Common Knowledge: People tend to refer to "The Jungle Book" as a novel when it is actually a collection of short stories and tend to refer to it as if all stories happen in the same book when there are two different volumes with the second being called, naturally, "The Second Jungle Book."
Draco in Leather Pants: It's very common for people to depict Nag and Nagaina as a sympathetic mother and father trying to help raise their family, and Rikki-Tikki-Tavi as the villain... ignoring that the former two tried to murder three innocent humans.
Fair for Its Day: Kipling is widely recognized as a jingoist, proud of British Imperialism and all its accomplishments. Certainly there's an uncomfortableness in some of the themes in the books. However, the Jungle Books held some lessons that are still very apposite, and his depiction of the seals' plight in 'The White Seal' is a heartbreaker very much in tune with modern views.
Jerkass Woobie: Shere Khan, actually. Hunting humans is a crimenote Though tigers get a pass for one day each year, but with his injured back leg, he doesn't have much of a choice if he wants to stay alive.
Viewer Species Confusion: Baloo was specifically referred to as a "sleepy brown bear" in the original novels. However, many people tend to believe he's a sloth bear due to the region the novel sets in.
The Woobie: Mowgli. His entire life is one long, hard lesson about 1; learning how to be stronger than those who try to kill you, and 2; anyone might betray you and try to kill you before you even understand why.
Designated Villain: The humans in 'The White Seal.' The fact that they only take a few young bulls a year, make use of their skins, and apparently do this on an overcrowded beach of seals makes them somewhat easy to sympathize with.
Fridge Brilliance: In "Mowgli's Brothers", Shere Khan is portrayed as a white tiger rather than the normal orange tiger from the original book and all other adaptations, despite the fact white tigers have existed only in captivity since 1951, and would have difficulty surviving due to the lack of camoflague as well as health problems. However in the book Khan has a crippled leg, which rarely appears in adaptations, such as this in which all of his legs are normal, meaning that being a white tiger replaces his crippled leg as his disability. The story also takes place before 1951, making it more possible.
For the 80s anime adaptation:
Ensemble Dark Horse: The anime's incarnation of Kaa for being far truer to the books than most of his other animated counterparts.
Germans Love David Hasselhoff: This anime was very popular in India; it's probably more popular there than Japan, its native country. It's even more popular than the Disney animated movie over there.
Lala spends a lot of her time in early episodes being a complete bitch and bully to Mowgli but she's really just insecure over her father's absence in the pack.
Tabaqui one time tried to eat a wounded Mowgli and attacked his girlfriend in another episode but he's so pathetic that he borders on being cute.
Villain Decay: In episode 27, Shere Khan is notably more cowardly than before. Whereas he would previously brush Bagheera aside as a minor nuisance, here he is hesitant to attack Mowgli with Bagheera present despite their taunting and mockery; he also steps back when Bagheera growls at him even though he has a group of hyenas to support him.
The Woobie: The nameless hyena that Bagheera interrogated in episode 38. The thing was so terrified of the panther, that it actually had tears in its eyes.
For the 1993/1994 video game based on the Disney animated movie:
No Problem with Licensed Games: The game is a fun, polished platformer with sprites resembling the movie, as with many of Virgin's Disney games. Special mention goes to the Sega Genesis version, which was intended to be released around the 1993 holiday season, but was delayed to about six months later to give the developers the time they needed to iron out the game's programming problems, averting the Christmas Rushed trope.