Hair Metal
aka: Glam Metal

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/hairmetal_2853.jpg

Primary Stylistic Influences:
Secondary Stylistic Influences:
  • Glam Rock, Punk Rock

Don't need nothing but a good time
How can I resist?
Ain't looking for nothing but a good time
And it don't get better than this
Poison, "Nothin' But a Good Time"

A subset of Hard Rock and Heavy Metal popular mainly during The '80s, so called because of the tendencies of the musicians to sport '80s Hair. Some bands accentuated this by wearing gender-neutral (at best) clothing and sometimes makeup as well. While none of this was actually originated by Hair Metal itself, the decade's emphasis on visual presentation has made the style synonymous with the term (which, today, is commonly used in a decidedly derisive tone). To the ire of fans of other metal sub-genres, hair metal codified the general public's image of metal; when a layperson refers to "heavy metal" (or even "hard rock"), they most likely mean this genre, when they don't think of some weird Frankenstein of Death Metal, Black Metal, and Slipknot.

This is something of a hard genre to pin down musically, considering its name really refers to fashion more than anything else. Naturally, more bands than just the ones of this designation had '80s Hair at the time, and, also naturally, bands vary heavily. However, a few generalized aspects common across many bands are comparatively high-pitched vocals (compared to other metal, some of which has a noticeable bias for low voices), and a sound that seems to echo. Hair Metal also tends to be less "raw"-sounding, making full use of studio engineering equipment and audio modification devices such as reverb and other electronica. It is worth noting that hair metal came into vogue around the same time Arena Rock was on its way out (indeed, Bon Jovi's breakthrough album Slippery When Wet was released in the same year as Raised On Radio, the last Journey album to feature Steve Perry on lead vocals for nearly ten years) and consequently inherited much of that genre's penchant for melodicism which leavened its heavier riffs, vocal harmonies and guitar pyrotechnics.

Hair Metal bands often became as famous, if not more so, for their hard-partying lifestyles as for their music, as befitting the "decade of excess".

It should also be mentioned that, while some of these bands are still around, practically none of them these days stick to the Hair Metal sound and image of its glory days. So their newer music may not fall under this label.

Hair Metal may have fallen out of fashion for many people, but it still has a dedicated fanbase. If you meet any of them today, you might not want to risk mentioning grunge (though ironically in the 90s, many of these bands did try and change their sound to be more Grunge-esque in a desperate attempt to stay relevant, which backfired as it alienated loyal fans and failed to attract Grunge fans, who already had their own bands to listen to and weren't interested in 80s bands trying to jump on the bandwagon; to add to the irony, several prominent grunge acts, namely Alice in Chains and Mother Love Bone, actually started out as glam acts)...and also, in a recursive way, the appearances are actually beginning to come back into style due to a variety of factors, those mostly being that the most rabid hatedom has itself become less respected or calmed down via Enemy Mine when all rock and metal died out in the mainstream, that many people began to realize that the looks weren't the reason for the flood of un-artistic, unoriginal music, and that with the resurgence of metal and hard rock outside of the West and in the underground in the West, many of the artists involved never saw the problem to be looks and/or have influences from Visual Kei or scene or similar.

Also see Visual Kei, which is what happened when Hair Metal was allowed to grow to its fullest, diversify as a genre of music and fashion, and become a cultural phenomenon, rather than die.

Often associated with Glam Rock. Almost all of these bands also overlap with Hard Rock, as contrary to the name, it is mostly the '80s equivalent of hard rock, with few metal elements.

