Kim: I've got to be honest, I wasn't expecting something so different.
Tal: Neither was I. Our species look so similar...well at least on the surface.
Kim: I would've never guessed when it came down to the basics. Well, let's just say the birds and bees will be very confused.Let's face it: Building a truly elaborate alien costume costs money, more than the budget will safely allow. However, Rubber-Forehead Aliens, cheap as they are, just won't cut it forever. One safe way to get around the latter problem is to suggest that while on the outside they're exactly the same, on the inside of your alien, anything goes. If you were to dissect the average TV alien, it would look like someone had torn a squid apart and stapled it to the remnants of a rump roast. Once this is done, the alien sounds suitably... alien-y. Of course, now the producers have to make sure the creatures are gutted only off-camera. This not only applies to physical organs, but biochemistry as well. Funny colors of blood, odd allergies, complicated mating rituals (or mating organs), Bizarre Sexual Dimorphism, funky dietary requirements (or intoxicants) or interesting bowel movements are all common. Sometimes even their minds are totally different, making communication with them problematic. The less human-looking the alien is outside, the less likely this trope will be resorted to. This can lead to the ironic trap of Serkis Folk and other more elaborate aliens falling on the other side of the Uncanny Valley and thus seeming, on some level, more human than the Human Aliens or Rubber-Forehead Aliens if they appear in the same series. Aliens may also be shown to have immunity from things that are plenty lethal to your average person, being able to survive heat and cold extremes unprotected, tolerate massive doses of radiation, being a living bulletproof vest, or be unaffected by poisonous materials. On the other hand, they could also be negatively affected, or perhaps even injured or killed, by a substance that would be completely harmless to an Earthling. Interestingly, this isn't inverted very often. Humans, even when they're the "aliens" of a story, almost never have flashy biological differences that make them anything but weaker than the rest of the cast. For more literal and squicky examples of an alien "inside" a human, see Mobile-Suit Human, Genuine Human Hide, and Puppeteer Parasite.
— Star Trek: Voyager ("The Disease")
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- The aliens of Parasyte definitely fall under this trope. Apart from their Body Horror-riffic maturation process, there's the fact that they can split their body mass into multiple pieces(although pieces that are too small will wither and die quickly), that they're made of a singular type of cell that they can turn into any variety of bodily tissue they need, that fire and acids cause them to undergo the equivalent of a grand mal seizure, and that they don't know how, or even IF they reproduce. Although according to Word of God, the Parasytes were not necessarily meant to be aliens. The negation of No Biochemical Barriers means it's more likely that they originated on Earth. But either way they do have some... interesting biology.
- Urusei Yatsura:
- One episode features Lum and Ten eating pickles and realizing too late that the brine has an effect on them that alcohol does not.
- In at least the anime (episode "What A Dracula"), the Oni can't stand the smell of garlic and are repulsed by those who've eaten it. Ataru explicitly compares Lum to Dracula after proving that, yes, his garlic-scented breath does act like tear gas on her, going so far as to jokingly try and ward her off with a cross after pointing out she hates garlic, has fangs, and bites his neck/sucks his blood.
- The natives of The Twelve Kingdoms are apparently indistinguishable from Earth humans, but instead of reproducing "normally" they are born out of large fruit that grow on special trees. They can have sex, but it looks like it's for fun and not for reproduction.
- It doesn't end there: Sometimes still-growing egg-fruit accidentally fall from their branches and into shoku (storm-induced portals to the real world), where they are "somehow" transported into the wombs of pregnant human women. That's how Youko Nakajima, the main heroine, was born.
- Lampshaded in the novels, where Rakushun admits that the concept of the eggs being transported from the middle of the ocean to a person womb is bizarre.
- It doesn't end there: Sometimes still-growing egg-fruit accidentally fall from their branches and into shoku (storm-induced portals to the real world), where they are "somehow" transported into the wombs of pregnant human women. That's how Youko Nakajima, the main heroine, was born.
- The inhabitants of the world of Simoun are otherwise indistinguishable from Earth humans, except that they're all born the same sex, develop feminine bodies when they reach adolescence and choose a sex at age 17 by wading through a particular spring. Reaching such a state through evolution is extremely unlikely, but this is a fantasy/steam-punk series that needs a justification for making all the main characters Schoolgirl Lesbians.
- In the decidedly more mature manga version of Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch, mermaids can get drunk on anything carbonated.
- The Goddesses from Ah! My Goddess could fall under this. Urd uses alcohol as an "alternate energy source", but seems to suffer no deleterious effects. Skuld is the same with ice cream. Belldandy can drink a distillery and be completely unaffected, but gets blitzed off of soda. This just makes her an even sweeter and more empathetic Literal Genie.
- Invoked in the 21st episode of Irresponsible Captain Tylor, "Paco-Paco Junior". Having gone to sleep beside Tylor at the end of the last episode, Azalyn/Empress Goza XVI claims that she's pregnant with Tylor's child, due to the differences of the Raalgon biology compared to those of the human. She's lying, as the crew finds out by the episode's end.
- Parodied in Kenichi: The Mightiest Disciple with Nijima, who apparently has some biological irregularities.
- Used to a small degree in My Two Wings, in which members of Makoto's dad's species are all hermaphrodites, for starters. In an inversion, it's subtly implied that humans are a fair bit hornier in general.
- Celty in Durarara!! has most of the same organs as a human, but they're vestigial and nonfunctional (to the bewilderment of a character who vivisects her.)
- The Homunculi in the manga and 2009 anime of Fullmetal Alchemist. They look human, possess skeletons and muscle systems, but they have no internal organs. Instead, they all have a Philosopher's Stone at their core. This gives them the power to heal from even small pieces of body tissue as long as they have souls to draw power from. Many of them have been alive for centuries. Each Homunculus also has a unique power of their own. They're all recognizable by the Ouroboros tattoos they each have somewhere on their body.
- The Ghouls of Tokyo Ghoul have black eyes with red pupils whenever they reveal their true nature, but are otherwise externally indistinguishable from humans. They can't feed on anything besides water, coffee, and human flesh; all other foods taste repulsive to them and will even poison them if they try to ingest it. Ghouls also naturally possess superior physical attributes to humans, including a Healing Factor, a system of Rc cells that function almost like a "liquid muscle", and a hunting organ/extra limb called a Kagune, which can manifest one of many different weapons. Ghouls can also mutate their kagune into a stronger form by eating other Ghouls. Despite these biological differences, Ghouls and Humans share enough genetic similarity to make organ transplants and interspecies reproduction possible.
