"So you are the Christ, yes the great Jesus Christ! Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence
Prove to me that you're divine; change my water into wine!"
. Therefore, when an ordinary-looking character claims to be God
, a wizard
, time traveller
, or alien
, skeptics nearby will often demand a God Test
to prove those claims. This will typically be a fantastic feat of some sort, something to be done that a regular person would never be able to do. The challenged party actually succeeding at the test is fairly rare, but they may respond with an explanation as to why they won't or why the test isn't meaningful. Thanks to Jesus' classic example there's a fair chance in the story this means they're on the level. Coming up with a test and having the God fail it is a good way to expose an impostor.
Often expressed as "If you're <X>, then do <Y>!"
Note that, despite the name, the test is not limited to deities; any character claiming extraordinary abilities can be challenged with such a test.
Might overlap with Give Me a Sign
. Contrast with Secret Test
. Also see Trust Password
and If You're So Evil, Eat This Kitten
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- During Peter David's run on Supergirl, with the "angel" version of the character, she meets a little boy who claims to be God, come to speak to her. She asks for proof, and He asks what sort of miracle would prove anything in an age of superheroes who can fly, transmute elements, etc.; so she's just going to have to take it on faith.
- During the "Heroes Return" story arc in Marvel Comics, most of Marvel's heroes have had their memories of their "real" lives erased and they lived in a pocket universe for a year. They are confronted by a Celestial who demands that they return to a home they don't remember. If they don't, either the pocket universe will be destroyed, or the regular Earth will. Thor objects, saying that he thinks all of them together could take her. In response, she snaps her fingers and turns Thor, a god in his own right, into a frog. He retracts his objection.
Films — Animated
- In The Road to El Dorado, the Doradans challenge the explorers to a ballgame... two gods against 15 mortals.
- Aladdin pulls a very clever version of this on the Genie. He challenges him, dismissively, "I bet you couldn't even magic us out of this cave!" The Genie does it, then tells Aladdin he has two wishes left. "Oh, no... I never wished to be out of the cave. You did that on your own..."
- Near the end of Hotel Transylvania, when the monsters are at an annual Monster Festival, one of them asks them to prove that the Dracula they're with is the real deal. Dracula then brainwashes him to smash his mug against his forehead.
Films — Live-Action
- A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthurs Court plays with this one memorably: a charlatan claims to be able to tell people whatever is happening anywhere in the world. After listening to various plausible tales of the doings of foreign potentates, the main character takes his turn: "Tell me what I'm doing with my hands behind my back right now."
- In The Last Hero the Silver Horde try to sneak into Dunmanifestin by claiming to be 'new gods'. The locals know what's going on but, being who they are, decide to have some fun by demanding Cohen prove his bonafides by rolling a seven on a six-sided die. He does.
- During the Horus Heresy series, the Emperor repeatedly and vehemently denies any godhood. This trope gets inverted, however, because half the stuff he does SEEMS like it should take a god to accomplish, so no matter how much he denies it, the "true believers" just say "only a true god would deny his divinity while also demonstrating it."
- The Bible features one of the oldest examples in existence, and probably the oldest subversion; Satan tries to invoke this by suggesting Jesus prove he was the son of God by turning stones into bread. Jesus refused, saying "It is written; Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from Godʼs mouth." Not to be put off, Satan told him to jump from the roof of the temple, saying "If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence: For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee: And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone." Jesus refuses again, saying "Again it is written, 'You shall not put the Lord, your God, to the test.'"
- Also invoked in the New Testament letters. The Apostles instruct Christians to test any spirit claiming to be from Heaven, by verifying that the spirit in question confesses Jesus is Lord and that He came in the flesh, because demons will masquerade as angels of light to try to deceive people, but will never confess Jesus' Lordship or Incarnation before mortals, because doing so would subvert the deception.
- When Jesus is on the cross the authorities challenge him, "If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross."
- On the other hand, going even farther back, God did provide Moses with some evidence of Who sent him, starting with giving Moses temporary leprosy and turning his staff into a snake and back (with enough time for it to eat the Egyptian priests' staff-snakes), followed up by the Ten Plagues.
- Also in the Old Testament, Gideon tests God twice, both times by leaving a fleece on the floor overnight; once, having the fleece be wet with dew while the floor is dry, and once vice versa. Both are performed without objection.
- Note, however, that Gideon wasn't really performing a God Test, he had full faith in God and didn't question Him. Rather, Gideon was unsure that he (Gideon) was really The Chosen One and wanted to make sure before he went off starting a war.
- Played straight by Jesus and Thomas. When Thomas hears of the resurrection, he refuses to believe the story, thinking it incredible. It is not until Jesus shows Thomas his crucifixtion wounds that Thomas believes. Partially subverted as Jesus then says that it would have been better for Thomas to have believed without seeing his wounds.
- In general, the Old Testament is much more okay with God Tests than the New Testament. Old Testament God was very active, with his miracles ranging from the subtle, such as ensuring Isrealite victory in battle, to the obviously supernatural, such as raining down fire. In the New Testament, God was much more subtle, his only direct miracles being the impregnation of Mary and the resurrection. Jesus was generally willing to perform miracles, but he often asked that word of his miracles not be spread around, particularly his miraculous healings, and only engaged in one 'large scale' ritual, the feeding of crowds with only a few loaves of bread and fish. In addition to the above mentioned examples, there appears to be a large shift in Gods feelings about the idea of God Tests between the Old and New Testaments.
- According to the Koran, Mohammed refused to perform any God Tests to prove that he's a prophet, since there are several such stories in The Bible and in every one of them the prophets passed the tests but the crowds still didn't believe them. Since it never works, God wouldn't perform any more miracles only for the entertainment of disbelivers.
