Oskar Schindler: I could have got more out. I could have got more. I don't know. If I'd just...I could have got more.
Itzhak Stern: Oskar, there are eleven hundred people who are alive because of you. Look at them.In peacetime, certain characters are at best Shrinking Violets and, at worst, menaces to society. But when disaster strikes, they will take the lead, take control, be surprisingly effective, and maybe even be nicer than usual — or if they aren't, at least they don't seem so different from everyone else. They will seem different if any Fridge Logic gets applied. Part of the reason for this that in extreme situations, characters have more dramatic opportunities to be heroic then they would have as a 9-5 cubicle monkey. When daily survival means standing back to back with your neighbor to help pick off that morning's crop of zombies so they don't murder you for a can of chilli later, people can really develop that small-town sense of being decent and helpful to each other. This sort of character is often forced into a Heroic Sacrifice or (for nastier peacetime examples) Redemption Equals Death. If the character does survive, and if things ever return to a semblance of normal, then they are as likely as not to return to what they had been before the disaster took place, whether anyone wants the jerk back or not. If this trope leads to the reconciliation of a Romance Arc, you have a Relationship-Salvaging Disaster. When said apocalypse happens in the Bad Future, this trope leads to Future Badass. Compare Machiavelli Was Wrong and Enemy Mine. Contrast Apocalypse Anarchy. Examples may contain unhidden spoilers, so tread lightly.
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Anime & Manga
- In Stellvia of the Universe, a star going supernova devastates civilization. Humanity not only rebuilds, but creates a Utopia. It is also, however, implied that humanity would have ended up creating a Utopia regardless, only a bit later...
- When the New Bloodline drove Tokyo to its knees in Majin Tantei Nougami Neuro, it was Da Chief Naohiro Usui (who up to this point was a complete dick) who lead the police and Tokyo to band together to resist him.
- Dragon Ball Z:
- Trunks, compared to regular Trunks. Growing up in the shadow of constant apocalypse not only made him a more reliable and effective fighter than he would otherwise, but it causes him to develop a strong sense of moral responsibility from an early age that regular Trunks lacks. It helps that he was also raised by Future Gohan instead of Bulma.
- Dragon Ball Super:
- In the same apocalypse mention aboved, Mai is shown to be a selfless woman ready to sacrifice her life for others instead of the regular Mai who's part of a Goldfish Poop Gang who wish to conquer the world.
- One of the main characters in Violence Jack was a lazy high-school kid that was completely pampered by his mother and sisters. Then his whole family died during the Tokyo earthquake and he had to learn to survive on his own, becoming a badass and the leader of all orphan kids in Kanto.
- 20th Century Boys: Most of the characters are dissatisfied losers when we first meet them and become fulfilled badasses as the situation in Japan worsens.
- Log Horizon: While not a literal apocalypse, the event called The Apocalypse brings out the best in some people, particularly Shiroe, and the worst in others.
- The premise of Incorruptible. Notorious supervillain Max Damage turns over a new leaf when his archfoe, the Plutonian goes insane and puts the entire world in jeopardy. The trope was eventually taken to its logical conclusion when Max thanked the Plutonian for going rogue, since it inspired Max to become a better person.
- In the Age of Apocalypse timeline, the Daredevil villain Bullseye was a hero fighting for humanity.
- Scar Tissue: Played straight when it is said that people are working together in order to survive, helping each other and sharing resources. However it is subverted when we see that some people still keeps very ugly attitudes.
- Shinji and Asuka in The Second Try. They're the last two people on Earth and have to fend for themselves, eventually getting past their laundry list of neuroses and becoming a pair of Badass Bookworms, as well as a pretty good set of parents.
- In a now-defunct Pokémon Zombie Apocalypse RP, Cyrus apparently overcame his Straw Nihilist tendencies in favor of providing information and Mission Control for the survivors (player characters).
Films — Animated
- Maruti from The Return of Hanuman is considered a naughty kid in the village. But when Rahu and Ketu and the volcano monster tries to destruct the village, Maruti turns into Hanuman to beat them up. Because Hanuman is a Hindu God, all of the villagers worshipped him.
