The afflicted are ageless, and one becomes 'afflicted' by drinking their blood; Elizabeth describes the transformation process to Alex Lowe as feeling like one is dying. Sunlight does not kill them, but they are irritated and weakened by it. They are superhuman, and have advanced healing, speed, and strength, but they are vulnerable to the same things that would kill a human; as one vampire explains to a new sire, vampires don't live forever by being stupid. They subsist on blood, but notably, they don't have fangs, instead accessing blood by either slicing their victims' necks the old-fashioned way (Elizabeth has a blade on her fingertip she uses for that purpose) or by draining it with a needle and syringe. Filtering blood through a dialysis machine also apparently enriches it. As seen with Valentino and Natacha, they can technically survive decades without blood; they just get really hungry and weak, to the point where they're basically in hibernation.
In Being Human, vampires need to eat, sleep and use the restroom in spite of being dead and having no heartbeat. They don't need to drink blood, but do experience intense cravings for it akin to an incurable drug addiction. They have to drink quite a lot of it to stave off their cravings, virtually assuring that they kill their victims. Blood that is not fresh gives them almost no relief. Their eyes go completely black when they're angered or feeding. Vampires are attached to their creator and are able to locate them from a distance. Sunlight causes them no ill effects, but they seem to have a mild dislike for it. A stake through the heart kills them. People wielding signs of faith (including holy symbols and recitations from the Bible) can ward them off, but they can overcome this problem for a short while after feeding. They need an invitation to enter homes, although the "Old Ones" have found out ways around this, and cannot be seen in recordings or reflections in silver-backed mirrors. Their reflections can, however, be seen in windows and on the chassis of cars. They can sense werewolves instinctively and see ghosts without effort. They are stronger and faster than humans, but not immensely so. They turn into dust when killed.
There are minor changes in the SyFy Channel remake. The physical need seems to be a larger component and they heal by drinking blood. Whether holy symbols affect them has not been addressed but Aidan was able to enter a church.
It has been established that articles of faith work if the person wielding them consider the vampire a threat. For instance, Aidan keeps watch over Josh's Star of David when Josh transforms, and it causes him no harm. Later in the series, Josh is able to repel some antagonistic vampires with the symbol. The reason given for it not harming Aidan is their close friendship and Josh not considering him a threat.
Blake's 7 had black-clad, emotionless super-troopers called Mutoids who nevertheless could get upset if one called them vampires. Oh, and they sometimes fed by sucking the blood out of humans.
In Blood Ties, vampires have some of the traditional weaknesses but none of the others. Sunlight burns (all vampires instinctively know when dawn is near), blood is necessary (although killing isn't), turning is done via the drink/give blood method, a vampire can be killed with a stake to the heart (or by punching through the heart with a fist), and religious symbols are useless (Henry wears a crucifix). Vampires are fast and strong. They can also hypnotize, although this, for some reason, fails to work on Vicki (possibly, due to her poor eyesight). All vampires are extremely territorial. It's almost impossible for two vampires to be in the same city without killing each other (unless the city is very big, then two or more vampires may divide it amongst themselves). This biological mechanism keeps the vampire population low. The territoriality only develops after about 6 months, allowing the newly-turned vampire to learn from his or her maker before being forced to leave. A human family is used to keep track of vampire habitats in order to avoid unnecessary rivalries, passing down the information from father to son and being called by a vampire who wants to move. The only known way of incapacitating a vampire appears to be the Iluminación del Sol, a Chinese-made device (named by a Spanish Inquisitor) that incapacitates a vampire when pressed into his or her chest.
At least one human was able to figure out how to keep himself alive for centuries through the use of vampire blood.
Interestingly, one episode shows that even a vampire is not immune to Medusa's gaze.
Buffyverse vampires are insanely allergic to wood. Some vampire legends required that a stake of ash wood severed from the tree by a bolt of lightning be driven through the heart, and that was just to keep the vampire in place. Buffyverse vampires however "dust" when stabbed in the heart with a pencil or chopstick, and crossbows are a common weapon despite their modern-day impracticality. You still have to hit the heart, though — Angel's taken wooden stakes in the neck, the arm, the shoulder, and in one case in the chest but just missing the heart, and was only mildly discomfited. The rib cage also seems to cave in immediately against wood, as vampires have been staked with relatively blunt wood objects, such as a snapped-off spatula handle or tree branch, and without much force behind the blow (Xander accidentally staking Jesse, in fact just any non-augmented human staking a vampire basically implies their ribs can't handle any damage from wood - at one point it's stated outright that wood goes through vampire flesh like a hot knife through butter). It does have to be wood and only wood, though. If anything else pierces their heart, they're discomfited, but still alive. Well, alive in an undead kind of way. Buffy seems to have a preternatural talent for hitting the heart, but that seems par for the course for her, one such talent among many.
