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Literature: The Postman
Who is going to take responsibility?

America has been left in ruins in the wake of the Doomwar, a conflagration of various doomsday scenarios. Seventeen years later, Gordon Krantz, who was a college sophomore before it all came down, struggles to survive in a harsh environment where scavenging and violence is the norm and the vicious, fanatical Holnists reign supreme. He has been searching and searching for a place, anywhere, where "someone is taking responsibility." When he is robbed of most of his possessions, Gordon takes the uniform of a long-dead postman for warmth. The simple act of taking up this symbol soon snowballs into an elaborate tale casting Gordon as an agent of the fictional Restored United States. At first, he maintains this lie only to survive, but as hope springs up in his path, the lie becomes something more.

This 1985 novel by David Brin is most famous for an adaptation made 12 years later that nearly killed Kevin Costner's career.

This book provides examples of:

  • A Nazi by Any Other Name: Holnists, who firmly believe that the strong should rule the weak, the only possible law is the law of jungle and idealism is only good for retarded kids.
  • Action Girl: Dena and her Scouts
  • Action Survivor: Gordon, who most of the time just barely survives.
  • And the Adventure Continues: The book ends with the Postman departing to find and make contact with The Republic of California.
  • After the End
  • Amazon Brigade: Dena's Army Scouts. They are almost entirely wiped out after a failed plot to infiltrate and sabotage the Holnists.
  • America Saves the Day: In a sense. In that the Restored United States of America ultimately becomes very much real.
  • Apocalypse How: Continental/Societal Collapse. Unusually, there was not one single cause of the Doomwar. In fact, humanity probably could have weathered the nukes, the electromagnetic pulses, and the bioengineered diseases if not for the predatory, hypersurvivalist Holnists who took advantage of the situation.
  • The Apunkalypse: The rule of law has collapsed After the End, and bands of toughs roam the countryside roughing people up.
  • Arc Words: "Who will take responsibility?"
  • Artistic License - Gun Safety: Averted. Gordon never holds more than four bullets in his revolver, unless it's an emergency or it appears he's doomed. His gun is always secured in its holster. He takes a good care of it and always uses it with an accurate' two-hand grip.
  • Badass Normal: One of Gordon's comrades is a former Marine, and when both of The Dragons are killed off-page while hunting him, the Big Bad assumes that he is responsible. The second Dragon actually killed the Marine, and was killed in turn by George Powhattan.
  • Band of Brothers: Gordon's fellow militiamen. They have been dead for more than a decade when the story starts.
  • Based on a Great Big Lie / Lies to Children: Gordon the Postman and his Restored United States of America and Cyclops.
  • Becoming the Mask: Gordon and his Postal Inspector persona. He's very aware of that.
  • Black Comedy: The only comedy allowed. And it works.
  • Boring, but Practical: Gordon's bow. But before he learned how to use it, it was Cool, but Inefficient.
  • Celibate Hero: Inverted. Gordon wasn't with any women not because he didn't want to be, but because there was no opportunity or suitable woman for a long while. When he's with Dena, he's more annoyed with her than aroused.
  • Chekhov's Gun: The diary Gordon loses in the beginning shows up toward the end in the hands of the Holnists, as does the person who stole it.
  • Cincinnatus: George Powhatan. And Gordon pities the person who tries to make him a king.
  • Comes Great Responsibility: A recurring theme, even if that power is the position of postman.
  • Conspiracy Theorist: Nathan Holn, a bat-shit insane nutcase. Everyone, including people born after the Doomwar (and thus lacking any serious education), wonder how he could get any support for his ideas.
  • Contrived Coincidence:
    • Gordon finding the postal van while trying to catch up with robbers who just mugged him. It helps in both the short and long term - first providing shelter and clothes, then giving him a perfect U.S. Postal Carrier disguise.
    • Gordon finding Dena after being recaptured by Holnists, moments before she expires in his arms.
  • Crazy Homeless People: Gordon percieves himself as such, since he can find no other logical explaination than insanity for his optimism in this Crapsack World.
  • Crazy Survivalist: The "Holnist Survivalists"; it's explicitly noted that after everything fell apart, Holn himself was dragged out and lynched for getting them started. And that the Holnists forever tainted the term "survivalist".