Direct influences

  • New York Dolls certainly helped create the image, and their combination of trashy glam aesthetics and raw, sloppy, attitude-driven protopunk was a major influence on acts like Hanoi Rocks, Motley Crue, and Guns N' Roses; furthermore, Blackie Lawless was a brief live member near the end of their original run.
  • Ozzy Osbourne (As the forefather of metal music, he had a lot of clout with all the hair bands, who were keen to tour with him. Dabbled with the genre himself on The Ultimate Sin and No Rest for the Wicked.)
  • Queen in their earliest years (around 1972-74) could be seen as a pioneering example, but did not record any hair metal-style music when the genre was most popular, instead performing their signature arena rock sound.
  • Sweet (partial trope maker/codifiers. They were a British bubblegum group in the early seventies, then became heavier without abandoning their pop melodies, and turned into a heavy Power Pop band.)
  • Van Halen (arguable trope-makers along with Hanoi Rocks, they were at least were very influential in its creation)
    • David Lee Roth's solo career also qualifies, especially Eat Em And Smile and Skyscraper.

Classic hair metal bands (1980s and 90s)

  • 220 Volt (started out as melodic metal before changing to a more commercial sound with Eye to Eye)
  • Alcatrazz (Dangerous Games, notable for having both Yngwie Malmsteen and Steve Vai as guitarists at one point)
  • Autograph
  • Babylon A.D.(not to be confused with the Vin Diesel film)
  • Bangalore Choir
  • Bang Tango
  • Banshee
  • Baton Rouge
  • BB Steal
  • Beau Nasty
  • Bitch (as well as vocalist Betsy Bitch's 1988 self-titled solo album)
  • Bloodgood
  • Blue Murder
  • Blue Tears
  • Bonfire
  • Bonham (founded and named after their drummer Jason Bonham, son of late Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham)
  • Bon Jovi (One of the genre's biggest names, they switched their style to adult contemporary pop-rock in the 1990s, and kept on having hit singles every few years up through the late 2000s)
  • Britny Fox
  • Bulletboys
  • Cats in Boots
  • Child's Play
  • Cinderella (Another big name in the genre. Converted to a more blues-based sound on subsequent albums)
  • Gilby Clarke (The former lead guitarist for the obscure band Candy, who got a big break in 1991 when he replaced Izzy Stradlin in Guns N' Roses. He was fired in 1994, but has continued to maintain a high profile. His 1994 solo album Pawnshop Guitars is a mix between alt-rock and glam metal)
  • Cry Wolf
  • Dagger
  • Damn Yankees (a supergroup featuring Styx's Tommy Shaw, Night Ranger's Jack Blades and solo-star Ted Nugent)
  • D'Molls
  • Danger Danger (until the mid-90s when Ted Poley left and the band went for a more alternative sound with Dawn then they reunited with Ted and returned to their roots with Revolve)
  • Dangerous Toys
  • Diamond
  • Diamond Rexx
  • Digger (spin-off of Heavy Metal band Grave Digger, who already were moving to a more commercial sound with "War Games")
  • Dirty Looks
  • Dokken
  • Easy Action
  • Eric Steel
  • Enuff Z'nuff (these guys were actually a slightly hard sounding, Cheap Trick-influenced Power Pop band who were marketed as a Hair Metal band by their record label despite not actually being, you know, a metal band, whatsoever. The fact that they're remembered as a hair metal band is a particularly sore spot with the members, who would have preferred being categorized alongside power pop bands like The Smithereens instead. As a consolation, they're among the few bands that received the "hair metal" label that critics loved.)
  • Europe were a shining example during the Final Countdown years, but the album they recorded after that was closer to arena rock than hair metal, though the styling stayed same.
  • Extreme (influenced by funk metal; attempted to become a deconstructive parody in the early 90s)
  • EZO (A Japanese band whose singer Masaki Yamada later became a pioneer in the Visual Kei metal genre)
  • EZ Livin
  • Faster Pussycat
  • Fastway
  • Fate
  • Femme Fatale (One of the rare hair metal bands which feature a female lead singer)
  • Fiona
