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Miko
aka: Shrine Maiden
A miko (巫女) is a shrine maiden in the Shinto religion. Given the strength of Shinto in Japan and the position shrine maidens hold in it, it is no surprise that they are a common character type in anime. Straight portrayals and dramatizations are used just as frequently as a priest or nun would be in North American or European media. If a main character, she might be endowed with mystical powers in order to fight demons, hang Ofuda so that she won't have to fight the demons in the first place, receive visions, etc. Otherwise fictional and non-fictional Miko work in shrines, often as an afterschool job. Their outfits traditionally consist of red hakama (trousers) or a long red skirt, and a white haori (kimono jacket).

Miko are more common in H-Games, because they don't have a permanent vow of chastity; they can just take over their temple when the head priest(ess) dies or quits, and then they can do whatever they want. Japanese depictions of most priestesses and other low-rung religious functionaries tend to borrow from miko, including nuns.

Another reason they are common in H-games and Fanservice-laden anime, however, is that they wear uniforms, and like many other seemingly benign and non-sexualized uniforms, the uniform itself can be a form of Fetish Fuel that is easy to get past the radar. Of course, Shinto is a little less strict about sexuality, so it isn't as sacrilegious as sexualized nuns.

Historically, a miko served as an oracle, offering prophecy in the form of a dance. In real life, most modern Miko will help out with shrine functions such as cleaning, perform ceremonial dances based on the historical versions, offer fortunes (omikuji, those little slips of paper that tell you what your luck will be like), and sell souvenirs, sometimes as a part-time job.

(Not to be confused with that Miko. Or that one. And confusing it with any form of Mako is just stretching it.)


Examples:

