"Even the theatrical release of The Shawshank Redemption had a TNT logo in the corner!"This is a subindex to Vindicated by History. These are films that usually bombed at the box office in first-run and might otherwise have been left to rot in the dust bin of history. Not all of them did, though. Through frequent airings on premium or basic cable channels because they're cheap, handy filler, they gather a devoted audience that sees its entertainment value despite the obvious flaws. Sometimes, these films bombed when they were first released and were just misunderstood at the time, but a later time period and cable made them popular. Other times, the show in question is aired so often that viewers mistakenly believe it must be some sort of classic...so they keep watching and rewatching it to the point that it does become a classic. This can also happen to a film if it gets featured on Mystery Science Theater 3000, and, in fact, is the cause of many a Missing Episode of said series; after a movie was MiSTied, it often gained in popularity, which raised the price for the rights beyond what Best Brains (or Rhino/Shout Factory) was able to pay. An interesting effect of this process can happen when the TV rights to sequels of classic movies are cheaper than the rights to the original movie. Thus, while the original was already popular, for generations who grew up after its release, their largest exposure to the franchise is often the sequels. Thus, for certain groups, otherwise detested sequels can be viewed through Nostalgia Goggles. Compare Critical Dissonance, Quality by Popular Vote. Vindicated by Reruns is the television counterpart.
— Jebidiah Atkinson, Weekend Update
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Anime and Manga
- MD Geist got surprisingly good ratings on Sci Fi Channel, and when 7chan was exposed to it through their "Channel 7" streaming TV service, the turnout was rather impressive. The DVD has since been re-released by ADV Films after being out of print for years, partly due to the Sci Fi turnout.
- Betterman was (and still is) a rather obscure anime series when in came to America back in 2002. The reason why anyone today even knows of the series is thanks to the Tech TV Anime Unleashed broadcasts.
- Robotech could be classed as this in the UK, seeing as the full series never got released either on terrestrial TV or on video (only the first 2 episodes, the Codename:Robotech feature-length pilot, and the obscure Robotech The Movie), though was shown on various cable channels throughout the '80s and '90s.
- Despite its paramount success in Japan, Princess Mononoke was a box office bomb in the United States, in part due to Hayao Miyazaki insisting that the English dub be released unedited.note Luckily, its immense critical acclaim gave it newfound success from television syndications and home media releases, bringing it on par with its Japanese performance by becoming the highest-selling anime production of 2001, and quite likely paving the way for the runaway success Spirited Away, Studio Ghibli's following release, became.
- Genesis of Aquarion is a comparatively rare example of Vindicated By Theme Song - despite being helmed by Macross creator Shoji Kawamori, the series largely flew under the radar until 2007, when the usage of its Yoko Kanno-penned opening song in a pachinko game commercial catapulted the song to triple platinum status and Aquarion itself back into the limelight, leading to first an OAV series and later the 2012 TV continuation Aquarion EVOL.
Film — Animation
- Since it couldn't compete with Disney's The Little Mermaid, All Dogs Go to Heaven was a failure in cinemas. However, home-video rentals made this movie a bestseller in the market, a Cult Classic among animation buffs and consequently a popular entry in the Don Bluth canon.
- Warner Bros. has a bad track record with this:
- Cats Don't Dance was a box-office flop, buried in an Easter-weekend release by Warner Bros. (as Time Warner had just merged with Turner, which made the movie), with scant advertising and a barely promoted Subway tie-in. At the time, the only people really talking about it were the animation community (who went on to award it the Annie for Best Picture) and the Furry Fandom. Eventually, the film did become a Cult Classic after its subsequent video release, and airings on HBO and Cartoon Network (presumably trying to make up for their corporate cousin's failure).