- Classic comic example: An alien woman in an old EC title did in her earthling husband on her wedding night after seeing his navel and realising he was a mammal. This entirely Caucasian-looking blonde-haired woman with nice, perky breasts was supposed to be from an egg-laying species who find the mammalian lifestyle disgusting.
- The Kree of the Marvel Universe have black-widow-like mating practices; females are "neutered" to prevent this. They also require a special gas or other life-supporting technology to breathe on Earth.
- Superman has many handwaves for his many powers, but the main thing to consider is his kryptonian ability to emit microwave radiation and levitate, all from exposure to higher energy solar radiation.
- Most if not all of the Legion of Super Heroes must fall into this category; Triplicate Girl/Duo Damsel and Matter-Eater Lad being two of the most obvious examples.
- The Ultimate Universe version of the Fantastic Four used this to explain some of the team's powers. Reed, for instance, no longer has internal organs, merely possessing a "bacterial stack" in its place. Oh, and he no longer craps.
- In Sergio Aragonés' "A MAD Look At Star Wars", Luke Skywalker is in Mos Eisley, and asks to use the bathroom. In there, he finds several different varieties of urinal.
- A rare inversion: The three-eyed altered humans who show up in a few issues of Tom Strong can no longer eat at least certain terrestrial foodstuffs without getting the pukes. However, coffee doesn't bother them...and normal humans seem to be able to eat their food without adverse effects.
- Karolina Dean and family from the Runaways. On the surface they look like normal humans, but their bodies apparently store and then expel solar energy and a dying vampire notes that Karolina's blood "burns like sunlight." This never being picked up by a doctor could be explained by her parents' apparent natural living kick, which might have involved never taking Karolina to a doctor or having her vaccinated.
- Some aliens in Empowered's verse have two left kidneys. And one kind of alien (maybe the same one) has kidney equivalents that filter the bloodstream using coherent light - essentially, Frickin' Laser Beams.
- Teddy Altman from Young Avengers is a Skrull-Kree hybrid; while his default form is that of a pink Kree (essentially a Caucasian human) his internal organs are those of a Skrull. It saves his life while being tortured, as during the vivisection, his internal organs kept rearranging themselves to avoid being cut even with Teddy being unconscious.
- Child of the Storm has Asgardians, pink Kree and Kryptonians all looking very human on the outside - of course, since all three of those species are considerably older, it is probably the other way around.
- Also, all three are considerably stronger than the average human, to varying degrees, by various means: Asgardians are living magical reactors, the Kree are evolved in higher gravity and Kryptonians absorb solar radiation.
- This (in the case of the Kree and the Kryptonians) also probably has quite a lot to do with the Celestials and their seeding the universe with life, using the same basic model.
- It's Fanon and the subject of at least one fanfic (probably more) that Vulcans get drunk on chocolate.
- The Overlanders from Always Having Juice tend to look very human... save for the functioning hands made of hair, giant noses, occasional lack of a head, Amazing Technicolor Population of pink to blue to pure white, and that's not even getting into how their bodies work on a molecular level, and how they are evidently adapted for colder climates without having to walk around covered head to toe in warm clothing.
- Galaxy Quest:
- The cephalopodic Thermians use holographic projectors to Cosplay as human. When one of the humans, Fred, falls in love with a Thermian she deactivates her holoprojector, and they proceed to do something that makes Plucky Comic Relief dude Guy exclaim, "Oh, that's not right!"
- Played with in the Thermians' sincere but stomach-churning attempts to accomadate the preceived needs of "fellow extraterrestrial" Dr. Lazarus, who is actually a human actor. A deleted scene on the DVD has a Thermian showing "Dr. Lazarus" to his quarters, where there is a large bathroom equipped with bizarre fixtures. "You're very... complicated," the Thermian explains.
- Star Trek VI, after a "welcome fight" that Kirk has with another Rura Penthe prisoner:
Kirk: I was lucky that thing had knees!Martia: That was not his knee. (Kirk does a Double Take) Not everyone keeps their genitals in the same place, Captain.Kirk: Anything you wanna tell me?Martia: (smirks and puffs on a cigar)
- In My Favorite Martian it is made clear that the Martian gum only changes the outward appearance of whoever is chewing it, leaving any major organs or other special biological properties (such as Martin's three stomachs and the "Martian Depression") intact.
- The aliens in the comedy What Planet Are You From? are just like humans, with only two differences: 1) everyone in their society is male; 2) their bodies can produce shafts of light.
- Inversion: In March Upcountry by David Weber and John Ringo, aliens poison the food of a squad of human soldiers and try to blackmail them with the antidote. Not only is the poison tasteless to the aliens but strongly flavoured to the soldiers, it also turns out to not affect humans. In a further inversion, the human's doctor discovers another poison (an obvious expy of fugu venom) can be used to produce the several nutrients the humans need for their own health but they hadn't been able to find up to that point in the planet's flora and fauna; and just in time, as their reserve of supplement pills were running out.
- Their gender also causes confusion. The 'males' are smaller and act as Mr. Seahorse carrying the young to term. The 'females' are larger and have a very pronounced ovapositor. Consequently the gender responsibilities in the society are switched relative to human society. When they figure this out the humans get very confused before eventually deciding to keep calling the females males and males female to avoid confusion.
- Another inversion occurs in Josepha Sherman's novel A Strange and Ancient Name, where iron is deadly to elves and the tiniest scratch means certain doom. When the half-human prince gets stabbed by an iron weapon, the kingdom goes into mourning, waiting out his long and painful death. Until the (human) love interest points out in a rage that maybe his despised heritage makes him less susceptible to the effect, and the healers decide to actually try to help him.
- The Star Wars Expanded Universe often describes the unusual biology of aliens. In the films, the details of a species are rarely gone into in any depth.
- A bit of bizarre alien psychology: Thakwaash, a horseheaded species of humanoids, easily and healthily form multiple personalities, to the point where they are "We" and not "I." Runt from the X-Wing Series washed out into Wraith Squadron because his incoherent, borderline suicidal "pilot mind" wouldn't obey orders and in simulators tended to get killed.