Besides the influence of a Character Shield (Angel and Spike have both had some close brushes with heart stakage) vamps apparently build up some wood resistance over the years: Kakistos easily survived a common stake, and the Master, another particularly ancient vampire, died from being impaled on a thick broken table leg through the heart, being tossed down two stories from the roof into said table leg.
In the BtVS fifth-season opener "Buffy vs. Dracula", Dracula has some of the traditional vampire traits that other Buffyverse vampires don't, including shape-shifting and mesmerism. These "special powers" are dismissed by Spike as "Nothin' but showy gypsy stuff." In the Season 8 comic "Wolves at the Gate", Dracula elaborates that he went to great lengths to gain his special powers, but in Season 10 revealed the spells he used to gain his powers are mere window dressing intended to strengthen his power of will. Dracula is also more focused on romance than just finding food, liking to make a connection with his victims before he feeds on them. He also displays an immunity to being staked. When stabbed, he'll disintegrate like a normal vamp, but he can regenerate at will.
Drusilla, in "Becoming, Part 1", used a mesmerism-like power on Kendra, enabling Drusilla to kill her. Since only three vampires in the entire Buffyverse seem to have the ability of mesmerism (the Master, Dracula, and Drusilla, who was psychic before being vamped), it's possible that this is not a vampire ability at all, and instead is an unrelated magical or mystical ability. And Dracula's mesmerism apparently is different in some undefined way from the Master's and Drusilla, because after Buffy's first death she was immune to the Master's mental powers and later to Drusilla's, but still vulnerable to Dracula's.
One classic power is anti-lampshaded in the pilot, specifically to distinguish from The Movie:
Buffy: I looked around, but soon as they got clear of the graveyard, they could have just, voom! Xander: They can fly? Buffy: They can drive.
Vampires also seem to age by becoming more and more inhuman, and stronger as they do. It is unknown how old the Master is, but he has mutated to the point where his skin is wrinkled, his fingernails are claws, and has the general features of a bat. He is also faster than any other vampire and it took a broken table to kill him. Of course, it didn't take. In the Buffy Season 8 comics, he's alive and well again. Even then, he didn't fully turn to dust, just his flesh did, and the next episode was resolved by smashing his bones into dust with a sledgehammer to prevent any resurrection. Another vampire, Kakistos, had cloven hands and feet, and was large enough that a standard stake didn't reach his heart. Though he still turned to complete dust when a pole was shoved through his heart. Then, there are the completely monstrous Über-Vamps of the Turok-Han.
It seems as though the demon inside manifests more and more clearly as time goes by. This is explored by implication (rather than explicitly said) during the series 2 finale arc when Angel and his team end up in Pylea. Pylea shows an in-universe case of vampires being different in different dimensions. In Pylea, vampires can walk around in the sun and reflect. However, when they transform, they don't simply have a shadow of their beast on their face as is the case in the show's normal dimension: the demon fully manifests and what's revealed is pure monster. However, the traits normal vampires reveal and which become increasingly visible in older vampires such as the Master are clearly visible, such as the dramatic eye ridges and sharply pointed ears. If the Pylea experience is anything to go by then if a vampire in the normal world manages to become old enough even horns/spines will start manifesting eventually.
After seeing old newspaper shots of Angel, Cordelia remarks "It isn't that vampires don't photograph, they just don't photograph WELL."
One episode of Angel featured the "Prince of Lies", a Shout-OutCaptain Ersatz of Count Orlok from Nosferatu. He seemed senile and frail for a vamp, but he eventually flipped out and put up quite a fight.
Angel also showed vamps and their sires can sense each other in their dreams.
Healing Factor: Vampires heal from injuries quickly and can regenerate lost body parts. As long as the body part in question isn't the head; decapitation dusts a vampire just as quick as a stake through the heart.
In Season 9, vampires sired end up different to even "normal" Buffyverse vampires. Without the Seed of Wonder allowing demons to posses a sired body, vampires turn out mindless and feral. The Scoobies call them zompires (zombie/vampires).
In season 10, due to the new Seed of Wonder all newly sired vampires display powers different from both "common" vampires and zompires. They can shapeshift into wolves, panthers, bats and mist, they are immune to sunlight, and they are much harder to stake.
Charmed's Paige was partially turned into a vamp. They have a hierarchy similar to bees. In order to save Paige before she finished transforming, her sisters killed the vampire queen, freeing Paige and causing every other vampire in that clan to die instantly. They have the standard vampire weaknesses and their eyes are extremely sensitive to light making them wear sunglasses in bright places.