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    Anime and Manga 
  • Mayura of Mythical Detective Loki Ragnarok.
  • Nagasarete Airantou: Ayane, Machi, Chizuru, Yashiro.
  • Kamichu!: Matsuri and Miko
  • Kannazuki no Miko: Himeko and Chikane (obviously)
  • Urusei Yatsura: Sakura, who is also the school nurse.
  • Sailor Moon:
    • Rei "Sailor Mars" Hino is a miko at her shrine, which amplifies her spiritual powers. Many of her attacks are Shinto-based, and in civilian form, she can drive off monsters with ofuda. Sailor Moon's creator, Naoko Takeuchi, did miko work in a shrine as a youngster and used her experience as the basis for Rei's character, making this a case of Write What You Know.
    • In an episode of the R series of the first anime, Minako and Makoto briefly work as miko to cover up for Rei when she's busy at the School Festival. Hilarity Ensues.
  • Ranma : Ukyo Kuonji is shown as an example of the 'parttime/after-school' version in one of the late manga oneshot stories. She presumably only was there a short time or was only a 'casual' miko, as she never displayed any mystical talents during or after that story.
  • Cardcaptor Sakura: Kaho Mizuki, the daughter of a Miko priest
  • Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch: In the manga, Rina sometimes fills in for the miko at a shrine devoted to a mermaid spirit.
  • An obscure little anime called Asagiri no Miko featured several miko who were sisters and classmates, and a fair amount of the plot revolved around said shrine. An early episode featured the girls getting initiated as priestesses, with cold water baths and other rites. They also battled demons and stuff in later episodes.
  • The Simoun Sibyllae in Simoun are treated as mikos (and called that by name), although their religion is quite different from Shinto. Likewise the priestesses of the Plumbum Highlands.
  • Kirara in Samurai 7.
  • Blue Exorcist has Izumo Kamiki, who drives the shrine maiden motif home by fighting with twin foxes she summons from paper talismans. She actually comes from a long line of miko which ended when her mother was possessed by the Sealed Evil in a Can that her family was suppose to keep under control and tried to kill her daughters. Then the Illuminati came in...
  • Arashi Kishuu in X1999, raised by the mikos of the famous Ise Jingun shrine because her mother was one of them. Technically, Yuzuriha Nekoi is supposed to become a miko as well, but her grandmother preferred to send her away to school and to fulfill her destiny as a Dragon of Heaven.
  • The Hiiragi siblings in Lucky Star, given that their father is a Shinto priest.
  • Miko are all over InuYasha in both major and supporting roles, particularly Kikyou, her sister Kaede (also leader of her village), and Midoriko, the "creator" of the Shikon No Tama; Kagome, although not really identified as a miko prior to people in the Sengoku era simply jumping to conclusions, also has many of the powers of a miko, as a result of being Kikyou's reincarnation. There's also an evil miko, Tsubaki, who started as a normal one but was driven to evil over her jealousy against Kikyou.
    • Kagome's family does run what appears to be a traditional Shinto Shrine, however. Though Kagome doesn't seem to perform miko tasks when in there.
    • In addition, Kagome was dressed as a miko at the end of the series, implying she has taken up the position now that she lives in the feudal era.
  • Miyako from Ghost Hound. At one point she even becomes the prophet for a local cult, although not entirely willingly.
  • Shiho Munakata from Mai-HiME works part-time at a Shinto shrine with her grandfather, which she and her friends visit in one episode.
  • In the Bonus Episode of Amaenaide yo!! the haremettes face off against a group of mikos and a group of Catholic nuns in a game show. While they themselves are often confused for mikos in the West, they are actually Buddhist nuns.
  • In Wagaya No Oinari Sama, Ko is the family sentinel, a miko with powers.
  • Hikaru and Kaoru Midou from Tsukuyomi: Moon Phase.
  • Tsumugi in The Miko's Words and the Witch's Incantations.
  • Ren-tan from Binchou-tan.
  • The epitome of Mikos in the Magical Girl world: Miaka Yuuki and Yui Hongo from Fushigi Yuugi.
  • Silent Mobius: Yamigumo Nami, who wears her outfit instead of a uniform. She fights with holy water and ofuda but later acquires some more powerful weapons.
  • Ayako in Ghost Hunt.
  • In Rental Magica miko has a very limited set of abilities, but in this setting the main advantage of Shinto are purification rituals. Thus little Mikan almost exclusively provides cover, but she's very strong in this role and may be the most indispensable member of the team when they face something really nasty.
  • Riza, of Hayate the Combat Butler, is a Miko, though you wouldn't be able to tell except in the chapters where they visit her home.
  • Sabrina, from Pokemon's The Electric Tale of Pikachu manga. This is quite different from nasty Nightmare Fuel Station Attendant / Empty Shell Split Personality in the anime.
  • The two Magical Girls of Umi Monogatari are referred to as "Miko of the Sky" and "Miko of the Sea", though only the former's transformed outfit looks like a Miko's (With a miniskirt, which is okay); the latter's is simply a white top and white shortpants.
  • Mikuru Asahina from the Haruhi Suzumiya light novels is forced to dress up as one of these at one point to exorcise some ghosts.
  • Tomoe from Queen's Blade
  • The Harukanaru Toki No Naka De franchise, like Fushigi Yuugi, is centered around two schoolgirls becoming Trapped in Another World to serve as mikos to the local deity (the Yin and Yang side of the Dragon God). They are consistently called mikos, and in the manga/anime adaptations, at least one of them (Akane) has been shown wearing a typical miko outfit at some points.
  • Happy Lesson: Yayoi Sanzenin, also the School Nurse.
  • Yomogi Inaba from Otogi Matsuri; she can see spirits and has inherited a group of five small spirit foxes.
  • Akina from UFO Princess Valkyrie. She also has feelings of inadequacy and attitude problems.
  • Horribly subverted in Mirai Nikki, as the Miko we meet (Tsubaki Kasugano) is not only one of the Diary Holders, but a member and prisoner/Sex Slave of a Religion of Evil. In an Alternate Universe, though, Tsubaki is the real deal as well as an all loving heroine.
  • Mana Tatsumiya from Mahou Sensei Negima!, in between the breaks she gets in her mercenary job. This apparently does not conflict with her being half-demon.
  • Kureha Akabane from Night Wizard The Animation deserves a mention here.
  • Sakuyamon from Digimon Tamers. She has an alternate outfit that is the traditional miko uniform.
  • While far from being an actual miko, the concept of a 'miko chanelling the gods' is stated to have been an inspiration for Rebuild of Evangelion's Mari Makinami by Word of God
  • Kantarou from Tactics dresses like one but when someone brings it up he denies it, insisting it just happens to be read and white.
  • Akimoto, Misono, Ryouko and Manabe from Jinjya No Susume, a manga that takes a more or less realistic look at running a Shinto shrine and the work Miko do.
  • Shirayuki from Aria the Scarlet Ammo.
  • Madoka from Hoshizora e Kakaru Hashi.
  • Micaiah Chevelle of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha ViVid is either one or simply dresses like one for her Barrier Jacket.
  • Sengoku Youko has a miko in the form of Rinzu, though how much she adheres to formal duties are up for guessing, as her adopted parent is a mountain goddess.
  • Akeno from High School DD is probably a (double?) subversion, she wears the uniform when she uses her strongest magic and is known as the Priestess Of Lightning (in Japanese Miko is used)... but she's also a demon.
  • Mahoro from episode 5 of Mahoromatic dresses as a miko while Suguru and his friends are ghosthunting at their school. Her rationale is just having some fun with the situation.
  • Miko-chan of Otasuke Miko Miko-chan is a Magical Girl based off of shrine maidens. She is a Mascot for the Mikoshiba shrine more than anything else, helping sell official merchandise of herself to keep the place afloat.
  • Minori in Log Horizon appears as a kannagi in this game-turned-reality series. Her powers are part of the character class, with no specific religious tenets attached.
  • Class Representative Manami Mitami from Centaur no Nayami lives at a shrine and is a miko. Ironically, she's an angel.