- Another multiple-personalitied alien race are described by Diane Duane in Spock's World; they have "octocameral" brains, so they have eight personalities each.
- Twi'leks, those very humanlike aliens with odd-colored pigmentation and a pair of braintails instead of hair. The braintails are mobile enough that they are used in a low-grade Starfish Language (in practice, they use them in conjunction with spoken language, adding nuances that humans and other species that lack such appendages are incapable of replicating) and in some adaptations seem to be prehensile, and they actually do have some brain tissue in them. Aayla Secura, after going completely amnesiac thanks to a Dark Jedi, has her memory restored later when someone does something to her braintails. Twi'leks can survive losing part or all of a braintail, but this is really painful and depending on how much is lost, is like a lobotomy.
- Galaxy of Fear: Eaten Alive has Enzeen, blue-skinned humanoids with spikes for hair, which seem like perfectly respectable Rubber-Forehead Aliens... but are actually symbiote/parasites there to attract offworld visitors who are then eaten by the planet. The Enzeen feed by thrusting their hollow tongues into the soil where people have died and sucking nutrients up. It's speculated that they didn't evolve like that but were designed for this purpose.
- The aliens from Neal Stephenson's Anathem cannot metabolize food from the planet in which the story is set, and can only marginally breathe the air. And this isn't primarily because they respirate something besides oxygen, or because the foods they eat aren't composed principally of sugar, protein and fat, but rather because they're from a different universe where the atoms are shaped slightly differently.
- The Xenogenesis series goes at length to describe just how inhuman the Oankali are to humans. For starters, they see, smell, and hear through hair-like tendrils all over their body. One that's met early on was bred specifically to look human...meaning that those tendrils are in the spots normally occupied by the eyes, ears and nose. And let's not even get started on how they mate.
- They're also three-gendered...and the third gender has a second, boneless pair of arms...and that's just the most externally obvious and least bizarre trait.
- In Zenna Henderson's sadly-underrated short story Subcommittee, Earth is invaded by fuzzy, brightly-hued Humanoid Aliens. After a huge war in space, representatives from each side begin peace talks. The humans are appalled when the aliens appear to be asking for all of Earth's oceans. Naturally, it's the wives of two of the chief negotiators, plus their adorable sons, who discover the truth that leads to peace. It turns out that the aliens have become infertile due to lack of a vital nutrient...which is revealed to be salt.
- The classic L. Sprague DeCamp short story Nothing in the Rules has a mermaid who gets drunk on fresh water, which would be fine if the protagonists hadn't just entered her into a swimming meet (hence the title)
- S.L. Viehl's Stardoc series thrives on this. Just to give a relatively tame example: Jorenians (large, attractive, blue-skinned humanoids who can actually interbreed with humans) have green blood, twelve-chambered hearts, retractable claws, compartmentalized stomachs, and an unusually large and complex spleen (which is a vital organ to the species).
- A large part of Extraterrestrial Sex Fetish by Supervert.
- Scott Adams' non-fiction book The Dilbert Future is a realistic approach to predicting the future, with mankind's obvious faults taken into account. One section criticizes the idea that humans could have sex with aliens like in Star Trek. Scott's own speculated attempt is summed up with this delightful passage:
Me: May I touch that?Alien: That is not an erogenous zone. It is a separate corporeal being that has been attached to my body for six hundred years.Me: It's cute. I wonder if it would let me have sex with it.Alien: That's exactly what I said six hundred years ago.
- In Sergey Lukyanenko's Lord From Planet Earth trilogy, the entire galaxy is populated by Human Aliens, many of which look nearly indistinguishable from humans. In fact, the main character (a human) meets and later marries a woman from planet Tar, who easily passes for an Earthling. Other races have slight differences in external features, but may have radical differences internally. For example, Palians look like pale humans with elongated canines and yellowy eyes. They also exclusively consume blood and are sensitive to certain radiation emitted by yellow dwarf stars. Their visits to Earth resulted in the vampire myths. Another race has blue skin and is a lot less sensitive to extreme temperatures. The author explains it all with Panspermia, as all races in the galaxy but one are a product of seeding their homeworlds by the aptly-named Seeders. The various internal differences are simply the result of the same DNA evolving differently due to the various environments present on each planet. In fact, this forms the main plotline of the trilogy.
- A fairly subtle example: In the Confederation of Valor series, Taykans become mature physically, sexually, and (to a limited extent, at least) socially long before they become fertile.
- In The Alien Series, Alpha Centaurion may look human, but their internal organs are radically different. For one thing, they have two hearts.
- Most of the Marra encountered in The Madness Season like to disguise themselves as human. Though this is mostly because the hero tends to visit human colonies rather than those of other intelligent species. They may superficially seem human but an FMRI shows some major differences.
- The Starfleet Corps of Engineers stories do this while fleshing out the Ardanans, who were established in Star Trek: The Original Series as looking just like humans (as did many of the series' aliens). The SCE stories describe the Ardanan brain and demonstrate that its structure and chemistry is very different from that of humans; this becomes a plot point.
- It's not really gone into much, but this is the case for Red Martians (and presumably the other three humanoid Martian races) in John Carter of Mars - though they look superficially human, they reproduce by laying eggs, live for hundreds (potentially thousands) of years, can survive extended periods without food or water (handy for living on what's largely a desert planet) and, in The Film of the Book, have bright blue blood. Oddly, this somehow does not prevent John Carter and Red Martian princess Dejah Thoris from having two kids.
- The Pack and Ontongard (as well as the titular character) from the Ukiah Oregon series look human to all casual inspections, but the fact that their spilled blood/removed flesh turns into animals and runs away kind of gives the game away to any kind of medical inspection.
- Everworld: The heroes get to see a satyr chopped in half. Nothing drops out, and his body is basically described as containing vague shapes instead of actual guts. The satyr himself doesn't seem too offput by the experience, he's last heard complaining that all the wine is just falling out of him, while the lower half follows the heroes and is eventually bartered for entry into the fairy's stronghold.
