There's something about circus music.
Done straight, it lets everyone within earshot know that they are in a world of fun for children of all ages! However, unless you're in an actual circus
, then you are more likely to hear this kind of music slowed way
down and played in a minor key. The effect is haunting, scary and maybe even sad and nostalgic. Often it will sound as if it's being played on an old, rusty calliope.
Definitely "Music To Run Away From Really Fast", if ever there was such a thing, as it usually means that there's a Monster Clown
somewhere waiting to eat you. Or the circus is haunted. Or both. The other main use of this is as a cue that a character is losing their mind
Compare Ironic Nursery Tune
and Soundtrack Dissonance
. See also Circus of Fear
and Amusement Park of Doom
Fun fact: The "standard" circus theme is called "Entry of the Gladiators"
and was composed as a military march. (History does not record whether the soldiers were intended to emerge from a tiny little car
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Anime and Manga
- A creepy little number called "Yuuenchi" plays in Cowboy Bebop when Spike Spiegel battles Mad Pierrot at his abandoned amusement park.
- The ending credits to Paranoia Agent.
- The recurring number "Dream" from Mysterious Girlfriend X is definitely inspired by this.
- The theme to Child's Play 2 has this.
- The Coraline movie has an excellently creepy scene with the Other Kangaroo Rats. Bonus points for occurring in an actual circus of sorts..
- The theme music from The Elephant Man uses this to heartbreaking effect.
- "Waltz to the Death", by Danny Elfman, is The Joker's Leitmotif in Tim Burton's Batman. The theme actually sounds more like something from the 19th century (think Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite), but it's played on rather loud horns that remind one of a circus band; and while it's not very creepy in itself, the two scenes during which it's played certainly are (the Joker gleefully shooting a man several times and the Joker forcing the film's Damsel in Distress to dance with him - at gunpoint - atop Gotham City's cathedral).
- There's a creepy calliope ditty called "To The Shock of Miss Louise" in The Lost Boys.
- The Carousel Trap music in Saw VI.
- The title theme to Puppet Master movies sounds like it's played on a well-meaning but thoroughly evil music box.
- Opening theme to The Funhouse.
- Unsurprisingly, the 2012 film The Devil's Carnival is loaded with this. Bonus points for the film taking place in Hell.
- The 1999 version of The Haunting (1999) featured a rotating, mirrored room which played a sprightly circus-type song composed by veteran horror composer Jerry Goldsmith. While this was justified in-story by Hugh Crain having built and designed his mansion for children to play in, a review of the movie said it best (in paraphrase): "No horror movie can be complete without creepy circus music." As if the original tune isn't unsettling enough, Eleanor later visits the room in the middle of the night while having her requisite freakout, and the imbalanced spinning she suffers is augmented by a very deep, discordant bass line running in counterpoint to the calliope.
- Logans Run uses something quite similar to this in the carousel sequences. Not exactly creepy circus music, but definitely demented circus music.
- Pennywise the Dancing Clown's theme from the film of IT is more Soundtrack Dissonance, but even a happy carnival tune just feels creepy because of the association.
- The Band's eponymous theme to The Last Waltz is a calliope-accompanied funhouse tune in, yep, waltz time. Instead of creepy, though, the effect is wistful and elegiac. And mighty damned pretty!
- In A Streetcar Named Desire the Varsouvania Polka is an example of this, showing up every time Blanche loses her mind a little more.
- The opening credits theme for Eyes Without a Face sounds like a demented circus tune.
- Toy Story: "Strange Things Are Happening".
- Older than Television: "Alabama Song" (commonly but mistakenly thought of as "Whiskey Bar") from The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny, first performed in 1930. A wasted flapper and a derelict-looking man in a rumpled suit joylessly chant the nihilistic lyrics as they ride in the back of a clunky old pickup truck - and the discordant musical accompaniment is effectively sinister and disreputable in sound, describable only as "circus music being played in a junkyard."
- The first two Mr. Bungle albums are chock full of this. It's horrifying
- "Come See the Meatboy" by Calibretto.
- "Dark Woods Circus" by Machigherita
- "Circus Monster" by Luka, which features the slowed-down variety. The song itself is actually rather sad, and the circus music adds to that effect
- "Being For The Benefit Of Mr. Kite!" by The Beatles. Cirque du Soleil's LOVE takes this to its logical conclusion by making this song the centerpiece of a Circus of Fear, representing the controversies the group triggered in both the U.K. and the U.S. after Beatlemania's initial wave. As the scene climaxes, the music becomes a distressingly sinister combination of "Helter Skelter" and "I Want You (She's So Heavy)". AND TONIGHT, MR. KITE IS TOPPING THE BILL!!!!!!