- The Iron Giant failed at the box office thanks to Warner Bros having no faith in the movie. Fortunately, one of those who did see it was Ted Turner, who loved it so much that he had Cartoon Network run a 24-hour marathon of it on Thanksgiving... a tradition that still runs to this day (back when he saw it he was still running his own company, he left after the disastrous AOL/Time Warner merger). It's easy to see why this film in particular would complement Thanksgiving day — the vague 1950's small-town America setting is plump with nostalgia, and the plot is a wholesome Boy and His Robot story, which only reveals more layers as the viewers grow up.
- The Powerpuff Girls Movie had a decent reception with critics and fans, but with Warner Bros. opting to market the Live-Action Adaptation of Scooby-Doo instead, it was opened against Star Wars: Attack of the Clones. Despite heavy promotion on Cartoon Network, it bombed at the box office. Home video and showings on Cartoon Network and Boomerang helped it gain a strong audience.
- Several of the 2000s Disney Movies, formerly considered to be part of the Dork Age like Atlantis: The Lost Empire, Brother Bear, and Treasure Planet have all been received a much better rep outside of theaters.
- The Swan Princess bombed at the box office, but made enough money on home video to spawn four sequels.
- Despite receiving wide acclaim, Winnie-the-Pooh made just enough money to make up its $30 million budget due to Disney releasing it in the middle of the summer blockbuster season. It managed to become a big seller on Blu-ray/DVD.
- The combination of a bigger budget than its predecessor and being released by a studio (Cinema Center Films) on its last legs helped doom Snoopy, Come Home at the box office in 1972. It gained belated success after being frequently featured on HBO in the 80s and Disney in the 90s.
- Batman: Mask of the Phantasm performed badly at the box office when released in theaters, due to poor advertising on WB's part, but made a profit of millions when available on video the following year.
Film — Live-Action
- Comedy Central seems to have rescued Accepted. Previously, PCU was equally Adored by the Network.
- As with many of the other examples on this page, The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension was an obvious cult film that its studio unwisely tried to sell to a mainstream audience. It only made $6 million (on a $17 million budget) in theaters. It finally found its cult on cable.
- The 1994 comedy Airheads bombed at the box office and was thrashed by critics. But due to the fact that it was played heavily on Comedy Central during the mid-1990s it has managed to achieve Cult Classic status — especially among fans of hard rock and Heavy Metal music, due to all the rock & roll in-jokes and the cameos by famous rock musicians.
- Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery did alright at the box office (it recouped its budget), but not exceptionally. It was only when it reached home video that it became a pop culture touchstone and received a sequel.
- The Beastmaster was a critical and box office failure upon its 1982 release, grossing just $3 million against a $9 million budget. However, it subsequently received significant cable airplay, notably HBO and TBS, where it became a TV mainstay and viewer favorite. Its replay was so common that some waggishly dubbed TBS "The Beastmaster Station", and HBO "Hey, Beastmaster's On". Some people might find it hard to believe, but in 1993, The Beastmaster was playing somewhere in the United States, every hour, for two months. This might not actually be a joke.
- Big Fat Liar was a success at the box office, but it received mixed reviews from critics. Disney Channel's airings in the mid-2000s helped make it a viewer favorite.
- Black Dynamite was a flop at the box office due to poor marketing and a distributor change a few months before release, but it got noticed through DVD and airings on the Starz network, which led to an animated series being greenlighted by [adult swim].
- Blade Runner's theatrical release was on the last weekend of July 1982, a now-legendary summer of blockbusters, most in the sci-fi/fantasy/horror vein (E.T. was king, but it was also the year of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan and Poltergeist). Trailing stories of its lengthy Troubled Production, it premiered to disappointing reviews that did, however, mention its visual splendor but found everything else moribund. It did poorly, but thanks to this trope and home video it was seen as one of the decade's most influential films by the end of the 1980s.
- BloodRayne made less than $4 million at the box office worldwide, against its $25 million production budget - yet its near-immediate release to airings on Syfy (and better-than-expected DVD sales) exposed it to bad-movie connoisseurs and justified two direct-to-video sequels.