- Star Trek likes doing this. A typical Vulcan has a much larger "nonhydraulic" heart located where a human has his liver, copper-based green blood, nictating membranes in his eyes, a body temperature over 105 degrees Fahrenheit, and a standing pulse rate of over 200. (And Pon Farr! Who can forget the Pon Farr, from which a million slashfics were born?) Klingons have evolved truly complex redundant biologies, making them next to invulnerable, though prone to many minor malfunctions. They also have thick, pink blood, though we have seen otherwise, including in the theatrical version of Star Trek VI, which introduced the idea (video releases restored a scene showing that the red-blooded Klingon was really a human wearing a mask). Kes, a very human-looking alien in Star Trek: Voyager, is shown in one episode giving birth through a sack in her back. There are certainly others.
- This is lampshaded in The Big Bang Theory, where Koothrappali wonders out loud why no alien women ever told Captain Kirk to get his thing out of her nose.
- Humans do have the advantage of living ten times or so longer than Kes's race. Yay us.
- And we have better hearing and tolerance to light than the Cardassians too, hurrah.
- We see much better than the Vorta, but their hearing is much better than ours to compensate, and at least some of them are telekinetic. Also, they have a very limited sense of taste. Neener neener.
- Humans also can withstand the cold better than the Klingons. It seems that Snowball beats Batleth!
- And the Trill are (two or) three species with separate degrees of this. The Trill symbionts are alien slugs that live for millennia. The humanoid Trill are, conveniently, fitted with a womb-like pouch inside the body that can bond with the symbiont Trill. When bonded, a Trill composed of a symbiont and a humanoid host now have one mind and one personality, to the extent that they are legally a brand new species. How the two species ever figured out that this could be done (it's not exactly the most obvious thing you'd think to do when meeting another intelligent life form) is unclear.
- Betazoids, despite looking entirely human (apart from their black irises), have an extra lobe in their brain to account for their telepathy.
- The Denobulans have a distinct mating season (when the males fight for mates) and hibernation period. They also can puff up their heads like blowfish to scare predators.
Trip: You think this is my fault?!Malcolm: You were willing to follow two strange aliens into a basement.Trip: Gorgeous aliens! Don't forget they were gorgeous.Malcolm: They were male!Trip: Not at first!!!
- Phlox's bizarre biology was an ongoing joke in the series. He has striped toenails that grow so rapidly they have to be cut once a week, a 16-inch tongue that needs regular scraping and a smile that the Joker would envy◊. Plus he hibernates five to six days a year.
- Rajiin is an Oran'takun with the ability to do a complete biometric scan of someone, then wipe their memory of the event, though it's possible some of these abilities have been surgically implanted.
- The episode "Two Days & Two Nights" brought us the second encounter with shape shifting aliens. Also a Crowning Moment of Funny:
- In the Star Trek: Voyager episode "The Disease", Harry Kim has sex with a woman who looks human (as mentioned in the title quote) but prolonged sexual contact makes his skin glow, as well as making the two become physically addicted to each other.
- Pregnant Bajorans have sneezing fits instead of morning sickness. And a complex network of veins bonds the mother to the child, which was the reason for why Nerys couldn't give the embryo back to Keiko (It Makes Sense in Context).
- The freaking Ocampa. Lifespan of nine years. Body temperature around 16 degrees Celsius. Can only have one child. When ready to mate, they exude a yellow substance from their hands and must have an hour long foot massage with 50 hours of the substance appearing to enable mating. Give birth standing up, from a sack between their shoulders. While their psychic powers probably helped, one still wonders how a species with such a bizarre, and mathematically troublesome, method of reproduction could have come about in the first place.
- A Starfleet officer on DS9 named Vilix'pran (whose species has not been shown on screen) "budded" many children. Who had wings that had to be kept from tangling. Oh right, Vilix'pran takes the pronoun "he".
- When Quark and his family were accidentally sent to 1947 Roswell, we learned that Ferengi biochemistry is sufficiently different from our own that sodium pentathol injections do nothing besides making them very sore at the injection site. Ferengi also have four-lobed brains, which somehow makes them immune to telepathy.
- This is done with humans in the episode 'The Communicator' when Archer and Reed are captured on a pre-warp planet who initially think they are spies; when medically examined, the aliens comment on their "redundant renal organ" and "red blood with haemoglobin based on iron, a toxic element" and that they are missing four vertebrae.
- It also helped expose Riker in 'First Contact' (the episode). Alien doctors examining an unconscious Riker are surprised to find his heart where his digestive tract should be, among other things.
- The Centauri on Babylon 5 look enough like humans that they were able to briefly fool Earthers into thinking that they were two branches of the same species. However, among their known physiological differences are a lack of major veins/arteries in their wrists, two hearts, and radically different sex organs: males have six two-meter-long prehensile genitalia located on either side of the back, and which curl up under the arms when not in use, while females have six corresponding orifices. Consequently, Centauri can rate how far they've gotten from "one" to "six". They are, however, also seen kissing human-style.
- According to the first Psi-Corps Trilogy novel, most humans of any importance were highly skeptical of the claim, and performed genetic analysis as soon as they could get a hold of some Centauri tissue.
- In one episode, Londo mentions that he once caught the emperor (back when he was an adolescent) trying to peek up women's skirts. A fan commented that from what we've been told about Centauri biology, he was looking in the wrong place. JMS responded "tell that to a foot fetishist."
- Male Drazi have a 'pouch' situated in their left armpit. It is clarified to be their reproductive organ.
- Narns are marsupials. 'Pouchling' is an insult when applied to an adult. And MALES have the pouch!
- Minbari, being from a planet that's much colder on average than Earth, also have a much lower tolerance of high temperatures than humans.
- Their bone density is higher than humans (and not just the part that protrudes from their skulls), giving them more strength. They're also able to stand more physical trauma, as evidenced when Delenn was nearly bled out, and Franklin commented that if a Human had lost that much blood, he'd be dead. Alcohol causes them to fly into homicidal rages. And this might not be Canon, but it's been stated that Minbari have a weak sense of taste, and as a result their food is all very spicy.
- In the episode where John cooks Delenn some Minbari food (that looks like cubes of tofu); Delenn hastily seasons her meal when John isn't looking. Supposedly this is because he prepared it too blandly. Or he's just a lousy cook (which he admits), and she tries to cover the unappetizing taste with spices.