In "Justice is Served", a first-season episode of CSI, a nutritionist with Porphyria liquifies human organs and drinks them to get the enzymes she needs. Interestingly, porphyria is often cited as a possible influence for the creation of vampire myths, as the symptoms of some forms of it can mimic vampire traits; extreme pallor and sensitivity to light, receding gums which make the teeth appear longer, mental disturbances such as paranoia and hallucinations, etc. However, since vamps being harmed by sunlight is a recent invention, this speculation is questioned just as often.
CSI NY meanwhile, had a group of otherwise regular humans who belonged to a vampire church/religion group. Blood exchange was from consensual donors, and when someone is initiated into the group, they get a tattoo on the arm. It's based on a group that exists in Real Life.
In the serial "The Curse of Fenric", "Haemovores" can be repelled by a focus of belief. A Soviet soldier is therefore able to ward them off with a red star, while the Doctor can summon enough belief without a focus, by thinking of his companions. The doubting priest on the other hand has some trouble.
In the new series story "Smith and Jones", the blood-sucking Plasmavore (not the same kind of vampire) is impervious to sunlight, looks completely human, shows up on scanners as whatever species it most recently drank from, and drinks blood from human necks with a plastic bendy straw.
In Big Finish Doctor Who, one account claims the Vampires were originally a peaceful species that only fed on unintelligent beasts they bred. However they were attacked by Rassilon, who took their power of regeneration for the Time Lords. The vampire Provost Tepesh is played by Colin Baker.
In the Fourth Doctor Adventures story "White Ghosts," we meet humans who have genetically spliced themselves with bats in order to survive on a dark, low-oxygen planet — side effects include vulnerability to light and a taste for blood...
Double The Fist gives us pale, naked humans who use their capes to glide, as well as the basic fangs and sunlight allergy. They are also invisible on camera, and have fangs on their penises, according to the DVD commentary. The Crazy Awesome character of Mephisto was originally intended to be a vampire, but actor and special effects man Doug Bayne missed that brainstorming session. That this gone through, their vampires would have also had aids and their own cult.
Earth: Final Conflict has introduces the Atavus (again) in its final season. Unlike the other 2 times they introduced them, these Atavus look very similar to humans (but with slight animalistic characteristics) and do not possess the Shaqarava - an organ possessed by several species (and Liam Kincaid) that allows energy to be channeled through the palms. They have extendable glowing claws that, apparently, rip into the victim's soul and drain the life force. This is their main method of feeding. Projectile weapons have no effect on the Atavus due to their Healing Factor and semi-Energy Being nature. Energy weapons work fairly well, though, although you're unlikely to get a One-Hit Kill, except with the Hand Cannons introduced in the series finale. The Atavus cannot turn a human into one of them. However, they can use their stasis pods to turn a human into a human/Atavus hybrid. They can (and need to) feed as the Atavus but look human. They are also loyal to their masters. Being aliens, the Atavus are not repelled by any vampire wards. It's also mentioned that the Atavus don't need to feed on living beings on their homeworld.
It's implied that these Atavus don't have the Shaqarava because they came to Earth before the Taelon/Jaridian split on their homeworld and the introduction of the Shaqarava by the Kimera. The other 2 times we see the Atavus, they may be the Taelon-specific variant after the Kimera "adjustments" but before the introduction of the Commonality. It's implied that there's some sort of natural energy field on the Atavus homeworld that keeps them fed.
Forever Knight: The show's vampires are rather traditional in many ways. They are vulnerable to fire, sunlight,garlic, stakes and crosses (and other holy objects...the Egyptian sun disk affected Divia the same way as a cross would have) They can fly and have a sort of infrared heat vision when vamped out. They get yellow eyes when vamped out. Usually they don't show up in mirrors, but Nick does due to his humanity (and budget constraints). He also has something of a tolerance where holy objects are concerned,though not for long. Turning, or 'bringing across' requires the usual mutual blood exchange. And a newborn vamp that eats something other than human gets fixated on that species, and they're called a carouche. The vampirism is mostly scientific, related to an alteration in DNA or RNA, and at least one drug can reverse it, but it creates an addiction to the drug then. It's also possible to become human through a process involving a bond with a human, and a severe emotional trauma. They share a mindlink with sires, siblings and children that lets them sense their presence. And they can survive as an essence if there's evil energy around and revive, like Divia did. Oh, and apparently, drinking animal blood will feed them, but it leaves them a bit weaker than their human-drinking counterparts. They have a strict code of masquerade maintenance as well.
They are called Culebras, the Spanish word for snake, which they resemble closely instead of bats. They have fangs that fold into their palates instead of retracting into their gums and inject venom. They also have snake-like scales and skin when transformed.
They are unaffected by crosses.
Bullets can hurt and incapacitate them but they can only be killed by destroying their hearts, at which point their bodies turn to dust.
