"For all you know, a witch might be living next door to you right now. Or she might be the woman with the bright eyes who sat opposite you on the bus this morning. She might be the lady with the dazzling smile who offered you a sweet from a white paper bag in the street before lunch. She might even — and this will make you jump — she might even be your lovely school-teacher who is reading these words to you at this very moment. Look at that teacher. Perhaps she is smiling at the absurdity of such a suggestion. Don't let that put you off. It could be part of her cleverness. I am not, of course, telling you for one second that your teacher actually is a witch. All I am saying is that she might be one. It is most unlikely. But — and here comes the big "but" — it is not impossible."note Unless, of course, your teacher's a man. But that never happens.
A 1983 Roald Dahl book, was made into a 1990 film starring Anjelica Huston, directed by Nicholas Roeg and produced by Jim Henson, the last film he produced; the film was released shortly after his death.The book starts with a introductory chapter on the subject of Witches written in third person, but switches to first person for the rest of the story as the tale is taken up by an unnamed boy (called Luke in the film). He tells the story of how, after the death of his parents he moves in with his Norwegian Grandmother who was once a great Witch hunter, she regales him with tales of Witches and their victims and how to tell the difference between a human woman and a Witch. They then are sent, on Doctor's orders, a British seaside holiday, as his Grandmother is too ill to return to Norway.It is at a seaside hotel that Luke is trapped at the annual British Witch meeting and meets the hideous (but disguised) Grand High Witch. It is at this meeting he and another boy (Bruno Jenkins) are turned into talking mice. After escaping and returning to his Grandmother they hatch a plan to kill all the Witches in England and the Grand High Witch. With great courage he manages to spike the soup the Witches are eating (having posed as the phony child protection agency the RSPCC, and getting special treatment from the Hotel) with their own mouse potion which leads to them being killed (in the form of mice, obviously) by the Hotel Staff.Afterwards, Luke and his grandmother find and steal a magical device that allowed the witches to print unlimited currency, the recipe to the mouse potion and a possible lead to the locations of every known witch, granting them a powerful weapon to use against them.The endings of the book and the film are drastically different due to Bowdlerisation.The US release of the film has your typical happy kids movie ending: A Witch who had been forced to stay upstairs during the "RSPCC" dinner and thus escaped the massacre, does a Heel-Face Turn and turns Luke back into a boy, who reminds her to change Bruno back, too. She also seems to become more human, getting real hair and normal fingers, which delights her as throughout the film it was hinted she was dissatisfied with her life as a witch. And she's even played by Jane Horrocks, who is universally nice.The book has an altogether more melancholy ending, which the European release of the Henson-produced film had: The boy asks his Grandmother how long mice live, she tells him only about three years but that she estimates he being a magical mouse might have about nine. He accepts this with astounding dignity for a seven year old and says he wouldn't want to outlive his Grandmother anyway. The two then decide to spend the rest of their time hunting and killing witches. It's also speculated that Bruno Jenkins' parents may decide to kill him, by drowning him in a bucket no less.The Witches, in a case of Our Monsters Are Different, are a specific species of demon and aren't human at all. They seemingly exist to hate children, and plan to destroy all the children in England in one fell swoop. They don't particularly kill adults... but if one dies anyway? "Vell then too bad for ze grown-up."They have certain "tells" which a person can use, if they are eagle eyed and perceptive to spy a Witch:
All Witches have squared-off feet without toes; they squeeze their feet into pumps and high heels to conceal this, even though it causes them great discomfort. (In the movie, they eschew this measure and simply wear regular old shoes.)
All Witches have blue saliva. If a woman has a faint bluish tint to her teeth, she may be a Witch.
All Witches have very large, fluted nostrils and a highly developed sense of smell in order to sniff out children. Children smell like dog's droppings to them; if you don't wash very often, you can block the smell. This smell fades when you get older — presumably during puberty.
There have been announced plans for Guillermo Del Toro to make a stop-motion remake, presumably (given Del Toro's other work — remember Pan's Labyrinth?) with the book's more bittersweet ending intact.
Provides examples of:
Aerith and Bob: Book vs. movie. In the book, the grandmother's childhood friend was named Solveg, which is not a name used often in English speaking countries. In the movie, the same friend was renamed Erica, which is a much more common name and more familiar to English speakers, while still being Scandinavian.
In the beginning of the book, when the grandmother is telling Luke stories that she's heard about children abducted by witches, one of the stories is about a girl that appeared in a painting in her home. According to the grandmother, the painting changed constantly, from the girl being in the farmhouse to feeding ducks in the lake. She even grew up in the painting. And it's implied that she also died in the painting. The fact that her position in the painting changed means that the girl was conscious throughout her lifetime in it.