  • Firehouse (notable for managing to win the American Music Award for "Favorite Heavy Metal/Hard Rock New Artist" in 1992 over both Nirvana and Alice in Chains. They also actually managed to keep having Top 40 hits as late as 1995.)
  • Lita Ford
  • Giuffria
  • Great White (started out as straight hard rock similar to Ratt before changing into their signature Hair Metal sound)
  • Hanoi Rocks (generally treated as a trope codifier, but they were musically closer to Cheap Trick, New York Dolls, and The Stooges, who incidentally were among their main influences)
  • Harem Scarem
  • Haywire
  • Heaven's Edge
  • Heavy Bones
  • Hellion
  • Helix (Started out as Blues Rock before changing their sound in "No Rest for the Wicked")
  • Holy Soldier
  • House of Lords
  • Hurricane
  • Idle Cure
  • Ivory Tower
  • Jackyl
  • Jagged Edge
  • Jetboy
  • Jet Circus
  • Keel (vocalist Ron Keel became, much to his fans surprise, a country singer in the 1990s before reuniting the original band members)
  • Kik Tracee
  • Killer Dwarfs
  • Kingdom Come
  • King Kobra
  • Kix
  • L.A. Guns
  • Lillian Axe
  • London (a band with constant line-up shifts. At different times, the band included Nikki Sixx and Izzy Stradlin, but neither lasted long enough in the lineup to appear on one of their records.)
  • Love/Hate (one of the darker and more experimental acts)
  • Love on Ice
  • Mammoth
  • Magdallen
  • Messiah Prophet
  • Mötley Crüe
  • Mr. Big
  • Nelson (led by the twin sons of 1950s teen idol Ricky Nelson. Their sound often bordered on straight-up pop music)
  • Odin
  • Poison
  • Precious Metal
  • Pretty Boy Floyd
  • Princess Pang
  • Quiet Riot
  • Ransom
  • Ratt
  • Rock Goddess
  • Romeo's Daughter
  • Rough Cutt
  • Roxx Gang
  • Salty Dog
  • Saigon Kick (similar to Enuff Z'Nuff, they were never really Hair Metal but marketed as such, they had a myriad of different styles including Heavy Metal, but most people assumed they were Hair Metal since their one big hit happened to be the Power Ballad "Love is on the Way")
  • Saraya
  • Sea Hags
  • Seduce
  • Shark Island
  • Shotgun Messiah
  • Shy
  • Silent Rage
  • Skid Row
  • Slaughter (not to be confused with the Canadian thrash band)
  • Sleez Beez
  • Smashed Gladys
  • Spread Eagle
  • Steelheart
  • Strangeways
  • Southgang
  • Stryper (a Christian-rock variant, famous for giving away Bibles at their shows)
  • Sweet FA
  • Tangier
  • Tesla (A blues-y band that was characterized by the influential rock magazine Kerrang! as "the thinking man's Van Halen" upon their debut. They were particularly notable for being decidedly un-glam for a hair metal band: They typically performed in their regular street clothes and had an affinity for performing acoustic versions of their songs in concert. Although this meant that they didn't have a defining image back in the genre's heydey, their lack of one resulted in them being relatively unaffected by the rise of grunge. For one, they kept having hits on the Billboard rock charts up through 2004.)
  • Thor
  • Thunder
  • Tigertailz
  • TKO
  • Tobruk
  • Tokyo Blade
  • Tora Tora
  • Treat
  • Trixter
  • Tuff
  • Twisted Sister (though they personally define themselves as "Hid-Metal")
  • Vain
  • Valentine
  • Vinnie Vincent Invasion
  • Vixen, a rare example of an all-female Hair Band
  • Warrant
  • Whitecross
  • Whiteheart
  • White Sister
  • White Lion (unlike most—if not all—other bands of the genre, these guys relied a lot on environmentalism as a lyrical theme—though Loudness and EZO were also well known for the occasional Green Aesop)
  • Wildside
  • Winger (sold mostly on the strength of lead singer/bass guitarist Kip Winger's looks, which often overshadowed their technical skills—they've been called "the hair band version of Dream Theater"—and eventually went down with the rising popularity of Grunge. Their reputation has improved of late to some degree due to both their musicianship and Pull, which was easily one of the darkest, most mature albums to ever come from a glam act.)
  • XYZ (not to be confused with Minoru Niharara's solo group)
  • Y&T
  • Yokosuka Saber Tiger (first band for both hide and Rolly, both of whom would go on to be influential in Visual Kei, hide as X's lead guitarist, Rolly as an image actor and solo vocal.)
  • Zebra