Films — Live-Action
- The main character's case for sparing humanity in the remake of The Day the Earth Stood Still (2008).
- The stuck up Ice Queen journalist in Deep Impact goes through this, defrosting including in front of her until then hated father, and ultimately gives up a place to safety to help a colleague with a baby and to stay behind, watching with her father the big ass tsunami wiping out everything.
- A famous speech in Carol Reed's The Third Man invokes this:
Harry Lime: Don't be so gloomy. After all, it's not that awful. You know what the fellow said: in Italy for thirty years under the Borgias they had warfare, terror, murder and bloodshed, but they produced Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance. In Switzerland they had brotherly love, they had five hundred years of democracy and peace, and what did that produce? The cuckoo clock.
- Harlan Ogilvy in the 2005 film adaptation of The War of the Worlds.
- The title character of Shaun of the Dead, in part due to his familiarity with Survival Horror games.
- Although it's ultimately prevented from happening, this trope is the angel Gabriel's plan in the film Constantine.
- Typically inverted in George Romero's Living Dead Series. The Zombie Apocalypse always seems to bring out the worst in people, to the point of humans being their own worst enemy instead of cooperating to survive the undead onslaught.
- Schindler's List examines the trope from several angles. Oskar Schindler begins the film as a serial adulterer and war profiteer, but, as the death tolls and dangers increase, becomes continually more concerned with preserving human life, trying his hardest to keep people alive. Schindler himself believes—ironically—in the opposite of the trope: that war brings out the worst in people, and if the war had not happened then Amon Goeth would be generally a really nice guy. The movie itself suggests that war brings out the truth in people, i.e., Goeth is really a monster, and Schindler is really a good guy, it just took the war for them both to demonstrate what they had always been.
- In Train of Life a whole village of Jews works together on a big ruse to avoid being captured by the Nazis, leading especially the formerly useless 'village idiot' to become a capable hero. Except,it's all a lie.
- The Big Bad of Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol believes this, thinking that causing World War III and having the U.S. and Russia nuke themselves back to the stone age will make a better society rise from the ashes (he explicitly quotes the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki having become large anti-nuclear monuments in the aftermath of their nuking, although it is mentioned that he might just probably have gone crazy from his work as a "nuclear warfare" game theorist/analyst).
- On a similar vein, the Big Bad terrorist of Source Code appears to believe that "The World Is Hell" and that a better (or at least happier) society will rise if he destroys the old one (by setting off home-made nukes throughout the country). He remains extremely vague on his Motive Rant, though, and this (and the fact that he's a white-bread well-to-do American with enough money, connections and smarts to create said home-made nukes by his lonesome) makes protagonist Captain Colter Stevens to label him as "crazy" and call him out on this as such:
Colter (calling 911 after stealing his phone): Hey, my name's Derek Frost. I planted a nuclear device in the white van parked in a Glenbrooke Station CCR parking lot. Right now, I'm handcuffed to a pole in the 944 CCR train headed to Chicago Union Station. I'm a sick and pathetic human being and I need to be locked away for a very long time.
- A common theme of Roland Emmerich's films, especially Independence Day, The Day After Tomorrow, and 2012. Each one shows people being selfless even in the face of certain death.
- Independence Day features humanity coming together during the alien invasion, casting aside decades or centuries of bad blood. One scene shows British, Israeli, Iraqi, Syrian, and other air forces getting ready to fight the aliens.
- The Day After Tomorrow, similarly, has Mexico bringing in American refugees after the US forgives all Latin American debt.
- 2012 establishes this theme early on. Jackson's book had such a theme, leading to critics calling him naïve. Adrian Helmsley uses this in a speech to bring aboard the remaining refugees onto the ark ships.
- Sam in the Gone series takes the lead during the FAYZ, despite being completely average during normal circumstances.
- Taking charge when things get tough and attempting (not always succeeding) to go back to being a Ordinary High-School Student is an established character trait for Sam.
- Even before the FAYZ, when he saved a busload of his classmates from going over a cliff.
- Though, completely averted with other characters.
