Music / Dir en grey

"Japanese Zombie Heroez"
—The band's slogan

Dir en grey (DIR EN GREY/Dir en grey) is a Japanese five-piece Avant-Garde Metal band. They formed around 1996 as a Visual Kei band, but have gone in a more contemporary, post-Visual Kei direction as far as appearance. Musically, Dir en grey encompasses Hard Rock, Heavy Metal, Nu Metal, Gothic Metal, etc. They first gained attention in 1998 with two independently produced singles. Subsequently, they caught the eye of Yoshiki from X Japan, who helped arrange and produce the singles of Dir en grey's first studio album, and subsequently signed them to Extasy Records. Later on, they would switch labels to Dynamite Tommy's Free Will Records, and then sign to both Gan-Shin for their European releases and The End Records for their American releases. Their material is released by Firewall Div, a sub-division of Free-Will Records, Since their inception, the quintet has released eight full-length studio albums, three EPs, and loads of other material, including singles, live videos, and music video compilations.

Considered by some metal fans as the Spiritual Successor to the legendary bands Faith No More, Mr. Bungle, and X Japan, and even dubbed as "the Japanese Marilyn Manson", the band has gained international acclaim for their unique sound, precise, dynamic musicianship, dark, explicit lyrical themes, near-incomprehensible songwriting and convention-challenging image, and enjoys continuous success as one of Japan's biggest Visual Kei groups. They were part of the Second wave of Visual Kei bands and were one of the bands responsible for re-establishing Visual Kei as a musical movement among Heavy Metal artists.



Studio Albums:

  • GAUZE (1999)
  • MACABRE (2000)
  • Kisou (2002)
  • VULGAR (2003)
  • Withering to death. (2005)
  • UROBOROS (2008)
  • DUM SPIRO SPERO (2011)
  • Arche (2014)


  • Missa (1997)
  • Six Ugly (2002)
  • The Unraveling (2013, classified as a mini-album but released as an EP)

Wikipedia has a complete and comprehensive list of all their material

Dir en grey Provides Examples of:

