When humanity makes an enemy of a non-human race, we really
know how to pick 'em. Not only are they unspeakably powerful, they're also really ugly! Eww! The possibilities are very varied. Maybe the aliens are horrid
creatures, noisy clanking machines
or twenty meter tall giants. Of course, being so ugly
it's no surprise they've come to wipe us out
. Well, the upside for humanity being involved in a (probably losing) war against these creatures is we can at least tell them apart from us humans easily, so they'll never infiltrate our society with spies and saboteurs. That is, until they figure out how to make a Mobile-Suit Human
, make Ridiculously Human Robots
, or use People Jars
to change into human forms.
Which is what they just figured out: they look like us now.
will put the entire cast on edge, because they have just discovered the aliens/robots/monsters have developed a (near)
or disguise. They aren't Puppeteer Parasite
, able to take control of specific people or pose as them, just able to pose as a human. They are nonetheless much more dangerous because with enough patience they can now infiltrate any
Expect small groups to tear each other apart over mutual accusations of alien-ness
... just what The Mole
wants. For a measure of irony
, the aliens infiltrating humanity to rip it apart from the inside may discover that Humanity Is Infectious
... and not in a The War of the Worlds
Most of the Shape Shifter
tropes and spy tropes apply, with the caveat that things like Kill and Replace
and Dead Person Impersonation
can only be used if few people really knew the original, since the impersonator can't mimic specific people. A trope increasingly beloved by Live Action Series, as it neatly avoids the potential Special Effect Failure
of making robots, aliens etc... and saves money
on Special Effects
The trope may be Played for Laughs
if the non-humans adopt a Paper-Thin Disguise
but still fool people in their persona as "Hugh Mann
Contrast A Form You Are Comfortable With
, which doesn't involve the aliens deceiving us into mistaking them for humans; and Human Aliens
in which the aliens just happened to look like us to begin with. Compare The Virus
. Sister Trope
to Puppeteer Parasite
. A rich source of Paranoia Fuel
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Anime and Manga
- Inverted in Martian Successor Nadesico, when the Jovians — frequently referred to as "lizards" for much of the first half of the series and depicted as monstrous nonhumans in government propaganda — turn out to actually be humans, forgotten colonists from Earth.
- Robotech and its parent, Macross have the Zentraedi, a race of giants who later reveal they can "micronize" to become our size. They send a team of spies into the SDF-1, which backfires horribly for their Planet of Hats culture.
- Genesis Climber Mospeada, another series adapted into Robotech, has the Inbit/Invid start recreating themselves in humanized forms, starting with one sent to spy on the protagonists.
- In Keroro Gunsou, higher-ranked Keronian platoons are authorized to use technology that lets them mimic humans almost perfectly. Unfortunately for Keroro, his Rank F squad is forced to rely on a set of dubious robotic suits.
- The formless JAM in Sentou Yousei Yukikaze. In the anime, they start by copying Earth's technology (namely weapons and aircraft) before later moving onto human beings themselves.
- This has always been the approach of the Skrulls, the antagonistic alien race found in Marvel Comics, but most of all in the Secret Invasion Crisis Crossover.
- This was eventually used as part of the Fantastic Racism angle in Marvel, to better justify the Supernatural Angst of the X-Men; mutants got a bad enough rep when they were all believed to be deformed and unsightly, but then the humans figured out that some mutants looked perfectly human whilst having superhuman powers...
- Being Dangerously Genre Savvy, the Evronians from Paperinik New Adventures have shapeshifting Super Soldiers just for this before arriving to Earth. They're used only three times, but each time they're devastating:
- the special "The End of the World" shows that one of them infiltrated the Xerbian government and was decisive in the vote that made the Xerbians temporarily deactivate their orbital defences as a sign of peace (the Evronians invaded in that precise moment and overran the planet in a few scant days). The same soldier continues infiltrating Xerbian pockets of resistance in the (failed) attempt to capture a member of the government, going as far as jumping on one of the three evaquation ships;
- late in the series, after Xadhoom (a Xerbian who wasn't on the planet for the invasion due an experiment that gave her godlike powers) has reduced the Evronians to a few scattered remnants, another one infiltrates the US Army to prepare an invasion. He's arrested as a spy... But he's never outed as an Evronian. In fact his first appearance was in an episode set in the twenty-third century, and he's only found out because Paperinik recognizes the signs of an Evronian weapon and he drops the disguise;
- in the reboot, a two-parter starts with a group of shape-shifting Evronians infiltrating a military base. Late in the two-parters the Evronians are invading Earth en-masse and we suddenly find out that every single military force on Earth has been incapacitated, and thus Pk is the only resistance.
- The use of humanisation technology in Pokeumans allows transformed Pokeumans to resume their old human forms - but only for a few hours. The PRT use these to rescue transforming Pokeumans before Pokextinction get there.
- In Mass Effect Human Revolution the Geth Infiltrator disguises itself as a human in order to get into Noveria.