Older artists that underwent Genre Shift to hair metal during its heydey

  • .38 Special (Started out as a Southern Rock band and had several Top 40 hits in the late 70s and early 80s in that style. They changed their style with the times, and in 1988, they had their first hit in years with the Hair Metal-styled ballad "Second Chance". Interestingly, they didn't update their look to accommodate for their slight Genre Shift, and still looked like an aging Southern rock band, long beards and all.)
  • Accept (Eat The Heat though they quickly went back to heavy metal once David Reece left and Udo returned to the group)
  • Andy Taylor (having grown dissatisfied with Duran Duran's New Wave style, the guitarist tried a kind of hair metal sound during his solo career in the late 1980s).
  • Bad English (A supergroup that included solo star John Waite as the lead vocalist and two members of Journey. Best known for their #1 hit "When I See You Smile")
  • Blackfoot (started out as Southern Rock, then went into this starting with Siogo and continuing on until Medicine Man)
  • Black N Blue (Started out as Heavy Metal, then went into this with Without Love)
  • Celtic Frost (The Cold Lake album, considered an Old Shame by the band)
  • Cheap Trick (on their albums The Doctor, Lap of Luxury, and Busted)
  • Alice Cooper (Constrictor, Raise Your Fist And Yell, Trash and Hey Stoopid)
  • Deep Purple (on the four albums they released between 1984 and 1993)
  • Def Leppard (originally a NWOBHM band influenced by glam rock and arena rock, the melodic hard rock of their breakthrough album Pyromania in 1983 - not to mention its immensely popular music videos - influenced virtually every successive band in this genre)
  • Girlschool (Started out as a female version of Motorhead, then went for more of a Hair Metal sound starting with 1983's Play Dirty and continiuing until their self-titled 1992 album, where they went back to their punk-metal roots. Today they're mostly notable for being the longest lasting all-female band of all time)
  • Heart (starting with their self-titled album in 1985 and continuing until Desire Walks On in 1993)
  • Joan Jett (some examples in her mid- and late-80s releases, though mostly punk rock or straight hard rock)
  • Judas Priest (Turbo, though it was heavier then most examples)
  • KISS (during their 1983-1996 unmasked phase)
  • Krokus (The Blitz, Change of Address and Heart Attack)
  • Michael Schenker Group (Became this when Robin McAuley joined the band in 1989 and their name was changed to McAuley Schenker Group from 1989-1992)
  • Molly Hatchet (like Blackfoot, they began as a Southern Rock group before changing styles with The Deed is Done and continuing on until returning to their old style with Devil's Canyon)
  • Night Ranger (had most of their success - including their hit single "Sister Christian" - as an arena rock band, and are often incorrectly labeled as a hair metal band because they happened to be performing hard rock music at the same time the genre was popular. Only recorded a single album in the genre, 1988's Man in Motion, long after their success had waned.)
  • Petra (one of the earliest Christian Rock bands, having recorded since the early 70s. Their mid and late-80s albums featured a hair metal-inspired sound that they dropped by 1991.)
  • Raven (during the mid-80s. Otherwise a straight-up metal band.)
  • The Rods (went into this with Hollywood)
  • Sammy Hagar(went into this with VOA and I Never Said Goodbye)
  • Savatage (only on Fight for the Rock)
  • Saxon (Started out as Heavy Metal then started showing traces of this on "Crusader" before going more commercial with "Innocence is No Excuse" and continuing until "Forever Free")
  • Scorpions (went into this starting with Love At First Sting up until Face The Heat, mostly known for being the most successful intercontinental band of all time and one of the longest lasting bands ever, having formed in 1965!)
  • Triumph (started out as Progressive Rock, then became Hair Metal starting with Thunder Seven and retained that sound for the rest of their career)
  • Tygers of Pan Tang (like Def Leppard they started out as NWOBHM band before changing their sound with The Cage)
  • UFO (went into this with Obsession)
  • Uriah Heap (Equator, Raging Silence, Different World)
  • Whitesnake (One of the very few hair bands in which its lead singer (David Coverdale) had a baritone voice. Jumped on the hair bandwagon in the later stages of their career, but had existed for years as a bluesy, Bad Company-style band, and were actually the remnants of a broken-up Deep Purple).

