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Series: Freaks and Geeks

Dramedy created by Paul Feig and Judd Apatow for NBC, based on the former's experiences, about two groups of teenagers in the Detroit suburbs in 1980. The "Freaks" are into rock (not disco!), pot and just hanging out. The "Geeks" are into comedy, the AV club, role-playing games and are just getting into computers. Lindsay Weir (Linda Cardellini) is at the fringe of the Freak group, while her younger brother, Sam (John Francis Daley), is at the core of the Geeks.

Eighteen episodes were made in 1999-2000. Part of what made the show unique was its retro setting did not use the typical trappings like It Will Never Catch On, Hilarious in Hindsight and was even sparse in the use of Nothing But Hits. It was surprisingly immersive in the time period. The show was praised to heaven and back, making it on TIME magazine's top 10 new shows, but never quite took off with the ratings, which led to its notorious cancellation.note 

Compare its fellow high school drama My So-Called Life, and Apatow's follow-up college comedy Undeclared.

Has a character sheet.

Freaks and Geeks is the Trope Namer for the following tropes:


Freaks and Geeks provides examples of:

  • Aborted Arc: Sam's beginning frustration with Neal and Bill (as well as Gordon and Harris) in "Discos and Dragons" was to translate into the next season with Sam wanting to break away from the Geeks as he started with puberty, as well as the relationship between Coach Fredericks and Gloria Haverchuck (Bill's mother), and the divorce between the Schweibers. No further explanation is needed.
  • Adults Are Useless: Played with. The Weir parents generally give well-meaning and helpful advice to their children. However, generational differences in particular (they are, after all, pre-Boomers while the kids are early Gen-X'ers) often make it difficult for them to understand what their children are going through. This is particularly apparent in the episode "Boyfriends And Girlfriends," where the Weir parents' lack of familiarity with post-60's sexual politics makes them extremely paranoid about Lindsay and Nick hooking up. Fortunately, unlike a lot of other teen shows, F&G never goes overboard with this trope. It's actually presented in a very realistic (for its time, at least) manner.
  • The Alleged Car: Kim Kelly's Gremlin, Nick's Maverick...It's 1980, it's Detroit, if the series had lasted pretty much every marginal American car from the '70s would've shown up...
  • Alliterative Name: Kim Kelly, Daniel Desario, Cindy Sanders
  • Ambulance Cut: Sort of. In "Chokin' and Tokin'," Alan yells at Bill that he put peanuts in his sandwich. Cue his Oh Crap face as he realizes Bill really is allergic to peanuts, and then cut to Bill on a gurney being rushed down the hall to the waiting ambulance.
  • Author Avatar:
    • Sam Weir = Paul Feig
    • Gabe Sachs claims to have based Nick on himself, complete with giant drum kit.
  • Author Tract: "The Little Things" is pretty much one long political ad. Somewhat understandable, as it aired a few months before the 2000 election.
  • Belated Backstory: Alan gets one in "Chokin' and Tokin'", where we find out that the reason he gives the geeks a hard time is because they used to ignore him when he actually wanted to be friends with them.
  • Bittersweet Ending: Most episodes. Especially the finale.
  • Blackmail: Mr. Rosso tries using this to get Lindsay to re-join the Mathlete team after he catches her cutting class in the pilot.
  • Brainy Brunette: Lindsay and Millie. The former was a star mathlete.
  • Broken Pedestal: Neal's idolization of his father is destroyed upon learning of his extramarital affairs. However, the show takes pains to portray the senior Schweiber as a good husband and father who is likely in the midst of a mid-life crisis.
  • Brother Chuck: There are a few unnamed extras in the freaks and the geeks that dont appear in later episodes after the pilot.
  • Butt Monkey: The geeks. All of them.
  • California Doubling: Gets pretty obvious by the Halloween episode.
  • The Cast Showoff: John Francis Daley's accomplished dance moves were shown off during the mirror scene in "Looks and Books".
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance: High School teachers and students (openly) smoking on campus.
  • Cool Loser: Harris.
  • Coach Nasty: Played with; Coach Fredericks can definitely be rather blunt, sarcastic and mean, particularly to the less-than-athletically talented geeks, but he's got a heart of gold underneath it all and is actually rather compassionate and kind, particularly when he's not on the sports field.
  • Continuity Nod: Lindsay's mom referring to Nick as "the guy who ate all my Fruit Roll-Ups" in "Boyfriends And Girlfriends" counts as this; the series generally doesn't make too many references to previous episodes beyond well-established plot points, so this is particularly apparent.
