Colonel Jakov: "Hello? What is the frequency?" Archer: "...Kenneth"?
Uta is a German girl with red hair and father issues, like Lola in Run, Lola, Run. She even has a boyfriend named Manni. Her relationship with a much older assassin is a riff on The Professional.
Woodhouse's Roaring Rampage of Revenge and the taking of scalps is likely a reference to Legends Of The Fall. The later flashback in which he is sprawled naked on a bunk aboard a tramp steamer with two women is an almost perfect recreation of a shot from Legends.
And Woodhouse's best friend was named Reginald, which is Jeeves' first name.
Malory's rivalry with their friend Trudy Beekman is a reference to Lucille's rivalry with her neighbor/friend in Arrested Development. The actress plays both characters. Sterling even says, "Wow, you don't get along with your neighbors anywhere."
The visual nod to actor David Rees Snell, whenever Archer is shown with a mustache. Not to mention, the fact that Woodhouse's dead love was named Reggie, which is a variation of REG (the initials of Snell's character on The Shield).
Similarly, the character model for Archer as a child is strikingly similar to Simon's.
Krieger's many ill-fated vans, all of which have featured airbrushed murals of him as part of Rush album art, as well as appropriate titles (Exit: Van Left..., Vanispheres, Caress of Krieger, and Van by Night).
The racers in the beginning of "Jeu Monegasque" are named Bell, Bivens & Devoe. The second race has participants named Moonsie, Bennett and Kotero, after the short-lived girl group Apollonia.
In "Diversity Hire", Conway talks about a "Charles Whitman Sampler", which is a double reference on both Charles Whitman, a Texas mass murderer, and a Whitman Sampler, which is an assortment of chocolates.
Archer's rampage in "Placebo Effect" is, in his own classic style, a (deliberate) Shout-Out to pretty much every Roaring Rampage of Revenge plot in the kind of media Sterling would partake in. For just a few examples, the grenade up the ass is quite similar to scene in Man on Fire, and "Did you see Regis this morning?" is a shot-for-shot remake of the famous ending from the third-season episode of Magnum, P.I. "Did You See the Sun Rise?".
Cheryl's ocelot is named "Babou" which was also the name of Salvador Dali's ocelot.
In The Double Deuce Captain Reggie Thistleton says he never drinks water because fish fuck in it.
Cheryl's family, the Tunts, are an expy of the Vanderbilt family, from their railroad fortune down to there being multiple "Corneli-i", to the "Tuntmore" (Biltmore) House and a matriarch who is nostalgic for the days of slavery. And as a sort of nesting doll of Genius Bonuses, her brother's name Cecil refers to the Cecil family, who married into the Biltmore family.
The swimming pool in Cheryl's mansion in New York is an exact replica of the one in the basement of the Biltmore House.
"White Knights" has Archer barefoot for most of the episode. There is a lot of broken glass involved.
"This agency is not your personal bank account for you to jet off to Whore Island!"
In the second part of the third season finale, there is a security alert calling attention to Pod 6. Which is full of jerks.
While on the space station, Barry clinks beer bottles together while chanting, "Archer, come out to plaaay!" in a reference to Luther doing the same thing in the climax of The Warriors.
Barry exposes his cyborg innards at the end of Season 2 in the exact same manner Quinn did in the first pilot of Sealab 2021.
In "Heart of Archness" part 3, Noah charges Bucky with a sharpened spoon, but instead stabs Rip Riley. He yells "SPOOOOON!" while doing so, which is the battle cry of The Tick, played in live action by Patrick Warburton, voice of Rip Riley.
After they put a eyepatch on Rip that Archer calls him "Nick Furious"
One of the island's lacrosse teams is named the "Lax-mi Singhers", after NPR midday newscaster Lakshmi Singh.
In "Pipeline Fever", the airboat rental guy yells at "Ann", his watchdog, who appears to be asleep. When he realizes that the dog is dead, the view cuts to a tombstone with the name "Old Dan" carved on it, and a red-leafed fern growing beside it. Old Dan and Little Ann were the protagonist's dogs in Where the Red Fern Grows.
Reggie's death in "The Double Deuce" is a reference to a superstition supposedly held by World War I soldiers (which turned out to have arisen after the war's end) that states that you should never light a cigarette three times with the same match (though Woodhouse used several) since each lighting allows an enemy sniper to spot you, take aim and fire respectively, which is what happened to Reggie.
In "Movie Star", the title character goes on a mission with Lana to research a role in an upcoming spy film - the cast of which includes "Ben Parker" and "KevinMurphy".
In "The Wind Cries Mary," Archer thinks for a moment that the Predator killed Cyril when he finds his clothes, then notices a tree riddled with bullets from Lana's submachinegun and hopes she wasn't shooting at an Ent.