They can walk in the sunlight without much trouble if they have fed recently, but eventually it starts to burn them.
According toWord of God, the creatures are in fact not really vampires, but something very similar and more ancient.
Grimm has Murcielagos, if as is stated in-univere Wesens inspired the different creatures of folklore, then Murcielagos looks a lot like the classic Nosferatu and could also be the inspiration for the turning-into-bat part of the myth, in a similar way how the Blutbad was the inspiration for the werewolf myth.
Kamen Rider Kiva has the Fangires (a portmanteau of Fang and Vampire), stained-glass based creatures (resembling different animals and monsters) that can masquerade as humans and suck the "life energy" of their victims out through "phantom" fangs that appear above their heads, turning the victims transparent, as a result. They're also the strongest and most prolific of the 13 Demon Races in the show's setting, having dealt with most of the others one way or another (nearly wiping out the Wolfen, Merman, and Franken races and actually having wiped out the Goblins centuries ago).
It should be noted most of the Demon Races drain life energy from their victims (Wolfen rip the life force out of their body and drain it out through touch), but the Fangire are the only ones explicitly based off vampires.
Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger: Comic relief simian-looking villain Totbat is a vampire. He doesn't need blood, given that he's never drank it even once, but he wants to. Sunlight has no ill effect on him or anything, and the fact that he's a vampire only comes up one time. In fact, it was such a minor aspect that it was dropped from his Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers counterpart Baboo.
Koishite Akuma (The Loving Demon) is a Japanese vampire drama similar to Twilight: the new boy in town is a budding vampire who falls in love with a human at school and struggles with his urges to guzzle blood and sleep in coffins.
The L Word introduces the character of Uta Refson (Nosferatu backwards) a BDSM gothic-looking Lesbian who Alice thinks is a vampire. Of course, as it's a realistic series the exact nature of her vampirism is left for the audience to figure out, for example Alice thinks Uta doesn't have a reflection but it's just because a mistake, on the other hand Uta does seems to have superhuman strength.
Lost Tapes has two vampiric animal monsters as antagonists. The first are featured in the episode "Cave Demons" as nearly man-sized semi-vampiric/predatory bats with impressive wingspreads. The second was out and out called a vampire and is a horrible brutally animalistic, but living, creature the feeds on blood from humans and small animals it can catch. The episode also portrays its lair as something akin to a raccoon's or a pack rats, as it lives in the basement of a old home. There's a third vampire, the Strigoi, which is a supernatural creature, capable of invisibility, shape-shifting, and other supernatural powers.
In The Middleman, vampires can tell all about a victim from one sip of blood, including their motivations and thoughts. And they can only be killed by a stake of purest Carpathian wood. And sometimes their souls can get trapped in evil puppets.
In the Monsters episode "Shave and a Haircut, Two Bites", a couple of teenage boys investigate the local barbershop, noticing that the barbers have been around for a very long time without aging and that customers sneak in carrying large bottles of blood. One of them is convinced that the barbers are vampires, while his friend (the narrator who is recounting this tale from his youth to a barber) thinks he's nuts. It turns out that the barbers aren't vampires, but they are in league with one. The barbers explain to the narrator that vampires used to be the stereotypical monsters seen in classic horror films, but over the centuries they have become giant near-immobile leeches. The barbers of the world are the vampires' caretakers — they and their customers give large quantities of their own blood to the vampires in exchange for small quantities of the vampires' blood which allows humans to live for a very long time (hence why the barbers don't seem to age). The barbers try to convince the narrator and his friend to join them by letting them taste their master's blood. In the present day, it's shown that the two accepted the offer.
Vampires in Moonlight can go about during the day provided they keep mostly covered up. They have a drink/drinkback siring process, and a special "vampire face" as in BTVS. They must rest in a cold place, typically a freezer or an ice bath. They can be photographed digitally, but not with any silver emulsion, nor do they reflect in silver mirrors (modern aluminum mirrors haven't been brought up). They also have a strict code of ethics aimed at preserving the Masquerade and enforced by hot vampire chicks, but that's another trope entirely.
There are a couple more differences between this show's mythos and traditional vampire stories. Garlic has no effect on vampires. Silver is toxic, but not immediately fatal. It will kill a vampire given sufficient time or amount. A stake through the heart paralyzes them, but remove the stake and they get better. Fire and decapitation still work, though.
Fire was used during the Reign of Terror in France to weed out and eliminate vampires, as fire would instantly turn any part of the body coming in contact with it to ash, while a human would only get a nasty blister and charred skin. This explains the most common ways to execute people during that time: burning at the stake and the guillotine. It is revealed that the entire French royal family was made up of vampires. Those of that line can also resist fire. Lance was shown to be immune to it, and Coraline survived being in a room on fire.
