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Western Animation / A Christmas Carol (1971)

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A Christmas Carol is a 1971 film adaptation of the novel of the same name. It is a half-hour animated film directed by Richard Williams (with Chuck Jones as executive producer, and Grim Natwick as an uncredited animator).

It's a faithful adaptation. Ebeneezer Scrooge, a notorious miser and curmudgeon, is visited by the ghost of his old business partner, Jacob Marley. Marley warns him of the coming of three spirits: the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Christmas Present, and Christmas Yet To Come. The ghosts teach Scrooge how to keep Christmas.

Alastair Sim and Michael Hordern star as Scrooge and Marley, reprising their roles from the 1951 live-action feature Scrooge. Michael Redgrave is the narrator.

Won the Academy Award for short animated film.


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A Christmas Carol provides examples of the following tropes:

  • Adapted Out: The young debtors celebrating Scrooge's death are left out, as is Scrooge's sister Fan.
  • Compressed Adaptation: It follows the story from the book pretty well for a 25 minute show, but naturally a lot had to be cut since it's only 25 minutes long.
  • Creepy Child: Ignorance and Want, who in this version look positively demonic.
  • Deranged Animation: Anything involving the ghosts, especially Marley and the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come.
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  • Epic Tracking Shot: The animated equivalent thereof, as the film proper (after the opening credits) starts with a long swooping pan over the roofs of London before zooming down to the window of Scrooge & Marley.
  • Narrator: Michael Redgrave provides narration.
  • Pragmatic Adaptation: Being only 25 minutes long, hits most of the plot points of Dickens' book, but it does cut out the scene with Scrooge's sister.
  • Time Passes Montage: An amazingly brief one in which the film shows Scrooge as a child at school bent over a book, then whips through several shots of a gradually aging Scrooge bent in the same sitting position, before finishing with him as a young man bent over his desk at Fezziwig's business.
  • Truer to the Text:
    • In Dickens' novel, the Ghost of Christmas Present shows Scrooge various scenes of lonely, isolated people keeping the holiday: a group of miners, two lighthouse keepers, and sailors on a ship at sea. These scenes are almost always left out of adaptations, but they are included here.
    • This version also shows the Ghost of Christmas Present spreading Christmas cheer with flicks of his torch, and proportionally aging over the course of a single day, two plot points from Dickens that other adaptations rarely use.
    • Scrooge enjoying the characters in books is kept.
    • This cartoon also includes the book's subtitle "Being a Ghost Story of Christmas", which virtually no other adaptation does.
    • The Ghost of Christmas Past comes closest to the description in the original book, with looking simultaneously old and young, its shape constantly flickering like a candle, and giving it the appearance of multiple eyes and limbs.

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