- Attempting to mimic the success of The Kings of Comedy Tour, The Blue Collar Comedy tour bombed in theaters, but did much better on DVD. The two followup movies bypassed the theaters completely after it was realized their audience didn't want to see it in theaters.
- The Breakfast Club had a tough time competing with Beverly Hills Cop, and didn't make as much money as people expected it to. It wasn't until the film hit VHS that it became the teenage classic it is today.
- Scrooge (1951) was a box-office disappointment when released. After being on cable for a few years, it went on to become a classic and considered one of the best adaptations of A Christmas Carol.
- A Christmas Story. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the film began airing quietly on the "superstations" WTBS and WGN as a Thanksgiving movie, where it started to grow in popularity. Because it was a seasonal movie, the studio only ran it for a couple of weeks in December during its original release, so it owes all of its reputation to cable, video and word-of-mouth.
- Citizen Kane. While it had received much critical acclaim and nine Oscar nominations (though it only won for Best Original Screenplay), during its release, it was far from a box office hit, due largely to William Randolph Hearst using his media empire to bury and smear the film due to its unflattering portrayal of him. It quickly dropped out of the public eye until RKO released its catalogue to television networks.
- Clue bombed at the box office, partly due to its multiple endings. However, VHS and cable showings (with all the endings) helped rescue it from obscurity.
- Barely anyone saw Donnie Darko during its four week, limited release theatrical run, but it became a cult hit once it hit DVD and strong sales led to a theatrical reissue and extended cut.
- Dredd was another example of an Acclaimed Flop that was redeemed by this trope. It bombed at the box office from many of the same problems Scott Pilgrim did (an over-reliance on geek and internet buzz, lingering memories of the disastrous 1995 adaptation with Sylvester Stallone), but it did so well on DVD and Blu-Ray that there was briefly talk of greenlighting a sequel based solely on home video sales.
- Eddie and the Cruisers was a major and critical flop when it came out in 1983, but when Showtime started to air it, its popularity was such the studio made a sequel, Eddie and the Cruisers II: Eddie Lives. Unfortunately, the movie was considered pretty bad and director of the first film wanted nothing to do with the sequel.
- Flash Gordon: Its popularity in America was due in part to airings on HBO.
- The Great Santini was a flop when it was first released due to Warner Bros. not knowing how to handle the film (it was tested in some markets as a war film and others as a drama). Then the film began heavy rotation on HBO, which finally got people to notice how good it really was. The cable airings were also credited for getting Robert Duvall an Academy Award nomination for his performance.
- Heaven's Gate was completely demolished by vengeful New York Times critic Vincent Canby, and became on of the biggest flops in film history. Reports about the film's Troubled Production didn't help, either. Along came The Z Channel and restored its reputation, a little, as shown in Z Channel: A Magnificent Obsession.
- The Hobbit. It's divisive status is still there but it's noticeably lessened over time, with people slowly warming up to it, thanks to the release of the Extended Cuts (which are the preferred versions by the cast and crew, including Peter Jackson himself) and the news of the Executive Meddling by Warner Bros. and the resulting Troubled Production coming to light, which garnered sympathy for the crew. The Better on DVD state of the films helps too.
- The Incredible Mr. Limpet was only a modest success at the box office and receives mixed reviews from critics, but TV and home video turned it into a family favorite.
- Steven Spielberg's Hook did make a nice profit, but poor reviews and being outcompeted by Disney's Beauty and the Beast gave the film a rather bad reputation. It has become much better received on cable.
- The film It's a Wonderful Life didn't make a whole lot of waves upon its release, having received mostly dismissive or negative reviews. One of the few positive reviews was from Time magazine, and even they complained that it was ultimately superficial and sentimental. However, after it was accidentally released into the public domain in 1974, it became a Christmas standard, and a new generation came to see it as a classic. In this case, it was repeated airings on broadcast stations, not basic cable, that brought the film its new status, but the principle is the same.