Artists that started out as hair metal before finding success in another genre

  • Lee Aaron (changed musical styles multiple times since 1991, first to Grunge, then Jazz and finally Pop)
  • Alice N' Chainz (Yep, that Alice in Chains, Facelift is SLIGHTLY less dark than their later albums and has noticeable traces of their glam era, particularly on the second half. The box set has a few demos from before they found their own sound)
  • Michael Bolton (Yes, THAT Michael Bolton, before he went adult contemporary)
  • Guns N' Roses (According to Slash, the band went through a "glam period" that was short-lived because the band got tired of borrowing stuff from a carousel of girlfriends. By the time Appetite for Destruction came out, only trace elements remained. The group actually made themselves staunch opponents of the Hollywood glam scene, particularly Poison, who ironically Slash himself had auditioned for after the band's original guitarist Matt Smith left. Appetite for Destruction (1988), the band's wildly-acclaimed debut, was a darker and edgier take emphasizing punk and blues influences. The followup Use Your Illusion (1991) instead hewed toward arena-sized bombast, contrasting all the more with the incoming grunge craze. The band would have probably retained their massive popularity well into the alternative-era if they didn't implode on themselves in 1993.)
  • Hardline (their first album was their only straight example. Their second album had traces of this, but by their third album, they had successfully transitioned away from that)
  • Lizzy Borden (later became a straight Power Metal that just so happens to place heavy emphasis on Alice Cooper-style theatrics)
  • Loudness (from around 1985 until 1992, see Minoru Niihara below. In 1992 they dropped Hair Metal for a heavily thrash-inspired sound...)
  • Luna Sea (they soon evolved into goth rock)
  • Yngwie Malmsteen (for his albums Odyssey, Eclipse and Fire and Ice)
  • Mother Love Bone (along with grunge; like Alice in Chains, they were a bridge between glam and the more metallic side of grunge. Split up when their lead singer Andrew Wood died of a drug overdose just before their debut album was to be released. Just a few months later, band members Jeff Ament and Stone Gossard formed Pearl Jam.)
  • Minoru Niihara
  • Pantera (though they'd rather you forgot they were.)
  • Seikima II (at least early on, being much like KISS. They became Visual Kei pretty fast)
  • Sex Machineguns (They began as this and eventually shifted to straight-up thrash, but kept the hair and costuming as part of their Visual Kei image)
  • Show-Ya (All-female Hair Metal band that eventually became Visual Kei)
  • TNT (Have dropped in and out of the genre's purview. In the band's beginning they were a very bluesy Traditional Metal group. When they actually began to fall into this, they kept prog-rock elementsnote . By the mid-90s the band slipped into an almost "Alice In Chains-meets-The Beatles" style of music, and the band themselves have denied actually being glam)
  • WASP (while they were often lumped into the the glam scene thanks to their image early on, musically they were closer to traditional heavy metal, and they continued to grow heavier as time went on. By the late 80s they had dropped most of what little hair metal influence they had.)
  • X Japan (at the very beginning as "X". Combining thrash metal and a heavy punk sensibility and far darker lyrics, it became one of the founding bands of Visual Kei at the same time as a truly genre-busting act encompassing everything, eventually, from thrash metal and speed metal and power metal to goth rock to classical-inspired piano ballads and more.)
  • XYZ-A (Minoru Niihara's solo band. Was a recursive combination of this and Visual Kei. The guitarist was actually Visual Kei and the band was formed way after Hair Metal had crashed and burned, but the singer was Hair Metal trying to be Visual Kei, until the end of the 1990s and the reformation of his old band, Loudness, when he dropped the vestiges of the style.)