- Pak'ma'ra are carrion eaters, with prehensile Cthulhu-esque tentacles on their faces used for drawing in food. Under the tentacles is a beak, and they require translators to speak to other races. Also, according to the doctor in Crusade, they are not sexually compatible with humans.
Captain Gideon: It's an amazing thing, technology.
- Time Lords from Doctor Who have two hearts with a redundant circulatory system, a low body temperature, a respiratory bypass system, an ability to regenerate from death twelve times, a lifespan of potentially hundreds of years per body, and a complete additional sensorium tuned to temporal events. The show never addressed how the Coal Hill School nurse failed to notice that Susan was not human.
- This trope is directly mentioned in Genesis of the Daleks. A Kaled scientists scoffs at the Doctor and his companion's claim that they're not from the planet Skaro. Then their test results come back, leaving the scientist stunned that, despite external appearances, their biology matches nothing native to Skaro.
- Kaleds themselves looked like dark-haired, dark-eyed humans on the outside. However, they had fewer ribs than humans in a more widely spaced ribcage, greenish copper-based blood, purple body tissue, thick lungs, and grey cardiac muscle.
- Meanwhile, in The Dominators, the Dominators scan the Doctor's companion believing him to be a native of the Alien Planet of the Week. A later scan of an actual native reveals a totally different anatomy, which backs up the Doctor's earlier lie that there are two intelligent species on the planet.
- The very rare inversion did happen once: in The Hand of Fear, Sarah Jane shakes off a "lethal" poison, as it turns out not to be lethal to Homo sapiens.
- In The Daemons, the Doctor claims that an aspirin might kill him, though it's not clear whether he actually means it, or is just contriving a possible example of why human medical advice does not apply to him.
- And even assuming he was telling the truth about his reaction to aspirin, it's not clear if this is true for all Time Lords, or if it's just that The Doctor is severely allergic to it.
- In an earlier episode, the Doctor mutters about his different biochemistry to avoid being injected with an antibiotic cocktail by Liz Shaw, who promptly overrules him. He doesn't suffer any apparent ill effects.
- In The Movie, the Seventh Doctor is shot three times in total, in the shoulder and the leg; dialogue makes it clear that these were not fatal wounds. The issue is that the medical team don't understand the Doctor's alien biology, think he's fibrillating wildly out of control due to his (for a human) incredibly high pulse rate of 300 beats per minute, and place a surgical probe in his circulatory system to try to find out why. Unfamiliar with the circulatory system of an alien with two hearts, the probe gets lost, damages the Doctor's body, causes him to have a seizure, and the doctors' panicked attempts to remove the lost probe and revive the Doctor kill him. The Doctor's regenerative process is inhibited by the anaesthetic for several hours (the Doctor himself conjectures that this is why he has amnesia for several more hours following his regeneration), and the scene in the operating theatre makes it clear that the medical staff are also surprised by how much anaesthetic it took to knock the Doctor unconscious.
- In "The Unicorn and the Wasp", the Doctor recovers from cyanide poisoning by ingesting a variety of different ingredients and shocking himself - the biological Techno Babble was actually vaguely in the right area for curing cyanide poisoning. "Smith and Jones" also has him survive radiation poisoning from an X-ray by expelling it all through his foot. He also states that Time-Lords are immune to most forms of ionizing radiation and he used to play with Roentgen bricks in his nursery.
- The Fifth Doctor claims that he wears the celery because it's an excellent restorative.
- He also claims that it will turn purple in the presence of certain gasses that are toxic to him.
- The Eleventh Doctor asks for celery after attempted anaesthetic from a Silurian.
- When the Tenth Doctor regenerates into the Eleventh, the regeneration causes some sort of biochemical imbalance that the Doctor is trying to counteract by eating various foods. Finally fish fingers dipped in custard do the trick.
- In "Cold Blood", a Silurian attempts to subject the Doctor to a procedure meant to remove surface bacteria that are indifferent to humans but potentially dangerous to their colony. The Doctor suffers considerable pain from the process, and would die if it weren't called off.
- Humans who spend a lot of time exposed to time travel acquire immunities to certain time travel phenomena. There is an implication that the Doctor's companions are slightly 'changed' after traveling with him through time due to the exposure to the energies of the TARDIS.
- The Dalek in 'Dalek' apparently specifically needed DNA from a time traveler in order to regenerate itself (and its casing), implying that time travel does something to DNA that makes it categorically different.
- According to "A Good Man Goes to War", Amy's daughter, Melody Pond, aka River Song, who was conceived inside the time vortex, has gained the Time Lord trait of regeneration.
- As the only alien species on Alien Nation, the internal parts and biochemistry of the Newcomers are well-documented and used in the story for humor and drama. Some notables:
- Survival in hazardous environments.
- Great physical strength.
- Nerve plexus under the arm; their most sensitive area, a key pressure point in a deadly Overseer martial art.
- Regular humans have a fairly major nerve cluster in the same place. Although attacking one won't kill, it can do some damage.
- Males receive half-formed infants from their mates for further development, like a cross between a marsupial mammal and a seahorse. (George Francisco was the first male TV character to give birth on-screen.) Conceiving said infant requires all three sexes to participate, by the way.
- They become intoxicated from spoiled milk.
- They cannot digest cooked animal proteins, and subsist on raw meats.
- Saline water dissolves their flesh like acid.
- Two redundant hearts; they can take a huge bullet in one of them and not stop attacking.
- A frightening, monstrous metamorphosis triggered by an overdose of a unique narcotic.
- A gland in their neck when implanted into a human inhibits the human aging process (but its removal kills the newcomer). Information buried to prevent genocide in the quest for eternal youth.
- There are several near- and full-inversions in Farscape: humans are far less sensitive to heat than the outwardly-similar Sebaceans, allowing them to survive in warmer temperatures. On the other hand, all of the alien races have much better eyesight — though this too once proves to be an advantage to Crichton, as it renders him less susceptible to a mind-altering cosmic lightshow. Sebaceans also have a good number of internal differences like the lack of kidneys despite the fact that Sebaceans might be related to humans and a smoother pregnancy.
- Farscape is the only series in which humans are not the Jack-of-All-Stats.
- Each race has its own differences; in one episode dealing with excessive radiation in Moya, Chiana talks about how she's got a heightened resistance to it, while Sikozu talks about how limited exposure would make a good number of her vital organs shut down.
