Princesses Rule

"Even though the king and queen are totally dead, she still technically calls herself 'Princess'. How does that work? If you're the ruler of a nation, you're a fucking queen."

As it says in Everything's Better with Princesses, occasionally in fiction, a princess is shown to be the absolute ruler of a realm, despite the fact that, logically, that would make her a queen. There could be a few reasons why she hasn't been crowned queen, such as the realm is explicitly a principality, they are waiting until the princess comes of age (although historically this doesn't usually happen), or the princess is only acting ruler, as regent for an incapacitated monarch, or she's ruling a feudal fiefdom granted by and subordinate to her parents (who are still the reigning monarchs overall). However, in fiction-land, this set-up doesn't usually even get a hand-wave. The ruler just is a princess for some inexplicable reason.

Note: Queens (consort) who are the wives of regnant kings might be referred to as princesses. That does not fit this trope. Nor does a queen referring to herself as a prince. Only a princess ruling as a princess counts.

Contrast God Save Us from the Queen!. Compare Politically-Active Princess.


Anime and Manga
  • Gundam Seed Destiny: Princess Cagalli might count, though she prefers a different title, and she both averts and plays it straight in the series. Neither changes the fact that she's a princess and the highest official in her nation.
  • Princess Adina (Mokuba's virtual Opposite-Sex Clone), ruler of Simlow in the virtual world in Yu-Gi-Oh!
  • In El-Hazard: The Magnificent World, Princess Rune Venus and Fatora seem to be the co-rulers of Roshtaria (though it's uncertain how much political power Fatora holds).
  • In Magic Knight Rayearth, the Pillar of Cephiro is named Princess Emeraude. Curiously, her younger brother is Prince Ferio. So there may be something else in addition to being Pillar, like a royal family with titles.
  • Cornelia and Euphemia of Code Geass both reign as Viceroys of Area 11 on behalf of their father, the Emperor, and it's shown that they're given pretty broad authority to rule as they see fit. In the second series, Nunally also briefly becomes one, at least until Lelouch's rebellion finally succeeds. And averted in the finale, as Nunally is elevated to the rank of Empress despite being near the bottom of the line of succession.
  • In Saint Seiya, Polaris Hilda in Asgard saga is called princess in many foreigners dubbing, although she's an orphan and the official monarch of Asgard.
  • In the Sailor Moon manga, the Inner and Outer Senshi are revealed to have been the princesses (and also appear to be the main rulers) of their respective planets. This is somewhat offset, and possibly explained, by the fact that they are subordinate to Princess Serenity.
    • Prince Endymion is a possible male example, since he appeared to be the main ruler of the Earth during the Silver Millenium. To make it even weirder, he eventually does become King of the Earth in the 30th century, with Neo-Queen Serenity, where he is implied to be a glorified consort.

Comic Books
  • Plourr Illo of the X-Wing Series is revealed to be the last, lost princess of her homeworld, the rest of her family being dead. At the end of Warrior Princess she is acclaimed as Empress Apparent-Heir - but in later comics she's called Princess or Princess of the Realm.

Fan Works
  • This is discussed in Bad Future Crusaders when Twitch, one of Lightning Dust's wingponies in the R.E.A.F., can't understand why Princess "Celestial" went by Princess instead of Queen.
    Twitch: So what about Princess Celestial? She was top dog, so why weren't she a queen? Ain't that how it works? I mean, it's king or queen, then prince or princess, then uh... baron, I think...
    Crimson Sky: You think too much about the wrong things, Twitch.
  • The Bridge, a crossover between My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic and Godzilla, pokes fun at the former's constant use of this trope — while Xenilla is able to wrap his head around Celestia and Luna both being princesses via the justification of them being co-rulers, he simply can't understand why Cadence is still called Princess even when she's ruling the Crystal Empire. And hilariously, when he points this out, no one is able to explain it to him; it seems it never crossed their minds as being odd.
  • In Equestria: A History Revealed, after Chrysalis is born as a dark Celestia clone as the result of baking gone wrong, she questions why Celestia calls herself a princess when she's the only one ruling. Celestia says its because the title of princess brings up the image of youth and beauty. Chrysalis interrupts and says that's stupid, and chooses to call herself a queen, leading to an argument between the two.