- In most ways, this trope is Zig-Zagged among the main cast. Sam often states that he doesn't want to be a leader, mental breakdowns come more than Once an Episode, and more than one character has become a Heel–Face Revolving Door.
- Taking charge when things get tough and attempting (not always succeeding) to go back to being a Ordinary High-School Student is an established character trait for Sam.
- The Last Survivors characters.
- Neville Longbottom in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.
- Harold Lauder of The Stand. For a while, anyway. Larry Underwood is a more straightforward example, changing from a hedonistic rock star type to a pillar of The Free Zone's community.
- S.M. Stirling's Emberverse series revolves around this. While it contains a very tragic portrayal of what would happen to society if all modern technology stopped working, quite a few genuinely "good" people rally survivors to them and keep them organized and safe under extraordinary circumstances.
- Most characters in Alas, Babylon are examples of this after nuclear war erupts between Russia and the USA. The main protagonist, Randy Bragg, goes from a lazy, failed politician living on his family's inheritance, to a strong and capable leader. Also, on a society-wide scale, the nuclear war causes an end to segregation, at least in the area where the main characters live.
- In Alexandr Solzhenitsyn's history The Gulag Archipelago, a massive compilation of the horrors perpetrated by the Soviet Union upon its own people, there is a small amount of space given to the optimistic attitude that even the personal apocalypse of being arrested and sent to a work camp can still bring out good in people. Most prisoners relinquished their morals when they entered the camp and instead took up the aim of 'surviving at any price,' even if that price meant stealing the small daily bread allotted to another suffering prisoner. But there were indeed some people who avoided falling into this trap of despair and evil:
Solzhenitsyn: And how can one explain that certain unstable people found faith right there in the camp, that they were strengthened by it, and that they survived uncorrupted? And many more, scattered about unnoticed, came to their alloted turning point and made no mistake in their choice. Those who managed to see that things were not only bad for them, but even worse, even harder, for their neighbours. And all those who, under the threat of a penalty zone and a new term of imprisonment, refused to become stoolies?Solzhenitsyn: As soon as you have renounced that aim of 'surviving at any price,' and gone where the calm and simple people go—then imprisonment begins to transform your former character in an astonishing way. To transform it in a direction most unexpected of you. And it would seem that in this situation feelings of malice, the disturbance of being oppressed, aimless hate, irritability, and nervousness ought to multiply. But you yourself do not notice how, with the impalpable flow of time, slavery nurtures in you the offshoots of contradictory feelings.... You are ascending.
- Most of the Americans in the 1632 series are hillbillies from a small town in West Virginia, and had the town not been transported back in time to Germany during the Thirty Years' War, they would probably have remained a group of working class miners and locals from a small town in the early 2000's. Once they come to terms with their new universe, their future knowledge base and cultural attitudes give them an edge that propels some of them to grand positions on the world stage, and many of them find personal fulfillment in surviving in their new world that they might never have achieved in their original timeline.
- Norma in Fannie Flagg's small-town novels is a very anxious woman under normal circumstances, but when disaster hits she helps a lot of people partly because she can imagine the worst so vividly that she's prepared and ready to act.
- In the Codex Alera series, the Vord invasion causes the otherwise scheming Anti-Villain Attis Aquitaine (who has been an active villain for the rest of the series who only works with the protagonists against mutual enemies) to rise up and take command of Alera and lead the people as best he could. At the end, when he dies from his wounds, the very characters opposing him at the beginning of the series end up praising him for his heroism.
- On a related note First Lord Octavian said the Vord invasion was the best thing to happen to Alera, by forging alliances with long-term enemies
- Fidelias finds refugee camps morbidly fascinating because they bring out both this trope and its opposite; he will see people literally giving the cloaks off their backs to the naked and children being adopted and protected by total strangers, while at the same time robbery and murder abound, and those who hoard precious resources extort harsh or degrading service from the desperate.
- In the The Ending Series a fair amount of the people that Dani and Zoe came into contact with do their best to be decent and help others survive in the horrifying world that they find themselves into.
