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The Puppet Cuts His Strings
So. The Conspiracy managed to do it : they put a Puppet King on the throne and now rule as The Man Behind the Man. The puppet was carefully selected to be stupid, ignorant, tractable and totally dependable on them, and yet look like a Reasonable Authority Figure to the other people. They now have free rein to enforce their agenda without anyone realizing anything before it's too late.

... except that, to the conspirators' surprise, the man turns out not to play his role nicely. He starts acting on his own, taking his own decisions, disobeying the conspiracy, and someone outright opposing those who put him into power. It is frequent that he eventually acquire some form of control on them, the puppeteer and puppet ironically switching roles.

There are mostly two types of this :
  • Most of the time, the Puppet King is just much more capable and strong-willed than expected, and eventually realize he is able and willing to be a competent ruler without blindly following his shady "advisors"' directives. This may just be personal skills that were not apparent but are revealed when he access nominal power, or it may be triggered by some dramatic event which makes him realize its weakness and cowardice and find some new strength. There are many ways this can end up badly for him.
  • It may also be that the apparent Puppet King was a chessmaster in its own right from the beginning, and manipulated The Conspiracy to grab power by posing as a powerless pawn. If things go All According to Plan, this scenario usually ends up very badly for The Conspiracy.

This trope can feature a clear moral reading grid with the redempted (and thus good) Puppet King eventually opposing the evil conspiracy, but is far more likely to have a Grey and Gray Morality.

Examples

Films
  • We somehow have this for Palpatine in Star Wars (the "hidden chessmaster" flavour). While never depicted as a weak person, as a chancellor he poses as an efficient but soft-spoken and cautious leader, and he is put into power by a coalition led by Padme mostly to enforce her policies (and those of her Jedi allies) in a time of trouble. Of course, he secretly engineered the trouble from the beginning just so he could take power, have his own army, exterminate the Jedi, get rid of most of the Galactic Republic's democratic structures ans proclaim himself Galactic Emperor.
  • The titular Dave continued to impersonate President Mitchell so his senior staff could continue to reap the benefits of controlling the White House. This continued until Dave learned Mitchell's policies were going to shut down a homeless program and he convened a budget meeting to slash redundant programs. When the staff tried to stop him, he quite calmly pointed out he was President and began actively pushing his own agenda to help the disenfranchised.

Literature
  • In Wheel of Time, the Salidar Aes Sedai Hall of the Tower raises Egwene to the Amyrlin Seat because she's young, inexperienced, untrained and without any political power. Since the Hall is split in various factions that can't agree on anyone, this seems like a good compromise, each faction secretly thinking that they can control Egwene and use her against the other ones. A few months later, they realize much to their horror that they have risen one of the most powerful and strong-willed Amyrlin in the history of the tower.
    • This failure can be attributed not to any kind of evil agenda from the Hall, but to their overly proud and disdainful Aes Sedai nature. These old powerful women are so much used to ruling that they have forgotten they can lose their power, and they can't even imagine that a mere 17-something half-trained girl could challenge their authority.
  • Again in Wheel of Time, this happens with Elaida and Alviarin. Initially, after her coup against Siuan, Elaida is the Amyrlin Seat, Alviarin is her Keeper of Chronicles (secretary) and there is no much more to it that it seems (well, except that Alviarin is the head of the Black Ajah). But after the botched attempt by the Tower to capture Rand, Alviarin blackmails Elaida and effectively turns her into her puppet, threatening to spill the inconvenient truth about her failures (which would at the time be enough to have her deposed and probably stilled) is she ever disobey her. This goes on for a while, then Alviarin leaves for a few months on Black Ajah business. During that time, Elaida manages both to clear herself by putting the responsibility of her own failures on other people, and to discredit Alviarin enough to have her removed as Keeper and destroy much of her influence. When Alviarin finally returns, Elaida is free, she is in control, and she exerts painful revenge on her former blackmailer.
  • Played straight in The Lord of the Rings, with old king Théoden of Rohan. He is made a puppet by his advisor Gríma (who answers to Saruman, who is himself in league with Sauron), through a mix of sorcery and applied psychology. Then Gandalf arrives and shows him the evil of Gríma and how to be once again a great, proud, and noble king.

Video Games
  • In Hate Plus we have Councilor Ryu. Everyone else in the Council sees him as a weak and unassuming man, if not as a complete idiot. Even his position as Councilor for Captaincy is ridiculed and seen as useless and mostly honorific. That's exactly why he is appointed as Chief Councilor by why what is essentially a conspiracy led by *Mute. Then, by very cleverly using other people's political agenda, he manages to have most of the other councilors replaced by his allies, to create an independant police force which answers to him and not to *Mute, to remove the laws preventing politicians from holding multiple positions concurrently, and finally to get elected as the Ship President in addition to Chief Councilor, effectively becoming a dictator and killing poor old *Mute. In the greatest tradition of evil asskicking, he finally proclaims himself Emperor Ryu and founds a dynasty which will last for centuries of absolute power.
    • In some of the final logs, Ryu proclaims that although he is not the spineless and stupid guy his fellow councilors saw in him, he is not a particularly ambitious man either and he just used the power the conspiracy gave him to begin with. It is also strongly hinted that most of his plotting and grab for power was actually encouraged and planned by his extremely intelligent and devious future wife.
  • Depending of the course of action chosen by the player, this can happen in Fallout3 with president John Henry Eden. Eden styles himself the President of the United States and is nominally the leader of the Enclave. When you meet him, you discover that he is actually an artificial intelligence designed to sound like a Reasonable Authority Figure, and that he has almost no power and is a puppet of Colonel Autumn, who actually runs all of the Enclave operations. Eden is much more naive and deluded than bad intentioned, though, and the player can point out that he has no power and is useless, and convince him to finally cut his strings by destroying himself.

Webcomics
  • Lord Shojo, a character from the D&D webcomic The Order of the Stick, pretends to be an incompetent ruler who talks to his pet cat, but is quite privy to the machinations of the advisers in Azure City.
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