  • The Princess of Alamut from the Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time film.
  • In The Last Airbender the voiceover explicitly states that the Northern Water Tribe is ruled by a princess because her father was killed. In the original series her father, Chief Arnook, was alive and ruling himself.
  • Princess Oriana in Felix the Cat: The Movie (see page quote.)
  • Wreck-It Ralph appears to intentionally invoke this trope with the world of the Sugar Rush game being ruled by Princess Vanellope. It doesn't last long, though, as she decides she would rather be president instead.
  • A Rare Male Example may be Prince Eric of The Little Mermaid. His parents are never shown, but he's still called Prince. In the musical, it's actually stated that he's still a Prince because he was out sailing when his father died and just hasn't been crowned King, but in the movie, he's a ruling prince for no stated reason. Unless his nation is a principality, in which case "Prince" would be the highest possible rank.
  • Averted with Frozen. When Elsa comes of age near the beginning of the movie, she has her coronation, since the story is loosely based on The Snow Queen.
  • Subverted with Unikitty, princess of Cloud Cuckooland from The LEGO Movie. While she is the host for travelers to her country, she also states that it doesn't actually have any government or even rules.

  • Princess Ozma from the Oz books.
    • There's no consistent title for the ruler of Oz, so this could actually mean that she's a princess as a fairy rather than a princess of Oz. We don't see enough of other fairies to be sure.
    • Princess Langwidere from Ozma of Oz is a justified example, as she is only acting ruler until the return of the Royal Family.
  • Princess Jenna from the Septimus Heap series. She will, however, become queen. When the Time is Right.
  • Played with in the Wheel of Time when Elayne effectively rules Caemlyn (the capital city) for several months as Daughter-Heir (the term princess exists, but is considered old-fashioned). This happens because there's a conflict over who should be Queen.
  • Gender-flipped with the lands of Emerald and Corisande in the Safehold series. The countries are ruled by their princes, however they are also specifically referred to as Princedoms, not kingdoms.
  • Princess Desmia in Palace of Mirrors, although she is a mere figurehead. By the end of the book, the kingdom is ruled by a council of thirteen princesses, all of whom have equal right to rule.
  • For some never explained reason the monarch of the Fomalhaut system in Edmund Hamilton's The Star Kings is 'Princess' Lianna.
  • In the later Black Company books, the Fantasy Counter Part Culture version of India is ruled by a prince. (At some point in the distant past, it was part of a now-defunct much larger empire.)
  • The Princes of Gwyneth (a Wales expy) in Tales of the Branion Realm are commonly female due to Gender Is No Object and She Is the King. For part of the series Gwyneth is independent and has eight Princes at any one time.
  • The Rhoynar, including the ruling family of Dorne, are late additions to Westeros in A Song of Ice and Fire compared to the Andals and the First Men, and continue to style their rulers "Princes" after the fashion of their original homeland in Essos. They were allowed to continue this tradition, as well as that of absolute primogeniture (the eldest child inherits regardless of gender), upon joining the Seven Kingdoms by marriage. It is therefore entirely possible, and presumably even common, in Dorne for a princess to rule in her own right, although as there has not yet been a ruling princess in-story, it's unclear whether she would continue to be called "princess" after coronation or styled "prince".
    • The official guidebook A World of Ice and Fire confirms that in Dorne, princesses do rule.
  • Princess Glisselda becomes acting monarch and regent in Seraphina after her grandmother becomes incapacitated.

Live-Action Television
  • This would seem to be the case with Princess Mithian from Merlin. She arrives in Camelot for an Arranged Marriage to King Arthur, with no sign or mention of either parent. When Arthur breaks off the engagement because he's still in love with Guinevere, he gives her full rights to the lands that were in dispute between their kingdoms, at which point Mithian says: "I would give up my own kingdom to be so loved." Presumably, she's the ruler of her own kingdom, but is still refered to as a princess.
    • When she returns to the show in series 5, her background is expanded on and it's revealed that she had a father the whole time. However, the example still stands, as when she first appeared the writers had no plans to bring her back again, nor gave any indication of her parentage. For that one episode at least, she was a straight example of this trope.
  • Once Upon a Time: Snow White and Prince Charming are the rulers of their kingdom but are not referred to as king and queen.

  • The male variation of this trope is featured in Emilia Galotti by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. The antagonist, Prince Hettore Gonzaga is the king and regent of Guastalla in all but the title. Lessing probably did that to avert any obvious parallels to the regents of his time (the piece, albeit set in renaissance Italy, was a warily subtle commentary on the corrupted politics of the then-contemporary 18th century German states).


