Humans Are Average

Humans are common and uninteresting.

If you see any fantasy or science fiction setting involving humans and other sentient races, humans are highly likely to be average. Smart but not the smartest, strong but not the strongest, having ability to use magic but no affinity for it, have plenty of bastards among them but not necessarily Always Chaotic Evil. They live longer than mayflies but shorter than elves. In other words, humans are the literary Jack-of-All-Stats - as well as likely having average stats all around if this is an RPG-Mechanics Verse.

Considering Most Writers Are Human, you can expect to see that Humans Are Special in a specific way regardless. The closest thing to humanity's "hat" is diversity, adaptability and non-linear thinking. Humans might not be as good at magic as elves or as good at blacksmithing as dwarves, but they're still better than dwarves when it comes to magic and they may still be better blacksmiths than elves. They are frequently portrayed as more driven and adaptable than other races which are significantly more stagnant, which accounts for what they're able to accomplish in comparison to other races that have longer lifespans or greater skills in any given area, often eliciting some Fantastic Racism upon themselves in response. If left unchecked, humanity may leave everyone else in the dust as it progresses on the fast-track on Kardashev's scale; the end result is the End of an Age when humans inherit the world, but, sadly, The Magic Goes Away.

A common justification is that "Humans Are Baseline" rather than "Humans Are Average". Since all readers can be expected to be reasonably familiar with the capabilities of a human, this can be used to define the abilities of other, non-human entities.

Common contrasts with humanity include spiritual Elves and phlegmatic Dwarves in Fantasy, mindless Bugs and soulless Robots in Sci-Fi, and purely good Angels and purely evil Demons in Mythology.

Compare Rubber-Forehead Aliens (this tendency applied to alien looks), and contrast Humanity Is Superior (where humanity is... superior) and Puny Earthlings (where humanity is the worst).


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    Comic Books 
  • In the Marvel Universe, humans are the average between two secret sister races, the immortal Eternals and the monstrous Deviants. Despite their powers and technology, we came to dominate Earth simply because of our much higher birth rates, along with the fact that we've developed technology and powers of our own that allow us to keep up with them both, as well as the Deviants' war keeping their numbers down and the Eternals' lack of interest in anything that doesn't concern their city.
    • The Deviants once dominated the Earth and enslaved humanity, but the Celestials, a race of space gods who created the Eternals and Deviants and gave humanity the potential for mutation didn't like the way things were headed and devastated Deviant civilization. The ongoing war with the Eternals and other feuding has prevented the Deviants from ever recovering.

  • In the 1989 film Arena, there is an intergalactic fighting championship. the film states that there has been no human champion in over 50 years, as well as featuring many creatures nastier than humans, along with many who were wimpier.