While there is no permanent cure for vampirism, a rare compound was developed during the Reign of Terror that temporarily suppresses the vampires' true nature. For all intents and purposes, they become human. They have no fear of sunlight, fire, or silver, can eat normal food, do not need to cool down during the day, etc. However, they also lose their superhuman abilities, such as strength, speed, and smell. A vampire who has temporarily become human can be re-turned by another vampire.
60s family sitcom The Munsters has friendly vampires. The Dracula part of the family is made of vampires and werewolves. Lily Munster, the family's matriarch and her father Sam Dracula a.k.a. Grandpa are vampires. Marilyn presumably is a vampire too as she is the daughter and granddaughter of vampires (though she is a "deform" vampire and therefore looks like a perfectly normal human girl for her family's dismay). Eddie, Lily's son, is a werewolf but has some vampiric behaviors. Vampires in this universe have no problem with sunlight, seem to be immortal but can grow old with time and don't need human blood to survive though, they do like it. The Grandpa in particular can also turn into bat and wolf.
The vamps in My Babysitter's a Vampire have most of the strengths and weaknesses of the standard vamps but can go out in sunlight, although they wear sunglasses. They can't change shape but can fly, can be destroyed by holy water (the Vampire Hunter 's sidearm of choice being a Super Soaker filled with it), and can live on animal blood or in extreme circumstances normal food.
Vampires in Penny Dreadful are very similar to the classic Victorian vampire, as the series is based on the original literature of the period. Vampires are shown to be dwellers of dark places, act a lot like animals and can't pass as normal humans as they look too pale and sick, except for their leader, Dracula, who apparently is Lucifer's brother.
Count Nocturne from Power Rangers Turbo is a vampire Monster of the Week who was transformed from a lunar bat. He manages to bite Carlos, starting to turn the teen into a vampire as well. The other Rangers are able to subdue their friend and Alpha administers a temporary antidote that breaks Carlos free. It starts to wear off during the fight, but Carlos is able to resist long enough to blow the Count up with the Rescue Turbo Megazord. This breaks the spell.
In Power Rangers Mystic Force, Necrolai is the queen of vampires. Being the queen makes her and those directly sired by her immune to the usual weaknesses. She herself gets true immortality as a perk: no matter how thoroughly you destroy her and no matter what Applied Phlebotinum you use to do it, she'll re-form. However, a little while after her Heel–Face Turn, she transformed into a human after using her stored Life Energy to bring those who'd died during the Grand Finale battle back to life, apparently losing her powers. It would seem that role has fallen to her daughter Leelee Pimvare now, since the Book of Prophecy says she will become the new queen. When it comes to turning others into vampires, any vampire can do that, it seems, but they will have the weaknesses - there was a rush to take down the vampire Monster of the Week (whose monster form is actually based on a venus flytrap) before dawn, lest all the newly created vampire minions get nuked.
Quantum Leap also has a vampire episode. Sam enters the body of the vampire, though he's skeptical about the existence of vampires and he thinks is only a man with a vampire fetish. Al, on the other hand, is convinced that is real. As in other examples, the series ends with the classic is not a vampire... or is it?
Sabrina the Teenage Witch features a vampire who follows the Bela Lugosi mold to a T, though he's also a professional actor, so he may be hamming it up on purpose. He's repulsed by garlic and mirrors, and immune to witch-magic. Sabrina kills him by driving a steak through his heart. A porterhouse steak. Magic in the Sabrinaverse is largely based on wordplay.
Vampires in Sanctuary once ruled the world due to being better than humans in pretty much every way (getting thrown off a skyscraper fails to faze one). Eventually the other species rose up and wiped them out but their genes lived on in a few families. Nikola Tesla accidentally turned himself into one when he injected the last remaining vampire blood into himself. They have spikes that come out of their fingers, hugely dilated eyes and ignore sunlight.
These vampires cannot be staked. In his first appearance, Tesla was impaled against a cave wall and was mildly annoyed (ruined a good suit). He was then impaled by Druitt's hand and was thought to have been killed until revealed to have survived. Explosions, especially of the nuclear kind, work well, though.
Amusingly, Tesla is prone to ranting about the various misconceptions that the media holds about vampires, claiming the fact that his kind are believed to be allergic to garlic and able to transform into bats at will is "beyond insulting." He also states that holy water does nothing more than leave a bad taste in a vampire's mouth, and claims that many vampiric weaknesses are simply propaganda spread by the church.
There's also more to turning a human into a vampire than a simple bite. Tesla worked for decades trying to figure out how to make more like him without the source blood.
