Literature: The Marvelous Land of Oz
The Marvelous Land of Oz
(subsequently republished as The Land of Oz
) is the second of L. Frank Baum
's Oz books
. It was first published in 1904. Despite the title, most of the book does not take place in Oz at all.
Dorothy, the protagonist of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
, does not appear. Instead, the protagonist is a native of Oz, an orphan called Tip who sets out to seek his fortune along with two magically-animated companions, Jack Pumpkinhead and the Saw Horse. He encounters General Jinjur and her all-female Army of Revolt, who plan to take over Oz on the grounds that (what with the Wizard, and various Kings before him) it's about time a woman had a turn; then becomes involved in the search for Princess Ozma, the long-lost daughter of the last King of Oz, who disappeared as an infant shortly after the Wizard arrived in Oz. Tip's search, like Dorothy's, ends with the discovery that what he was looking for was under his nose (perhaps more accurately, behind his nose) the whole time, had he only known it. Princess Ozma is acclaimed the ruler of Oz, and goes on to become a major character in the rest of the series.
Parts of this book (and the next, Ozma of Oz
) were incorporated into the film Return to Oz
. It was also adapted as the second story arc in the anime The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
This book provides examples of:
- The Alleged Steed: The Saw-horse, who has no joints in his legs and, at first at least, has no ears and can't follow directions, starts out as this. Later, he is revealed to be completely tireless and the fastest ride in Oz.
- Amazon Brigade: General Jinjur's Army of Revolt and Glinda's army. Played with in that Jinjur's just thought they were; the Emerald City's army wouldn't hit a girl and was less than a match for Dorothy by herself anyway. Even so, the all-female armies in this book are the most effective armies in Baum's Oz books — all the rest are either evil and menacing but are foiled before they do much harm, e.g. the Nome King's army; or are too small to be threatening (these will include exactly one private soldier, but may have a large number of officers who do not fight), e.g. the Army of Oz. Jinjur's and Glinda's armies are the only ones that actually do what they set out to do.
- Awesome Moment of Crowning: For Ozma, at the end of the book.
- Completely Unnecessary Translator: Played for laughs when Jack Pumpkinhead arrives in the Emerald City. Jack, a Gillikin, claims he can't understand the Scarecrow, a Munchkin, so the Scarecrow calls in Jellia Jamb to translate. However, there's only one language in Oz, and neither of them realize they just casually discussed their inability to understand each other (Jack is The Ditz). Jellia catches on and gleefully misinterprets them until it finally hits both that they don't need translation.
- Crossing the Desert: Mombi tries this to escape Glinda. Glinda catches her.
- Cut His Heart Out with a Spoon: The penalty for damaging a palm frond is to be put to death seven times, then imprisoned for life.
- Didn't Think This Through: Jinjur's plan to lead feminist revolts in all the kingdoms ran into the slight snag that one of them was already completely matriarchal, heavily militarized, and good friends with the others. Oops.
- Extreme Omnigoat: Referenced, with General Jinjur threatening to have the Tin Man fed to a goat.
- Fantasy Gun Control: Averted, as there is exactly one gun, though it is never loaded nor shot. The gun belongs to the Royal Army of Oz. The other armies have no guns.
- Gender Bender: Tip is really Princess Ozma, who was transformed into a boy when she was hidden away as an infant to make her harder to find.
- Giant Flyer: The Gump, a magically-assembled creature whose body is formed from furniture so that it can carry people around in comfort.
- It Was with You All Along: Tip's quest to find the lost Princess Ozma requires, in the end, that they force out of the wicked witch Mombi the information that Tip is Ozma, transformed into a boy.
- Lame Pun Reaction: H.M. Wogglebug T.E. makes a joke about the Sawhorse, noting that if he rode him, it would be a "horse-and-buggie". Jack Pumpkinhead covers up his permanently-smiling mouth, and the Tin Woodsman threatens the Wogglebug with his axe.
- Men Can't Keep House: Once order is restored and the women return to the kitchen, they cook such a delicious meal that all is forgiven.