- Delvians are plants and get sexually aroused by intense light.
- On the short lived NBC series Something Is Out There, the alien Ta'ra has a number of physiological differences: caffeine was an inebriant, and hands were apparently primary erogenous zones. Additionally, she felt the need to sleep in the nude and at one point became sexually aroused watching Crime Story. The latter two may have been more cultural than physiological, however.
- In Mork and Mindy, Orkans can drink with their finger (and use various Psychic Powers focused through their index fingers), have three hearts, physically age backwards, and hatch from eggs which come from the male's bellybutton. And according to the pilot episode, their "parts" are interchangeable. In the season 2 opener, Mork takes some medicine designed to shrink nasal membranes, then says that Orkans are all membrane and shrinks down to the scale of an Earth-like nano-world.
- The Witch Species from Sabrina the Teenage Witch have some incredibly bizarre biological quirks, far beyond what their magical powers would imply. Possessing certain character flaws can inflict them Anvilicious pun-based mutations (for example, a witch who acts "spoiled" will start to dissolve into foul-smelling ooze), their magic needs to be extracted and "tuned up" regularly to function properly, and their wedding vows involve exchanging ring fingers.
- Krevlornswath ("Lorne") of the Deathwok Clan of Pylea on Angel looks quite humanoid, other than the green skin/red eyes/horns thing. You figure out they're called the "Deathwok Clan" for a reason when Lorne gets beheaded and remains alive as long as his body isn't destroyed.
- Lorne's hulking, bearded mom.
Lorne: I thought Our Lady of the Perpetual Seabreeze was the real deal, till the Divine Miss J. walked right through that door and into my ass. ... which is where my heart is. Physiologically. I could show you an X-ray.
- Lorne's hulking, bearded mom.
- One of the few alien aliens to appear of Blake's 7 did a very good job of imitating humans, but reverted back to their original form after being shot. Well, mangled original form, due to being shot and all. Because of this, they could have a definitely non-human thing lying on the floor, oozing goo and gurgling without needing to be able to fit an actor inside.
- My Hero did a fair number of jokes revolving around the quirks of Ultronian anatomy, ranging from "unpleasant reactions to everyday chemicals" to "blue urine" to "unpredictable bouts of coma".
- The "unpredictable bouts of coma" being a result of a dodgy heart that would stop and start irregularly. Easily fixed (on Ultron, that is), but the coma that occurs when it stops is indistinguishable from death by human technology...except that some time later it restarts and the Ultonian just wakes up like nothing happened.
- In an early episode of Red Dwarf (which, in fact, is entirely devoid of actual aliens):
Rimmer: Lister, just because they're aliens, doesn't mean they don't have to go to the little boy's room. Of course, they probably do something weird and alien-esque, like it comes out the top of their head, or something.Lister: Well, I wouldn't wanna sit behind one in a cinema!
- Despite the Cat appearing to be mostly humanoid aside from his obvious feline teeth, he is said to have six nipples, colour-coded organs and his heartbeat performs it's own rumba, making it "much cooler" than a humans.
- Also inverted, in the episode DNA. They encounter a three-headed, very alien-looking corpse, but said corpse has a wallet containing credit cards and a video club membership card. The corpse is a human who over-used a machine that messes with the subject's DNA while - somehow - leaving the mind and personality intact. So Alien Outside, Human Inside.
- There is only one known alien race in Time Trax, and they are shown and mentioned in only one episode. The Procardians appear to be your usual Human Aliens without any extenal differences, but have a number of biological oddities about them. They can glow and levitate like the aliens in Cocoon. Their voices sound very odd to the point where their vocal cords are incapable of producing human speech (and vice versa), although one attempts to say "Thank you" at one point and it sounds a little Helen Keller. They age in stages, meaning they can look exactly the same for several years before metamorphosing into an older equivalent. Since the change is so sudden, it can be difficult to recognize the same Procardian after one such change. Another bizarre feature is their equivalent to our fight-or-flight response to threat. They raise their arms in a combat-like stance, which fires an energy bolt at the threat. The effect of the bolt (on human, at least) is a coma-like state, which can be "cured" with shock therapy. This reaction is instinctive, as they have no adrenalin. Oh yeah, they also don't wear clothes.
- Most of the aliens in the Stargate Verse are Transplanted Humans, so they rarely fit this trope, but there are a few aliens that definitely do.
- Jaffa were genetically engineered from humans as a slave race by the Goa'uld. A Jaffa's lifespan is about 150 years or so and they have a symbiotic relationship with young Goa'uld that lives in a pouch in their belly and provides them with a supercharged immune system and great physical strength. If deprived of a symbiote or a medication that simulates its effects, a Jaffa will die in hours.
- The Wraith are both insectoid and vampiric. Physically they look like Rubber-Forehead Aliens, but their humanlike digestive system is vestigial. Instead, they feed on the life energy of humans through mouths on their hands, and when well-fed they are extremely strong, fast and tough. Their society resembles an ant colony, with a ruling queen and many subservient drones under her.
- The unnamednote species to whom Bounty Hunter Aris Boch belongs (SG-1: "Deadman Switch") looks completely human. However, their blood is yellowish green, and something about their physiology makes them immune to Goa'uld infestation.
- In Roswell, Max gets drunk with just a "little zip" of an alcoholic beverage in about two seconds, and gets back to his sober self without a memory of what he did, or any apparent hangover once he kisses Liz (or might have just been a coincidence). Michael, on the other hand, didn't get drunk the same way, but he got a sort of allergic reaction which made him have electrical lines running through his body, and every sense in overdrive. He did have a hangover. And although their biology is rather human except for their cells, it is said they can sustain a one hour climax, even if they don't go into details about how that exactly happens...
- Many creatures in old folklore have odd habits and biology. For instance, faeries were vulnerable to iron (particularly worked iron). In some stories of vampires, they could not resist counting things such as scattered poppy seeds on the floor.
- In the Big Finish Doctor Who Companion Chronicle "The Darkening Eye", Adric survives a stab wound to the chest because of his species' Healing Factor and the key little detail that his assailant was aiming for the location of a human heart. Guess which side of the chest cavity holds an Alzarian heart?