- In Vathara's Walk Through the Valley has a rare heroic version. Hiko's people, the Confederacy, are at war with The Federation, which insists on tearing its women and children screaming from their homes, battering them and turning them over to the merrows for a form of Mind Rape called conditioning, which leaves you happy to do and be whatever the Federation wants you to be. It's implied that it leaves you without compassion. The reason they take slaves is to restore the genetic diversity they lost when they became chronically inbred because they were such a small, isolated population. They tell themselves that these gene donors are willing. They also do it to Confederate soldiers, who are dropped back into the units they were pulled from to wreak havoc on their comrades. The only way to prevent yourself from becoming conditioned is to temporarily become a Little Bit Beastly with the help of LEGO Genetics, which entails government-approved DNA sequences and extremely complicated life-support equipment that no one uses for anything else. Using claws, etc., means modifying the brain. Ensuring that alterants know when to use them means adding instincts from the species used as a source of DNA. This makes alterants easy to spot, no matter how well the alterations are hidden. They cannot make alterants in mind only; volunteers go mad in weeks. This is where the ookamimoya alterants come in. The ookamimoya are a species of EM-sensitive, lupine predators that live very long lives, have few offspring, which they cherish, a pack with which they share a Psychic Link, extreme distrust of outsiders, incredibly durable bodies, Innate Night Vision, Alien Hair in the form of sensory tendrils with which they pick up emotions and which move on their own; pelt tendrils that don't; and hidden claws. Ookamimoya alterants will have sensory tendrils on the scalp the thickness of human hair, eyebrows and eyelashes with tendencies of both pelt and sensory tendrils, zero hair or not-hair elsewhere, Kaleidoscope Eyes with exotic colors that shift to golden/amber at night/low light conditions, the ability to sense ki, lack of aging, hidden claws and a strong killer instinct that drive them to kill the conditioned.
- Philip K. Dick did several straight versions of the premise (Screamers, mentioned above, is based on one of his stories), as well as a parody: in "The War with the Fnools", the Fnools are capable of an almost-perfect human disguise, but are still pretty easy to spot, because (a) they usually travel about in groups, all wearing the same disguise, and (b) they're only two feet tall.
- Terry Pratchett has the Auditors do this in Thief of Time: one takes the form of a woman much of the time in order to ensure the building of a glass clock that will stop time (and thereby make their job much tidier). When she starts acting too human, teams of other Auditors join her to ensure that it gets completed and started — while keeping her, and each other, under control.
- Clifford D. Simak has a group of aliens buying the Earth in his novel They Walked Like Men. The aliens were shape-shifters, capable of becoming anything at all — a human, an automobile, a pile of paper currency... Their default shape? Bowling balls. (Well, they looked like bowling balls, anyway.) To shift into something larger than their natural size, multiple aliens merged and changed shape.
- Calling All Creeps is pretty much based around this concept.
- Pops up several times in Animorphs, where the controllers suspect a human of being an Andalite in morph.
- The Mokuls who have infiltrated Earth in K. H. Scheer's Der Verbannte von Asyth (trans. The Exile from Asyth) explicitly use masks to disguise themselves as human and study prospective targets for quite a while before replacing them. (They also tend to keep the kidnapped originals alive in order to pump them for more information.) The eponymous protagonist and his companion, on the other hand, belong to a species of Human Aliens to begin with — though as it turns out their fingerprints aren't anywhere near human, and they have a few other peculiarities (like the effect coffee has on their metabolism) that end up giving them away.
Live Action TV
- The Trope Namer is Battlestar Galactica (Reimagined). The Cylons have evolved from "walking chrome toasters" into Artificial Humans. The opening and a few characters use the line, and it does cause a lot of mistrust among the human survivors.
- Galactica 1980 beats them by twenty-odd years by having human-form cylon robots in the episode "The Night The Cylons Landed". However, the ones on the reimagined series are completely human looking, down to having a reproductive system.
- This is used from time to time on Star Trek, usually as a result of Magic Plastic Surgery, but other examples include the appropriately named shape-shifters from Deep Space Nine, and Species 8472 in its final appearance on Voyager. Inverted on an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation where the Romulan proconsul correctly surmises that The Federation is using Romulan-looking spies.
- Also used in an episode of The Original Series, combined with Humanity Is Infectious.
- This trope is outright exploited by the Founders in Deep Space Nine: One reveals himself to Sisko to gleefuly reveal that there are only three Founder infiltrators on the entire planet Earth, center of The Federation, and look what they've accomplished! In fear of the possibility of Founder infiltrators amongst them, Earth declares martial law, and a series of events nearly leads to an outright military coup of the civilian government, and two Starfleet ships firing on each other.
- The human-form Replicators in Stargate SG-1. A different group of bad guys try to invoke this with a friendly species that create illusions and fake memories in the minds of potential hostiles as a self defense mechanism.
- V has reptilian aliens.