    Film 

    Live Action TV 

    Tabletop Games 
  • In Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition, the third players handbook adds the Seeker class, which seems based on Miko. They are the equivalent of holy warriors of the Primal Spirits (spirit entities akin to, but separate from, the Gods and Primordials, who embody various aspects of the natural order and the real world, from blood ties to the seasons to specific creatures and placses), who seek out and destroy enemies of the natural order. They use magical powers granted by the Primal Spirits and channeled through bows and throwing weapons to create all kinds of magical effects, such as causing strangling grasses and vines to suddenly erupt from where their arrow hit the ground and ensnare all nearby enemies.
    • In fact, the Seeker was originally intended to be part of a "ki" power source, but the creators realized the Unfortunate Implications in producing a set of classes that shared nothing in common but the "inspired by Asia" background, and so it was broken apart. While the Seeker became a Primal Controller, the Monk, the only other apparent survivor, became a Psionic Striker.
  • In the setting provided in the Mecha Vs Kaiju RPG the intelligence branch of Japan's mecha defense force is made up entirely of Mikos. This makes some sense considering The original Kaiju was an Oni mutated by the Hiroshima bomb and samples of his DNA were used to create most of the others, and the leaders of the evil organization that control the Kaiju have Oni ancestry themselves
  • Sylvan Mikorange in the Yu-Gi-Oh! TCG, who happens to be an anthropomorphic orange Shinto priestess.