- Warhammer 40,000:
- The Space Marines superficially resemble oversized humans, but that's where the resemblance ends, as the process that turns them into Marines involves surgical insertions of multiple extra organs, restructuring of their skeletons, and other changes.
- Eldar are also a lot more inhuman than their appearance would suggest. Physically they look like tall pointy-eared humans with almond-shaped eyes, but their musculature is somewhat different (making them stronger than their lithe appearance might suggest), their reflexes are far superior to human ones, and they experience emotions far more strongly than humans do. Eldar pregnancy also lasts much longer than humans (exact length is not mentioned, but it's implied to be several years). According to Xenology (a background book which contains reports of autopsies of several different alien specimens, written from an in-universe point of view), Eldar internal organs also differ from human ones, their skeleton is of entirely different composure (being more flexible and plastic-like than human bones), their droppings are crystalline, they have no conventional teeth but instead have serrated pieces of jawbone not unlike some species of birds, and their DNA is composed of two entwining double helixes. Also, their ears may be erogenous zones. However, Xenology is not the most reliable source, and much of what is written in it is directly contradicted by other sources.
- Invoked in Werewolf: The Apocalypse, with the Ananasi were-spiders. The splatbook mentions that while they look outwardly human, their internal organs are nothing of the sort, instead being a blend of human and spider organs.
- They can also convert their body into an equivalent mass of spiders, and stick parts of their consciousness and memories in certain spiders. (A particular Merit allows them to be true hiveminds instead.) They can also steal another human's body by having a few small spiders enter the mouth (or other orifice) and devour them from inside, turning the bodymass into more spiders in the meantime. These are heroic player characters, by the way!
- The asari in Mass Effect can mate with anything that has DNA to produce viable offspring. The actual mechanism is parthenogenesis coupled with the ability to scan DNA via biotics, plagiarise useful segments, and modify the genome of their offspring. Physical mating is optional.
- For asari, mating within their own species can result in severe, highly dangerous genetic defects down the line in a manner loosely akin to incest. That's about as bizarre as biology gets.
- This is far more rare than their cultural taboos would suggest. And it's a good thing since "pureblood" asari (an asari born with two asari as her parents) is more likely to be or give birth to an Ardat-Yakshi (a asari with a rare genetical disease that makes her become a sex-addicted murderous sociopath over time and causes death to her partners by frying their neural system). A textbook example is Samara, who is a "sane" pureblood and gave birth to three pureblood and Ardat-Yakshi daughters).
- The krogan have an extra set of everything, because it helps them survive Tuchanka. They even have a backup nervous system. And four testicles. Fortunately we don't see this first hand.
- It is worth noting that the Widow sniper rifle is designed specifically to kill Krogan. You know what else it is designed to kill? Tanks. In the Shadow Broker DLC, You can read some of Master Assassin Thane Krios' notes on how to kill various species; the description for Krogan is a vertiable catalogue of what would be killer blows for any other species, followed by the addendum "Backup method: Bomb."
- Pursuing any Interspecies Romance in ME 2 brings this subject up — many alien races are humanoid, and a few are even primate-like mammals, but beyond that, all bets are off to the extent that the ship's resident scientist, a specialist in genetics and xenobiology, can give the player character medical advice concerning the physical... difficulties... such a relationship entails. Gets really uncomfortable when you realize that two of the romance options are a reptile and a (flightless) armor-plated bird/dinosaur, albeit humanoid...
- While quarians seem to be mammalian and more or less human in appearance (it's hard to determine through the enviro-suits they need to wear to ward off infection, and it's implied they don't have ears like a human — and they have only three fingers to either hand), they share the unique trait with turians that they are made from "dextro-amino acids". And No Biochemical Barriers is most definitely not in effect in the Mass Effect universe: anaphylactic shock is a very real possibility. In fact, talking to the doctor while pursuing the female human/male turian relationship has him discretely recommend "avoid ingestion".
- Oh, and the aforementioned reptile alien romance? Sustained skin contact can cause rashes in humans, and humans who make oral contact with them can likewise experience hallucinations.
- For asari, mating within their own species can result in severe, highly dangerous genetic defects down the line in a manner loosely akin to incest. That's about as bizarre as biology gets.
- Samus Aran, despite having been infused with DNA from two different alien races, still looks like a perfectly normal human being.
- In World of Warcraft, draenei have blue blood (confirmed both in-game and in tie-in novels), which implies rather exotic biochemistry. And yet, they can interbreed with orcs, who didn't even originate on the same world...and then, a hybrid of the two proceeded to have a child with a human. Go figure.
- Garona and her child are a little too exotic to classify as natural. Warlocks and Guardians did it. The other half-breeds, however...
- Sims aren't aliens, but they aren't humans. They age rather quickly, have short lifespans, apparently have clear urine, and vomit pink no matter what.
- Inverted in Sam & Max: Freelance Police, Dr. Norrington said that The Great Old Ones are identical to humans, and by extension animal life on the inside. "We save the weird stuff for the outside".
- In Freefall, Sam Starfall looks like a normal if not-quite-human humanoid. Turns out his head is a special type of space helmet, and from inside he can control the expression pretty extensively. This is why he never needs a helmet even when Florence, a genetically-engineered humanoid wolf, requires one. His entire suit is implied to work similarly. His actual appearance involves lots of tentacles.
- "Apparently my race triggers a nurturing reaction in humans. They would take one look at me and immediately begin to regurgitate their last meal for me. I mean, how do you politely say 'no' to something like that?"
- Sam's bizarreness extends down to the biochemical level as well, with the explanation that a lack of massive extinction events on his homeworld resulted in lessened evolutionary pressure, and a relatively simple biochemical makeup that makes him edible to all Earth life forms. Even cows finds him appetizing.
- Schlock Mercenary has many species that qualify for this trope, looking generally human while explicitly not actually human. Author Howard Tayler loves to describe the details in footnotes for the strip.
- One of the more obvious examples among the regular cast is Lt. Ebbirnoth, who has one large eyeball where one would find a head on a human. This becomes a plot point during the first Credomar story, where a human sniper targets this eyeball thinking that doing so would actually damage the brain, which for Ebby's race, called Uniocs, is actually located in their pelvis.