And it is said that the women were so tired eating of their husbands' cooking that they all hailed the conquest of Jinjur with Joy.
- Mix-and-Match Critters: The Gump, magically assembled from two couches for a body, palm leaves for wings, a broom for a tail, and the stuffed and mounted head of a dead animal.
- Moses in the Bullrushes: Ozma
- Oddly Small Organization: The entire Royal Army of Oz is one person, The Man With the Green Whiskers who first appeared in the original book.
- Phony Degree: Professor H.M. Wogglebug, T.E. — "T.E.", for "Thoroughly Educated", is a self-assigned distinction, and in fact the sum total of his education was spending three years in a one-room schoolhouse as a non-Magnified bug surreptitiously listening to Professor Nowitall's lectures.
- Pungeon Master: The Wogglebug firmly believes that the ability to create puns is a sign of a strong intellect. His companions disagree.
- Pragmatic Adaptation: Inverted; it's been suggested that, following the great success of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz's stage adaptation, Baum wrote this sequel with one eye on what would look good on stage. The element that's most often singled out is the Army of Revolt, composed of good-looking women whose uniforms are described in detail. Another element that may have been affected by the stage prospects is Tip turning out to really be female, since in a stage production a young boy would be played by a woman anyway. The emphasis on the Tin Man and the Scarecrow at the expense of the Lion and Dorothy reflects which characters had been most successful on stage. (In the event, the stage adaptation that followed a year later was a flop, at least partly because many of the people and elements that had made the first show such a success were unavailable because the show was still running.)
- Random Events Plot: Most everything that happens in the story either comes out of nowhere or has virtually no impact on aynthing that happens afterwards. Perhaps the best example is when the main characters accidentally fly out of Oz, land in a jackdaw nest, use some magical wish-granting pills to fly back to Oz, but forget to take the pills with them. What does this episode add to the story? The world may never know.
- Refugee from TV Land: The Wogglebug was originally a tiny insect, but was caught by Professor Nowital and magnified by a projector on a screen — from which he promptly escaped.
- Retcon: Apparently there were several things the Wizard neglected to mention when he told Dorothy how he came to be in charge in Oz...
- Royal Blood: Princess Ozma
- Servile Snarker: Jellia Jamb has great fun teasing the Scarecrow.
- Straw Feminist: General Jinjur. Note this in contrast to the matriarchal army of the South, composed entirely of women, who came to overthrow her rule of the Emerald City. An army relying on your enemies not hitting girls had some serious drawbacks in retrospect. It is interesting to note that Baum's wife was herself the daughter of a prominent early feminist, Matilda Gage. Jinjur is an obvious poke at the sort of pie in the sky "suffragette" who thought feminism meant "women in charge" while preserving the Double Standard where it suited them.
- Taken for Granite: Tip escapes the clutches of the sorceress Mombi before she can turn him into a statue.
- That Thing Is Not My Child!: Tip creates a huge pumpkin-headed scarecrow man named "Jack Pumpkinhead" as a prank to frighten Mombi, who uses magic to bring it to life. This leads to Tip being very uncomfortable with the creature calling him "Father", although he does consider Jack a good friend.
- Third Law of Gender Bending: After Tip is turned back into Princess Ozma, he instantly transforms from a fairly rambunctious boy to an exceedingly girly girl. However, given the date of publication (1903) it's highly unlikely anything else would have been considered acceptable.
- What Measure Is a Non-Human?: General Jinjur.
Jinjur: The rest of you are not human, and therefore it will not be wicked to demolish you. The Saw-Horse and the Pumpkinhead's body I will have chopped up for kindling-wood; and the pumpkin shall be made into tarts. The Scarecrow will do nicely to start a bonfire, and the tin man can be cut into small pieces and fed to the goats. As for this immense Woggle-Bug (...) I think I will ask the cook to make green-turtle soup of you. (...) Or, if that won't do, we might use you for a Hungarian goulash, stewed and highly spiced.
- Wicked Stepmother: Mombi
- Wicked Witch: Mombi