One form of Theme Naming
is to name characters after colors. The colors may reflect their personalities (for example, red being violent and white being innocent), but there is often no correlation at all.
See also Color Character
, when a character incorporates the name of a color into the name of of a superhero or masked hero
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Anime & Manga
- The girls of Tokyo Mew Mew are all named after plants or desserts, and their last names follow the pattern of Color Place (Momomiya = Peach Shrine, Midorikawa = Green River, etc.)
- Several major characters in Code Geass have the word 'red' in their names. Lelouch Lamperouge's surname is French for 'red lamp'. Suzaku Kururugi's first name is the same as that of a mythical scarlet phoenix. Kallen's Japanese surname, Kouzuki, is written with the kanji for 'crimson moon'. It has been suggested that Li Xing Ke's name may also be a reference to red, (Shinkuu, the Japanese pronunciation of his surname, means "deep crimson", but is written with different characters).
- Almost everyone in Rosario + Vampire has the kanji for a color somewhere in their names. Akashiya Moka (red), Aono Tsukune (blue), Shirayuki Mizore (white), Kurono Kurumu (black), Morioka Ginei (silver) and Sendou Yukari (written with the kanji for "purple"). These colors are appropriate for the characters, such as Mizore having ice powers and Gin being a werewolf.
- In Darker Than Black, those who work for the Syndicate have color-themed code names, mostly in Chinese. There's Hei (black), Yin (silver), Bai (white), Huang (yellow), and Amber (obvious), to name a few.
- The Red Ribbon Army in Dragon Ball has such soldiers as: Colonel Silver, General White, Sergeant Purple, General Blue, Adjutant Black, and Commander Red.
- The characters of Amatsuki are named after traditional Japanese colours, which are often reflected in their designs, e.g. 'kon' is a dark blue colour, and the character Kon has blue eyes and favours blue clothes.
- The Pokédex holders from Pokémon Special are named for the video game titles that the characters they're based on are from (Red, Blue, Green etc.), with Yellow and Emerald being canon foreigners.
- The first Pretty Cure series actually gained this trope in the English dub, with Nagisa becoming Natalie Blackstone and Honoka becoming Hannah Whitehouse.
- In fact, Honoka's original surname is Yukishiro, meaning "snow castle", but if the "shiro" part is written differently, the meaning becomes "snow white".
- Nagisa had it in the original too. "Misumi" was spelled with the kanji "sumi", which means "black ink".
- Smile Pretty Cure! also has this, with four of the five Cures having their signature colors in their names: Akane Hino, Yayoi Kise, Nao Midorikawa and Reika Aoki.
- Byakuya was designed to be a contrast to Ichigo. Ichigo's family name is "Kurosaki" which means "Black Promontory" and Byakuya's name is centred around the meaning for "white". His family name "Kuchiki" also means "rotting wood". During their final battle, Ichigo's power is jet black and Byakuya's power is pure white. They're fighting on top of a dark promontory surrounded by a forest of white, dead trees.
- The Kuchiki family is all centred around colour naming. Ginrei's name means "silver", Byakuya's name means "white" and Byakuya's deceased father was called Soujun, a name meaning "Green/blue".
- Lampshaded in-universe: Ukitake keeps buying Hitsugaya gifts which annoys the younger captain. When Hitsugaya finally managed to get Ukitake to explain why, Ukitake pointed out that they both have white hair, and that his name is Juushirou and Hitsugaya's name is Toushirou making them both Shirou-chan.note Hitsugaya isn't impressed.
- The Three Admirals in One Piece follow this as well: Their code-names are Akainu (Red Dog), Aokiji (Blue Pheasant) and Kizaru (Yellow Monkey). Also a case of Religious and Mythological Theme Naming, as a dog, pheasant, and monkey were the animals that accompanied the folk hero Momotaro on his journey.
- The next two admirals are called Fujitora (Purple Tiger) and Ryokugyu (Green Bull).