  • Altum Videtur: DUM SPIRO SPERO, which translates to "While I Breathe, I Hope." Also, "VANITAS," note  a song from the album.
  • Ambiguous Gender: More in the early days when they were more blatant with their Visual Kei stylings. This video is one of the best examples.
  • Animated Music Video: The PVs for "Agitated Screams of Maggots" and "Different Sense" note .
  • Ate His Gun: Implied to be how the protagonist of "The Final" committed suicide.
  • Avant-Garde Metal: Currently at the very forefront of the genre.
  • Ax-Crazy: Kyo's stage persona.
  • Badass Longcoat: Kyo in "Yurameki," complete with a fur collar.
  • Captain Obvious: They have a song called "I Will Die in Loneliness, Because I'm Lonely."
    • They also have one called "No Happiness Coming Tomorrow; Tomorrow the Dead Call Laughing." The second half pretty much implies the first.
  • Careful with That Axe: Kyo, with his trademark screeching death voice suddenly popping up on seemingly light and clean songs.
  • Character Tics:
    • Kyo has his spastic twitching, zombie walk, fish-hooking, and vomiting. Also, his trademark screeching.
    • Toshiya often plays the bass vertically between his thighs, with his body contorted in a slightly awkward, serpentine fashion. Also, on the song "Obscure," he has a habit of swinging his bass while spinning.
  • Cluster F-Bomb: Some of the songs with English lyrics from The Marrow of a Bone have this.
  • Costume Porn: During their early days as a VK band. Downplayed to the point of aversion in recent years, though Toshiya and Shinya look noticeably more visual than the rest of the band in most photoshoots. The band brought back visuals since the UROBOROS era, however, they've put more emphasis on badass clothing and darker, more stripped-down styles than full-on Visual Kei.
  • Darker and Angrier: Than their contemporaries, and pretty much every other Visual band.
  • Don't Try This at Home: For career singers, Kyo's vocal style — unless you want a short career with repeated injuries to your vocal cords and eardrums. It's far better you find an actual vocal coach or teacher, and if you can't or don't want to go that route, to at least practice with singers that have done so and that know proper technique to not injure themselves repeatedly note . Also, trying to sing through pain like Kyo does is a very bad idea that can leave your voice permanently and irreparably damaged. It's much the singing equivalent of trying to teach oneself drums from pre-1995 Yoshiki or learning guitar by copying Dragonforce.
  • Elegant Gothic Lolita: The band, especially Toshiya and Shinya pulled off the look really well during the band's early years. Shinya arguably did a better job at it than Trope Maker Mana ever did.
  • Epic Rocking: Many songs. Stand-out examples include "Mazohyst of Decadence" (9:22), "Akuro no Oka" (9:42; note, however, that this includes the hidden track "Gauze -Mode of Eve-" and the song itself is actually 8:34, which still definitely qualifies), "Macabre -Sanagi no Yume wa Ageha no Hane-" (10:50, and its remake simply titled "Macabre" featured on The Unraveling EP which is even longer at 16:18), "Zakuro" (8:37), "G.D.S." (7:47), "Vinushka" (9:37) and "Diabolos" (9:52; symphonic version is even longer at 10:10). Some of their remixes also climb into this; the Narasaki remix of "Decayed Crow" is a particularly noteworthy example at 9:15.
  • 5 Bad Band:
  • Follow the Leader: Many other J-rock bands who were part of the second wave of VK have tried copying their formula, including those who worked under former bassist and leader Kisaki's Under Code Production label, to various degrees of success. Those that did achieve success (The Gazette, exist†trace, Girugamesh, and a few others) have also established their own image and sound.
    • Apparently, this trope was the reason why the band opted for a post-Visual kei image, as Toshiya said in a 2010 interview:
    "To be honest, when we first started and we were wearing a lot of makeup on stage and stuff, there were a lot of bands doing that at the time in Japan, and people thought it was cool. But not anymore... The music was so unique, too... Bands like X Japan. At that time, there weren't any two bands that sounded alike; these days everyone sounds exactly the same."
    • Early in the band's career, the members themselves were clones of other artists: Kyo was considered an expy of Kuroyume vocalist Kiyoharu. and Toshiya's Gothic Lolita image was considered by some fans to be inspired by ex-bassist Kisaki.
  • Friendly Rivalry: The reunited X Japan and Dir en grey have one. It's a lot less friendly on the fandom side, however.
  • Funny Aneurysm: Happened to one of their fans who sent a message to Kyo on how to end his life, which he didn't take too seriously. Kyo later found out that the fan was dead serious about suicide, and succeeded in an attempt to take his own life. The incident scarred Kyo for life, and since then, he has been mostly silent to fans who would like to send him messages.
  • Fun Size: Kyo. He's only around 5'2"/5'3"