  • Convenient Slow Dance: Subverted in the first episode. Sam gets Cindy out onto the dance floor just as the tempo (to Styx' "Come Sail Away") picks up.
  • Converse with the Unconscious: Alan gives a heartfelt apology to the unconscious Bill, after he puts peanuts in his sandwich and Bill is rushed to the hospital, giving us some Belated Backstory.
  • Conversational Troping: Both groups, constantly, although the geeks mostly talk comedy and science fiction, while the freaks are more into music.
  • Corpsing: When found out that he had Lindsay help him cheat on a math test, Daniel breaks into a monologue about how he was pushed into the dumb kids group and how it affected his self-esteem. When he finished, everyone in the room (teacher, guidance counselor, Lindsay and her parents) are all silent. That is, until Lindsay breaks into hysterical laughter because he had used, word for word, the EXACT same monologue to guilt her into helping him cheat in the first place.
  • Cosplay: for the science fiction convention.
  • Creator Cameo: Paul Feig plays Alex, the guitarist for Dimension, in "I'm with the Band".
  • Cringe Comedy: To spare.
    • Neal's ventriloquism act at his parents' party.
    • Nick's disastrous audition for a professional rock band.
    • Nick serenading Lindsay with Styx's "Lady"...and, in a different episode, auditioning his own composition, "Lady L", to Ken.
    • "Smooching and Mooching" has a deleted scene in which Sam and Cindy dance while Sam sings, which everyone on the DVD commentary claims is the creepiest thing ever filmed... which is accurate.
    • Sam walking into school wearing a baby-blue disco jumpsuit ("Parisian nightsuit"). The look on his face as he realizes that everyone is laughing at him is priceless.
  • Cut Short: And it makes the final episode, "Discos and Dragons", into...
    • Mind-Screw Ending: Let's see, Sam has become disillusioned with his best friends but Daniel has joined their gang. Nick and Lindsay are no longer a couple, he has also broken up from his circle of friends and Lindsay is off on a cross-country road trip while her parents think she's attending an academic summit. And Kim and Daniel's latest break-up may be the last.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Ken and Amy. Harris and Neal also fit this trope.
  • Down to the Last Play: The basketball game in "We've Got Spirit".
  • Dream Apocalypse: In her marijuana induced episode, Lindsay believes she's in a dream belonging to Millie's dog, and begs her not to wake him up.
  • Dreadful Musician: Nick, although he is said to be getting better towards the end after taking lessons.
  • DVD Commentary: Most episodes have at least two, some have three, including fan commentaries and Rosso, Fredericks, & Kowchevski reviewing an episode in character.
  • Early-Installment Weirdness: In early episodes, Kim, Ken, Daniel and others can be interpreted to act out of character and behave with extreme cruelty toward others, when ultimately they are shown to be warm and caring people. Is this an aberration or good character development? The debate goes on...
  • The Eighties: Or more specifically, the part immediately following (and thus still retaining a lot of the look and culture of) The Seventies.
  • Fake-Out Opening: The pilot has a small one, with hints of a Take That to boot. The camera focuses in on a jock and his cheerleader trying to ham up their non-existent melodrama, and soon after, the camera introduces us to the real heroes of the show.
  • Fan Boy: The geeks are fan boys of Saturday Night Live, science fiction, The Jerk, and Dungeons & Dragons. Bill is also very adamant about watching Dallas. Eli really, really likes Three's Company.
  • Fantasy-Forbidding Father: All Nick wants to do is play drums, but his father sells his drum set "for his own good" and threatens to send him to military school.
  • The Fellowship Has Ended: At the end of the series, the Freaks have all joined different groups. Lindsay and Kim are off to follow The Grateful Dead, Daniel has become one of the geeks and Nick had gotten into disco. Ken's a bit of a loose plot thread, though.
  • Finding A Bra In Your Car: The garage door opener.
  • Foreshadowing:
    • In the Halloween episode, the geeks go trick or treating and one woman gives them circus peanuts. Bill asks "Are there any peanuts in those peanuts? Because if there are, I could die." Later in the season, a bully slips peanuts into Bill's sandwich. He nearly dies from an allergic reaction.
    • "Looks and Books" offers some foreshadowing during the conversation between Harris and Daniel: Harris is reading a Dungeons and Dragons book, and comments that Daniel would make a great Dungeonmaster.
    • "Smooching and Mooching" also foreshadowed with a brief cameo of some Deadheads.
  • The Generation Gap: Between Lindsay and her parents and Nick and his father. They are both between pre-boomers and early gen-Xers.