Post-1990s bands

  • 69 Eyes
  • Black Veil Brides (They started as metalcore but switched to this and made it their signature style; also another rare example where the singer has a low voice)
  • Buckcherry (Had a couple hits in the late 90s, where they were one of the few rock bands of the era openly declaring an influence of hair metal bands. Broke up a few years later, but later reunited and scored a top 10 hit in 2007 with "Sorry".)
  • Crashdiet (A fusion of Hair Metal and punk, currently active as of 2013, having replaced vocalists due to Dave Leppard's death)
  • The Darkness (notably not an 80s band; this English band is pretty much the possible love child of T. Rex and Judas Priest, hence hair metal as per formula. The music video for their 2003 breakthrough hit "I Believe in a Thing Called Love" helps hammer it home)
  • Nitro, a stealth parody band which took all of Hair Metal's aspects to their logical extreme.
  • Steel Panther (a modern-day example beloved of our own ad server!)
  • Vains of Jenna

Fictional bands


Tropes associated with the genre:

  • Ambiguous Gender: Many artists early on. Some of them would eventually change into a less androgynous appearance as they matured.
  • Bar Brawl: Unfortunately, the genre became almost synonymous with these both in the US and Japan. Band rivalries were common, and when rival bands or fans of rival bands met, the result was so often one of these that some bars and venues banned specific bands, specific people (Axl Rose and Yoshiki were both frequent ban targets), a characteristic look of the worst troublemakers ("no blondes," "no all leather outfits," "no spikes"), or even imposed a ban on people discussing or promoting bands known to cause brawls in a variant of Ban on Politics.
  • Black Sheep Hit: Almost all hair bands have at least one, usually a Power Ballad (see below).
  • The Beautiful Elite: The most popular bands were these.
  • Costume Porn: Almost all hair metal bands provided this in one form or another.
  • Dude Looks Like a Lady: Apparently the trope namer was written about the guys in Mötley Crüe (specifically, Vince Neil), and Poison pulled out an issue of Cosmo on their first photoshoot and told the makeup artist to "Make us look like this".
  • Groupie Brigade: Because hair metal was a genre of music with a lot of female fans, groupies were often found backstage at shows. In Motley Crue's autobiography, Vince Neil mentions that when they were on tour he would frequently have sex with several different women in a single night. Nor were/are all of the groupies Always Female - one of the rumors/stories about Michael Monroe's bisexuality involved a male groupie.
  • Ho Yay: Not as much as in Glam Rock but you know in Poison's Talk Dirty To Me when Brett yells to C.C. "C.C. pick up that guitar and talk to me" yeah, that happened.
    • A few of the artists from Michael Monroe to Minoru Niihara have been rumored to be gay or bisexual. This has led to an actual slash fandom subset in Hair Metal (or pairing up Hair Metal artists with early Visual Kei artists in crossover Fan Fic.)
    • And of course, pretty much any of the early Visual Kei bands that began as Hair Metal. X and SEIKIMA-II, for example, once had thriving slash fandoms that only died out with time, newer visual kei bands becoming more popular for Yaoi Fangirl attention leading to attrition, and Flame War over whether it was "okay" to write slash or not. The bands that would become Visual Kei also happened to attract far more gay or bisexual male fans/groupies/roadies than most US Hair Metal bands did, both from the Japanese metal scene of the time's higher population of out gay and bisexual men, from the perceived availability of some of the bandmen, and from the Visual Shock scene's open acceptance of male bisexuality as it developed. As in where US Hair Metal tried to downplay Glam Rock Ho Yay, the Japanese scene that would become Visual Shock and then Visual Kei took it and ran with it.