  • Genre-Busting: The band challenges all the conventions of Japanese rock/metal by being a cut above the established tropes. In a Kerrang! interview, Kaoru once stated that, while they were still La Sadies, they were more of an unlistenable noise band than anything else, justifying the aforementioned statement. Indeed, as La:Sadie''s they had such a weird sound that they can only be vaguely described as "experimental/alternative melodic noise rock." Some songs from the new album, Arche, even throw in short segments of Power Metal and Noise Rock.
  • Genre Popularizer: Eroguro Kei, from the very start. Also one of the first bands to display elements of what is to become Deathcore with their album Withering to Death. Technical Death Metal since Marrow of a Bone and Neoclassical Punk Zydeco Rockabilly since UROBOROS.
  • Genre Roulette: Overlaps with Genre-Busting, and creates even more of a Mind Screw for critics.
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar: "Egnirys Cimredopyh +) an injection" from MACABRE Read the first part backwards. Japanese law forbids the mention of syringes and needles.
    • "Mitsu to Tsuba" from GAUZE. It translates to "Honey and Saliva," but since the kanji (the japanese characters) are printed backwards, it's assumed to be read as "Tsumi to Batsu," which means "crime and punishment."
  • Gorn: A fairly common lyrical theme in their works, among many others.
  • Gratuitous Greek: The title of their latest album, Arche, translates to "Origin."
  • Gratuitous Rape: The lyrics and video of "OBSCURE," "Agitated Screams of Maggots," and "Different Sense," the latter two of which featured tentacle rape. The lyrics of "Tsumi to Batsu," which is an entire song about rape. "Different Sense" could be argued to be symbolism (the TEPCO nuclear disaster being equated to a rape of the world) and Rape as Drama, but it still is a very close call as to whether the rape imagery from tentacle hentai was necessary for the symbolism.
  • Iconic Logo: The name of the band, stylized in all caps and in big, bold letters. As of 2013, they have adopted a sleeker, more modern typeface similar to The Gazette and (coincidentally) to Khanate's respective logos, as seen in The Unraveling.
  • Incredibly Long Note: Kyo does this often, with one of the crowning examples being the Last Note Nightmare of "The Final" at Tabula Rasa 12-13.
  • Indecipherable Lyrics: Early attempts at English lyrics came out completely garbled by Kyo's accent. Kyo also has a habit of belting out even his Japanese lyrics while under emotional duress, so any blubbering or raucous behaviour is gonna make him slur his words.
  • Impossible Hair Color: Every single member of the band, at one point or another. Kyo had gone through more hair color changes than anyone else in the band, ranging from black, brown, blonde, orange, red, and even bright pink.
  • Last Note Nightmare: Plenty of songs.
    • "Dozing Green" is probably the worst offender; what sounds like a song fading out is suddenly interrupted by Kyo screaming like a horrified girl.
    • The title track from The Unraveling ends with the final measures of the song throwing the instrumentations into utter chaos.
  • Lead Bassist: Toshiya is a Type C, Type D, and Type A.
  • Long-Runner Line-up: The last major change happened around 1997, after the La:Sadie's era, when Toshiya took Kisaki's place as bass guitarist after parting ways with the latter.
    • Justified by the fact that every single member considers the band as highly important.
  • Long Title: There are several examples of this when their titles are translated into English, including "Room 304, Cherry Blossoms of White Death" and "Tragedy is the Sweet Melancholy That Lowers Your Eyelids," but the longest one falls to "The Violence and the Darkness of the Burning Heat Entwines in My Heart". The Japanese title? "Hageshisa to, Kono Mune no Naka De, Karamitsuita Shakunetsu no Yami," the lead single from Dum spiro spero. Also from Dum spiro spero is "'Nesting Within the Dreambox', or Cold Rain and the Philosophy of the Mature", or in Japanese, "'Yokusō ni Dreambox' Aruiwa Seijuku no Rinen to Tsumetai Ame".
  • Long-Haired Pretty Boy: Everyone in the band has sported this look at one point. Shinya plays this straight all throughout the band's history.
  • Loudness War: Pretty much all their discography has songs that are brickwalled to an extent, but the original version of UROBOROS and the 2013 EP The Unraveling fell prey to atrocious mixing, especially the latter, where the drums sound excessively clipped and the bass drowned out the guitars.
    • Their more recent live shows are brickwalled as well. It was reported that their 2013 show in Hollywood was a droning wall of noise, with instruments rendered indistinguishable from another. However, the opening band, while retaining the volume, was crystal clear in quality. Others have reported similar issues with their Irving Plaza 2013 live show.
  • Lyrical Dissonance: Kyo makes a point never to write happy lyrics. This has done nothing to prevent Kaoru and Die from giving him some pretty bouncy material to sing over. "Jessica," "Audrey," "Youkan," and Shinya's "Umbrella" are particularly notable examples.
  • Man in a Kilt: Toshiya. He seems to have a strange affinity for skirts; he even wore a full Gothic Lolita dress back when they were VK. And while he downplayed, and eventually eschewed, that look as the band matured, he has gone back to wearing his signature bell-shaped skirt in recent years.
