Bugs is taking over for the Roadrunner in that one).
- Wile guested once on Family Guy where Peter Griffin was the customer service rep for ACME. Wile complains about the the product backfires such as slamming him into a mountain. When Peter says he can't refund money because the products were used, Wile complains that he's been a loyal customer for years so Peter offers Wile store credit.
- Super-Persistent Predator: And how! Lampshaded by Bugs Bunny in Hare-Breadth Hurry:
"Y'know, it's amazin' the trouble this joker goes to to get a square meal."
- Surprise Jump: The Road Runner frequently does this to the Coyote. Subverted at the end of "Zoom and Bored" where the Coyote had just endured a harrowing journey involving a harpoon gun and had landed safely on solid ground. The Road Runner runs up behind him as usual... but then "says" he doesn't have the heart this time, and leaves.
- Super Speed: The Road Runner.
- Talking with Signs: How both characters (mostly) communicate. One classic example occurs in "Stop! Look! and Hasten!" when Wile realizes he's about to get clobbered by a speeding train: STOP IN THE NAME OF HUMANITY
- Team Rocket Wins: Yes, the Coyote catches the Road Runner at one point... but the gag makes it impossible for him to actually eat the bird. He even lampshades it by asking the audience what he should do now.
- He also catches Road Runner in "The Solid Tin Coyote", Doesn't work out
- And again in the CGI short "Shut Your Trap". Doesn't work out.
- And AGAIN in the CGI short "Heartbreak Bridge", where The Road Runner willingly and happily jumps into the Coyote's arms, but this unbalances the bridge they are both standing on, and to save himself the Coyote has to throw the Road Runner to the other side. The rest of the short is the Coyote attempting to keep the bridge balanced while the Road Runner tries to tip it up. Doesn't work out.
- Most of the Road Runner shorts made by parody comedians have the Coyote finally catching the Road Runner. A Seth MacFarlane short called "Die Sweet Roadrunner, Die", has the coyote finally catching and eating the bird. But with his purpose in life lost he gets horribly bored and depressed and attempts suicide (hysterically enough, he does so with an ACME product). Then he does find a purpose in life and becomes a Born-Again Christian.
- Technicolor Eyes: In the shorts by Matthew O'Callaghan, Wile E.'s are red, and the Road Runner's are turquoise.
- Those Wily Coyotes
- Three-Dimensional Episode: "Coyote Falls", "Fur of Flying", and "Rabid Rider".
- Throw the Pin: Wile E. does this in "Beep Beep", leaving him with a grenade in his teeth.
- The Voiceless: Both of them. Wile E. does speak during four of his five appearances with Bugs Bunny, and again when explaining to two young boys why he wants to eat the road runner.
- And in one cartoon, as he's walking off screen, mangled out of shape, he gives us a deadpan "ouch."
- If you were to count the Road Runner's "BEEP BEEP" as a voice, he would fall under The Unintelligible.
- Truth in Television: In Just Plane Beep when Wile E. shoots the propeller of his biplane off trying to hit the road runner. That was a real problem in WWI before the interrupter gear was invented, and one solution (as was also shown) was to put armor plating on the propeller.
- Villain Protagonist: Wile E. Coyote is trying to eat the Road Runner, and is therefore ostensibly the bad guy. But he's just so adorably persistent in how he goes about it that you can't help but root for him.
- Chuck Jones in fact had it as written lore that all sympathy must be with the Coyote.
- Villainous Underdog: The cartoons are built around this concept, with the smart, but horribly unlucky coyote being thoroughly overmatched by the super fast, equally smart, and and ungodly fortunate Road Runner. Physics itself was always on the Road Runner's side, meaning Wile E's schemes were doomed from the start.
- Villain Team-Up: Well, if Sylvester counts as a villain, then the aforementioned Crossover counts.
- Weaponized Car: Wile E. builds one in "Sugar and Spies". It includes machine guns, a cannon and an ejector seat.
- Wicked Cultured: In the cartoons where he speaks, Wile E. Coyote comes across as this.
- Written Sound Effect: "Chariots of Fur" (Chuck Jones's last Road Runner short) uses these quite a bit, but only once does it do something creative with them — when the Coyote disguises himself as a cactus and tries to garb the Road Runner, but the Road Runner avoids him, the Coyote accidentally wraps his arms around himself in the process, and the smoke trail the Road Runner left behind turns into a "!!YEE-OOWW!!"
- Wrong Parachute Gag: Wile E. tries to be Crazy-Prepared by wearing a parachute in case he falls off a cliff. He opens it and out comes... canning samples.