    Video Games 
  • Touhou - Reimu Hakurei and Sanae Kochiya, both of whom wear somewhat non-traditional, heavily customized miko outfitsnote ; while Reimu's outfit at least keeps the traditional red and white color scheme, Sanae wears blue and white.
    • Not to be confused with the final boss of Ten Desires, whose name is Miko (the kanji for that name translating to either "saint" or "divine child").
  • The Castlevania: Chronicles of Sorrow games feature love interest Mina Hakuba.
  • The title of "Chosen of Mana" in Tales of Symphonia is "Miko" in the original Japanese. The position has religious connotations, although it's more of a Crystal Dragon Jesus religion than anything to do with Shinto.
    • Similarly, the final class of Micaiah from Fire Emblem: Radiant Dawn is called Miko in the Japanese version (But it's read as "Shaman" as a Continuity Nod to Genealogy of Holy War.), though the only Miko-ish things about it are her usage of Light Magic and the color scheme being mostly white and red. And she loses her pantyhose.
  • Nanami from Valkyrie Profile. Hey, if vampires are running around in Norse mythology, why not mikos? Nanami takes a really wrong turn in the afterlife and ends up in Valhalla.
  • Katsumi from Gaia Online, who tends the Shrine at the local Wutai.
  • Sayo-chan (a.k.a. Pocky) from the Kiki Kai Kai / Pocky & Rocky series of Cute 'em Up games.
  • The Lady Samurai class in Disgaea.
  • Mikado in Bushido Blade.
  • Maori from Arcana Heart. She has three miko sisters who fight with her, too.
  • The Fatal Frame series have Shrine Maidens with similar, albeit darker roles.
    • From the first game there were the Rope Shrine Maidens chosen to be sacrificed, in a rather atrocious way, in order to prevent the Hell Gate from opening.
    • The second, Crimson Butterfly, had the Twin Shrine Maidens, one of them was supposed to sacrifice the other to, guess what, prevent the hell gate from opening
    • The third, The Tormented, had four Handmaidens, also known as Pacifiers in Europe and Japan, that wore full miko attires and performed daily shrine and housekeeping activities, as well as helping and eventually impaling the Tattooed Priestess, another kind of Shrine Maidens chosen because they experienced the pain of losing a loved one. They had the pain of others tattooed in their skins and were sacrificed to prevent the Rift, an infernal force, from spilling into the dreams of the living.
    • The fourth, Mask of the Lunar Eclipse, game there were the Kanade and the Utsuwa who performed the Rougetsu Kagura ritual to worship the lunar eclipse and summon the gate to the other world so that the souls of the deceased could pass on, of course, things go terribly wrong and the ritual fails.. It also includes the Tsukimori Shrine Maidens.
  • Torahime from Muramasa The Demon Blade WAS a Miko in charge of protecting Muramasa. But she is killed before the start of he story and comes back as a horse-riding lady samurai to avenge her family.
  • Ninja Gaiden has a couple of miko: Kureha, who tends the shrine that houses the Ninja Dragon Sword, and Momiji, her sister. Kureha is little more than a Disposable Woman who is barely in the game for two minutes, existing solely so that Ryu can start his Roaring Rampage of Revenge, but Momiji is a Lady of War through and through, using inherited ninjutsu skills to fight rival clans.
  • Mizuki Rashojin from the second Samurai Shodown is a rare villainous Miko, who uses her gohei as a sharp weapon and has a demonic Canine Companion to assist in the fight. However if you manage to beat her with Kyoshiro, instead of killing her it turns out that Kyoshiro had in fact exorcised her from her host Bizuki, a genuinely kind miko who fell victim to Demonic Possession that took place when a purification ritual she performed didn't go as planned.
  • Not a character, but Mana Khemia: Alchemists of Al-Revis has a costume clearly based on the miko. Amazingly, the recipe to making this costume is in the hands of the resident Cute Ghost Girl.
  • Utsuki and Kureha from Kuon, kinda. They are the daughters of the shrine, wear red and white robes, and know how to use Onmyodo, but they are not referred to as Miko.
  • Cloche and Luca from Ar Tonelico 2. They are not called "miko" or "shrine maiden" in the US release, but you will hear them referred as such in the Japanese version.
  • Golden Sun: Dark Dawn has Princess Himi, whose default classes all have "Miko" in their names. Oh, and she has the classic red and white outfit as well.
  • Ōkamiden gives us Miko Cho, whose name should indicate that she is a Miko. Kagu also becomes one, in order to fight off King Fury.
  • Yuna from Final Fantasy X isn't a miko, but she has a very important place at her temple and her outfit - with its plain white top, long drapey white sleeves, large bow at the back, and long, pleated skirt - is clearly based on a miko outfit.
  • Mousehunt has the Sacred Shrine Mouse, a mouse with a shrine maiden outfit, talismans and gohei.
  • Phantom Breaker's Waka Kumon. She is armed with a "Fu-mantion Artifact" (a type of powerful spiritual weapon, in her case, a naginata) and is part of a long line of demon hunters who have been charged with taking down an entity named "Phantom."
  • Chizuru and Maki Kagura from The King of Fighters are Shinto priestesses and the heiresses of a very traditional heroic clan that helps keep Orochi sealed. Sinee Maki is a Posthumous Character, the one we see doing the work is Chizuru; in fact, you can have Kyo drop by her temple in KOF:KYO.
  • The Reimu Look-a-likes in Something Else. Their village is under attack by mischievous ghosts, and their leader went missing.

    Visual Novels 
  • Rika Furude in Higurashi: When They Cry is a shrine maiden for a slightly peculiar branch of Shinto that includes simulated disembowelment and cannibalism in its ceremonies.
  • Itsuki in Suika, though eventually she realizes that there's no way she could be since she doesn't do the rituals and doesn't remember becoming one. She has been Dead All Along.
  • Yumina The Ethereal gives us the sisters Youko and Tsukuyo Sakaue, with one that is a Seer.
  • Ruka Urushibara of Steins;Gate is a subversion; he works at his family's shrine and dresses in the traditional manner, but isn't a girl at all. Double subverted when he's able to use time travel to cross into a world line where he is a girl; then triple subverted when the consequences of the timeline alterations require them to be undone.


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