  • Man of a Thousand Voices: Kyo. Fans draw comparisons to the legendary Mike Patton, due to their eerily similar vocal range, despite the two being on opposite sides of the world.
  • Mean Character, Nice Actor: Though Kyo is known for being a mean, evil and Ax-Crazy guy during concerts, he is a completely different person offstage, being nice, very polite and respectful during interviews. He also likes having fun and had his fair share of comedic moments as well.
    • Some fans lucky enough to meet him have reported him being very shy and reserved off-stage.
  • The Mentor: Not only Yoshiki, mentioned above, but Kyo was also a roadie for Kuroyume, whose influence is very obvious on Dir en Grey's first few releases.
  • Metal Scream: Kyo does these very often, and takes his vocal work to inhuman levels.
  • Mind Screw: The band is Mind Screw incarnate, their overall concept, their material, their sound, and their lyrical themes border on True Art Is Incomprehensible and appear to be created solely for the purpose of invoking Rule of Cool, Rule of Scary and countless other things. Even their name as a band is a Mind Screw in itself — it means absolutely nothing and was apparently chosen for no reason aside from sounding "cool."
  • Minimalistic Cover Art:
  • Mohs Scale of Lyrical Hardness: They come in at a very hard 10, and at their tamest, they are a solid 9. But most of the time, their lyrics can be so harsh, offensive, or incomprehensible that they often climb up to Level 11. Their lyrics are so wrong in so many levels that they can't be ranked lower in the scale.
  • Mohs Scale of Rock and Metal Hardness: They've covered everything from a 1 to an 11. However, most of their songs range from a soft 6 ("Dozing Green") to a very hard 9 ("Different Sense,") with their lighter songs typically in the 4-5 range.
  • Mood Whiplash: The Marrow of a Bone starts off with a soft power ballad, is followed by several ultra-aggressive metal songs, and while the album does soften slightly from "Agitated Screams of Maggots" onward, it never has another ballad again. The transition can be very unsettling and startling to the unsuspecting listener.
    • Kyo would suddenly throw screaming fits on seemingly "normal" songs. Take for example, "Obscure," which starts off as an ambient tune but shifts rapidly into Deathcore once the screams kick in. Also, the Last Note Nightmare in "Dozing Green."
    • A very unsettling example is the 4th disc of the DVD box set "Blitz 5 Days." The VERY depressing, mostly acoustic ballad "Mushi" (which ends with Kyo performing self-harm acts) is followed by the uncharacteristically upbeat-for-De G-standards "Umbrella."
  • Neoclassical Punk Zydeco Rockabilly: Aside form just "metal," it is very hard to classify them.
    • Lampshaded: The band chooses not to be categorized at all.
    • Also, arguing about what genre they belong to would generate a lot of controversy.
  • New Sound Album: Dir en grey has made a trend of becoming increasingly heavier with each album, though not at the cost of their experimental roots.
    • Macabre saw their transition from seemingly random Alternative Rock to full-on Alternative Metal, a trend they continued up until Kisou.
    • Six Ugly has the band ditching their Kuroyume influences in favor of a harsh, noisy, Americanized Nu Metal sound.
    • Vulgar continues with the Nu Metal sound, featuring some very dark and heavy tracks in addition to their more traditional rock songs.
    • Withering to Death plays up the heaviness further, with more screaming and heavy riffs than ever before. Remnants of their past style are still audible though.
    • Marrow of a Bone takes heavy influence from Metalcore, featuring some of the band's most ferocious tracks up to that point. There is still plenty of variety though, such as an acoustic flamenco ballad and a couple of heavy rock tracks.
    • UROBOROS proves to be the bands most experimental album and is a good example of Avant-Garde Metal and Progressive Metal. The album features several tracks that exceed seven minutes with a variety of instrumentation and many changes in mood.
    • Dum Spiro Spero sees the band yet again become ever heavier, combining their prog and avant-garde elements with Technical Death Metal.
    • Arche is an eclectic mix of the band's previous styles while maintaining the heavier production of their more recent works. The album features reverb-heavy production that gives the album a very dreamy vibe during the softer moments.
  • Nice Hat: The band loves hats. Every member has worn at least one awesome hat at some point. Kyo is particularly notable for having lots of these.
  • Older Than They Look: Everyone in the band is in their mid to late-thirties, but appear to be in their late teens or early twenties.
  • Ominous Music Box Tune: The intro to "Cage."
  • One-Woman Song: "Jessica," "Audrey," possibly "Amber" though this may refer to the jewel, and even a one woman album in Missa.
  • Otaku: Everyone in the band, with all of them apparently sharing the same fandoms (anime and video games). Two of the band's members are also illustrators and fashion designers.