Video Games
  • Princess Peach in many of the Super Mario Bros. games. The original game's English-language instruction manual referred to her as the daughter of the Mushroom King, but the games never mention him again after that.
    • There are also the Shroobs from Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, who have a Princess Shroob but no King Shroob or Queen Shroob. She even has an older sister who is also a princess rather than queen.
    • Prince Dreambert of Mario & Luigi: Dream Team is a male example. He is shown to be the leader of the Pi'illos, yet his domain is called the Pi'illo Kingdom, not the Pi'illo Principality.
  • Princess Zelda in some, but not all The Legend of Zelda games and adaptations, notably A Link to the Past and Ocarina of Time (Either the king is alive (child timeline), or he gets killed and Zelda must hide from the Big Bad (adult timeline)), as well as Twilight Princess (supplementary material says she was about to be crowned queen before everything started going to hell). The Super Smash Bros. Brawl manual also refers to her as "queen", for what it is worth.
  • Princess Gutrune of Etrian Odyssey III: The Drowned City. In her case, it's stated by locals that the Senatus is seen as holding all the real power, particularly Senator Flowdia, while Gutrune is seen as a pretty figurehead.
  • The hierarcy of the Aristocrat Club in Rule of Rose ends in the Rose Princess, which is justified considering that these are young girls playing a long-winded game - obviously Princess sounds better to them than a Queen.
  • Due to her fathers insanity, Hilde is this for her nation in Soul Calibur IV. She's technically regent, however, not the monarch.
  • Imperial Princess Arlier, the leader of the Tiamat race in Knights in the Nightmare.
  • Discussed in Yggdra Union. Princess Yggdra is the de facto leader of her nation throughout the game, as her parents were both killed in battle with Gulcasa before the narrative actually begins. In all the excitement of getting her throne back (and then rescuing her from the aftereffects of a momentary Idiot Ball catch), there just hasn't been time for her to be crowned, and when this is brought up even Yggdra herself is rather nonplussed about it. She officially becomes Queen a little bit later, but personally refuses to accept the title until the war is over—probably for the same inexplicable reasons listed above.
  • Soleanna is a duchy, and Princess Elise's father is referred to as the Duke of Soleanna. Elise, despite being the ruling monarch, is referred to as Duchess precisely once. In the Japanese dialogue.
  • Until the ending (if you live that long) Elodie of Long Live the Queen is titled Crown Princess, as she isn't quite old enough to legally take the throne. Since it's only a few months and everyone knows she will be Queen very shortly, most of the time it makes no difference.
  • Averted in Fallout3, where the children of Little Lamplight reject the reign of Angela, who proclaims herself a princess after being elected mayor and is removed after only five minutes.
  • In both timelines of Radiant Historia, Queen Protea is deposed one way or another, but Eruca continues calling herself Princess. Justified, as there's bigger issues preventing her having time to be coroneted, and Stocke being being her older brother Ernst makes her claim to the throne unclear for a while.
  • Monument Valley has Princess Ida, leader of the bird people.

  • Princess Pi rules the kingdom of Piscataway, keeping her princess title even though her late mother, Queen Isosceles, did not. Pi's Big Bad, Princess Ip of America, refers to herself as a princess despite actually ruling as a dictator.