- In Men Against the Sea, the second novel in The Bounty Trilogy, The Mutiny aboard HMAV Bounty leaves William Bligh and the men still loyal to him set adrift in an open boat. Bligh has to lead the men in the launch over 3000 miles of open ocean to a European settlement in Timor. Ledward, The Medic, marvels at the courage Bligh shows, and not just that but the character and leadership ability he displays. Bligh shows himself to be a far better man than the vicious martinet who egged on a mutiny. He concludes that Bligh was born to lead men in peril. This is further backed up by Byam's encounter with Bligh at the end of Mutiny on the Bounty (the first novel in the trilogy), after Bligh was overthrown again in the Rum Rebellion, and at a time when Bligh was not under stress and not forced to lead men in mortal danger. Byam observes Bligh as still being an abrasive Jerkass.
Live Action TV
- Most of the protagonists of Jericho undergo this with lead character Jake being one of the best examples.
- Babylon 5:
- G'Kar was an arrogant jerk when his people, the Narn, were on top. When the Centauri (aided by the Shadows) conquered and brutally oppressed the Narn homeworld, he evolved into a leader, a hero, and eventually, a prophet. Quiet Centauri aide Vir also discovered his inner hero after the conquest of Narn, using his position to smuggle 2000 Narns to safety.
- Londo gets worse at first, but then gets better when he realizes what working with the Shadows and Morden is doing to his people and to himself. He spends a good portion of the series working to mitigate the damage wrought by his earlier actions.
- The Outer Limits (1995): In the episode "The Haven", servant AIs cause an apocalypse (to the best of their ability) for the sole purpose of invoking this trope. It turns out the whole thing was set off by the opening scene, where the desk hologram sees an elderly woman collapse in front of her door, convulsing as she desperately tries to reach for her dropped medication. The hologram attempts to call her neighbors so they can come help but all of them are just mad at being bothered. The hologram realizes after she dies that his programming instructions to provide a social community living environment aren't being met if the tenants are hostile to the idea of even briefly seeing each other, and deliberately fries his systems to force the humans to cooperate in order to escape.
- Summer Landsdown of Power Rangers RPM. A shallow Rich Bitch before the Robot War, she wandered alone through the devastated wasteland and saw her beloved butler die in her arms. By the time she got to the last haven of mankind, she was a Badass Biker Action Girl who truly cared for her fellow man, and quickly goes to the front lines as a Power Ranger. The series ends with the war, so we don't see if she regresses when she goes back to civilian life.
- In the classic Doctor Who episode "Genesis of the Daleks", the Doctor cites this as one of the reasons why he feels he doesn't have the right to wipe out the Daleks before their campaign of genocide: several races had managed to set aside their hatreds and unite solely because of their fear of the Daleks.
- Daryl Dixon of The Walking Dead started off as racist, hot tempered, selfish, and dominated by his even nastier older brother Merle. After a few months of dealing with the zombie apocalypse, being forced to work together with others to survive, and Merle's absence, he has become a much nicer (if still gruff and awkward), steadfast, reliable, useful, and loyal member of the group. When Merle returns, Daryl even calls him on his racist comments.
- Early on in The 100, Bellamy only seems to care about himself and his sister, and only assumes control of the 100 to advance his own interests. However, as the dangers of post-apocalyptic Earth become clear, Bellamy becomes a more caring and responsible leader, determined to keep his people alive. The first few episodes make it look like Bellamy will be our main antagonist, but by the end of the first season he's one of the most heroic characters on the show.
- Derren Brown attempts to show this in Apocalypse, a large-scale Candid Camera Prank aimed at one lazy man-child named Steven. He is tricked into believing that he is a survivor of a Zombie Apocalypse caused by a meteorite. Everyone else is an actor, including dozens of "infected". At first, there is a leadership figure he can follow. Then the older guy chooses to leave with his infected wife, leaving Steven in charge of the compound. He then meets another survivor, who is deliberately modeled on Steven himself to allow Steven to see himself from a third-person perspective and get disgusted. Steven is forced to make a hard choice, after which, he is put in trance again and is made to believe it was All Just a Dream.