- Battlestar Galactica (1970's) episode "War of the Gods Part 1''. Count Iblis claims to have great powers and knowledge. The Council of Twelve gives him three challenges: to deliver their greatest enemy (Baltar) to them, to lead the fleet to Earth, and one more to be named later.
- Mystery Science Theater 3000 parodies this: When the gang land in Roman Times, Pearl claims they are gods, and Brain Guy has to use his powers to demonstrate. "Behold! From nothing I produce this... spoon."
- Inverted in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Who Watches the Watchers." A primitive alien tribe has come to believe that Picard is God (despite his protests), and to prove it one of them shoots him with a bow to prove that The Picard can't be killed. Fortunately for Picard the alien misses his heart, but does hit him in the shoulder, injuring him and thereby proving to the aliens that he isn't God.
- Quantum Leap: Sam has leaped into an illiterate murderer on the run who is holding a woman and her daughter hostage. He decides to drop The Masquerade, telling her he's a doctor from the future in a Time Travel experiment. She doesn't believe him. Then he notices her medical textbook, and she reveals that she's in medical school. So he has her quiz him on medical stuff to prove that he's telling the truth. At first she still doesn't believe him saying that he looked at the book already, so could have memorized the information. Sam quickly fires back: "When was the last time you met an illiterate speed-reader?"
- Doctor Who
- In "Smith and Jones", the Doctor met compainion-to-be Martha Jones. At the beginning of the episode, she was walking to work when the Doctor came up to her, took his tie off, and said, "Like so!" Later in the episode, they met and he had no memory of this. At the end, Martha asks him to prove that he's a time traveller. He takes his TARDIS and disappears, reappearing seconds later...without his tie.
- In the two-parter "Human Nature"/"The Family of Blood", Martha Jones, a medical student from the future, uses her knowledge of anatomy to prove that she's not "just" a maid, which she's currently disguised as.
- Joan of Arcadia has Joan ask the teenage boy claiming to be God to prove his divinity. He gestures behind himself to show... a tree.
Joan: "...that's a tree."
God: "Let's see you make one."
- Red Dwarf: Lister's comments have been misinterpreted over the years as the promises of a god, leading to this hilarious exchange:
Lister: "I am your god."
Cat: "If you're god, turn this into a woman."
Lister: "I'm serious."
Cat: "So am I!"
- For a show that dealt with fake gods, Stargate SG-1 only ever used this test once, and indirectly at that. When Gerak becomes a Prior of the Ori and is asked to destroy Jaffa who refuse to believe, Teal'c asks him what makes him believe they are gods, citing various impressive miracles they could have performed*. He then posits that the measure of a god is not how they display their power, but how they apply it. If they were gods, they wouldn't need Gerak to kill anyone on their behalf, or even ask such a thing of him.
- The Bionic Woman: Jaime Sommers has been replaced by her evil twin, and dropped into prison in her place. After escaping, and getting cornered by the cops, who have been joined by her boss, she tells him to whisper any question he wants, across a hundred yards of open field, to prove who she really is.
- The Christ-figure in the ITV (UK) drama The Second Coming written by Doctor Who writer Russell T Davies and starring Christopher Ecclestone proves who he is by creating daylight around Manchester City's football stadium during the middle of the night - he is not explicitly asked to show his powers, but decides the only way to prove it is to do something on a significant enough scale to be believed from the outset.
- 9 Chickweed Lane: Monty (who may or may not be God in Human Form) asks Cloud Cuckoo Lander Thorax for advice on how to deal with his God Complex ("It started around the time I created the universe"). Thorax's recommendation? "Try prayer, and see if you get a busy signal."
- Jesus Christ Superstar. Quoth Herod to Jesus, "Prove to me that you're no fool/Walk upon my swimming pool." Of course, Jesus in the Gospels also comes up against demands for miracles to prove his status, and refuses to play along with them.
- In Aristophanes' The Frogs, The god Dionysos and his servant both claim to be the real Dionysos, and the gatekeeper of Hades decides to tell them apart by flogging them. Supposedly, a real deity can't feel and won't react to pain. This being a parody, they both fail.
- Escape from Monkey Island: Guybrush asks his future counterpart to guess what number he's thinking of. Since you 'remember' what future-Guybrush said to past-Guybrush, you can answer him.
- Repeatedly in Ōkami, since faith in the gods is at a low ebb and gaining "praise spheres" plays a vital role in the gameplay's RPG Elements. Amaterasu sometimes displays a wicked sense of humor in answering them.
- In Dragon Age: Origins, the Lyrium-addled Templar, Carroll, repeatedly refuses to believe that the protagonist is a Grey Warden;
Templar: Go on then, kill some Darkspawn! Lets see some righteous Grey-Wardening!
Warden: *Irritated* There aren't any Darkspawn here!
- The Neverwinter Nights 2 fan module The Maimed God's Saga has a cleric of Tyr as the Player Character. At one point a mob assembles in the town square demanding that you prove you're really a cleric. You can blow them off without consequence, or if you have the spell remove disease prepared, you can cure a sick woman in the crowd.
- In episode 55 of Yu Gi Oh The Abridged Series, Yami asks Noah to prove that he's a god.
- Tennyo of the Whateley Universe was forced to prove she was The Captain (ie. The Star Stalker). The test involved opening a box but to open that box, a hand must be sacrificed.
- As with many Native American peoples, the Tainos of Puerto Rico were told that the Spaniards invading their land were gods. To make sure, they caught one and tried to drown him... and succeeded. Even then they had no chance against the invaders however.
- As shown above, Carl Sagan's famous quote, "Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence," is an excellent summary of skeptics' treatment of claims of this magnitude.