- In tenth movie Strong World, Shiki's main crewmembers have a color in their name. Golden Lion Shiki. Doctor Indigo. Scarlett.
- In the Legend of Zelda: Four Swords manga, Link wields the Four Sword, which splits him into four versions of himself, each wearing a different-colored tunic. There's Green, Blue, Red, and Vio, which is short for Violet.
- Everyone in Magic Kaito has this: black (Kuroba), blue (Aoko), red (Akako), yellow (Kounosuke) white (Hakuba), silver (Ginzou), and pink (Momoi).
- Numerous characters have color-coded names in Brigadoon: Marin and Melan. Notably, the Gun-swordsmen's last names refer to their color. Thus, Melan is "Melan Blue."
- The Cthuwulf in the Iczer series. Named characters are Cobalt, Sepia, Sir Violet, Sister Grey, and Commander Magenta (from the Golden Warrior Iczer-One manga).
- In Kuroko no Basuke, all plot-relevant character from Teikou with the exception of Sanada have names spelled with colors. And with the exception of Nijimura, they all have matching hair and eye colors. Haizaki is a subversion that he used to have hair color match his eye, but in highschool dye his hair black.
- Kuroko, "Kuro"/Black (blue hair and eyes despite the "black" kanji in his name)
- Kise, "Ki"/Yellow
- Midorima, "Midori"/Green
- Aomine, "Ao"/Blue
- Murasakibara, "Murasaki"/Purple
- Akashi, "Aka"/Red
- Momoi, "Momo"/Pink
- Haizaki, "Hai"/Gray/Ash
- Nijimura, "Niji"/Rainbow
- Shirogane "Shiro"/White
- The main characters from Smile Pretty Cure!: Akane Hino, Yayoi Kise, Nao Midorikawa and Reika Aoki. The only exception is the leader Miyuki Hoshizora.
- Fresh Pretty Cure! has a similar theme. The first two Pretty Cures are Love Momozono and Miki Aono. The remaining two, Inori Yamabuki and Setsuna Higashi, don't follow this theme (Setsuna and her former comrades are named after speed and cardinal directions).
- Accel World has Silver Crow, Lime Bell, Cyan Pile, Red Rider, Scarlet Rain, Cherry Rook, Yellow Radio, Green Grandee, Blue Knight, Purple Thorn, White Cosmos, Ivory Tower, Orchid Oracle, Crimson Kingbolt, Coral Merrow, Orange Raptor, Violet Dancer, etc.
- In Mahoraba all characters have a colour in their surname, usually in Japanese. The listnote consists of at least 22 characters with unique colours (there are more characters, but some aren't named, and some are related).
- Jitsu wa Watashi wa: Many characters have a color in their names, like Kuromine (black), Shiragami (white), Aizawa (blue) or Mikan (orange − although it's the fruit).
- The Ravens, very obscure vampiric foes of the original X-Factor, all had color names: Crimson, Azure, Coral, Cerise, Beryl, Ruby, and Cobalt.
- In Super Sentai Vs Power Rangers The Liveblog, Radiguet's six monsters are all named after a color in Japanese and their main elemental powers: Akire (red fire), Aocean (blue ocean), Midorungle (green jungle), Momortex (pink vortex), Darkuroi (black darkness), and Kithunder (yellow thunder).
Films — Live-Action
- Mr. Blue, Mr. Grey, Mr. Brown and Mr. Green (note that these are all quite normal American surnames) from The Taking Of Pelham 123
- Reservoir Dogs contained an homage to The Taking Of Pelham 123 with Mr. Blonde, Mr. Blue, Mr. Brown, Mr. Orange, Mr. Pink, and Mr. White. (Although, to be fair, these names were assigned aliases deliberately chosen to adhere to a theme.)
- Some guy on some other job is Mr. Purple.
- In Quantum of Solace, Mr. White's employer is a certain Dominic Greene, and one of Greene's subordinates is a Mr. Slate.
- Coincidentally occurs among a few cast members of School of Rock: Jack Black, Mike White, Sarah Silverman and Jordan-Clair Green.