There's also the boy who was turned to stone. His parents used him as a hat rack.
And the two toads at the Grand High Witch's hotel room, implied to be cursed children, too. They are fed to seagulls
Bowdlerised: See above. Apparently, Dahl hated the ending of the film and stood outside cinemas with a megaphone, telling people not to see the movie. He was in his seventies at the time so he must have really hated it. Especially when you consider that he died later the same year, so he was probably ill at the time. He loved that Anjelica Huston was the Grand High Witch, though.
It's generally accepted in hindsight that you could never have gotten the original ending onto theater screens, which has slightly improved the film's standing. And his daughter is reported to have loved DelToro's script for the new movie, so there's that.
The UK version, in order to keep the movie to a PG rating, edited the film to remove two scenes: one that was Nausea Fuel (the Grand High Witch removing her wig and revealing a bloody scalp) and one that was Nightmare Fuel (Bruno writhing around on the ground in pain as he turns into a mouse).
The Grandmother also tells stories about children who get turned into fleas, slugs, hot dogs, pheasants, and (in one case) a chicken.
Bad Boss: The Grand High Witch, she kills so many witches that speak up for the smallest argument, making you wonder why that there are any left.
In the movie, she mistreats Miss Irvine, her assistant, throughout her service. The final straw comes when she refuses to let Irvine attend the RSPCC dinner, causing her to quit. Ironically, this enables Irvine to be the only witch to escape the mouse massacre.
Bittersweet Ending: Book only. the main protagonist, since the Grand High Witch didn't think of a cure in case a witch was accidentally turned into a mouse, so he comes to accept that he'll remain a mouse for the rest of his life which will only last nine years, due to his magically extended life as a transformed mouse (mice usually live three years). However, he's content that he won't outlive his grandmother.
Body Horror: Bruno's transformation and the Grand High Witch's face in both book and film, arguably worse in the latter, as it seems that both the nose and chin were forcibly shoved in order to get the mask to fit
Child Hater: As usual, Roald Dahl applies his favorite trope to the villains. And they're an EXTREME example.
And as usual for a Dahl book, the majority of adults come off this way to at least a mild degree (see: the examples of parents who just sort of go "oh well" when the witches do horrible things to their offspring).
Composite Character: In the book Grandmamma tells five stories about different children who were attacked by witches. The movie combines them all into her friend Erica.
Cool Old Lady: The grandmother is an awesome and wise former Witch Hunter who smokes cigars.
Cruel and Unusual Death: After one witch exclaims her astonishment at how big the Grand High Witch's plan is, she burns her alive with her eye beams...and threatens to do the same with her other followers.
Cultural Translation: (Movie) While the movie still takes place in Norway and the United Kingdom, and Luke's grandmother, Helga, is still Norwegian, Luke becomes American. This raises the question: Why did his parents want him brought up in England (in the book, it's implied that the boy is of Anglo-Norwegian descent)? Also at the end of the book, the boy and his grandmother plan to kill off the next Grand High Witch in Norway and use the information at her castle to track down all the Witches in the world. In the movie, Luke gets an address book with the names and addresses of all the Witches in the United States.
Darker and Edgier: Even with the tacked-on happy ending, the film is quite brutal and scary, especially for young kids. This is something else Dahl had a problem with, worried that it could seriously screw kids up.
Death by Irony: The Grand High Witch and the British witches, child-haters extraordinaire, meet their end at the hands (paws?) of a child they turned into a mouse.
Of course, the Witches' plot of children being turned into mice and then being killed by adults is what they planned for children, not them.
Does Not Like Shoes: The witches are a rare evil example — justified because of the shape of their feet.
Eye Beams: The Grand High Witch has this power, which she uses to disintegrate (or, as the witches put it, "fry") people. She makes a point of frying at least one witch during every Annual Meeting, to make sure the others don't slack off.
Fat Bastard: Bruno is the requisite mean gluttonous child found so often in Dahl's works. He's not nearly as bad as the Witches themselves, but he does seem to enjoy frying ants with magnifying glasses. This aspect of his personality is toned down considerably in the film, thus making what the witches do to him all the more horrifying.
Fisheye Lens: The witches, in closeup, when from a child POV.
Final Solution: The Grand High Witch plots the genocide of the children in England.
Fix Fic: The film could been seen as a controversial example, given that Dahl himself was upset at the writers inserting a character who, at the end found the boys and turned them back from mice to humans, going against the explicit ending of the book.
There's also the fact that it was a family film and really who'd want to see such a film end on such a depressing note.
