Pilate: Look at your Jesus Christ. I'll agree he's mad. Ought to be locked up, But that is not a reason to destroy him. He's a sad little man. Not a King or God. Not a thief, I need a crime!While most works that feature Jesus Christ stick to Jesus Was Way Cool, there are also works where he is portrayed as a bit crazy or even as clinically insane. He may mistake himself for a God, be mistaken for a God, or actually be a real but flawed God. The portrayal can come from the narrative itself, or from a character. Note that while "Jesus Was Crazy" and "Jesus Was Way Cool" are opposites, they can still show up in the same work. Either they contradict each other in some kind of point-counterpoint argument, or they blend together through some kind of Crazy Awesome or Cloud Cuckoolander characterization. Also, a character who believes that Jesus was not only cool but also divine might feel that you have to choose sides: Either worship Him or hate Him. This argument is derived from "he who is not with me is against me; he who does not gather the flock scatters it." However, the claim of out-right hate ignores the fact that not everyone who can undermine someone or their cause necessarily does so maliciously or intentionally, and it is possible to be well-meaning and have a high view of Jesus without being consistent with the tenets of worship. A character might be tempted to argue that Jesus Was Crazy as a kind of Straw Character argument: Taking for granted that if you don't believe the parts of the Gospels where Jesus actually ascended into heaven and all that, then you must still believe the parts where he claimed to be divine, and thus be obliged to consider him a megalomaniac. Of course, atheists, Muslims et cetera who think Jesus was cool prefer to focus on a simplified understanding of The Golden Rule, and that kind of stuff; assuming that the claims of divinity were added after his death - along with the walking on water and similar hard-to-accept accounts.note
Mob: Crucify him!
Mob: Crucify him!
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- The Swedish comic "Personal-Jesus◊" (with the hyphen in the name) plays a lot with the lighter side of crazy. The name itself is a wordplay: The Swedish word "personal" means "staff" or "human resources" and is pronounced differently from the English word that is spelled the same way. In this quite surreal setting, Jesus Christ can indeed walk on water and everything, but for some reason he works in an ordinary office and create general mayhem - getting his coworkers drunk as he turns water into wine at the worst possible moments, and so on.
- Larry Gonick's The Cartoon History of the Universe depicts Jesus as woozy after being "baptized" and held under water too long. In another section he alternates (panel by panel) between thoughtful scholar, mystical parable-speaker, and, well...
Jesus: (big cheerful grin) Only by drinking my blood and eating my flesh shall ye be saved! Mm!
Films — Live-Action
- The Last Temptation of Christ starts out with portraying Jesus as a paranoid schizophrenic who starts preaching because he hears voices in his head. The movie starts with him working as a carpenter building crosses for the Romans and rambling on about how he wants to crucify all the messiahs. The story goes through many plot twists, and the psychiatric perspective gets obsolete after a while - but Jesus being crazy in one way or another remains the only constant throughout the movie. And trying to live a decent life turns out to be the craziest thing of them all.
- Michael Moorcock's Behold the Man is a definite case of this with a mentally retarded and deformed Jesus that the time traveler winds up replacing so that the stories come out right.
- Lamb: The Gospel According to Biff, Christ's Childhood Pal is a corner case. Jesus isn't crazy (and in fact is portrayed as closer to Crazy Awesome) but he's distracted enough by the whole Son of God thing that he comes off as a bit loopy.
- Julian, an enemy of Christianity, takes this view. Jesus was just some guy who thought he was the Messiah. He acted out the prophetic requirements, raised followers, and eventually stormed the temple when nothing else worked. Pontius Pilate was right to execute him.
- Right in The Bible itself, one of the four gospels has Jesus' mother Mary and His brothers stepping in to intervene on His behalf, for they were hearing that "He is beside Himself". And frequently, his hearers say things like "he has a demon", an idiomatic way of saying "he's crazy" (since demonic possession was believed to cause insanity).
- And as Jesus notes, they said similar things about his immediate predecessor:
For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon’; the Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Behold, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ note
- And as Jesus notes, they said similar things about his immediate predecessor:
Live Action TV
- House once asked for a differential diagnosis on Jesus, and Martha comes up with schizophrenia. The episode itself was about a patient that was very religious, and House believed that the strong convictions were caused by a medical problem.
- In John Wick's Thirty, the characters meet several different versions of Jesus. The two most notable are the self-described Gnostic Jesus, who is mundane but a philosophical genius ... and Paul's Jesus, who is a psychotic firebreathing monster the size of a building.
