Gaslamp fantasy, also called gaslight
fantasy, is Steampunk
's magical cousin. It's a subgenre of fantasy (and more specifically of Historical Fantasy
) with a setting that is clearly recognizable as the real-world 19th or very early 20th century (or a reasonable analogue thereof). That's the Regency
period and the Victorian
eras, if the work's set in England, which it usually, though not necessarily, is. Victorian London
is especially popular. It may be identical to the real world with a Masquerade
, or it may be a full-on Alternate History
where magic exists openly and has affected the course of events. Gaslamp fantasy often draws on gothic horror tropes
, and is sometimes seen as a sort of Reconstruction
or revival of the genre.
The key difference between gaslamp fantasy and Steampunk
is that Steampunk
focuses on alternate developments in technology (and need not have any magic at all), while gaslamp fantasy focuses on supernatural elements (and need not have any technology that didn't actually exist). Yet, the two can overlap, especially with Magitek
The term was coined to describe the comic Girl Genius
, but has since come into wider use, and is sometimes retroactively applied to the more fantastical works of Gothic Horror
. Girl Genius
was called that because its creators had never heard the term "Steampunk" before, but also because it was focused on more than just advanced steam power, was not a dystopian-type "Punk"
work, despite having similar aesthetics, and is heavy on mad science
For similar genres with more modern settings, see Urban Fantasy
and Gothic Punk
. Not to be confused with Gaslighting
For tropes common to these works, check out the Steampunk Index
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Anime & Manga
- The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen is set in an alternative Victorian England where the supernatural forces of fairy tales and folklore exist, but have been pushed aside by advancing technology, though the governments of the setting try to hide the fact.
Films — Animation
- Howl's Moving Castle is set in the fantasy equivalent of World War One and filled with both Steampunk-ish technology and magic, the latter of which sets the main plot in motion.
Films — Live-Action
- Van Helsing: Werewolves and vampires are real, and real problems, but are pitted against the technology used by the titular hero who's sent to take down Dracula
- His Dark Materials By Phillip Pullman. A multi-universe spanning trilogy. The first book, "Northern Lights," is set in a alternate Victorian-era Northern Europe. Its most prominent features are the Gothic elements (innocence lost, evil churches) and the daemons (souls) that are part of every human's personality.
- The Laws of Magic by Michael Pryor is set in a pseudo-British nation around the beginning of WWI where magic is a science and Snark abounds.
- The Parasol Protectorate takes place in a Victorian Britain where werewolves and vampires have been an open part of high society since Elizabeth I's time. The Finishing School Series is set in the same universe 25 years earlier. The setting is an espionage/manners school located on a dirigible.
- Sorcery and Cecelia and its sequels, by Patricia Wrede and Caroline Stevermer, are epistolary novels set in a Regency England where magic is part of everyday life.
- Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell is about the last two practicing magicians in Georgian England (also, fairies).
- The Native Star is fantasy set in America in the 1800s.
- The Tales of Alvin Maker series by Orson Scott Card is America-based 1800s fantasy as well.
- Shades of Milk and Honey: Set in an alternative Regency England, the only magic of the setting is the ability to create "folds" of illusion, which the heroine uses throughout the story to answer its challenges.
- The Gemma Doyle trilogy centers around a group of young Victorian ladies who get caught up in a secret magical conspiracy.
- Mercedes Lackey's Elemental Masters series is about mages in Post-Victorian England. The stories are loosely based on Fairy Tales.
- The Lord Darcy stories are technically set in the 1960s, but due to magic, society and technology seem to be closer to the Edwardian era.
- Infernal Devices is set an alternate Victorian London that contains elements of a Masquerade: things such as magic, demons, werewolves, vampires, etc. wander around in the open - but only people with The Sight can see them.
- Naomi Novik's Temeraire series follows the adventures of a British captain in His Majesty's Dragon Corps during the Napoleonic Wars.
- The Strangely Beautiful Series is set in Victorian Britain and involves a magical backstory where Hades murders Persephone's lover, a phoenix.
- The Old Kingdom series. The eponymous kingdom is more of a medieval fantasy culture, but their southern neighbor Ancelstierre has early 20th-century technology and culture along with the bits of magic that leak in from the Old Kingdom.
- Moses: The Chronicles of Harriet Tubman has Steam Punk machines created by weaving magic with technology.
- Doctrine of Labyrinths has elements ranging from Georgian to Edwardian, though much of the atmosphere of Mélusine proper is based in Dickensian London. Actual gas lighting shows up in the final book of the quadrilogy.
- The ongoing novelizations of the Trope Namer, Girl Genius, would count as well, even expanding on some things not mentioned in the webcomic.
- The Spiritwalker Trilogy depicts an alternate version of the Napoleonic Wars, just as gas lamps are being introduced across Europa. (Although said gas lamps are one of the major sources of tension between the general population and the mage aristocracy...)
- Glory in the Thunder is set in a fantasy interpretation of the Silk Road, with some areas more technologically advanced than others. Hayr is stunned to witness a car ("mechanical carriage") but in Chald electric lighting, typewriters and guns can be seen right alongside the Physical Gods and magically-created Artificial Humans.
- Castle Falkenstein. Set during the Victorian era. Has magicians, the Faerie, dwarves, dragons etc.
- Unhallowed Metropolis, set in a future dystopian version of Victorian London.
- Broken Gears (CURS Publishing) is Postapocalyptic Gaslamp Fantasy — "a game of animistic steampunk". It's about a Magitek Alternate Universe where Devil-possessed Difference Engine rebelled after WWII, was nuked, and all electrical appliances got bedeviled. Which makes mass production harder, so most folk fall back to zeppelins, salamander-powered muskets, crossbows and rapiers.
- GURPS Goblins: Victorian London as populated by stereotypical fantasy green-skinned goblins.
- Rippers is about late Victorian monster hunters.
- Echo Bazaar is set in a Victorian London ruled by a shadowy cabal of nonhuman entities and full of things like devils, golems, and talking rats.