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar: This series was full of it. The cast and crew called it the "clean dirty" on the DVD commentaries.
  • Goofy Print Underwear: Nick has some black-and-white vertically-striped ones in "Smooching and Mooching." The print itself isn't so goofy, but the fact that the underwear was a pair of small, revealing briefs raises the hilarity. In the DVD booklet, Paul Feig even commented, "Kudos for Jason Segel for allowing us to show him in his underwear."
  • Halloween Episode: "Tricks and Treats"
  • Held Back In School: Daniel Desario.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: Lindsay and Kim
  • Hidden Depths: Naturally it occurs in the main cast, but recurring characters receive it as well. For example, Gordon Crisp is introduced early as just a fat kid, but he proves himself to be rather intuitive.
  • High School
  • High School Dance: In the pilot episode.
  • Hippie Teacher: Mr. Rosso
  • Huge Guy, Tiny Girl: Typical with 6'4'' Jason Segel in most of his roles. Nick and Lindsay have plenty of Ship Tease and he is a solid head taller than her.
  • Humiliation Conga: The episode where Sam finally gets the courage to shower with other guys...only to end up being forced to streak through the school thanks to some bullies who lock him out of the locker room. Subverted because he actually ends up impressing Cindy by doing it.
  • Hypocrisy Nod: The big basketball game is against Lincoln High, and the students put up posters everywhere that say "Assassinate Lincoln!" But their own school is named after William McKinley.
  • Idiosyncratic Episode Naming: "_____ and _____". And it usually rhymes. (It's only about half the episodes, though, so the rest aren't tortured forced rhymes.)
  • In with the In Crowd: Sam, in "The Little Things".
  • It's Always Spring: The entire show seems to have been shot in the fall.
  • Jerkass Fašade: Alan, as it turns out, in "Chokin' and Tokin'" thanks to some Belated Backstory.
  • Jerk Jock: Seldom played straight, which is surprising given all the other stock high school tropes.
    • The bullies and jocks are completely separate cliques—the bullies are mainly losers picking on others even lower on the social ladder, while the jocks are mostly just known for sleeping around. They can be obnoxious but few actually antagonize others. One example is Cindy's boyfriend Todd: he starts out as the Romantic False Lead keeping Sam from dating Cindy, but turns out to be an unusually decent guy. There is a straight example, though, in Seidelman, the enormous football player who torments, well, just about everybody whenever he appears.
    • In fact in the beginning of one episode, a jock accidentally hits Sam very hard in the stomach while giving his girlfriend a gun show, and though Sam doesn't admit that he got hurt, the guy did genuinely act apologetic.
    • Subverted with Mr. Fredricks. He initially appears to be a cliched asshole gym teacher, but is later revealed to be very compassionate and understanding, even when dealing with students who don't do well in gym (Sam and Bill). He risks losing his job to have a more frank discussion about sex with Sam after realizing that he's seen a pornographic movie and makes a good effort to bond with Bill after he starts dating Bill's mom.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Most characters, when not subverting the Jerk Jock and Libby stereotypes, are some form of this.
    • Harold Weir starts out as a typical unreasonable Overprotective Dad to Lindsay, but actually treats Nick quite well, stands up for him to his own dad and does genuinely care about his daughter.
    • Coach Fredericks, when he's not doing his Coach Nasty act, is actually rather kind and sweet.
  • Left Hanging: Deliberately invoked by the series finale when each of the "freaks," with the exception of Ken, finds him- or herself among a new group.
  • Like Brother and Sister: Sort of. At one point Cindy tells Sam, "You're so easy to talk to. You're like my sister."
  • Limited Wardrobe: Lindsay's everpresent green Army surplus coat, and Bill's blue-and-white horizontal-striped shirt.
  • Locked Out of the Loop: Neal's brother and mother knew about his father's affairs long before he did, poor kid.
  • Luke Nounverber: Meta-subverted by a first-time D&D player, Carlos the Dwarf.
  • A Man Is Not a Virgin: Although never directly stated, definitely so when it comes to the Geeks, but this when Daniel talks with Harris:
    Daniel: Am I a loser?
    Harris: Well, you're having sex, so no.
  • Monochrome Casting: There really are very few people of color with speaking roles, and a grand total of one recurring Hispanic character.
  • Most Writers Are Adults: A rare aversion for a show about highschool students. The kids actually act like kids their age, and deal with relatively realistic issues.
  • Music Video Syndrome: Averted. Feig and Apatow wanted the emotional scenes that would, on most teen dramas, be underscored by music from hip new bands, to simply speak for themselves. The results speak for themselves.