  • The Lord of the Rings: Humans are average even in size. Their distinguishing trait as listed by Treebeard is that they are "Master of horses".
  • Diana Wynne Jones played with this trope in Power of Three, where the main protagonist race seem to be the human stand-ins in a world where there are also fairies and giants. They are 'normal', in-between the 'big people' and the 'little people'. Turns that the world is actually our world, or one close enough to it, and the 'giants' are actually humans, whereas the race we thought were humans are more akin to the small, shy and secretive elves of folklore.
  • The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: As it turns out, Humans weren't even the smartest creature on Earth. Yet a Human Alien got elected as president of the galaxy...There are also examples of species developing deodorant before the wheel and so forth. But when you think about it, almost all the creatures in the universe are portrayed as pretty unimpressive, including the ones who build planets. This may have something to do with the fact that humans are the descendants of a Colony Ship full of another alien race's middle class.
  • In Alan Dean Foster's The Damned trilogy, this is subverted in the fact that humans are both average in ability— they can run, AND swim, AND climb, AND can adapt to climates wet and dry, hot and cold, etc.... yet this all forms a synergy with their psychology to make humans the deadliest damn warriors in the galaxy. (Of all the species in the universe, humans are the only ones who THRIVE in combat. To the other sentient races of the universe we are the equivalent of a Bengal tiger with tools.) To add a bit of background, most races in the galaxy are unable to even harm another sentient being. One species literally goes catatonic when viewing violence, and similar reactions of disgust are the norm. It's the area in which humans are not average that helps them here, as they are considered borderline insane for possessing individuals who find pleasure in war.
  • In Halo: Glasslands, Jul 'Mdama remarks that humans don't need to be really, really good at one thing in particular in order to survive and achieve galactic domination. They just need to be average in a sizeable range of vocations.
  • The Mote in God's Eye: The Moties, who suffer from Crippling Overspecialization, see the humans this way: "They are amateurs at everything, second-best at everything they do." The fact that a single human being can be second-best at many roles, instead of being highly specialized, proves to be an advantage, of course.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Stargate SG-1's humans pretty much count. They use this to become a major power in the universe, more or less, after the Asgard begin to trust them.
  • In Farscape, despite Crichton's assertions to the contrary, what Humans lack in speed, strength and intelligence compared to most of the races in the universe, they make up in sheer tenacity.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Grab any RPG with multiple races. Chances are fairly high that humans will have extremely average stats and a bonus that helps them either grab one non-predetermined specialization (though not quite as good as the specialized race) or become even more flexible.
  • Dungeons & Dragons is gradually getting away from the trope with each new edition.
    • In 1st and 2nd, Humans don't get any special bonuses or penalties, but can be of any class and have no limits on what level they can achieve in any class.
    • In 3rd Edition, humans get a bonus feat at first level, an extra skill point at every level (four at first level), and are easier to multi-class because whichever class they have the most levels in is treated as their racially favored class. In addition, the Chameleon class can only be taken by humans and doppelgangers (along with changelings, who are hybrids of the two).
    • In 4th Edition, humans get +2 to any one stat of your choice (other races get +2 to two fixed stats), +1 to non-armor defenses and an extra feat, trained skill and first level at-will power. That last one can be a major advantage, depending on class.
      In addition, the human-specific feats aren't specialized. Dwarves get feats that boost damage with hammers and axes, elves get benefits with swords and spears. Humans can take Action Surge, which gives +3 to hit to all attack rolls when they spend an action point (about once per two encounters), but this can apply to any attack rolls each time (bull rushes, weapons, spells...)
    • Humans are also "average" in that there is very little roleplaying material given for them. For example, dwarves, elves, and halflings all have their patron gods and typical alignments, but humans are just considered to be widely varied in their culture.
  • Warhammer: The Empire in a nutshell. Cavalry? Yeah, they're alright, but they pale in comparison to Bretonnian knights. Archers? Sure, just remember that Wood Elves are the kings of pointy stick death. Guns and steam-powered vehicles? We have those too, but Dwarves do it better. Magic? Yep, but don't get into magic duels with High Elves. Swarms? We can just throw guys at you, but Skaven and Undead can throw even more. Melee? We're okay at that, but it's the Chaos Warriors who are the real face-wreckers of this game. The thing is, even though we're not especially great at any of these, we can do all of these to a competent degree. As a great general once said, "attack the enemy with the weapon he lacks", and the humans of the Empire are the undisputed kings of doing just that.
  • In the Warhammer spin-off Blood Bowl, the 'average' stat-line for a blood bowl player is movement 6, strength 3, agility 3 and armour 8. This, incidentally, (because it is) is the stat-line of the human lineman. Teams made up of humans are the empire, amazon and norse teams, where practically all the players are within one stat-point of the average (the empire teams have fast but fragile catchers and faster-than-average blitzers, while the amazons and norse take to the field in less armour. The norse can also hire werewolves).
  • Refreshingly averted in Warhammer 40,000. We're actually pretty pathetic in this setting. The Imperial Guard, the human army of the setting, spams weak infantry who are pretty much just cannon fodder who can and very likely will die in droves, supported by Mighty Glacier vehicles and tanks. Given what horrifying and powerful opponents they have to fight against on a regular basis, it's fairly understandable, although they can still hold their own.
  • In GURPS humans are the template that everything else is based on. By definition all other races (even ones functionally identical to humans) have some advantages and/or disadvantages relative to humans. A zero-point cost human in GURPS would have average-level basic stats, no training in any skills (just low defaults for untrained use where applicable), and nothing else. A Player Character, even one without special powers, costs much more.
  • Enforced in Magic: The Gathering, as Doug Beyer (of the team that oversees Magic's flavor and storyline) explains in one of his columns on the official website:
    From the behind-the-scenes point of view, the prevalence and variety of humans does a couple of good things for the game. First, it lets us put a human face on every color of Magic. That helps the look and feel of all the colors stay appealing to a wide variety of players. Our market research shows that we have a lot of human beings among our consumers, and having human beings in the art gives those players a familiar face that they can identify with. [...]