- In El Goonish Shive, the Uryuom are sexless; they produce "eggs" which can accept and combine DNA from multiple individuals, even those of different species ("the current record is twelve parents, only nine of whom were Uryuoms"), Uryuom DNA need not even be part of the mix. They have limited shapeshifting powers and use limited telepathy to have a common language with anyone in three seconds or so and instead of pheromones. They also have advanced shapeshifting technology that lets them not only mimic another race's outer appearances but also become biologically compatible.
- In Drowtales the Fae (drow, light elves, drowussu etc) are more biologically different than their humanoid appearance would suggest. They key to this is mana; the energy they generate, absorb and manipulate. It is the source behind their comparative resistance to, and lack of, diseases (they are not completely immune though). It is also what keeps them young and in a healthy condition, provided there are enough of them to generate a surplus of mana. Young drow age about half the rate of humans physically, but only lag behind 2 years mentally (a drow who is 30 would look 15 physically but be about 28 mentally). If they live with enough other fae they will stop aging at about 60 (the equivalent of a 30-year old human). They still need to eat and drink, but less so than a human of comparative size would and their bodies does not store fat they way a human body does. Their nature means that they also can "starve" even when they have plenty of food and drink - if they are alone. If that happens they will start to suffer from mana deprivation and starts to age much like a human would. They also get high on chocolate and the like.
- Happens a few times with Aylee in Sluggy Freelance, though it's usually overshadowed by her more overtly alien features. When she first arrives on Earth, she has a hard time remembering that humans need to sleep and breathe occasionally. During one of her transformations she also develops an entirely potato based diet.
- Played with in Penny Arcade, in reference to Mass Effect.
- A similar example is this◊ The Perry Bible Fellowship comic.
- Similarly, in The Order of the Stick, it's offhandedly mentioned that a dwarf died from alcohol poisoning when "both his livers" gave out.
- Homestuck. The trolls look like humans with gray skin and horns, but references are made them having insect-like physiology, and young trolls look like grubs. Individuals can have blood of almost any color of the rainbow (in fact, blood color is the basis of their caste system). We're not given much detail about their reproduction, but the act involves filling pails with genetic material—and individual trolls are required to fill pails with two different partners: a pairing based on mutual love and a pairing based on mutual hate. Troll biology sure is weird!
- Chainsaw Suit demonstrates some... side effects.
- Eiffel, the alien in Fall City Blues, looks human but eats rocks.
- Selkie has some odd dietary requirements and needs to wash her gills out regularly. She's also apparently ectothermic, despite the author stating that adult females of her species have mammary glands. The fans have gotten up in arms trying to figure her out.
- Technically, there is nothing stopping an ectothermic animal from also having mammary glands. It's just that in real life, that is a trait exclusive to mammals, which are all endothermic (Altough there are species of fish that secrete slimy "milk" on their skin to serve as food for their offspring).
- ALL aliens in The Accidental Space Spy have this. In lesser extent the author's other webcomics.
- In The Inexplicable Adventures of Bob! Princess Voluptua is an Insectoid Alien who disguises herself as a human; but even in insect form, she appears to have Non-Mammal Mammaries. It turns out they're ovipositors. She had assumed that that's what they were on humans, too.
Jean: "Do you even know what a mammal is?
- Whateley Universe:
- The superheroine Tennyo. Something like anti-matter is in some of her cells, and she's fine with that. Her DNA is utterly non-human and isn't even in a helix. Her regenerative powers are so high that her bodily fluids are bio-hazards.
- Sara Waite, who no longer possesses internal organs. The fact that she's more Eldritch Abomination than human has a lot to do with it.
- On Invader Zim, despite the fact that Zim can pass as human with only a minimal disguise it's implied that Irkens have none of the same internal organs as human beings. They do, however, possess a master organ called a squeedlyspooch around where humans have stomachs note . The episode "Dark Harvest" revolves around this: Zim, in an effort to perfect his human disguise, crams his body full of stolen organs, including six hearts and spleens in three different colors. Irkens (or perhaps just Zim) also have allergies to some very common items... like water (possibly just polluted water), meat, and barbecue sauce.
- Starfire of the Teen Titans (at least, the TV show). Aside from her decidedly orange skin and her ability to fly and to shoot energy from her hands and eyes, she has nine separate stomaches, an oft-unused long, prehensile tongue, a temporary but extensive Metamorphosis triggered by puberty, and a nasty allergy to metallic chromium.note
- Inverted in the 2003 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles series, Baxter Stockman and Oroku Saki a.k.a. The Shredder see a thermal camera image of the Turtles, which looks roughly like a human being's heat signature - only humanoid-turtle shaped. They also sweat. This implies that they have a human-like metabolism. They seem to be Turtle Outside, Human Inside. They also have a full set of teeth, and eat human foods. If you have a turtle, don't give it pizza or Chinese food unless it too is a humanoid mutant. It's not good for them.
- On Ben 10, Osmosians look externally like humans, but have the ability to absorb matter and energy, as well as minor degrees of super strength and durability, which increases when they do. Though to them, pure energy is a G-Rated Drug that drives them insane if they absorb too much of it (though this is reversed if the energy is discharged). Also, Osmosians can live much longer than humans and those who live for hundreds of years grow horns.
- An extreme case of this is the Gems from Steven Universe. Aside from skin, hair, and body colors based on their namesake jewel and a gemstone sticking out of part of their body, they would look perfectly human, with only a few having more nonhuman features. However, the only real part of their body is their Gem- every other part of them is simply a Hard Light hologram created for the sake of interacting and walking around. They don't physically age, can mix their projected forms together with other members of their species, and don't need to eat, breathe, or sleep. Temperature also fails to affect them outside of extremes- and even then, certain individuals can swim in lava. Also played with, as the Crystal Gems deliberately made their bodies so human-like as to include organs that they don't actually need.
- The inhabitants of Mewni from Star vs. the Forces of Evil are beings from Another Dimension who look identical to humans from the outside, safe for their females having Blush Stickers with unusual shapes (for example, main protagonist Star's are heart-shaped) which sometimes change according to their emotion. Female (it's unknown if it's also the case for males) teenagers will go through a variant of puberty called "Mewberty", which causes them to become boy-crazy and eventually turn into moth people who will attempt to abduct any boy in sight until it passes, at which point they will return to their original form with only small wings as a reminder of the event.