Contra Costa County, California—Spanish for "opposite coast". Because the 18th century Spanish building a fort and a mission in what eventually became San Francisco looked across the bay to the opposite coast, and named it Opposite Coast.
Beverley Nichols mentioned in one of his books that his Hungarian neighbours had a cat called Cica — Hungarian for "cat". Hungarian-born photographer Suzanne Szasz also named her cat Cica.
Used to be the case for the Sun, as well as the Solar System, but terminology has changed, and The Sun is now a proper name for a specific star, and the generic term for a system of planets orbiting a star is now "star system." While other stars can still be referred to poetically as "distant suns," they're usually called by their proper names (e.g. Alpha Centauri, Sirius, HD 206250).
Still played straight with Earth's moon, however, which is simply known as "The Moon".
George Foreman owned a dog named Doggo.
As unoriginal as this looks, at least it's more original than the names he gave his five sons (all named George).
Many monotheists express loyalty to a god they call "God". Jehovah's Witnesses are notable for being Christians that avert this.
There is a shopping mall in St. Matthews, Kentucky, originally named The Mall. To distinguish it from other shopping malls in the area, it was sometimes specified as The Mall in St. Matthews. Its official name is now Mall St. Matthews.
There was also a shopping mall called The Mall in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It has since changed its name to Putra Place when a new management took over though.
A common girl's name is Colleen, the English spelling of Cailin, the Irish for Girl.
Same in Greek: Kore (the derived form Cora is much more common)
Pueblo, Colorado. "Pueblo" means "town" in Spanish.
Equineline.com lists at least three racehorses which are named simply "The Horse" or just "Horse".
Marshal Józef Piłsudski, the leader of Poland (1918-1922 and 1926-1935) had a dog named Pies ("Dog").
The marshal's favourite companion, a chestnut mare, is considered one of symbols of pre-war Poland. He called her Kasztanka, which is simply a Polish word for a chestnut mare. Her actual name was Fantazja ("Fantasy"), but that's a fact unknown to most of people.
The ancient Romans combined this trope with misogyny when naming their daughters. If your family's name was Julius, your son would get three fancy names like Gaius Julius Caesar. Your daughter would only get the feminine of the family name—"Julia". If you had more than one daughter they'd get numbers: Julia Primera, Julia Secunda..."Girl Child #1, Girl Child #2"....
Rally driverOtt Tänak used to carry along a plush duck good-luck charm whom he affectionately named, well, Duck, though he eventually parted ways with her especially after his Ford Fiesta foundered at a reservoir in 2015.
From May 6, 1998 to March 20, 2019, Nur-Sultan, the capital city of Kazakhstan, was named Astana, meaning "capital city" in Kazakh.
Pablo Picasso had several dogs throughout his life, one of which was a Dalmatian named "Perro," the Spanish word for dog.
Johnny Ramone was so conservative that he didn't give his pets names "because animals don't have names in nature."