- Later, when showing this movie on nearly every TV channel had become a Christmastime tradition, it was discovered that only the images of the movie were actually in the public domain ó the story on which the film is based, in fact, is still under copyright, as is the musical score. With this revelation, only those broadcasters willing to pay for the rights could show it, and viewers had to tune in to one of those few venues who did for their annual fix.
- It's somewhat of an urban legend that Ted Turner built his media empire on repeated airings of this movie, though that distinction more properly belongs to some of the other films on this page.
- Several of John Carpenter's films (Escape from New York, The Thing (1982), Big Trouble in Little China, etc...) did much better on cable and home rental than in the theaters. Kurt Russell, who starred in several of said films (including the three mentioned), has remarked a few times that he wouldn't have a career if it weren't for such.
- The Last Dragon was an odd mix of mid-'80s black culture and '70s Martial Arts Movie genre. A no show in theaters, it found a home on Saturday Afternoon movie blocks, and introduced us all to Sho'Nuff, the Shogun of Harlem, and Bruce Leroy.
- The Legend of Billie Jean was a box office bomb during its original release, but started to gain popularity as it began to play on syndicated networks years later.
- The Swedish film Let the Right One In was an average performer in American theatres (though it grossed over $750,000 and played for five months in one New York theatre) but amassed a large following through DVD and on demand rentals, to the point where it received an American remake two years later.
- Love & Basketball didn't exactly bomb when it came out, but it probably would not be nearly as popular among African-American youth (some of which were only 4 or 5 when the movie came out) if it weren't for the constant repeats on BET. The movie even occasionally becomes a trending topic on Twitter when it's on.
- Two of Mel Brooks' films, Space Balls and Robin Hood: Men in Tights, received a cold reception when they were first released. The former was the the start of the fall of his directorial career while the latter helped to solidify it. Years later, both films have become fan favorites.
- Mike Judge is one of the kings of this trope. Office Space is the quintessential example, with tepid box office numbers at best, only becoming a Cult Classic after being shown ad nauseum on premium cable (and, later, Comedy Central). Idiocracy bombed similarly in theaters, a victim of little to no promotion by the distributor, 20th Century Fox (all the film's cheap shots at the FOX network and its news division probably didn't help Judge). Thanks once again to cable, the film seems to be well on its way to this trope if it's not already there.
- Overboard has been a cable-TV favorite for years despite its limited theatrical success.
- The 1980 live action movie version of Popeye also gained Cult Classic status thanks to HBO, as did the camp, glitzy, all-star movie musicals Tommy and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.
- Another film rescued by the Z Channel was Once Upon a Time in America, as it was shown on the station in its original form after the theatrical version was Screwed by the Network.
- The Princess Bride bombed at the cinema (mostly due to terrible marketing), but thanks to VHS and cable it became well known as a great movie.
- Oh, Remo Williams: The Adventure Begins, was there a weekend afternoon movie block you weren't on in the '80s?
- The Rocky Horror Picture Show isn't this trope exactly, but is close enough. The film flopped in the initial release, but became a cult classic when it was shown as a midnight movie. To date, RHPS has grossed over $130 million and has played in theaters for over 30 years.
- Road House: When it was released, it got panned by critics and was considered a Follow Up Failure for Patrick Swayze after the success of Dirty Dancing. In The '90s, the number of cable channels exploded, all of which needed 24-hour programming. So the rights to lots of cheesy action movies were scooped up, and those movies put into heavy rotation. In particular, Turner (who owned TBS, the so-called "superstation") bought up the entire MGM film library, which just happened to include Road House. And it wasn't long before TBS discovered the movie was drawing phenomenal ratings; Perhaps Road House is the very reason TBS is a "superstation".
- The Room was only released to a few select theatres in Los Angeles, where it received scant advertising and was slammed by critics. Then [adult swim] started airing it on April Fools' Day every year, and it became the cult phenomenon it is now.