  • Deadpan Snarker: Who else but Gordon? It often borders on Sad Clown, as he's fully aware how miserable the situation is or can get.
  • Divided States of America: So much that there are no states to divide; a small hamlet is considered quite a big deal.
  • Double Meaning Title: Postman, as a mail carrier and a person living after some event. Gordon is both.
  • Double Standard: Rape, Female on Male: Dena is quite forcible on Gordon. It seems to keep on going for a while and he's forced to simply endure her.
  • The Drifter: Gordon's ultimate role, after he finally embracess The Call.
  • Dumb Muscle: Survivalists in general. So dumb that a brick is brighter.
  • Eagleland: Curious case - Type I with all it's liberty, equality and peaceful ways is contrasted with Type II for its paranoia, gung-ho attitude, over-the-top individualism and extremism.
  • Equal-Opportunity Evil: Holnists, but only if you are male.
  • Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: BIG time; Holnists are completely unable to comprehend anything that is not made or achieved by brute force or how men are supposed to be equal.
  • Evil Gloating:
    • The robbers from first few pages do it for extra dog-kicking points.
    • Holnists are generally prone to this; the higher their rank, the more they gloat.
  • Fake Real Turn: Gordon made up the Restored United States and its postal services, but as he travels and recruits more postmen to his cause, the lie becomes more and more real.
  • First-Person Smartass: Gordon's consciousness works this way.
  • Good Colors, Evil Colors: True-blue postal carriers vs. camouflaged Holnists.
  • The Great Politics Mess-Up: It's hinted that the Soviet Union survived until the Doomwar or was topped by violent revolution right before it. The war took place in the mid-90's.
  • Halfway Plot Switch: From a loner faking a postal system to a war involving superhuman experiments!
  • The Hero's Journey: The book uses this plot structure to great effect in a post-apocalyptic setting.
  • Heroic Neutral: George Powhatan feels he's done his share of fighting before, and it's up to Gordon to persuade him to take on the Holnists.
  • Hope Bringer: The Postman himself.
  • Hope Sprouts Eternal:
    • The seasons in which the action takes place are related with this trope. In the first section, it's autumn, where everything is dying. Then the action fast-forwards toward early spring, when Gordon starts setting his Postal Service and things are going smooth. Then the Holnists show up - right when autumn is about to start. The war against them takes place mostly in the winter, when nature is dead and animals struggle to survive. In the end, when Holnists are defeated and Gordon heads toward California, it's the beautiful spring of 2012.
    • Gordon's dream in the postal car, about a giant bird building itself a pyre and burning on it, after which the surrounding plants starts to sprout new leaves.
  • In Love with the Mark: Subverted. It's speculated that this could be the reason why Dena and the Scouts' plan to infiltrate the Holnists failed.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em: The main reason Gordon managed to exceed the current life expectancy of thirty years old.
  • Mundane Luxury: You know how bad the situation is when a handfull of wild berries and a few short gulps of whiskey are considered as a celebration-worthy delicacy.
  • Noodle Incident: The events before and right after the Doomwar are a long series of those. Things like "Slavic Resurgence", "Cuban problem", "Kenyan front", "Slavic-Turkic War" or "One-Week War" are only mentioned and never truly discussed. Because past is not important - the present and future are.
  • Not Too Dead to Save the Day: Although they don't take direct action, all of Gordon's "ghosts" - Cyclops, Johnny Stevens, the Army Scouts, dream-Ben Franklin and his chess-playing stove, etc. - appear to encourage him toward the end.
  • Only One Name: It's very easy to miss the fact that Gordon's surname is Krantz. Outside of Pine View, barely anyone addresses him with it.
  • Precision F-Strike: As Gordon is about to leave Corvallis
    "Survivalists!"
    He had one word to offer in reply.
    "Shit."
  • Properly Paranoid: Gordon blesses his paranoia in the beginning, which prevents the thieves from getting his gun at least.
  • Proud Warrior Race Guy: The Holnists, who base a person's worth on his (emphasis on his) strength. This leads them to be a cult of hyperviolent, luddite lunatics who kill without hesitation and enslave anyone weaker than them.
    • It's also implied that they and their kind are the reason why civilization ultimately collapsed, having gunned down any attempt at reconstruction they came across.