- Jesus Christ Superstar is (among other things) built like a point-counterpoint debate regarding who and what Jesus was. While Maria Magdalena and the apostle Simon represent two very different versions of Jesus Was Way Cool, Pontius Pilate goes down the Jesus Was Crazy road — trying to defend Jesus by arguing that he's insane. See page quote. Note that the "cool vs crazy" debate is not about being for or against Jesus. Pilate is trying to save him, while Caiaphas who is trying to get him crucified subscribes to the "Jesus is cool" camp. In the initial scene, Judas is still loyal to Jesus, and yet complains about how Jesus is turning increasingly mentally unstable under the pressure from his believers.
- The Clive Barker play The History of the Devil portrays Jesus as a complete lunatic who actually talks Satan into arranging his own crucifixion.
- Ghastly's Ghastly Comic put forward the idea of multiple Jesuses (Jesi?), who tend to represent the various "faces" of Christ as interpreted by his followers and the general public (with the possible exception of Drunk and Bitter Jesus, who is pretty much how Jesus would feel if he were alive to see the way the other Jesuses act). Jesus Was Crazy is Fark.com Jesus, who carries an awful lot of artillery for a guy who said "Blessed are the peacemakers."
- Family Guy: Many episodes – those with spot gags on religion and others focusing on the Christian faith – depict Jesus as immoral, rebellious and at one time not even Christian. In "Family Goy," he even suggests that all religions are the same and that it doesn't matter which one one picks (to which Brian – offscreen – shouts "Thank you!").
- This is a component of the Christian apologist argument called "Lord/Liar/Lunatic", popularised by C. S. Lewis, which is Exactly What It Says on the Tin. The argument is usually preceded by an argument about a historical Jesus or the veracity of biblical accounts, but then goes on to argue that with the various claims attributed to Jesus in the Gospels, he must be lying, crazy or an actual deity. This is generally a response to those who view Jesus as a good teacher but not a divine one. However, a lot of his ideas about morality work. Other speakers of morality don't always live up to what they say in their own lives, casting doubt on the "liar or a lunatic" part actually negating anything. However, the "Lord of All" part, if valid, negates a popular tenet of believing there are many "right" ways to Heaven. Also, to have him not measure up to those claims negates the Bible's claims about salvation through grace. Three counter-arguments to the debate are: 1) That Jesus' claims to divinity were the product of overzealous followers after his death. (This, for the record, is the official position of Islam: that Jesus was a prophet and messengernote of God who personally never claimed to be divine but whose followers eventually got a bit carried away.) 2) That religious belief in oneself isn't necessarily (or even likely) proof of clinical insanity — especially not in the social context of that particular age of history. Or 3) That the Jesus of The Bible is a fictional character, whose divinity within the story makes him a great moral example regardless of real life divinity. A counter-counter-argument is that if this is the case, then the entire Bible becomes sketchy as a moral authority. Then on whose authority is morality defined? It's worth noting that modern doubts that the historical Jesus claimed to be God (History Channel historians' and theologians' preferred view) doesn't necessarily stop all modern theologians from defending the gospel writers' position.
- Leads to the derivative argument that the followers were either honest, insane, or suicidal. In spite of modern secular accusations that they had fame and glory in mind, most of the New Testament writers wrote each other warning of how likely it was they would all be killed. In fact, only John died of natural causesnote . They were frequently harassed and run out of town, and lived in constant poverty. Not exactly the usual makings of a Get Rich Quick Scheme. Honesty is not definitive, however, as believers in many religions have been willing to die for beliefs which most others do not view as remotely true (Heaven's Gate is an obvious example). So, a willingness to die for one's beliefs does not by itself prove they are true, but does indicate sincerity, even if shown to be misplaced.
- Friedrich Nietzsche held a somewhat similar belief: that Jesus was an "idiot." Note that he doesn't mean that Jesus was stupid—rather, hat Jesus had a view of life that was detached from reality and perhaps too idealistic. Nietzsche is actually pretty positive on what he believed (on the basis of biblical analysis—which between his training in ancient languages and his upbringing in a family of Protestant ministers he was entirely qualified to do) to be Jesus' true message (a quasi-Buddhist exhortation to the weak and poor to come to terms with and accept their suffering as simply a fact of the human condition rather than a fundamental injustice) and saves his venom for St. Paul.