- Speaking of The Z Channel, James Woods got national recognition and an Academy Award nomination solely because the cable station championed a little seen indie film Salvador.
- Despite very good reviews, Scott Pilgrim vs. The World did poorly in its theatrical release. For one thing, it starred Michael Cera, whose career was in a tailspin at the time thanks to his Type Casting in "hipster" roles. Furthermore, it was directed by a cult British filmmaker and based on an indie comic book, both of which were largely unknown outside of their respective geek fanbases, limiting its appeal and guaranteeing that it would've struggled at any time of the year. Finally, it was released against The Expendables, a far more mainstream-friendly action film with a similar target audience and a lot more hype behind it. However, when it hit home video it was a far bigger hit than it had been in theaters, finally becoming the Cult Classic that it failed to become initially.
- The Shawshank Redemption also failed at the box office despite some critical acclaim. Most of its success came from the fact that Ted Turner (who owned Castle Rock Entertainment at the time, and thus owned the rights to the film) loved the movie, and he made sure it was aired on his TNT and TBS networks almost every weekend for years. The film slowly picked up a fanbase from these airings, and its now considered one of the best films of all time. Even before the television rescue, it was also Vindicated by Video: since it got many Academy Award nominations (including Best Picture) and was already available in VHS at the time, a lot of people decided to rent it.
- Somewhere in Time was unsuccessful at the box office. Later cable showings increased its popularity to the point that it had a significant cult following, unusual for a pure romance, along with movie tourists who made yearly pilgrimages to the real-life Frozen in Time Mackinac Island in Michigan to get the full experience of the film.
- Space Camp: Endless showings on HBO helped people forget that it was released not long after the Challenger disaster.
- Trading Places was a box office hit, but it might've fallen into obscurity if not for yearly airings around Christmas time.
- Troy is a nascent example of the trope, as it flopped in the American box office (but much better overseas) and is a Love it or Hate it among critics, but has developed a devoted fanbase since being released to cable and video, possibly in retrospect compared to later films like 300.
- "Weird Al" Yankovic's UHF. Ironically, it didn't have to be this way. The movie got such an amazing reception by test audiences that Orion Studios decided to put it in direct competition with other movies in the summer of 1989, which included Tim Burton's Batman, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lethal Weapon 2, Ghostbusters II, Licence to Kill and Honey, I Shrunk the Kids. UHF'' ultimately got lost in this shuffle. As Al would sing in the commentary, "Orion! Orion! Is bankrupt now!".
- A zig-zagged example: The Universal Horror movies were extremely successful in their own era of the 1930s and 40s... but it would also be hard to deny that the true height of their popularity was the mid-1950s through the early 70s, when the success of the Shock Theater television package sent them into every American kid's home, and resulted in a huge slew of new memorabilia, including Famous Monsters of Filmland magazine, the Aurora monster kits, and the immortal "Monster Mash".
- Willow was not a hit at the 1988 box office, but thanks to video and cable it gradually became a favorite among sword and sorcery fans and children of the 80s and early 90s in general.
- Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory barely made its budget back in 1971, but went on to become a Cult Classic thanks to repeated showings on HBO (and later, TBS and ABC Family).
- Wing Commander was a bomb at the box office, but video rental income has made good the production costs, and given its regular airing on cable channels (particularly non-US ones) it even has something of a genuine fandom (as opposed to a So Bad, It's Good one).
- The Wizard of Oz became the classic it is now for being screened over and over on the TV networks.
- Xanadu, thanks to premium cable, was exposed to a generation of young girls who later made up a large fanbase for this movie.
- Xtro was an obscure British sci-fi flick, but in the late 80's, it began running heavily on HBO, giving it a cult status and two sequels.
- Zoolander. While it did receive positive critical reception, it came out barely two weeks after the attacks at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001 and as a result, it tanked. But it did go on to have strong DVD sales and high ratings on cable.