- Optional storylines in Fallout 4. The main character, if he or she so chooses, can team up with many other characters inhabiting the ruins of Boston. Maintaining their friendship will cause the main character and the other people to realize that they can do a whole lot of good helping innocent people and that's just pretty darned awesome.
- In Advance Wars: Days of Ruin, Brenner is very proud to see that what's left of humanity after the meteors hit have banded together to form small communities and even enforce rudimentary laws among themselves. Lin scoffs at the idea that this is a reflection on humanity's kindness, instead stating that it's nothing more than survival and that everyone involved is really just looking out for themselves.
- That said, Lin's theory is supported by the fact that even after the apocalypse, there's still a war going on. And tyrants like Greyfield rise to power.
- Parodied in Dragon Age: Origins: right after Alistair is dragged into a petty feud in the middle of preparations for a major battle, he sarcastically tells the Warden "You know, one good thing about the Blight is how it brings people together."
- Subverted in Devil Survivor and Devil Survivor 2
- In Devil Survivor, the apocalypse isn't happening, but the Yamanote train line areas of Tokyo have been locked down and separated from the rest, with no-one allowed to leave. And nobody, aside from the protagonists, really show their good sides. And even the protagonists aren't immune to this. There is Midori, who becomes an overzealous 'Warrior of Love and Justice', and uses her demons to help people in danger, but it ultimately backfires on her pretty fast. Even Keisuke, the quiet, academic boy shows a pretty dark side of his mentality, when his Berserk Button is pushed. Worse, the policemen locked into the Yamanote circle gain access to using demons and begin to abuse their position.
- In Devil Survivor 2:
- The world is breaking down, and literally being swallowed into a void, but majority of the people are still no better. There are people like Ronaldo, who makes it his job to take care of the weaker people out on the street, protecting them from demons with his own and trying to get food and shelter for them. But overall, majority of humanity is now separated into the protagonists' side, helpless, cowering and fearful civilians that are slowly losing their will to live and the aggressive civilians, who have begun to grow insane because of the circumstances and will use violence to get what they want.
- Played straight in the Liberator ending. The catastrophe has been stopped and humanity is finally bringing out their best, helping each other out. Though exactly how good this is, given the premise of this ending, is debateable.
- The Legend of Zelda:
- Groose from The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword. Originally just a bully and a Jerk Jock, when he follows Link to the surface and sees The Imprisoned nearly break free of its seal, he volunteers to keep watch over the seal and even builds a surprisingly effective bomb launcher to help Link the next few times the Imprisoned tries to escape. By the end of the game, he's a hero in his own right, and there's no trace of his former enmity with Link.
- Ralph in Oracle of Ages, overcoming his Nayru fixation to focus on the kingdom in crisis, and even attempting a Heroic Sacrifice without question to thwart the villain, not because he expects it to succeed, but because "to stand by and do nothing... just wouldn't be me".
- This is basically Paragon Shepard's view on the Reaper invasion in Mass Effect 3, in a nutshell. And given how many missions, War Assets, and side conversations involve old grudges laid aside, self-sacrifice for the cause, and just plain hope — s/he's got a hell of a point.
- EDI becomes rather confused by this at one point. She tells a story the Resistance passed the Alliance from a Reaper concentration camp about the behavior of its inhabitants. Some became Quislings but others fed the Reapers false information about escape attempts. None of the actual attempts succeeded and the givers of the false data were executed. What confuses EDI is that according to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the prisoners should be focused entirely on survival, which she interprets as every man for himself. The Paragon response can be paraphrased to the trope title, and EDI learns something about self-sacrifice.
- You can overhear some smugglers getting into an argument. While one wants to take advantage of the situation, the other, a human, gets completely cheesed off at the idea of ripping off Alliance during this crisis and threatens her business partner if he tries anything.
- Invoked by the Big Bad of Fate/EXTRA, whose ultimate plan is to grant power to war-profiteers like the Harway dynasty, so good people will always be helping each other in the constant war. Said antagonist claims to be a pacifist himself.