Western Animation
  • Princess Bubblegum from Adventure Time.
    • Most of the other princesses seem to be this way, too (as we see a huge gathering of them discussing political matters). Lumpy Space Princess seems to be an aversion, though, since we actually see her parents.
    • Interestingly, a tie-in comic about time travel shows her as "Queen Bubblegum" in the future. What exactly causes this change of title is uncertain.
    • As of "Earth & Water", Flame Princess has usurped her father and taken up his Kingdom. She takes her father's title to signify her claim to the throne.
    • In "Apple Wedding", we meet someone who claims to be the King of Ooo but he acts more like a cult leader than a monarch and his authority seems to be recognized only by his followers.
  • Princess Starglo from Care Bears: Share Bear Shines is described as "the mother of all stars," yet is only a princess for some reason.
  • Princess Celestia and Princess Luna from My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic are the rulers of Equestria (the first by day, the second by night), with no attempt to lampshade Equestria as a principality. (Word of God says this is due to Executive Meddling: little girls think princesses are good but queens are evil.) This is also an Exaggerated Trope since their power is close to that of deities, and their responsibilites include keeping the sun and moon rising and setting.
    • Just to hit that point home, the shape-shifting, love-eating villain of the Season 2 finale is known as Queen Chrysalis.
    • The season 2 finale also introduces Princess Cadance, who retains her title when she becomes the ruler (possibly the regent?) of the Crystal Empire in season 3.
    • The Season 3 finale Magical Mystery Cure finally explains this in-universe. The princesses aren't from a bloodline, they're chosen due to their talents. Like Twilight at the end of the episode.
  • Princess Berrykin from Strawberry Shortcake's Berry Bitty Adventures.
  • Princess Candy from Dave the Barbarian is ruling Udrogoth until her parents come back from destroying all the evil in the world.
  • Played with in Captain N: The Game Master. Princess Lana is the only ruler in Videoland, but her father is still alive, he's just trapped in another dimension.
  • Similarly, Princess Sally from the Sonic Sat AM series would be ruler if Robotnik hadn't taken over. Instead, she leads the resistance movement.
  • In Mickey, Donald, Goofy: The Three Musketeers, Minnie is cast in the role of Princess Minnie. Despite this, she's pretty much queen in every other aspect.
  • Despite the heavy use of Everything's Better with Princesses, this trope is averted by the Disney Princesses, as none of them are actually in a ruling capacity, except for Kida, who appropriately becomes a queen at the end of her film. However, the franchise may have contributed to the trope's perpetuation, through films like Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs that could cause one to perceive queens as "evil", and princesses as "good".
    • Ariel, like Kida, becomes queen as shown in The Little Mermaid 2.
    • Prince Uncouthma of Odiferous rules his people and there's no mention of a King or a Queen.
    • In Frozen, Elsa (the older sister) does become queen, while her younger sister remains a princess.
  • Graciella the fairy princess in Barbie: A Fairy Secret.
  • In Gawayn, Princess Gwendolyn is portrayed as the rightful ruler of her kingdom. Her parents have never even been seen or mentioned...
  • In Barbie And The Secret Door, this is played with, as Big Bad Princess Malucia only rules the kingdom while her parents are away.

Real Life
  • This could become the case for Wales, which is a principality. Should the future heir apparent of the United Kingdom (the traditional ruler of Wales) be a girl then they will officially be the "Princess Of Wales." (Note that Diana wasn't an example, since she was princess by virtue of being married to the Prince of Wales rather that actually holding authority. Neither was the present Queen, before the death of her father; since Great Britain practiced male-preference primogeniturenote , she was only heiress presumptive, and thus ineligible to hold the title.)
    • Not quite. The title of "Princess of Wales" is retained exclusively for the use of the wife of the Prince of Wales. When Queen Elizabeth II was accepted as heiress presumptive to her father, the possibility of making her Princess of Wales in her own right was considered, and was discarded because it is strictly a courtesy title. The Other Wiki explains it here.
  • This was historically a perfectly accurate description of the title "prince". It was often just used as a general term referring to a ruler (i.e. Machiavelli's The Prince), and did not specify their actual rank or even their system of government. Any ruling individual was a "Prince". Given that female rulers are far more common nowadays (and were tentatively accepted in certain cases in other societies), that means that there are many "Princesses" who rule today, from Queens Regnant to female Presidents or Prime Ministers (although the male/gender neutral term "Prince" might be technically more appropriate). This concept can easily explain female ruling princesses seen in this trope, at least the historical fictional examples.
    • There are actual principalities amongst some of the smaller states of Europe (such as Monaco and Lichtenstein) whose head of state is referred to (or translated as, in Lichtenstein's case) as "Prince", instead of another title like "King", so it would be reasonable that any female inheriting the position would, if possible, be referred to as "Princess".
      • In German, the term "Fürst" is used for the reigning monarch ("Fürstin" being the female version), while "Prinz"/"Prinzessin" refer to the children of monarchs. Thus, no ambiguity between the two positions exists in German-speaking Lichtenstein. In French-speaking Monoco, on the other hand, both the reigning monarch and children of the monarch are referred to as Prince/Princess. The term "Prince Souverain" ("Sovereign Prince") is used to clarify things. Or Sovereign Princess in one case, because unlike Lichtenstein there has actually been a reigning Princess of Monaco.