- Diameter: 12,742 km
- Mass: 1 Earth (5.97237×10²⁴ kg)
- Density: 5.514 g/cm³
- Surface Gravity: 1 g (9.807 m/s²)
- Semi-major Axis: 1 AU (149,598,023 km)
- Orbital Period: 365 Days
- Rotational Period: 24 Hours
- Axial Tilt: 23.44°
- Average Surface Temperature: 15° C
- Atmospheric Pressure: 1 atm (101.325 kpa)
- Number of Moons: 1
The Earth (also known as Terra, Tellus, Gaia, or countless other namesnote ) is the planet we all live on. It is the most Conveniently Close Planet. It is the only planet TV Tropes exists on. All tropers were born and live on Earth, unless we have someone currently on the International Space Station. There are over seven billion humans living on Earth. To learn more about Earth, all you have to do is go outside, but we don't blame you if you don't want to.
Earth is really weird when compared to the other planets. The first and most obvious difference is it is the only known place life exists. It is the most tectonically activenote planet in the Solar System (Io is more active, but it's a moon of Jupiter). It has the largest moon in comparison to its parent body's size in the solar system. Earth is the only planet with vast oceans of liquid water on the surface.
The human race evolved on Earth OR arrived there at some point in the past OR was placed here by The Powers That Be. It took us a while to realize that we were on a planet, and not the center of the universe. It took us a bit to realize it was round, not flat (but not as long as Bugs Bunny would have you believe), that it spun around on its own, and that it went around the Sun not the other way around.
The Earth is the standard we use to measure the universe with. The atmospheric pressure and gravity are considered "1" when compared to other planets, which are either higher or lower than that number. We call dirt "earth", even when talking about the dirt on other planets.note Our moon is called simply the "Moon"note , since we named it before learning of any others. We measure the distances around the solar system in "Astronomical Units" (AU) the distance from the Sun to the Earth. We measure distances outside the solar system in either light-years, the distance light travels in the time it takes Earth to orbit the Sun once, or parsecsnote , the distance where the parallax angle measured from opposite sides of Earth's orbit is one arc-second.
With alien life undiscovered, scientists needn't agree on a name for Earth's living things, but we have contenders. The two most popular are probably "Earthling", which dates back to Early Modern English, and "Terran", which comes from the planet's Latin name "Terra".