  • Intercourse with You: Unskinny Bop by Poison, Slice of Your Pie by Motley Crue, Hell On High Heels by Crue, Lick Summer Love by Hanoi Rocks, Tragedy by Hanoi Rocks, Rattlesnake Shake by Skid Row... basically the favorite theme of this genre.
    • Stab Me In The Back by X Japan fused Intercourse with You and Ho Yay in a way few other bands of the era would have even dared to approach, being a blatant song about male/male sex. It's arguable that Lick Summer Love by Hanoi Rocks could be another fusion of Ho Yay with Intercourse with You in hair metal, though heavily disguised by the female backing vocals and far less blatant than Stab Me In The Back - the rumored bisexuality of the lead singer and that the lyrics are just vague enough that they could describe man on man sex as well as man on woman are the main argument there.
  • Improbable Hairstyle: Young C.C. Deville's physics defying do' for one. Toshi when he wore the "french fries" hairdo - a common joke being his hair was half his height.
  • Long-Haired Pretty Boy: How the genre got its name.
  • Mohs Scale of Rock and Metal Hardness: Most bands are in the 5-6 range, with a few getting up to 7.
    • A couple of the more thrash-oriented bands have approached eight. Those would be Loudness and Sex Machineguns, especially in their post-80s work.
  • Power Ballad: A staple of the genre. During the hair metal era it was common for an album to contain at least one power ballad, the reason being that ballads often became mainstream radio hits and sold a lot of singles.
  • Pretty Boy: Young Poison, young Motley Crue, young Hanoi Rocks, young X (and arguably most everyone there still is)
  • Outlaw: Bon Jovi's Wanted Dead Or Alive plays with this archetype and even Skid Row's 18 and Life references it. Ratt's "Wanted Man" plays it straight.
    • X was literally a band featuring three real outlaws (in a certain sense of the word) in its early days, as were most of the first round of Extasy Records bands. Yoshiki, Taiji, and Toshi were all bosozoku at one point (Japanese Delinquents and bikers). Music/Tokyo Yankees and Grand Slam were also bosozoku/yankii heavy bands, with Tokyo Yankees even naming themselves after yankii. This actually led to major problems in X's and the label's early days, as they (and some of their rougher fans) would get into repeated Bar Brawl with rival bands, and even outright threaten their critics or haters with actual violence, going as far as to mail them bloody knives and harass them at their homes. It was officially ended as a practice by the bands and label around 1988-89 when X signed major with Sony and the realization that it could do more harm than good to their image, but some of the fans still continue it against everyone's wishes.
  • Sex, Drugs and Rock & Roll: The musicians who played in hair metal bands were often infamous for the debauchery of their personal lives.
  • Spiritual Successor: Visual Shock, as pioneered by X, SEIKIMA-II, EZO/Masaki Yamada, and Loudness, which would later evolve to the Visual Kei phenomenon.
  • Stage Names: Rikki Rocket, Nikki Sixx, Michael Monroe, His Excellency Demon Kogure, and many, many others.
  • Stripperiffic: The costumes for both the bands and their groupies.
  • Trope Codifier: Either Mötley Crüe or Poison.
  • Word Salad Lyrics: Ride the Wind by Poison features the unforgettable "Taste the fire, lick the wind" and keeps bringing up "The Midnight Sun" (which is something that's usually tied to references to Alaska) in a song that seems to be about riding motorcycles.

Alternative Title(s): Glam Metal

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/HairMetal?from=Main.GlamMetal