  • Our Zombies Are Different: Their band slogan appears to be "Japanese Zombie Heroez," which is Exactly What It Says on the Tin, as shown in this video. It also appears on some of Kaoru's guitars, picks, and straps, as well as some of the band's official merch.
  • Rearrange the Song: While the band has been adept at remixing their own songs and re-arranging them for live performances, the single for Hageshisa to [...]" was the moment they began releasing re-recordings of their older songs. THE UNRAVELING'' is almost entirely re-recorded songs.
  • Scary Musician, Harmless Music: Zigzagged. No surprise since their visual style is just as varied as their music. Currently inverted, in regard to their public image of being "cute, handsome, wealthy metal rockstars" anyway.
  • Screams Like a Little Girl: Kyo. He is particularly infamous among cover vocalists because of how perfect his screeching-high screams are, as well as how often he uses the technique.
  • Sensory Abuse/Postmodernism: In any form possible, and the one band concept that underpins all of their work, if it can be considered one.
  • Serial Escalation: They started out as an experimental/alternative pop-rock band with slight metal and noise influences akin to early Nu Metal bands. Since then, they've added considerably more metal sounds into their songs, with each release being progressively heavier that the last one.
    • They've done so much to their sound that comparing Gauze to UROBOROS or DUM SPIRO SPERO would be like comparing two or more entirely different bands.
    • Kyo's singing has gotten increasingly more extreme after each throat surgery he undergoes.
  • Signature Style: Most of their songs, especially their newer material, are in Uncommon Time and written in unusual key signatures. The band members themselves add their own elements that make their sound even more unique: the contrast between Kaoru's twangy melodies and Die's chromatic, palm-muted riffing, Toshiya's heavily downtuned basslines, Shinya's bizarre drum patterns and Kyo's extreme vocal ability have become staple traits of their overall sound.
  • Spiritual Successor: They are literally this to Kuroyume, having had taken their predecessors' Darker and Edgier approach to Visual Kei and running off with it so that they can popularize Avant-Garde Metal in the scene. And that's not mentioning the fact that they have a vocalist that is both a near-perfect double for and has very good relations with Kuroyume frontman Kiyoharu.
  • Start My Own: Kyo recently formed a side project called "Sukekiyo." It's apparently a Retraux of Macabre-era Diru.
  • Textless Album Cover: The Marrow of a Bone was this by a printing accident in its initial U.S release. The cover was completely black with nothing on it. It has since been fixed but you can occasionally find it with the solid black cover.
  • The Unintelligible: Some of Kyo's more inhuman sounds and his English tend to be this. Honestly, listen to "Dozing Green" from UROBOROS. Would you believe every word of that song is in English? There is also a Japanese version of "Dozing Green," but it's hard to tell the difference. Even worse than "Dozing Green" is "Glass Skin" from the same album. It's sung in completely unintelligible English.
    • This overlaps with Loudness War when badly mixed live — good luck trying to even tell what song the band is playing without a setlist or where one ends and another begins at some points. Or to hear individual instruments or Kyo's vocals.
  • Troll: The fandom is infested with them. They troll the band, who trolls them back, which prompts more trolling, ad nauseum. This poses a problem when outsiders from other fandoms (who possess less tolerance of trolling) jump onto the band's forums, leading to all-out Flame Wars due to taking trolling at face value. It gets stickier when some of the trolls actually mean their venomous hatred.
  • Trope Codifier: for Avant-Garde Metal, Technical Deathcore, modern J-metal and post-Visual kei.
  • Unlimited Wardrobe: The band completely changes their appearance with every new release. That includes their singles.
  • Visual Kei: Played straight up until the mid-2000s, inverted at one point, and heavily zigzagged since then; though they might not look too Visual in recent years, they still have strong ties to the scene, still appeal to the same subculture (and at the same time reaching out to non-VK fans) and, more importantly, still put effort into achieving an awesome image and sound.
    • They went for full Eroguro Kei during the Tabula Rasa and Ghoul tours, especially during the latter, with Kyo's new zombified image (complete with corpse paint and fangs), Die's return to a Visual Shock-inspired mullet and heavy makeup, Shinya going for a full Bifauxnen look and all of them (especially Toshiya, Kyo and Kaoru) wearing ominous robes during some songs.
  • Wholesome Crossdresser: The band sported this look prior to Kisou.
  • Widget Series: By far one of the best examples of Japanese Postmodernism.
  • Woman in White: The band in the "Yokan" PV, minus the woman part.
  • Word Salad Lyrics: Kyo's English.
    • The translated lyrics to some songs end up as sounding awkward and incoherent at times.

Alternative Title(s): Dir En Grey