- Played both ways, as not only have the Vs infiltrated human society, there is a rebel faction which sympathizes with humankind and seeks to thwart their leader's plot. It's revealed that these rebels have even infiltrated the upper echelons of the V command structure.
- This is by far the most significant difference between the The War of the Worlds film/radio show/whatever and the later TV show — in the latter, the Martians are able to posess human bodies at will.
- The second season implements the same trope, but in a radically different way: the second wave of aliens have altered their biology to the point that they now look outwardly human (Albeit with luminous blood)
- The nine foot tall, eight hundred pound Reptilian monsters with whom Humanity fights a losing war in a couple of epsiodes of the revival of The Outer Limits manages to pull this off by surgically-altering their (much smaller) females.
- The Skins on Roswell.
- Every alien except Cole and Zin on Tracker
- All the aliens in The Invaders.
- Parodied (with particular nods to Battlestar Galactica) in a sketch on That Mitchell and Webb Look. In the midst of a Robot War, a rumour spreads that robots have infiltrated the space station, and are supposedly indistinguishable from humans. Cut to a particularly clunky Tin-Can Robot, talking to several other people (in textbook Robo Speak) who seem to be under the impression he's human. Even when a slice of toast pops out of him.
- Call of Cthulhu.
- The Mi-Go can surgically modify themselves to fit inside a "human suit" and masquerade as people.
- The said 'suits' are made by hollowing out a human body, by the way.
- Serpent People can use spells (such as Body Warping of Gorgoroth) to take human shape.
- In Traveller there is an interesting twist. When the Terrans meet the Vilani they learn that they actually are human. Of course that does not necessarily make the meeting pleasant.
- Partially Clips parodied this once.
- In Girl Genius, "revenants" were initially known to the characters by obvious mindlessness and a Zombie Gait. The readers have known almost since meeting the first one that some act perfectly normal until they receive an order, which came as a nasty shock when they were found out.
- Roughnecks: Starship Troopers Chronicles had the Imposter Bugs (a subspecies that could fit inside the Mobile Infantry's Powered Armor to evade detection), and later the Infiltrator Bugs (full-on shapeshifting in and out of human form).
- The Flintstones: "Ten Little Flintstones" has an alien ship landing in Bedrock and creating a series of Fred clones to learn about Earth prior to a pending invasion. The clones simply march around smiling vacantly and saying "Yabba-Dabba-Doo" ad infinitum, and everyone thinks each is actually Fred.
- Tom Terrific: The story arc "Million Manfred Mystery" dealt with some impressionable aliens who mistake Mighty Manfred the Wonder Dog to be Tom (he's wearing Tom's funnel cap while he's off at the store), so they make a plan sheet of Manfred and the entire alien race duplicate themselves as Manfred. The base reason is that Tom is so likeable that the aliens want to be just like him so Earth people will like them as well.
- StarCraft II: Heart of the Swarm adds a (multiplayer-only) Zerg unit called the Changeling, which upon entering sight range of an enemy unit automatically changes its color and transforms into that enemy's tier 1 unit (Terran marine, Protoss zealot, or zergling). Since it can't attack and has no other abilities, this is only useful for scouting.
- A recurring theme in Super Robot Wars Original Generation. Even when not deliberately trying to disguise themselves, most of the alien monsters they fight seem to get progressively more humanoid as the game goes on. Actually inverted with the two main alien factions, though, similar to the Nadesico example. One turned out to be human abductees brainwashed by an alien Master Computer, the others (& by extension the creators of the aforementioned computer) were actually descendants of a lost starfaring civilization from Earth. Played straight by the Eldritch Abominations known as the Einst, however, who can create copies of people they've encountered & whose supposed Ultimate Lifeform is an enhanced clone of one of the main characters.
- Midway through Marathon, the Pfhor begin fielding Action Bomb simulacra that blend in with the Green Shirts... Except for their (mostly) strange exclamations and Alien Blood.
- In City of Villains you can contact Kelly Uqua, who is working for Crey Industries. There's a nasty rumor floating around that the real Uqua is dead, and a Rikti alien can alter its form to match hers. Kelly wants you to enter one of Crey's warehouses and delete this report. Kelly also occasionally slips into the Rikti's Verbal Tic while talking to you. A separate City of Heroes mission has you finding a Rikti who was posing as Kelly, whose transformation machinery has broken down.
- In XCOM: Enemy Unknown the Thin Man alien units would count as this. Their disguise is pulled off pretty good as well... thin men! Until they pull out their alien weaponry and start doing back-flips in business suits that is. Also their eyes if studied are reptilian in nature. Which would explain why they wear dark glasses.
- The Thing 2002 has this as a gameplay mechanic. By using a syringe and a chemical that reacts to blood by releasing heat, you can test your party members for infection. If the syringe changes from red to brown, they're A-O-K, but if the syringe breaks, fry him, he's an alien, and mutating into a beastie as we speak.