    Second, humans play an important role as a point of comparison in every color. You get to see how tall or tough or magic-inclined goblins are compared to humans, for example, since you get to see them next to red-aligned humans that live in similar environments and have similar color values. You get to see what role griffins or pterons or leonin play in a given setting, because you get to see white-aligned humans riding them or hunting them or making alliances with them. We can afford to get more exotic with our nonhuman races, in part because there are plenty of examples of humans next to whom you can see similarities and differences—and we like that.
  • In Shadowrun, humans are the default race. All other "metatypes" cost character creation points. Humans receive no attribute bonuses or penalties, except they start with an extra point of Edge, which is basically luck.
  • Averted and/or Defied in Deep 7's games, like Arrowflight and the Red Dwarf RPG. Humans in Arrowflight tend to be more suceptable to getting Drunk on the Dark Side than most "Order" aligned races, but also tend to have greater tolerance to climate variations and poisons. Red Dwarf gives humans bonuses to endurance and fortitude because they're the species crazy enough to enjoy things like Yanni concerts and five-alarm curries.
  • Played with in World of Darkness. To make a supernatural character, you start with a basic human for a template, then add all the supernatural perks and additions. In actual Gameplay, though, even regular humans can be very dangerous to an unwary vampire or werewolf. The only real limitation that a human has is how easily they die compared to everything else. Other than that, a large enough and well prepared group of humans can take out a werewolf without breaking much of a sweat. Taken to its Logical Extreme with the Hunter class; completely regular humans trained and outfitted specifically for the destruction of supernatural monsters of all sorts.
  • Averted in Myriad Song, humans have better vision than other species and bonuses to Negotiation, Questioning, and Tactics with the Leadership and Low Profile gifts. To reflect how they were the favored servants of the setting's Abusive Precursors and not only widespread but the aristocracy of The Remnant.