He ends up injecting a bunch of spoiled rich kids with a virus that will slowly, over decades, turn them into vampires (although without Tesla's electric powers). Then one of them has a car accident, causing the virus to instantly turn him. He proceeds to kill his friends, who have also undergone the "drug rehab treatment". They accidentally, kill another guy when they assume that biting will work, but then one of them, a pre-med, quickly figures out Tesla's method and copies it.
Naturally, Tesla has a device that can be activated with his electric powers and turn a vampire back into a human. Bad news is, one of the teens uses the device to turn Tesla back into a human, although his electric power turns into a magnetic one. Later, after finding frozen bodies of actual vampires, Tesla injects himself with the blood of a vampire queen and is re-turned.
On an early 1990s Saturday Night Live episode hosted by James Woods, Woods played a vampire who, before biting a potential female victim's neck, screens them for AIDS by asking questions about their past sexual partners and even takes the blood to a lab to get it checked. By the time all that is finished and he's ready to feed on her, the sun rises and kills him.
Sesame Street: Tragically few details are given about the specific vampiric nature of Count von Count, but he is known to have the obsessive-compulsive bit (as his name suggests, he loves counting things, even to the exclusion of going after victims) and is suggested to have control of the weather (as Dramatic Thunder can always be heard whenever he laughs). Uniquely, he also has purple skin, although whether this is a result of vampirism, puppet-ism, or the combination of the two is unknown. He has been seen in the sun, although, again, his lack of actual skin brings into question whether other vampires of his world are similarly immune or if it is a puppet advantage.
In the Star Trek episode "The Man Trap", there was a "salt vampire" (a Fan Nickname for what was officially called "the M-113 Creature") that could look like its victim's ideal love/sex object. This allowed it to find victims when straight salt wasn't available.
Since Kryptonite Is Everywhere in Smallville, it makes perfect sense that a girl named BuffySanders in a vampire sorority was bitten by a mutated bat from a cave with meteor-rock infected stalactites. She is vaporized by Lana, who gained heat vision after biting Clark. There is also a cure for this.
Stargate Atlantis has a race of beings known as the Wraith. The Wraith were once insects who evolved to a human-like state, but still retain their most basic instincts, which is to feed off of beings by sucking the life force (literally) out of your body with their hands, to rejuvenate their own life. Doing so renders them biologically immortal, some having been around for many thousands of years. It is unknown whether a Wraith can starve to death although there is an instance where one went delirious and spoke in haikus. Feeding causes the target to age rapidly until they die; even partially fed victims die most of the time due to the levels of trauma involved. In fact, the human body would shut down far too fast for their liking, were it not for the special enzyme transferred into the victim that makes them somewhat more resistant to it. Said enzyme is produced by a set of glands in their forearms and can be used as a highly addictive combat drug for humans.
It is said that Wraiths have a Healing Factor dependent on when they fed last. A well-fed Wraith can knock humans across walls and swallow up to forty bullets before dying - as Sheppard puts it, "I can see you just fed which means your regenerative powers are at their highest... but I seriously doubt you can grow a new head". However, their physiology is similar enough to humans that Wraith weapons designed to stun humans work on their owners as well. Additionally, a retrovirus can suppress the insect DNA, transforming the Wraith in question into a regular human with amnesia (temporarily unless a viral inhibitor dose is also used regularly).
They're known to have a great weakness: a virus that makes a human not only immune to Wraith feeding, it also kills the offending Wraith. Plus, although they have a hive-like hierarchical society, they are quite willing to kill each other or resort to cannibalism if there's not enough food for all of them (as in the case of the show). In a sharp difference to vampires from other fiction, Wraiths can actually reverse the feeding process and transfer their own life force into someone else to heal them and restore their youth. They never do this lightly and reserve it to their closest worshippers and comrades only. Another weakness is revealed later: Wraith children are omnivores and can sustain themselves on any kinds of normal food but once they reach puberty, their digestive tract reverts to a dormant state. Hence the need for vampirism. In the final season, a modified version of the Wraith-to-human retrovirus is available to leave the subject as a Wraith but removes their feeding orifice, reactivating their digestive tract instead.
One episode shows a high-ranking Wraith regularly visiting a human world for a fine dinner with (presumably) wine. While it provides no nourishment to him, he is shown enjoying the sensation. This implies that the digestive tract is working but doesn't provide the required nutrients.
So Weird: Fiona's family nearly falls victim to a group of vampires. None of the traditional vampire wards work — she tries crosses, holy water, and garlic. What does work is an angel necklace given to her brother by his girlfriend. Later, Fiona speculates that it worked because the pendant was a symbol of love.