- Taking that standard "Entrance of the Gladiators" theme and making the bass notes chromatically rising and descending tritones makes the piece a lot more creepy, especially if someone does a still-legged clown impression along with it.
- Creature Feature's "The Greatest Show Unearthed"
- When Tom Waits isn't doing Creepy Blues, Creepy Bluegrass, or Creepy Jazz, it's usually this. Especially once he gets ahold of that calliope-organ of his. His Concept Album The Black Rider contains a lot of it, including an old carnival tune "sung" by William S. Burroughs.
- Experiment 16 by Mentally Detached
- Arc Attack's aptly-titled "Creepy Circus Song" (complete with creepy children laughing)
- The Dark Cabaret act "Circus Contraption" is, yet again, made of this trope.
- The Tiger Lillies use this trope quite often.
- "Lions Roar" by The Hush Sound is a great example.
- The Doors' "Light My Fire" from The Doors with Ray Manzarek's keyboard shrieking away for several minutes like some kind of infernal calliope. Robbie Krieger's "Oriental" flamenco guitar only makes the effect more eerie. Other examples from the Doors include "Strange Days", "You're Lost Little Girl", "Unhappy Girl", "People Are Strange", "Not To Touch The Earth", "The Unknown Soldier", "Spanish Caravan" (specifically the second half), "Five To One", and "L'America".
- ''The Carny of Mr. Dark'' by Deathwatch Beetle Repairman.
- Pink Floyd's "Poles Apart" contains a brief segment composed of this.
- Many Years Ago by Alice Cooper.
- Nox Arcana's Carnival of Lost Souls is an ALBUM of this stuff! Example.
- The Eels song Trouble with Dreams.
- The Barenaked Ladies' track "Tonight is the Night I Fell Asleep at the Wheel" has some major clown-vibes, used to create a sense of eerie detachment from the events of the song. It's a different kind of creepy from the classic monster clown effect.
- David Bowie's "After All" (from 1:56 - 2:18).
- "Put A Straw Under Baby" by Brian Eno.
- "Spinning In Daffodils" by Them Crooked Vultures has a very dark circus riff.
- On "Random 2", a Gary Numan tribute album, somebody uses this to remake "Down in the Park". You know, that song about a combination jail/extermination camp that's also been covered by Marilyn Manson.
- Nightwish's song Scaretale certainly counts, at least from about 4:10 onwards, while also appearing to homage Grim Grinning Ghosts.
- The "Big Top" section of King Crimson's "Lizard" suite could qualify, closing the piece (and the album) with the sound of a circus riff slowly spinning out of control.
- Nine Inch Nails - "Pilgrimage"
- "Psycho Circus" by KISS opens with some very creepy circus music playing.
- Bruce Springsteen has a little calliope figure at the beginning and end of "Magic" and some faint hurdy-gurdy in the bridge... while Bruce wanders through a Crappy Carnival. According to the Boss, people who think it's about the the Bush Administration are mostly correct.
- Miracle Of Sound: The tune of Joker's Song is built on a carnival/circus theme, befitting the Monster Clown that's singing it.
- Diablo Swing Orchestra has dabbled in this a couple times, as well as pretty much everything else.
- Alice Cooper's The Last Temptation features Creepy Circus Music in the outro of it's first track, "Sideshow" complete with a creepy carnival barker.
- Both Leo Sayer's and Three Dog Night's version "The Show Must Go On" features this prominently, although Three Dog Night's version features much slower circus music that flows with the rest of the song.
- No Doubt's song Tragic Kingdom has a prominent carnival sound that gets faster and more chaotic by the end, until it explodes into a Big Rock Ending.
- Alban Berg's Wozzeck — always a great source for horror music tropes — gestures towards this pretty strongly with the military parade music.
- The Creepy Docks music in BioShock.
- Super Mario 64, in the lower levels of the Boo level.
- The music in Chortlebot Challenge in Wario Land Shake It.
- The main menu music of Psychonauts and the final level, The Meat Circus.
- Although it isn't your standard circus tune, the creepy theme from the Banjo-Tooie level Witchyworld fits the mold.
- Killing Floor has a circus-themed map dubbed "Abusement Park", with slowed-down or creepified renditions of "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze", "The Entertainer", and "Entry of the Gladiators" to accompany the survival horror.
- Blood uses this sort of music, titled Dark Carnival on the soundtrack, for its circus levels. The sounds of barkers and children throughout make it even creepier.
- From Billy Hatcher and the Giant Egg, the Circus Park night theme, Odd March— which is in turn a remix of the Speed Slider boss theme from Knuckles Chaotix. Both songs were created by Mariko Nanba, who also composed the "Circus Park" theme from Shadow the Hedgehog.