Furry Confusion: Addressed. Child-mice can talk. Real mice cannot, as Luke finds out when he encounters his pet mice as a mouse himself.
Heel-Face Turn: Movie only, the last surviving witch in England inexplicably turns good at the end, and reverses (at least) Luke's mouse transformation.
Her dissatisfaction with her life as a witch was hinted at throughout the movie, but still it changed the message entirely, as Roald Dahl's outburst showed
Funetik Aksent: It's not said where the Grand High Witch is from but it is implied she's from Norway. She replaces her Ts with Zs and Ws with Vs. It doesn't in any way resemble a Norwegian accent, which is recognizable by more pronounced Rs and replacing Zs with Ss. Her accent resembles German more than anything else.
Hoist By Their Own Petard: The witches are all transformed into mice by the very potion that they hoped to use on children, especially the Grand High Witch
Invincible Villain: In-universe, the hero's grandmother sees the witches this way, mainly due to their leader. Fortunately, they are not, as the Grand High Witch kills them regularly, which makes one wonder why are any left, and especially when they fall for their scheme
Bond Villain Stupidity: The Grand High Witch releases the hero after she polymorphs him. Justified in that the hotel staff are mortally afraid of mice.
Karmic Death: The Grand High Witch is turned into a mouse and is then killed by the hotel staff, something she intended for all adults to do to their children.
Karma Houdini: According to the narrator, witches never get caught because they use magic to cover their tracks, so they can get away with killing children in disturbing ways by the books' end, it looks like they'll all get what's coming to them, via mouse transformation soup
Kick the Dog: The incineration scene, which happened because the Grand High Witch took lethal exception to one poor witch's reservations about getting rid of all of the children. Bad Boss indeed.
Latex Perfection: This is how the Grand High Witch disguises her true form. Justified in that it's rather implied that her mask is magical.
Magic Pants: Completely averted in the 1990 film. They even showed Luke naked when he gets turned back to human form. On the other hand, when the witches transform, they leave behind clothes, but don't seem to leave behind the wigs they wear to appear human, with the exception of the Grand High Witch.
Named by the Adaptation: See No Name Given below. Additionally the Grand High Witch is named Ms Eva Ernst, though it isn't said if this is her real name or just an alias she uses checking into the hotel.
The Napoleon: In the book the Grand High Witch is described as being shorter than the other witches, even the frail old ones.
Nice Mice: The little boy gets a pair of mice from his grandmother as a present. Basically Foreshadowing events to come.
No Name Given: (Book only) Luke and Helga only have names in the movie; in the book the protagonist is nameless and his Grandmother is just Grandma.
Noodle Incident: We never learn why Grandma is missing a thumb, though the book implies it involved Witches doing something horribly traumatic to her during her childhood.
Nothing Is Scarier: Part in-universe, part meta-example: We never find out why Grandma is missing a thumb, only that it involved a witch: how else would she know so much about witches? Her grandson's speculation includes such lovely possibilities as having it pulled out "like a tooth" or stuck in the spout of a teakettle until it was "steamed away." With this kind of inspiration, the reader's imagination comes up with something far more terrifying than anything that could have been in the story.
The fact that the Grand High Witch doesn't reveal her hands and feet in the book, implying she's got even more to hide, and going by her her worm eaten face, it's probably even worse.
Averted as both are shown in the film, which makes her all the more monstrous.
Obviously Evil: Double subverted with the Grand High Witch. When we initially see her, she has a rather pleasant appearance...then she removes her mask.
Oh Crap: When the little boy realizes that he is hidden in the back of a room with every single witch in Britain.
One-Gender Race: Witches are all women; Dahl mentions other all-male monster races in the book (ghouls, barghests) but says none of the races are as evil as Witches. However, in The BFG, another race — Giants, all male — make children in particular their victims.
Our Demons Are Different: They're described more like succubus, only more hideous, with the casual mention of the all male ghouls race. The fact that they can't detect, let alone reverse the formula of their mouse changing soup proves that they aren't nearly as powerful as the narrator's grandmother makes them out to be
Police Are Useless: Notable subversion, when one witch states that she's going to poison the children that buy sweets from her candy store, the Grand High Witch berates her for her stupidity, telling her that it wouldn't take long for the authorities to catch onto them if she did so.
Shapeshifting Excludes Clothing: In the movie adaptation, when someone is turned into a mouse, they leave their clothes behind. When this happens to Luke, the witches stomp on his clothes in an effort to kill him before he can escape.
Thoroughly averted in the book, where the clothes are explicitly said to disappear. After all, piles of clothing might lead to questions . . .