    Video Games 
  • Starflight: Humans are pretty much the most average species you can select for a crew member. For a starting ship, they can handle most roles competently (and are the best at Science), but once your ship has more capital, you're best getting a mix of species to have the most effective crew. In 2, humans are a liability at the end of the game, as bringing them into the main nebula will cause them to go insane and force the rest of the crew to quarantine them, and your ship will be lost if you have an all-human crew.
  • Averted in The Elder Scrolls—the Dunmer are the ones who are the Jack-of-All-Stats. What's more, there's no one single human race to choose from—instead, there's several ethnicities that each have their own special perks.
  • Surprisingly not the case in Master of Magic. Humans (High Men) are balanced in their stats, but they trade off the ability for building some endgame buildings for a handful of elite units. On the other hand, orcs have no strikingly elite units but can build every town improvement in the game, and their combat stats are also average.
  • The third installment of Star Control, notably as explained by the human representative regarding the Earthling Cruiser.
  • Saga games (particularly the early ones) use this as part of their Class and Level System. Humans can equip anything they want, but have meh stats and are totally at the mercy of the RNG for getting stronger. All other races get awesome abilities at the sacrifice of something else equally useful.
  • The Terrans from StarCraft are descendants of human colonists who originally came from Earth. By comparison to the other races in the setting, humans come off as rather weak: their technology is nowhere near as advanced as that of the Protoss and they lack the biological prowess of the Zerg. However, whatever technology they do have allows them to make cloaking devices and powered armour and employ a variety of powerful ranged weaponry. One biological advantage that Terrans do happen to have over the Zerg is that they're the only race—other than the Protoss—to have innate psionic potential, which is one of the main reasons why the Zerg seek to assimilate humanity in the first place.
    • In gameplay however, humans subvert this. While numerically, they are the average faction, with the Zerg being the Trope Namer for Zerg Rush and the Protoss being the Elite Army, Terrans as a whole are oriented towards Glass Cannons. All Terran units that can attack except for the SCV have ranged attacks and on average, terran units have less hit points than their alien counterparts.
  • Played completely straight in EverQuest. Humans are "The race by which all others are judged by." They have completely average stats, excelling in nothing, but lacking in nothing either. Their strong sense of adaptability is the reason why the Gods chose the Human cities of Qeynos and Freeport to be spared from being destroyed by war, tectonic and geographical cataclysms, and even a Lunar Armageddon in EverQuest II. All the other races had to abandon their home cities for one reason or another over the last 500 years and flock to those two Human cities just to survive.
  • Justified in Anarchy Online: all four of the playable genetic breeds are homnids, but the original is Solitus, the direct descendants of modern humans. The others—Atrox, Opifex, and Nano—were developed by Omni-Tek during the colonization and development of Rubi-Ka with specific purposes in mind, leaving Solitus as the baseline.
  • Played straight in World of Warcraft: Humans are of about average height for humanoids, somewhat bland and inexpressive in appearance. Diplomacy for getting rep faster, a bit of extra spirit, and a free trinket for escape are basically all they have gameplay-wise. In terms of pure starting stats, they quite literally are THE average, with 20/20/20/20/20 across the board.
  • Also played straight in Warcraft III. The Human Alliance has relatively average middle-of-the-road units, spellcasters, and heroes, all of which combine to make them the most flexible faction in the game. With that said, they do have clear advantages when it comes to defending bases or attacking them.
  • The Humes in Final Fantasy XI.
  • Justified in the Phantasy Star Universe sub-series. Humans are average, but that's because they're the creator of the other races—CASTs, Newmans, and Beasts—who were developed for specific purposes. Excluding the Dewmans in Phantasy Star Portable 2 and Infinity, who are instead humans that were exposed to the SEED.
  • Final Fantasy Tactics Advance mostly gives humans access to classes that at least one other species can access. Not counting slight variations like our Fighter and the Bangaa Gladiator, only unique classes are Blue Mage, Ninja, and Hunter, and we can't take any of the classes that require exceptional speed, magical skill, or technological aptitude (though interestingly, our Paladin is a slightly-faster variant of the Bangaa Defender.) The sequel differentiates us a bit more with the Parivir and Seer classes, but we're still noticeably non-unique compared to, Bangaas or Vieras, the Moogles, potentially lethal Seeqsnote  or even the powerful Gria who can fly. (Note that unlike most examples, this does not make us useless, since a): we're better at multiclassing, and b): Ninjas can dual-wield.) There are also human-unique classes, of course, which are good enough reasons for using them. Some classes do have similarities with others and are basically just the same class with different names.