- The Sonic the Hedgehog series also has Mystic Cave Zone from Sonic the Hedgehog 2 and Carnival Night Zone from Sonic 3 & Knuckles, which both also use the prototypical circus music "Entrance of the Gladiators". Doesn't sound so creepy, until you get to that Guide Dang It part where many players were trapped until they Game-Overed.
- In Final Fantasy VI, Kefka's theme, a sorta circus/militaristic march mix, actually averts this trope. Instead, the creepiness comes in when you see what Kefka gleefully will do while his theme is playing... Suffice to say, you will come to associate Kefka's theme with very, very bad things. No surprise, then, that his theme is present throughout the entirety of the final boss theme "Dancing Mad," particularly the fourth movement. It's often regarded as Nobuo Uematsu's Magnum Opus.
- More or less played straight with Calobrena's intro theme in Final Fantasy IV.
- The Big Bad's Leitmotif in Ace Attorney Investigations 2.
- The Circus of Fear level in TimeSplitters 2 features an appropriately worrying circus theme.
- The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask:
- There is a music box house in Ikana Valley which constantly plays circus music to keep away the undead...successfully. This song is similar to the one in Super Mario 64.
- Another possible example is the Song of Storms.
- Silent Hill 3 has its own amusement park with creepy carnival music.
- The "Puzzles" room in Shivers has its own horrific music.
- The Makin' Magic expansion pack for The Sims has circus music as its musical theme, and it's also the spookiest expansion pack, though only at Defanged Horrors level.
- Gore's theme, "Madness Visitor" from Gore Screaming Show is this. Makes sense, considering what he is.
- One of the trainer encounter themes from Pokemon Gold And Silver; its version from the remakes HeartGold and SoulSilver sounds less circuslike though.
- Batman Doom has the "Scarecrow" track, playing on the House of Fear level.
- The Kingdom Of Endless Dreams from Deathsmiles IIX. It's the Extra Field theme, the most terrifying Christmas carnival ever.
- Left 4 Dead 2's Dark Carnival campaign is set almost entirely in a carnival, and the overlying style of the music matches it accordingly.
- Peanut Gallery Music while not exactly "creepy" It's just kinda weird.
- When powering up a Merry-Go-Round (and alerting a horde of zombies) to get through to the other side of the carousel, the song that it starts playing is stereotypical creepy carnival music that's very slow-paced and ominous-sounding. Makes you question how well it did back when the carnival was still actually in operation.
- Averted throughout the "Carny" stage of House Of The Dead Overkill, which instead uses the fun rockabilly number "One Night in Bayou". We do get a properly demented, carnival-flavored track during the boss fight, though.
- The Sims has circus music making up about half the soundtrack of the Makin' Magic expansion pack, which is the most spooky/gothic expansion and, as the title indicates, has a supernatural theme.
- In the 5.x release time frame,World of Warcraft added a carousel to the Darkmoon Faire. The happy little circus tune that plays while you're riding it is eerily reminiscent of something Danny Elfman would write.
- In Super Mario Kart, the "Ranked Out" jingle is a dark version of the first 10 notes from "Entry of the Gladiators".
- "Midnight Calliope," which is appropriate for a Monster Clown murderous juggalo.
- Harlequin, while a bit creepy, is the theme song for the nice Nannasprite.
- The Carnival, a creepy-sounding remix of Harlequin that gets progressively faster and faster, is used in the 5x Showdown Combo page with great effect.
- Experiment 16 by ZekeySpaceyLizard
- This rather disturbing parody of one of KFC's ads.
- One of the case-files on the SCP Foundation website is SCP-823, an abandoned Amusement Park of Doom. One of the key indicators that bad things are about to go down is when creepy carnival music starts playing out of nowhere.
- Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker uses an offscreen music box to similar effect. We are talking about the perversion of a home created by two Monster Clowns after all.
- Similarly, the Joker's Leitmotif from The Batman is of this type.
- The theme from The Magic Roundabout has a certain haunting aspect, noted by Bill Bailey in one of his stand-up routines in which he "re-inserts" the "lost middle eight" which features Zebedee in a maniacal rant.
- Mighty Max: Shows up in the beginning of the "Clown Without Pity" episode.
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic:
- The theme for the Courage the Cowardly Dog episode "The Great Fusilli" is a fine example.
- Gargamel's Ghoulliope, which shows up at Laconia and Woody's wedding in The Smurfs cartoon special "Smurfily Ever After".
- The Powerpuff Girls episode "Mime for a Change" makes great use of this when Rainbow the Clown loses his color and is turning all of Townsville grey and silent.
- If you're at a circus show and you hear the band suddenly strike up "The Stars and Stripes Forever" and it's not the 4th of July, expect to be ushered outside as fast as possible. Circus tradition is that this music is played only in the event of a major life-threatening emergency during a show to signal the staff; it's nicknamed "The Disaster March".