  • Naked People Are Funny: Sam gets caught naked in the school hallway in "I'm with the Band".
  • Nerd: The "geeks" in the show, who are everything you ever think of when you heard the word "nerd". Neal's older brother is rather noticeable in that he is awkward, not too handsome, and completely uncool, but knows and accepts this unashamedly. However, it's never implied that the geeks are particularly smart. Bill in particular comes off as being surprisingly dumb at times.
  • No Ending: About the only downside to discovering the show on DVD.
  • Not Named in Opening Credits: Busy Phillips
  • Odd Friendship: Lindsay and Kim (starting with "Kim Kelly Is My Friend"), Millie and Kim ("Dead Dogs and Gym Teachers"), Daniel and the Geeks ("Discos and Dragons", although it technically began when Daniel lent Sam a porno in "Tests and Breasts").
  • Oh Crap: When The Freaks realize that Mr. Rosso is fronting the band in the bar they used their fake IDs to get into.
  • Orphaned Punchline: A raunchy joke that the Geeks don't understand is the impetus for their plot in "Tests and Breasts". We only hear the punchline, "...'How do you think I rang the doorbell?'", until near the end of the episode, where the audience finally gets to hear enough of the setup to figure out the joke ("So there's this guy with no arms and no legs...").
  • Picked Last: Bill had a history of being picked last. This actually drove him to prank call his gym teacher! After his teacher finds out he was the one who made the call, Bill is awarded the opportunity to captain a team for a day.
  • Picture Day: Opening credits.
  • Power Walk: The Geeks and Maureen, in "Carded and Discarded".
  • Present Day Past: Mostly averted. And, since the show's 1980 setting was really more about averting Totally Radical (see below) than wallowing in period nostalgia anyway, it's pretty easy to forgive the occasional anachronism.
    • The show's side characters generally have pretty typical Turn of the Millennium haircuts, though, and some of the settings (particularly the fast food restaurant Sam and Cindy visit in "Girlfriends and Boyfriends") look a little too modern for the early-80's. Once again, however, this was all deliberate since the show was striving to look as realistic as possiblenote  and was really more concerned with properly depicting the culture of the early-80's than the actual aesthetics of them.
  • Pretender Diss: Kim initially resents Lindsay hanging out with the Freaks, viewing her as "just some rich kid who's trying to piss off her parents".
  • Primal Scene: Interestingly used. The Geeks enter the Weir house, and Sam calls out for Jean; he hears Harold and Jean in their bedroom and makes a disgusted face. Both Bill and Sam walk away, but Neal listens in...
  • Punctuated! For! Emphasis!: "I. Have. Herpes."
  • Razor Apples: Discussed by the geeks (along with other rumored foreign objects tainting Halloween candy) in "Tricks and Treats". The other mom who accompanies her kids' trick-or-treating and refuses Jean's homemade cookies for fear of this.
  • Real Song Theme Tune: "Bad Reputation" by Joan Jett.
  • Reality Is Unrealistic: Played with. Kim states that, despite reading a mere thirty pages, Jack Kerouac's On the Road reads as though it was written as a stream-of-consciousness by someone on drugs. Her English teacher condescendingly dismisses this assessment. Vindicated by Lindsay.
  • Refrain from Assuming:
    Lindsay: God, how could I be so awful to actually suggest that you play an entire song correctly all the way through! God knows Zeppelin only play half of "Stairway To Heaven" and The Who never even practices "Teenage Wasteland."
    Ken: "Baba O'Riley."
    Lindsay: What?
    Ken: The name of the song is "Baba O'Riley"... It's on Who's Next?
  • Right Behind Me:
    Neal: The previous mascot was as funny as a car wreck.
    Previous mascot: Hey!
  • Sad Clown: Neal in particular, though a good portion of the male characters have their turn too.
  • Sadist Teacher: Mr. Kowchevski.
  • Satellite Love Interest: Justified with Cindy. We know next to nothing about Cindy when Sam gets together with her, and this comes to bite him in the ass later, as they have nothing in common and never really have any fun.
  • Scare 'Em Straight:
    • In "Beers and Weirs", the students are shown a slide presentation depicting students who suffered alcohol-related fatalities.
    • Harold Weir: "I had a friend that used to smoke. You know what he's doing now? He's DEAD!"
  • Scenery Censor: "I'm with the Band" (mixed in with some standard blue-circle censor effects).
  • Seinfeldian Conversation: The freaks engage in these frequently, especially Nick.
  • Shout-Out: To nearly all the musical cult favorites of the late '70s, which is probably one of the reasons why it took so very long to clear the rights for the DVD release. Bill watching Garry Shandling qualifies, as Judd Apatow was a writer on The Larry Sanders Show before Freaks and Geeks.
