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Anime and Manga
- Great Mazinger: Marquis Janus, one of the villains of the Mazinger Z sequel had an Island Base with an artificial volcano built on the center. Its eruptions could be set off and stopped at will. Often it was used to blast Great Mazinger with a rain of hot-molten rocks, debris and volcanic cinders in order to slow down its advance or hinder The Hero Tetsuya as he battled.
- Kotetsu Jeeg: Queen Himika's Home Base was inside a volcano.
- Starscream's temporary base in Transformers Cybertron is located on a volcanic island in the Pacific. Since he and his minions are giant alien robots, the heat is not an issue. Hell, Thunderblast enjoys bathing in the lava.
- In Pokémon, Blaine set up his gym inside the volcano of Cinnabar Island. Not surprisingly, he specializes in Fire-type Pokemon. Many other Fire-type-specializing Gym Leaders also set up their gyms in volcanoes or similar.
- Used interestingly in one Buck Danny story. While flying, Buck spots a smoking volcano island and flies over it, taking pictures to send to volcanologists. Which is how he discovers the volcano isn't active but used as a secret base by the bad guys, who use smoke emitters to disguise their operations.
Films — Animation
- Dragonriders of Pern has all "classic" Weyrs made this way (one of the rare occurrences of this trope with extinct volcanoes,) but not early or later ones.
- Evil Harry Dread, the low-budget Evil Overlord in The Last Hero, complains that other Dark Lords somehow manage to get volcano lairs even when the local geology is completely wrong for them.
- The eponymous Higher Institute of Villainous Education in the H.I.V.E. Series is one.
Live Action TV
- The villain Moltor of Power Rangers Operation Overdrive bases his operations inside one of these, in sharp contrast to his brother Flurious, who resides inside of an icy cave lair.
- Dungeons & Dragons
- Dragonlance — The biggest Minoi settlement around is Mount Nevermind. A combination of their smokepowder storage facility and one angry red dragon led to reactivation of the volcano and subsequent discovery of useable geothermal energy.
- Forgotten Realms — Firenewts live in volcanic mountains. Because they need lava pit-grade heat.
- Red dragons, being immune to fire, prefer hot lairs including volcanoes.
- Subverted in No One Lives Forever 2. It looks like this but, as it turns out, the actual lava pit inside the base would be too troublesome — so the villains use synthetic lava instead.
- MageCraft has a secret weapons lab variant. Justified as they can quickly destroy the research if things get out of hand.
- MARDEK has at least one NPC who lives in a volcano, a mad hermit who is actually the shaman of the area, driven insane from guilt.
- Mega Man's Dr. Wily had a couple, with at least two in the Mega Man Battle Network series.
- In the Super Mario Bros. series games, Bowser's castle is usually found inside a volcano.
- Dark Crater from Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time/Darkness/Sky.
- Pokémon Emerald: Team Magma's headquarters is located in Mount Chimney, specifically because that's where Groudon is.
- The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind has the Big Bad's Very Definitely Final Dungeon in the crater of a volcano.
- Dr. Eggman has built a few of these, such as in Shadow the Hedgehog and Sonic Spinball.
- The second Island Base in Evil Genius is built around a volcano (the inside of which serves as your rocket silo).
- After his sudden yet inevitable betrayal, Premier Cherdenko of Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3 takes refuge in his secret volcano fortress, which comes equipped with a full suite of military production structures, Moai heads that shoot infantry, a Vacuum Imploder, and a fortified redoubt inside the volcano's caldera, just in case.
- The Dark Being's lair near the end of Lighthouse. It's also polluting the area around it.
- It's hard to find a Dwarf Fortress player who hasn't built one of these at least once.
- Minions at Work as a comic about going-on in Supervillain Lairs featured volcanic lair of Doctor Coldblood time and again, with lots of jokes about its volcano nature.
- The Original Gobwin Knob in Erfworld was built on an extinct volcano.
- Dan and Mab's Furry Adventures lampshaded this with Dr. Jyrras explaining why he specifically chose an extinct volcano for his Island Base:
After all, nothing quite says "intelligent" like having 70 billion dollars of equipment next to an unstable volcano!
- To make it look active however, he filled the crater with bright orange pillows.
- Dresden Codak had Kimiko's dream, where she says who she wants to be when she grows up:
Kimiko: A robopsychologist like Susan Calvin from Asimov's Robot Series. Except [...] I'd live on an island with a volcano for power.
- One shows up in Genocide Man.
Dr. Fumiaki: Then welcome to Corvo Island. Part volcano, part laboratory ... well, pretty much just those two things.