- In Thief of Time, after the Auditors take human form en masse, they name themselves after various colours, possibly a nod towards Reservoir Dogs. Since there's so many of them, they're hard pressed for available colors, such as one furiously arguing that yes, dark avocado is a color so shut up. Not to mention arguing over which colors are higher in hierarchy and trying to take them for themselves.
- There is a famous series of picture books from Sweden about three unmarried sisters sharing a house. While not their real names, they are always called after the colours they wear: Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender. Their neighbour is similarly known as Uncle Blue.
- In the Casson family series, all four children are named after colours, their parents being artists. The eldest is Cadmium Gold, and the colour yellow sums up her personality pretty well, she is bright, cheerful and everyone likes her. Her younger brother Indigo (dark blue) is quieter, thoughtful and sensitive. He also likes to watch the starry sky at night. Saffron on the other hand is a proud, independent girl who feels lonely and isolated since she found out that she was adopted when her mother, her stepmother's twin sister, died. Saffron is outspoken, direct and can be quite harsh at times. It is said that she resembles Cadmium, meaning she is very pretty. The youngest is Permanent Rose, an adorable, very stubborn girl and the artist of the family. She nearly died when she was born, so her mother named her Permanent Rose, as a promise that she would stay.
- From the Aubrey-Maturin series: Aubrey and his friend and fellow post-captain Heneage Dundas discuss the captain of HMS Iris, who not only wants to dress his bargemen in the colors of the rainbow (due to the connotation of his ships name), but specifically seeks out sailors named for said colors: e.g., with surnames like "Scarlett," "White," or "Green." He offered Dundas a brass "chaser" cannon in exchange for one of his sailors whose name was Blew. (Dundas declined, sharing with Aubrey a dislike for "costumed" bargemen.)
- In Warrior Cats, the first part of cats' names come from things a forest cat would know, such as plants, animals, and natural objects. They also use a lot of colors - every basic color except purple and pink. They even use some more unusual colors, such as "golden", "silver", "copper", "russet", "tawny", "amber", and "fallow". Oddly enough, out of 750-ish characters, "white" is the most common prefix of all, and even "fallow" got used about five times, but "brown" only got used once, and the cat in question disappeared from the cast list before recieving his warrior name.
- The Good The Bad And The Mediochre. Mediochre himself insists his name is a shade of red. His boss is named Kiwi, a shade of green. The dragon he encounters is named Deep Ocean, which she tells him is a shade of blue. The Big Bad uses the code name 'Sapphire', another shade of blue.
- Ro Te O has a TV show called Crimson which is crucial to the plot. In it, there's the titular thief Crimson and the White Knight (a Kaitou).
- All four of The Ultra Violets are named after colours: Iris, Cheri, Scarlet, and Opaline.
- In Domina, Akane and her sisters all have color names: Midori (green), Shiro (white), Murasaki (violet), and Akane (red). The trend apparently started with Midori: Despite being pure-blooded Japanese, she has green eyes, which are extremely rare. It seems like the rest were just named to fit the theme.
- The vast majority of Super Sentai shows feature color-based codenames for its heroes, to the point that it's easier to name the handful of exceptions where they don't use color-based codenames (which are J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai, Battle Fever J, Taiyou Sentai Sun Vulcan, Dengeki Sentai Changeman, Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger, Gosei Sentai Dairanger) and Ressha Sentai Tokkyuger.
- Blue's Clues has the title character, who in a subversion of color-related norms is female. Several other animal characters are also named for their colors, such as the puppies Magenta and Green, and kittens Orange and Periwinkle.
- Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon Act Zero has the three policemen Kuroi (black), Shiroi (white) and Akai (red).
- Members of MAC in Ultraman Leo include Kuroda (black), Akaishi (red), Aoshima (blue), Shirakawa & Shiraido (white), and Momoi Haruko (pink). By the way, all these individuals died violently.