Supernatural's vampires were intended to lack several traits of vampires seen in other media, so they tend to be, well, different, aside from being undead and feeding on blood. They have normal human teeth and a retractable second set of pointed teeth used to bite people. Strong weakness to sunlight? The worst they get is a bad sunburn and the first time vampires are seen in the series, one of them is actually seen outside in the day with no problems caused by doing so. Killed by stakes? Nope. Repelled by crosses? Nope. In fact, one of them wore a cross around her neck! In addition, dead men's blood is poisonous to them, so they're required to drink blood fresh from living prey. Humans are turned into vampires if they ingest the blood of a vampire or it comes into contact with an open wound.
The episode "Monster Movie" has the Winchesters fight Dracula, who is a Classical Movie Vampire and completely different from any other vampires on the show. Because he's not a vampire, he's a shapeshifterpretending to be Dracula, as well as several other movie monsters, like The Wolfman 1941.
The Strain has somewhat traditional vampires (burned by sunlight, vulnerable to silver, etc.), except that the vampirism is spread by virus-carrying worms. The vampires also have long, tongue-like "stingers," and appear on video and in reflections (although their images seem to vibrate in silver mirrors). The show hasn't yet addressed the effects of crosses or garlic.
In True Blood, the invention of synthetic blood by a Japanese scientist (ostensibly for transplant patients) has allowed vampires to "come out of the coffin" to the mainstream public. All they have to do is drink TruBlood (now sold as a soft drink in most restaurants) and can "mainstream" more or less successfully, though a human notes "Imagine you suddenly can't eat any of your favorites foods, and have to spend the rest of your life drinking SlimFast." There are references throughout the series to a Vampire Rights movement, along with a Vampire Rights Amendment (VRA) working its way through Congress. Much of the conflict of the show deals with people's well-intentioned desire to treat vampires like normal people, but begrudging acceptance that they are still instinctive predators, and thus have to be evaluated on an individual basis. Vampire traits:
They are immune to crosses, holy water, can travel freely, don't need to sleep in coffins, and can be seen by cameras and mirrors. Garlic, while not lethal, is very irritating to them. Bill Compton explains that most vampiric rumors were actually invented by vampires themselves in order to trick potential victims into lowering their guard or use them as a proof of their humanity if they were forced to prove it. Vamps are still allergic to the sun, and their weakness to it actually increases with age. They have to sleep somewhere during the day, preferably underground, though Bill sleeps under old floorboards in his closet. Silver burns their skin and completely paralyzes them. In the first episode, Bill is essentially chained to the floor by a silver necklace draped across his wrists and neck.
Staking and decapitation has definite death potential for a vampire. However, in contrast with most modern vampire stories where a staked vamp either turns to dust or simply drops dead, True Blood vampires explode in a fountain of blood and viscera when staked, leaving behind a disgusting, corn syrupy mess that's an absolute bitch to clean up.
Another major plot point of the series is the effect of vampire blood on humans. When drunk by a human who has been drained by the same vampire, the human in question will eventually become one too. However, when drunk by a human after suffering serious injuries, vampire blood has healing properties, and can rescue humans that have suffered severe (non-vampire-related) blood loss. Finally, when taken by humans as a narcotic (also known as V or V-juice), vampire blood has hallucinatory effects and leads to a greatly increased libido. However, Jason takes too much of the stuff and suffers a vicious case of priapism. Don't know what that is? Good.
The vampires also need a formally worded invitation before they can enter a human residence, and said invitation can be rescinded at any time, whereupon the vampire gets picked up and physically hurled from the house by an invisible forcefield.
However, nothing prevents a vampire from forcing a human to invite him or her. In one episode, Bill hypnotizes a little girl into inviting him when her father refuses invitation. It's unclear if one denizen of the residence can rescind an invitation given by another. In another episode, Eric physically threatens Sookie (who is on her porch) and demands to be allowed in her home. However, this is only because he hears a noise inside and believes someone wants to hurt her. He's right, there's a werewolf hiding inside.
Drinking fairy blood gives a vampire temporary immunity to sunlight and it can have similar effects on vampires as V does to humans.
Ultraviolet has "leeches" (vampires) who are susceptible to ultraviolet rays (found in sunlight), do not show up on any electrical or photographic audiovisual equipment (they can't even use telephones without an electronic speech synthesiser), and are injured by carbon-based bullets. They also violently burn to ash when killed by any means, with enough energy discharged to cause serious damage to anything too close, but if another vampire spills blood on their remains they can regenerate, which is why the vampire hunters must gather up the ashes and keep them locked away. They appear to have super healing, but damage done by sunlight never heals. However, they are visually identical to humans, and don't even have fangs.
The vampire in The Vampyr: A Soap Opera has a special condition for remaining a vampire: he must kill three women in three nights, or he is doomed to hell. This idea comes from John Polidori's "The Vampyre" and its theatrical adaptations, especially the opera Der Vampyr upon which the miniseries is based. Additionally in Der Vampyr (and originally from The Vampyre), vampires can be injured by normal weapons, but heal when they lay in the moonlight.