- Psychonauts is a Cult Classic. A Steam sale, however, managed to boost it to that week's number one (by revenue), beating out quite a few new releases. It generally occupies the top-seller space on Good Old Games when there isn't a sale going on.
- EarthBound suffered from poor critical and commercial reception upon its first release in 1995, thanks to a poor marketing campaign and it coming out near the end of the Super Nintendo's life cycle. However, the game slowly picked up a cult following through emulation and this trope really came into effect when Nintendo finally granted the game an official re-release on the Wii U Virtual Console, of which audiences and critics were much more appreciative. Marth Debuted in "Smash Bros." is also partially responsible, as more than a few gamers were related to the quirky world of MOTHER through the Super Smash Bros. series.
- On a smaller scale Pulseman also counts since not many people knew about it before it was on the Wii Virtual Console. Being created by Game Freak is also enough to spark some curiosity from those wanting to see how they were before the they created certain world-famous Mon series.
- It's safe to say cable also breathed new life into The Golden Age of Animation. After movie theaters stopped running cartoon shorts, series such as Looney Tunes, Casper the Friendly Ghost, The Pink Panther, and Tom and Jerry (among others) went on to become syndicated and Saturday morning staples and became even more popular than in their original time, to the point where many people will be surprised when you tell them some of these cartoons came out in the 1940s.
"Vindicated" by Mystery Science Theater 3000
- Roger Corman, Robert L. Lippert, Ed Wood and to a lesser extent Bert I Gordon. Corman despises the show for mocking his films. However, MST3K helped generate a new appreciation for that era's B Movies, and some of his films, such as It Conquered the World, has huge fans who were introduced to it by the show. Moreover, fans of the show recognize the good points of his films (such as Corman's preference of the Action Girl over the Neutral Female.)
- "Manos" The Hands of Fate was an amateur horror film made in 1966 by a fertilizer salesman on a dare. It was screened at a few local drive-in theaters before being shelved and completely forgotten by all but those personally involved in its making. In The '90s, it was discovered by the makers of Mystery Science Theater 3000 and quickly became known for being the worst film ever featured on the show. The character Torgo, along with his theme music, became a Memetic Mutation.
- In the 1995 Video Watchdog, the entry for Manos was a brief two-sentence entry. The 1996 edition, however, had a four-paragraph entry detailing its badness and its relation to MST3K.
- The Final Sacrifice was pretty obscure until MST3K aired it. Thanks to that, viewers got to know Rowsdower, a very flawed but likable character.
- Merlin's Shop of Mystical Wonders is partly a recut version of the 1984 horror film The Devil's Gift. Having been made more family-friendly, this Nightmare Fuel-laden movie became suitable for Mystery Science Theater 3000.
- Prince of Space was dismissed at theaters and forgotten until MSTed, at which point fans realized that it was a very early example of Toku, and had several supplemental films attached to it.
- Space Mutiny, a cheesy Sci-fi movie with a well built guy name David Ryder, who Screams Like a Little Girl, got featured on Mystery Science Theater 3000.
- The So Bad, It's Good Sandy Frank dub's of the showa Gamera films, as well as other Toku shows like Mighty Jack and Star Wolf.
- Hobgoblins was suggested to the MST3K gang by the person who directed it. "It shoots right to the top of the list of the worst movies we've ever done," writer Paul Chaplin commented. Enough interest was generated in it that a sequel was made for it, 21 years after its original premiere.
- Although not technically a film, the advertisement Mr. B Natural, was so popular that MST3K and Rhino Home Video had trouble getting the rights to it again after it first appeared on television.
- In an interesting case, Parts: The Clonus Horror was a bomb when it was first released, its exposure on MST3K not only allowed the movie to be rereleased on DVD to be seen whole (and in its original title, Clonus), but also helped its director when he sued Michael Bay for his movie The Island.
- The Brain That Wouldn't Die, as the documentary Schlock! The Secret History of American Movies pointed out, has become a feminist parable, though it certainly didn't intend to be one.