  • Refusal of the Call: George Powhatan. Well, he tried.
  • Resigned to the Call/ 10-Minute Retirement: see Refused The Call. Poor George.
  • The Reveal:
    • Cyclops is dead.
    • Towards the end of the book, the Postman discovers why the Holnists have been pushing so hard into Oregon. They are retreating away from an army in the Republic of California.
  • Revolvers Are Just Better: Gordon's most trusted companion and precious possesion is a snub-nose .38 revolver.
  • Rule of Three: Gordon got three letters for Oakridge. You can guess which one opened the gates to the village to him.
  • Scavenger World: To the point where only bare essentials are scavenged and anything more complex is left behind.
  • Schmuck Bait: Only that Gordon is not baiting. After being robbed again, he is hidding in the attic and the looters knows he's somewhere in the vicinity.
    "Sure was nice of that fellow, findin' this for us. Wish we could thank him. Ought to get to know him so we don't shoot first if we ever see him again".
  • Sexy Discretion Shot: Right before Gordon and Abby are about to get busy, the chapter ends. The next one starts after their last encounter. It works, given the nature of their deal.
  • Silly Rabbit, Idealism Is for Kids!:
    • Gordon really tries to believe that cynism is an answer, treating idealism as a luxury he can't afford. Yet he's a genuinely good person, who keeps on doing the right things and eventually proves himself that idealism is all what's left to firmly believe in.
    • Holnists ideology runs on this trope taken Up to Eleven.
  • Snow Means Death: Third segment starts this way, with bodies of the fallen being burried by the snow.
  • Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: Despite all the horrible things that happen, the message of the book is hopeful.
  • Snowball Lie: In the process of covering his ass, the Postman accidentally invents a "Restored United States." The myth becomes so widespread that even the Holnists can't stomp it out.
  • So Much for Stealth: When approaching what he thinks is a bandit hideout, Gordon is trying to do it as silently as possible, looking for each of his steps. The moment he turns his gaze from the ground, he instantly steps on a dry twig. Right after lampshading this very trope.
  • Sorting Algorithm of Evil: First robbers, then Holnists, then augments.
  • Straw Feminist: Dena, sort of. She's very heroic despite her possibly-crazy outlook, however. More - she's quite aware that she might misinterprated many facts about pre-war world because of Small Reference Pools she has access to.
  • Super Soldiers: The Augments, who were chosen for their violent tendencies, modified freakishly, and deployed several times before the government wised up to what that sort of soldier does during peacetime. Post-Doomwar, they hold the top positions among the villainous Holnists. George Powhatan is a second generation augment, chosen because he is an Actual Pacifist and forcibly transformed with more subtle implants focusing on biofeedback.
  • Survivor Guilt: Gordon doesn't feel too good about the fact that all his fellow militiamen are dead. It's more than a decade and he still labours under the burden of being last man standing.
  • Taking You with Me: When tracking the muggers in first chapter, Gordon notes that he will most likely die in the process... but at least the surrounding area will be a bit more safe for future travellers.
  • Technical Pacifist: George Powhatan, a man who is a living legend from his fights against Holnists, yet is very reluctant to enter any conflict. Gordon himself usually is stopped by his "oldfashioned scrupules".
  • Unstoppable Mailman: The title character.
  • Utility Belt: Downplayed. Gordon's military belt holds his most important belongings: canteen, Swiss army knife, tube of iodine, compass and holster with his gun and bullets
  • Wacky Wayside Tribe: Gordon recalls all the small communities he had visited in his years of wandering - quite brutal and closed to outsiders, unless equally brutal acts were committed to gain entry.
  • Walking the Earth: What Gordon is doing since his squad of militiamen was wiped out.
  • What Have I Become?: The Chairman of Public Safety from Curtin, after realising how barbaric the life has become. Bonus points for being a former member of ASPCA, now organising dog fights. He starts to weep over this.
  • With This Herring: Gordon starts the book with his Utility Belt, in torn clothes and a lame excuse for shoes.
  • Worthless Yellow Rocks: After finding a secret stash in a physician's house, Gordon is praying for it not to be "gold or other useless crap".

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