To turn someone into a vampire they must first drink vampire blood and then die, but they're not out of the woods just yet. After death they will be in a stage called "transition" which lasts about a day before the person in question either dies or chooses to drink human blood and thus completes the "transition", becoming a full vampire. On top of this, drinking vampire blood causes humans to gain a temporary sort of Healing Factor. The reverse is true for vampires, who ordinarily have a Healing Factor (they can even regenerate their eyes), but heal even faster after consuming human blood.
They cannot have children.
They have a weakness towards decapitation and fire. ((The early episodes implied that Damon could control animals such as a crow, but that has been mostly dropped.)
They have reflections and appear on camera and don't appear abnormally pale. The oldest (and thus strongest) vampires are capable of surviving even fatal weaknesses like wooden stakes, and can compel or hypnotize other vampires.
In the Korean sitcom Vampire Idol (뱀파이어 아이돌), the crown prince of planet Vampiritus and his three trusty body guards come to Seoul to see a K-pop concert because there's No Such Thing as Alien Pop Culture, and end up stranded on Earth. This alien species has many of the standard vampire traits — glowing eyes, fangs, immortality, nigh invulnerability, and special powers (the three body guards have respectively, super intelligence, super hearing, and super strength and reflexes) — but have adapted beyond the need to drink blood. The renowned founder of their society led them to enlightenment ala Surak of Vulcan, and now they have all but suppressed their barbaric cravings for blood and subsist on synthetic blood substitutes. Being aliens, these vampires are not undead but born that way, and their bite cannot turn humans into vampires. The show loves to poke fun at modern vampire tropes:
The standard fashion on Vampiritus is over-the-top cheesy goth, black leather and guyliner galore.
The four stranded vamps stay with their contact on earth, an older vampire that has been living there for 2000 years. He is married to a human woman, but the natural consequences of an immortal being marrying a human are dryly highlighted as he is forced to pretend his much older looking wife is actually his mother in public and escape her fawning attempts to attract him in private.
One of the chores they are given is to peel garlic.
An episode of Weird Science had Gary and Wyatt ask Lisa to make them into vampires for the sex appeal. (Lisa ends up turning herself as well.) After doing so, they discover that there really are vampires in the world. All of the traditional traits seem to apply. However, there is one major difference between these vampires and Gary, Wyatt, and Lisa: Gary and Wyatt are turned off by the bloodlust and ask Lisa to replace it with something else. Thus, they become vampires with Yoo-Hoo lust.
In Wizards of Waverly Place vampires are extremely fast, are repelled by both garlic and pumpkins (Why people created jack o' lanterns) can go out in the day if they avoid direct sunlight and sleep in coffins. They can turn into bats or just make their arms into batwings so they can fly.
One episode of The X-Files had Mulder and Scully investigate a series of vampire-like tourist killings in a small town. They went to investigate, and it turns out the entire town was vampires. They were able to go out in daylight, and even eat normal food. They also had OCD, which saved a drugged Mulder's life when he threw a bag of sunflower seeds at the one malicious vampire instead of grabbing his gun. He then blacks out, and comes to just after the vampire has finished and is about to bite him. Mulder is trapped in a trailer while the entire town surrounds it, and wakes up the next morning in their rental car, with the entire town gone. Scully, meanwhile, had a very informative chat with the local sheriff - right before he drugged her, while explaining that the vampire that had gone after Mulder and other victims "just isn't who we are any more. Still, though he is a moron, he is one of ours".
Another episode, 3 (not starring Scully; she missed that episode) starred three vampires and a vampire wannabe. These vampires always killed their food, and were extremely vulnerable to sunlight. Exactly how you turn someone into a vampire isn't clear (the usual blood sharing is presumably required), the final step requires them to kill someone who truly believe that vampires exist. More interestingly, they cannot be permanently killed by any non-vampires, though this is their only real super power aside from being a little stronger and tougher than normal humans.
This same episode has one of the vampires claim that he can't be seen in mirrors; An uncharacteristically skeptical Mulder surreptitiously holds up a metal lighter while turning away and sees said vampire's reflection. While it's never explained, it's possible this means that the whole "no reflection" thing strictly applies to proper mirrors, not other reflective surfaces.
Vampires from Young Dracula have most of the stereotypical abilities and weaknesses, except for the ability to throw fireballs. There's also no mention of them being affected by holy symbols, garlic and garlic juice being used instead, presumably to avoid offending anyone. They can also be born mostly human until they're exposed to their Superpowered Evil Side. Not being able to travel over water was brought up in one episode as a minor plot point.