Creator / Industrial Light and Magic
Bright in every sense of the word.

In 1975, George Lucas was working on pre-production for his next major project, Star Wars. His vision was ambitious, and he wanted top-notch visual effects for it. Shopping around at miscelleneous special-effects houses, Lucas found that no one could offer him the dedication he wanted and a vision to match his own. So he started his own special-effects studio with some of his old college buddies.

Thus was born the company known as "Industrial Light and Magic."

With Star Wars, they changed the way special effects were approached. One of their biggest innovations was using computed-programmed cameras that would move around the models and then mimic the same movements whilst in another environment. This would give them space battles that were fast and with effects that made you feel as if you were there. Early on the unions tried to get on the inside of the company and get others employed there, but when the crew demonstrated their home-made computer-controlled camera it became clear no one else in the business knew how to do what they were doing.

Ever since, the studio has been on the cutting edge of special effects for movies, television shows and commercials. They've become almost synonymous with Visual Effects of Awesome. The odds are if you see a movie with intensive, elaborate and impressive special effects, ILM was involved with it. They've also helped push the bleeding edge of computer graphics, particularly the use of extensive Chroma Key; 90% of the "sets" in the Star Wars prequels were CGI, and you'd never know it. Pixar itself began as a department of ILM.

As of October 2012; they're under the management of Disney.

As of 2009, ILM has received 15 Best Visual Effects Oscars and 23 additional nominations. Do not confuse with OLM Incorporated. See also Apogee Productions, Boss Film Studios, Matte World Digital, The Orphanage and Tippett Studio, offshoots of ILM.

The company has their own YouTube channel.

Notable Works:

    Animated Film 

    Live Action Film 

     Other Noteworthy Projects 

They were also responsible for several noteworthy commercials for Coke, Energizer, Burger King and Nike amongst others (including the Japanese Pepsiman commercials), the 1990's General Cinema "Candy Band" and policy trailers (before the company went bust and was acquired by AMC)note  and through Word of God, provided the visuals to DreamWorks' Vanity Plate.

Tropes associated with ILM:

  • All-CGI Cartoon: Rango. They also helped out on WALL•E, The Tale of Despereaux, Chicken Little and Star Wars: The Clone Warsnote .
  • Cel Shading: The movie of Rocky and Bullwinkle uses this for the title characters.
  • Live-Action Adaptation: Plenty, including the Iron Man films, The Last Airbender, Battleship, Jurassic Park, Congo, The Transformers films, Casper, Howard The Duck, The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle, Master and Commander and 101 Dalmatians.
  • Off Model: Occurs in Revenge of the Fallen three times and Dark of The Moon once. Explained in more detail on the page.
  • Off-the-Shelf FX: The Death Star trench in A New Hope was constructed from battleship models. In The Empire Strikes Back, you can catch a glimpse of a Potato and a shoe during the asteroid field sequence and the TIE Bombers wings were taken from model kits of Darth Vader's TIE.
  • Ragtag Bunch of Misfits: The original crew, who managed to create an environment so chaotic and unproductive that the effects only took off after George Lucas returned from England and worked closely with them.
  • Serial Escalation: The Transformers movies seem to be outdoing one another in terms of complex characters - Ironhide in the first one, Devastator in RoTF and Driller in DoTM.
  • Shout-Out: In the game Night Shift, you play a factory worker cranking out Star Wars toys for "Industrial Might and Logic".