After learning that Cyril is being promoted to field agent in "El Contador," Archer says he has to get back to Earth before the Stargate closes and the chevrons lock.
Archer finds himself in the afterlife wearing a sweater and talking to James Mason, which are references to the 1978 version of Heaven Can Wait. After dreaming that he discovers his father's identity, he wakes up and shouts, "Buck Henry," who also appears in the film.
While looking back on his life, Archer sees himself as a star athlete in the The Fifties who is shot by his lover, referencing The Natural.
In the episode "Lo Scandalo" the the ISIS workers pretend to be a high-class dinner party at Malory Archer's with Lana Kane as the maid Lana goes by the name Calpurnia.
One of the artists is a Giant Bomb user, so "GLHB" and a drawing of Patrick "Scoops" Klepek in the infamous hot dog suit have made it into the background of two different episodes.
In "The Papal Chase", Pam accidentally crushes the Pope with a mirror, to which Archer erroneously announces "Nice job, Oliver Cromwell."
The title "The Papal Chase" is a reference to the TV series The Paper Chase.
Sterling mentions that he did extensive research on the papacy... by "watching Lucy, the Daughter of the Devil, which was way underrated." Sterling's voice actor, H. Jon Benjamin, was a cast member of the aforementioned series (as the Devil, no less).
A couple of episodes contain a Shout-Out to Burt Reynolds (as Archer is a huge fan):
In "The Rock", Archer asks Lana to compare him to Reynolds' character from Deliverance in the conclusion.
"Pipeline Fever" has a few to Gator McKlusky, whom Reynolds played in White Lightning and Gator.
When Reynolds appears as a guest star, Archer spends most of a minute listing his movies. Hal Needham is later name-checked in a car chase.
In "Un Chien Tangerine," Lana and Archer's extraction target is Kazak the English Mastiff, a reference to The Sirens of Titan.
The show has numerous has multiple variants of 934TEXAS, Captain Murphy's password from Sealab, hidden in several episodes, the first in "The Rock", where the password for the jewelry case is "934TXS".
This is also the serial number for the bomb in "Skytanic"
The chip implanted into Archer's brain in "Dial M for Mother" is shown to be the "934 TX"
The front of the train in "The Limited" is labeled "934TXS"
In "Live and Let Dine", the armory supervisor refers to machine as the "934TX telephonic isolator unit." As well, the helicopter at the end of the episode is marked "934-TXS"
And in Part 2, he's crushed by a soda machine like his namesake was. And the fake brand name, "GOZ", is (almost certainly) a tribute to Murphy's 2021 voice actor, the late Harry Goz.
Part 2 also gives us a take on the Han Solo/Princess Leia "I love you" "I know" scene from Star Wars.
Also from Part 2, when Pam is hoarding alcohol for "The End Of The World As We Know It":
Pam: Grain alcohol is a key component of a good bug-out bag. Malory: A what? Pam: Bug out bag? Oh my God! For TEO-TWAKI? Malory: The bear from Star Wars?
Again in Part 2:
Malory: Say, this stuff is pretty good. What did you say it was? Pam: Basically? Pure ethanol. Malory: Huh. Well, God bless corn subsidies. Cheryl: Who're you? Earl Butz?
ISIS Sat-com technician "Bilbo" is, as you would expect from the nickname, quite fond of J. R. R. Tolkien references. Other characters are familiar with the world, and mention it from time to time. Particularly Mithril.
"I bet he wishes he had Bilbo's coat of Dwarven Mithril."
"What is this door made of, some sort of alloy of Adamantium and Mithril?"
Almost every named historical operation Malory was a part of is real.
At the beginning of Season 4 episode "Coyote Lovely," Archer is prone with a sniper rifle next to a boulder in the Texas desert. The boulder has DOM scrawled across it; the same boulder marked the spot of the buried bottle of champagne (Dom Perignon) in the 1985 Kevin Costner film "Fandango."
In "Palace Intrigue", Archer is confused that fine art can be worth a fortune, and Lana asks if he's ever seen The Thomas Crown Affair. Based on the context, it can be assumed she means the remake and not the original, though confusingly Archer mentions that he's not a Steve McQueen fan, possibly implying that the original was about art theft, not a bank robbery.
After Archer gets excited about having just blown up a train, Lana calls him Gomez. Archer even pauses to compliment the reference.
Part of the season 3 finale featured Archer getting in a Metaphorgotten with Cyril and Ray over George Orwell's novel Animal Farm. One of the others makes a reference to the book, which Archer misconstrues as them talking about an actual farm with animals. When they call him out on this, he makes it perfectly clear that he knows all about Animal Farm, though is still fascinated by the idea that the space pirates might have a farm full of animals on the space station.