  • Shower Shy: Sam in the episode "I'm with the Band," when the school starts requiring students to shower after PE. Things only get worse for him when he finally tries to overcome his fear, only to be pushed out of the locker room and into the hallway without clothes or a Modesty Towel.
  • Shown Their Work: Set in the Detroit suburbs, regional brands are often seen and Japanese cars are conspicuously absent.
  • Single Mom Stripper: In one episode, Bill worriedly asks his mom if she's going to start "dancing" again.
  • So Unfunny It's Funny:
    Neal: Friday night; always a good night for some Sabbath!
  • Spin the Bottle: "Smooching and Mooching"
  • Spiritual Successor: Undeclared. The two shows even shared several actors, namely Seth Rogen, Jason Segel, Busy Philipps, Samm Levine, and Martin Starr.
  • Stacy's Mom: Bill's mother, even according to Neal:
    Neal: I can kinda see why Coach Fredericks is dating her. She is kinda hot.
    Sam: Oh, God, she's your friend's mother! Weirdo.
  • The Talk: Sam and Coach Fredricks in "Tests and Breasts".
  • Tech Marches On:
    • "Help buy our school a computer!" Later in the (1980-81) school year they have 4 or 5 of 'em.
    • When the AV club faculty adviser scores an 8mm filmstrip copy of Monty Python and the Holy Grail, it's a very big deal and major treat for the geeks. This was a few years before home video reached a tipping point.
  • Teens Are Short: Averted. Nick is six foot four and played by nineteen year old Jason Segel while the rest of the cast are quite tall. The only exceptions are Neal, and Sam, who is noted as being short for his age. Had the series made another season, Sam would have averted this as well, as John Francis Daley had a growth spurt immediately after filming the first season.
  • Ten Minutes in the Closet: Bill and Vicki Appleby, in "Smooching and Mooching".
  • That Nostalgia Show: To 1980.
  • This Is Your Song: "Lady L".
  • Totally Radical: Averted. The whole show was explicitly set in 1980 to avoid this. Although the guidance counselor is prone to the '80s equivalent of this.
  • Troubled, but Cute: Daniel has a bad home life and does poorly in school, but Lindsay is still interested.
  • True Companions: Two separate groups with the Weir siblings as the connection.
  • TV Teen: Hugely averted. The characters deal with girls/boys, body image (Sam), sexual identity issues (Ken), fitting in and generally finding yourself (Lindsay). It's all amazingly real.
  • Unconventional Smoothie: "Tricks and Treats" begins with Bill accepting a wager to drink one of these. Sam and Neal mix cayenne pepper, mustard, pickle juice, pickles, a generous handful of salt, sardines, vinegar, soy sauce, chili, a spoonful of grape jelly, powdered dairy creamer, and after-dinner mints. Bill actually likes it.
  • Ventriloquism: Taken up by by Neal in "Noshing and Moshing".
  • Very Special Episode: "Chokin' and Tokin'" deals with marijuana.
  • What Happened to the Mouse?: Did Nick win the dance competition in the final episode?
    • Was Shia LaBeouf asleep because he was concussed or just because he was really tired? Did he ever wake up?
    • Where did Alan go after making peace with the geeks?
    • Was Lindsay really smoking as her mother accused her of in the pilot? It was never really elaborated on in the rest of the episode... or the rest of the series.
  • What Is This Feeling?: Played subtly with Ken, when he gets a crush on Amy:
    Lindsay: Oh my God...you really like her, don't you!
    Ken: ...I feel odd.
  • Wild Teen Party: Subverted in "Beers and Weirs". The "beer" is actually non-alcoholic. And yet everyone still *acts* drunk.
    • Also subverted in that nothing that bad really happens, most of the crises you'd expect never occur, and to all intents and purposes the kids get away with it.
  • Wrong Genetic Sex: This is a major plot point in one episode, when Ken's new girlfriend Amy tells him she's one of these. There was no DNA test or anything - the conflict came from Amy getting upset at Ken telling his friends her big secret.
  • Yoko Oh No: In-universe, Lindsay inadvertently becomes this in "I'm with the Band", where she splits up the freak's band when actually trying to get them to improve. Daniel even calls her Yoko at one point, although they're all back together by the end of the episode. He teases her about it again in a later episode, referring to the time she broke up their band so she could make out with Nick. She doesn't correct him that she actually made out with Nick in part because she felt bad about breaking up their band.


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alternative title(s): Freaks And Geeks
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