  • In Halo, humans tend to fall into the middle range compared to the Covenant's member species; they're not as numerous as the Grunts, not as strong/tough as the Elites/Brutes/Hunters, not as smart as the Engineers, not as long-lived as the Prophets, have worse senses than the Jackals, etc. Nonetheless, humanity is able to hold out against the Covenant for nearly three decades precisely because of how balanced they are, though the only reason humanity doesn't ultimately become extinct is because the Covenant falls into civil war.
    • Once the Covenant breaks apart, humanity is able to rebuild much quicker than most of the Covenant's more specialized species, despite humanity having lost a lot more during the war, again because they're average at everything. In contrast, the Elites take a while to start finding their footing again, because they've spent at least the last couple of millennia being good at nothing but war.
  • Justified in Fall from Heaven, where humanity is the original race in which all of the Angels had an equal hand in creating. The other races are simply humans whose ancestors who spent a lot of time with a particular Angel, whose presence caused them to become more like that Angel. For example, elves hung out with the Angel of Nature, Sucellus.
  • In Sword of the Stars, humanity has average industrial capacity, research ability, terraforming speed and population growth. They are almost in every respect the Jack-of-All-Stats, except for their unusual FTL drive that makes human fleets something of a Fragile Speedster on a strategic level, and also much more vulnerable to entrenchment. Humans also have a fairly high chance of getting most of the weapons techs, unlike most other races, who tend to favor one or two lines of weapons.
  • In Mass Effect, humanity appears to be more or less average on all counts: compared to other galactic races, they don't have any particular physiological advantages, their level of technology is quite low, and their military is rather small. By all rights, humans should be one of the lesser civilizations of the galaxy... if not for the fact that within seventeen years of discovering Prothean artifacts on Mars, humanity went from being barely able to make it out of their biosphere to becoming a notable galactic power. While humanity as a whole may not be naturally gifted, they don't suffer from any particular shortcomings and have even demonstrated the capacity to match other species on their own terms when they fought the turians to a draw. The main advantage humans have is that we specialize on an individual rather than organizational scale and avoid Klingon Scientists Get No Respect.
  • Sort of straight and sort of not in the Fuzzy Knights roleplaying game. Human type fuzzies are stated to be the baseline, like in most games, but they also are a tiny minority, making up only 1% of the Fuzzy population.
  • In The Battle For Wesnoth, humans have no preferred terrain types (except maybe plains by virtue of no one else being exceptionally good on them), have no special preference for melee or ranged combat, have both lawful (loyalists) and chaotic (outlaws) units, and can learn many different kinds of magic without being racially focused on one specific kind.
  • In The Lord Of The Rings Battle For Middle Earth 2 human infantry and heroes are faster but weaker than the dwarves but slower and tougher than the elves. Though it's somewhat subverted with humans having the best cavalry units and having more heroes with leadership skills than other factions.
  • FTL: Faster Than Light has humans being completely average in every way, without any special abilities as the other races have, but have no weaknesses either - even the one race equivalent to humans has a telepathic ability. Even the game itself notes that humans are common and boring. FTL: Advanced Edition buffs them up a little by boosting their skill development rate by 10% and giving them a single blue option.
  • The X-Universe has both main human factions being variations on Jack-of-All-Stats. The Argon Federation builds ships with average, balanced stats and with good utility (their Discoverer scout is the only M5 that can carry a Jump drive, for example). Earth State ships are even faster and better shielded than Argon ships at the cost of adaptability in that they can only mount Terran weapons. Terran capital ships in particular have "balanced" stats, but because Humanity Is Advanced, they're overall the best capital ships in the game (bar the OTAS Boreas). Earth's AGI Task Force throws balance out of the window, with far superior capabilities than other ships at the cost of being outrageously hard to acquire until X3: Albion Prelude.
  • Star Ruler 2 has the empire of man, the Terrakin, as completely average in stats; they do not have any unusual mechanics or the special strengths or weaknesses of other races. They utilize the most Boring but Practical form of Faster-Than-Light Travel, hyperspace, and have an Empire-type government that allows them to generalize.
  • In Dungeon Crawl, humans have a 100% growth rate for all skills. Other species have some skills that train faster and some that train slower. Additionally, they have no major gimmicks, unlike many other species. Although lack of gimmicks is not exclusive to humans, it does aaccentuate their averageness.

  • Averted in Fairy Dust. Each race tends to consider itself the default. From most other race's point of view, humans are quite gifted at organising into large groups, and specially weak when it comes to mental stability.

Alternative Title(s): Humanity Is Average