- Also invoked by Kirei Kotomine, Big Bad of Fate/stay night. In his own sick twisted way, he loves humankind and inflicting pain, misery and untold suffering to it, because according to him, from it will shine the true value of human souls. It certainly helps that he is HARDWIRED to enjoy inflicting misery to his fellow man, helping him to achieve personal satisfaction while technically working for the betterment of his kin.
- The same could also be said of Gilgamesh, albeit for specific values of "best" : he thinks only the few humans capable of surviving the hell he will unleash on them are worthy to be ruled. The worst part? He is admittedly right, and has a proof of concept : the Unholy Nuke that leveled part of the city of Fuyuki and killed five hundred people, had only one survivor, Emiya Shirou, the protagonist. Said protagonist has the actual, proven potential to be a Future Badass, a modern day Heroic Spirit. Rinse, wash, repeat with the whole world next time, and see what Badassery comes out.
- This is also arguably Played With, what with Shirou certainly being a Nice Guy, willing to put himself on the line for others at every turn, but the problem is that in his case, given he is litterally defined by his Survivor Guilt and the wish to become a Hero, he takes it way far beyond the reasonable. He keeps on being called out on that by people who ignore his background. They become a bit more understanding after listening to his backstory.
- In Undertale's Genocide Route, where the player character is basically an unstoppable killing machine murdering EVERYTHING in the Underground, many of the other characters actually show their best sides - Papyrus offers to Spare said dangerous murderer right off the bat and tries to make them a better person with the Power of Friendship, Undyne pulls a Heroic Sacrifice for Monster Kid and then ressurects herself to save everyone in the world (even the humans she usually hates), Mettaton goes into a battle he knows is hopeless in order to protect his fans and friends, Alphys gets over her fears and lies to save everyone in the Underground (and becomes a hero if you abort your run at the last possible moment), Sans finally gets over his laziness and feeling of hopelessness in a last effort to save the timeline and even FLOWEY shows his more Tragic Villain side in this run.
- Left 4 Dead has Bill, an aging Vietnam veteran with no family. In the supplementary comics, it's shown that before the zombie apocalypse he really didn't have anything to live for and existed in a well of depression. Since then he has been able to use his experience as a soldier to help him protect 3 other people who he has come to care for like family, particularly Zoey; in the end he ends up sacrificing himself so that his new family can escape the apocalypse and have the hope of a relatively normal life.
- In the Demon Path of Soul Nomad & the World Eaters, after Revya becomes a powerful, malevolent Villain Protagonist, a number of villains of the normal storyline turn Face.
- Lampshaded in Freefall, when Florence acknowledges that she would never have known about Gardener In The Dark if Edge hadn't needed her help to save himself from it, and wouldn't have been able to stop its release without Sam's social engineering, infiltration, and sabotage expertise.
- All my life, I've been taught the value of being a good citizen... No one ever told me that when the chips are down, civilization really needs the rotten ones.
- Leon from Titan Maximum became the Sixth Ranger of the team in the time of need. He's still silent.
- In Gravity Falls, Weirdmageddon has this effect on quite a few characters.
Soos: I've been wandering the plains like a desperado, helping strangers…I guess there's some folk songs about me now?
- Notably, insecure almost-13-year-old Dipper Pines and cranky con man Stan both take on leadership roles, the former becoming master of the Rousing Speech and the latter sheltering townspeople in the Mystery Shack.
- Awkward handyman Soos walks the earth lending aid to those who need him most.
- Grudge-holding Ford in the meanwhile has his learned to put aside his grudge for his brother and his love for him being brought out of the surface.
- While most certainly not the Apocalypse, the 9/11 attacks certainly banded up New Yorkers together to help firefighters and rescue workers during the aftermath.
- A lot of New Yorkers have a considerable deal of nostalgia for The Big Rotten Apple era, because to them this was the era that made the city great, because it toughened them up (hence the famous line from the Kander and Ebb tune, "If I can make it there/I can make it anywhere"). Economically the city reached bankruptcy levels in The '70s, crime was high but consequently this meant rents were cheap, it was easier and open for young people from across the world to live and work there. Gentrification and the attendant increase in property values cleaned up crime, but at the price of what made the city great in some people's view. Everyone notes that this was the era of underground cinema, modern art, the avant-garde, Punk Rock, Disco and Hip-Hop.
