Peter Edward Cook (17 November 1937 9 January 1995) was an English actor, satirist, writer and comedian. An extremely influential figure in modern British comedy, Cook is regarded as the leading light of the British satire boom of the 1960s. He was closely associated with the anti-establishment comedy that emerged in Britain and the United States in the late 1950s. He was one of the co-founders of Private Eye alongside fellow satirists such as Willie Rushton, and was one of its major financial backers throughout his life. An Oxbridge graduate, he formed a comic partnership with lifelong friend Dudley Moore which resulted in the hit revue Beyond the Fringe, and then their TV series Not Only... But Also; the film Bedazzled (1967) (in its original 1967 version), and the notorious taboo-breaking Derek And Clive comedy albums. Whilst Moore went on to Hollywood superstardom, Cook languished in semi-obscurity, a state not helped by the drinking problem that eventually killed him.
In 1983 Cook had a guest role in the first series of Blackadder in which he played an annoyed and post-mortem King Richard III. In 1987 he had a memorable cameo in The Princess Bride as the Impressive Clergyman ("Mawwiage!"). In the same year he appeared on the British version of Whose Line Is It Anyway? and won.
In 1989 he married for the third and last time and under the influence of his new wife he cut down on the drinking and recovered a good deal of his old power.
In 1993, he and Chris Morris improvised a fantastically insane series of interviews for BBC Radio, Why Bother?, in which Cook responded to Morris's characteristically aggressive style with increasingly absurd flights of imagination. Around the same time, Cook appeared in character as all four guests on the Channel 4 chat show Clive Anderson Talks Back: Norman House, a meek quality controller who had been abducted by aliens; Alan Latchley, a bluff Northern football managernote ; Sir James Beauchamp, a ridiculously bigoted upper-class judgenote and Eric Daley, an egotistical but talentless veteran rock starnote The Clive Anderson appearance featured Cook at his best. However, the following year, the death of Cook's mother caused him to resume drinking heavily and he died in January 1995 from complications related to his alcoholism.
In 2005, Cook was ranked at number one in the Comedians' Comedian, a poll of over 300 comics, comedy writers, producers and directors throughout the English-speaking world.
Tropes scowled down upon and treated with withering scorn and self-aware contempt include:
- Cluster F-Bomb: The Derek and Clive recordings were the Dresden of cluster F-strikes with the added napalm of multiple references to Country Matters.
- Corpsing: Cook was notorious for provoking this in Moore.
- Drinking on Duty: This seriously strained his working partnership with Dudley Moore, who felt he was carrying the act when Cook was too drunk to perform at his best. Cook could also be witheringly scathing and destructive when drunk and Moore felt he was the Butt-Monkey for his colleague's cutting scorn. note
- Getting Crap Past the Radar: Derek and Clive chose to carpet-bomb the radar with so much crap it overloaded and gave up.
- Ice-Cream Koan: His last major televised appearance on Clive Anderson Talks Back was as a football manager prone to these.Football is about nothing unless it's about something, and what it is about... is football.
- School Newspaper News Hound; Cook developed his talent for satirical comedy when he edited the school newspaper at Shrewsbury School, always trying to slip in scurrilous and potentially libellious snippets about his teachers, getting them past the radar of school censorship. This developed in later life into Private Eye.
- Started at Oxbridge: Cook and Moore met at "Footlights College Oxbridge" and went on to star in Beyond the Fringe.