- Not exactly apocalypse, but it is often said that people are at their most united when they have something to fight against. This has unfortunately been exploited in war (e.g. many propaganda posters in WW1 and WW2 tried to get men to join the army by telling them they would have a great time with their mates in the army). Those serving in the Entente Cordiale's forces on the Western and other fronts really did have it pretty good, though, what with good food, decent medical care, steady employment, and extremely low chance of death. Unfortunately this wasn't the case for troops of the Russian and Central Powers' armies.
- The legendary "Dunkirk spirit" (volunteer rescuers) or "spirit of the Blitz" (Londoners) is an example of this trope. If you actually look at real studies of of actual people and their feelings at the time then you find (as with the 'Mass Observation' polling-magazine's reports) that The Blitz was a time of low British morale. Morale was actually highest in the winter of 1942-3, when the Germans had been dealt a massive blow at Stalingrad and ejected from the Caucusus and eastern Ukraine - and less well-informed and more optimistic people hoped that the war could be over within just a year or two.
- The Russian goverment - though not Tsar Nicholas II, who abhorred any kind of bloodshed - hoped to invoke this in the Russo-Japanese War when Japan attacked them seemingly out of the blue, this situation being the result of extremely poor collaboration between the Ministry of War and The Diplomatic Service (the former was actually quite okay with the Japanese having a decent share of commercial interests in Korea, but the latter didn't make that clear and so the Japanese got paranoid). It kind of worked, because hey - evil foreigners were attacking Russia. But most citizens got more than a little irritated when the peace-loving Nicholas II decided to end the war early rather than fight it out to the end and win (which Russia was certainly capable of doing) - because as far as they were concerned, what were the lives of another hundred thousand of them (of a population of more than 150 million) compared to National Humiliation? The decision to end the war prematurely added impetus to the great social unrest of the times and resulted in large parts of the countryside essentially boycotting the government/rebelling and the industrial workers in several urban centers rioting because they were out of jobs (they'd hoped that wartime industries would result in their employment despite the general economic depression of the times) and unemployment benefits didn't exist anywhere in the world at the time.
- Not an apocalypse, but this is the premise of Rebecca Solnit's A Paradise Built in Hell, a study of mankind's behaviour in the aftermath of catastrophes. Solnit looks at the behaviour of communities following catastrophes like the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, the Halifax explosion during World War I, Hurricane Katrina, and the aforementioned 9/11 attacks and effectively concludes that this trope is Truth in Television. Solnit herself went though an experience along these lines after California's Loma Pietra earthquake.
- Many European media outlets wrote with at least some amount of awe how Japanese people reacted calm and collected following major disasters. Specifically, it was noted that following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake there were no riots or any other large-scale civil disorder coming from the earthquake or resultant tsunami. Then again, this is probably because their relief-efforts were actually well-organised. Compare the USA's relief efforts for Hurricane Katrina, which were renowned abroad for being extremely ill-organised and resulting in widespread looting by people who needed to steal to survive.
- A lot of histories and memoirs from The Great Depression note that despite the widespread employment, poverty and crime levels, there was a genuine optimism that things would get better. One reason they cite is that the financial crisis brought communities together in solidarity and fellow feeling, there was also the constant programs put in place by Roosevelt for his New Deal many of which did not really work but definitely improved morale. Historians cite this resilience as one reason why fascism despite some high profile advocates like Charles Lindbergh was a super-fringe movement in the 30s, and the strength of the government response being a major reason why Communism, hoping to channel worker outrage, were forced to work with the Popular Front rather than dominate it. It was a great triumph of democracy.
- In a sad inversion, The Great Depression proved to be the knockout blow for The Weimar Republic, following a decade and a half of political and financial instability. The Weimar government's wariness of a New Deal approach for fear of repeating the hyperinflation of the 1920s, caused it to lose legitimacy among the German public, which responded by turning to political parties at the extremes. One of those parties, the NSDAP - better known globally as the Nazi Party - eventually won the ensuing power struggle in 1933, and the rest as they say is history.