- All of the rivals in Banzai Run follow this theme: Green Machine, Blue Beard, Yellow Belly, and Red Hot.
- New Zealand's Rugby Union team is called the All Blacks, and other national sporting teams have followed their lead: the All Whites (soccer), Tall Blacks (Basketball), and Black Caps (Cricket). their netball team, the Silver Ferns, may also count.
- Cluedo (known as Clue in America) has all the main characters named after the colors of the pawns used in the older versions (Miss Scarlet, Mrs. White, Mrs. Peacock, Prof. Plum, Mr. or Rev. Green, and Col. Mustard). The victim's name is Dr. Black (though changed to Mr. Boddy in the American version). Extended versions and variations keep with the trend, naming characters after other colors. There was Miss Peach, Mme. Rose, M. Brunette, Capt. Brown, Inspector Brown, Rusty (also brown), Sgt. Gray, Mr. Slate-Gray, Lord Gray, Lady Lavender, Prince Azure, and Mrs. Meadow-Brook (blue-green), though of course (since some colors are repeated) they're not all used in the same variations.
- And in the French version: Dr. Lenoir (the victim), Dr./Rev. Olive (Rev. Green), Prof. Violet (Prof Plum), Melle Rose (Miss Scarlet), Mme Leblanc (Mrs. White), Mme Pervenche (Mrs. Peacock)... And Col. Mustard, whose name was literally translated.
- The Yu-Gi-Oh! card game has the Dark World archetype, each of which has a name similar to that of a color. They all have the common tie in that their effects depend on being discarded from the player's hand by the opponent.
- Latinum: Platinum or white
- Goldd: Gold, or yellow.
- Siilva: Silver, or gray.
- Scarr: Scarlet, or red.
- Gren: Green.
- Renge: Orange.
- Zure: Azure, or blue.
- Beiige: Beige, or brown.
- Celuri: Cerulean, or cyan.
- Snoww: Snow, or white.
- Reign-Beaux: Rainbow. Incidentally, he's the strongest of the bunch.
- Grapha: Graphite or grey. He's stronger then Reign-Beaux.
- Most of the original Space Marine chapters in Tabletop Game/Warhammer40000 were named for their armour colours, only later developing personalities, traits, idiosyncracies and histories of their own. These being the Blood Angels (blood red), Flesh Tearers (dark red), Ultramarines (blue), Space Wolves (grey), Dark Angels (black), Whitescars (white), Silver Skulls (bright silver), Iron Hands (dark silver) and Rainbow Warriors (blue with a rainbow slash on the helmet).
- The first generation of Pokémon games have color-themed town names (playing the games on the SNES's Super Game Boy or through one of the Stadium games on the N64 yields a different color scheme for each town based on the name).
- The second generation games combine this with theme naming based on plants - for example, Ecruteak (teakwood and the color ecru), Cianwood (wood in general and cyan), and Mahogany (both a type of wood and a color derived from it).
- Red and Blue are the main characters of the original games. A character named Leaf (after "LeafGreen") was added in the remakes as it adds the ability to choose the PC's gender found in later games (storywise, she's pretty much just Red, but female). The sequels, Pokémon Gold and Silver, have Gold (later renamed Ethan), Kris, and Silver as main characters. It wasn't until after that generation that they stopped naming characters after colors.
- Two generations got color-named games - the others are named after valuable minerals, which also have homonymous colors (except Crystal and Diamond).
- All of the Seven Sages in Pokémon Black and White are named after colours of the rainbow... except for Ghetsis, who shares Musical Theme Naming (G-C#) with his son N.
- Cheren and Bianca, also from Black & White, complement each other in both personalities and names - Cheren is Slavic for black, Bianca is Italian for white.
- Hugh from Black 2 and White 2, whose name is derived from "hue".
- Phantom Brave examples include Ash, Walnut, Canary, Scarlet, and I'm fairly sure Marona, Castile and Sulphur count as well. Of course there are others.
- To specify, the characters are named after wood hues (though some just have normal colors as their names) Marona is derived from the french world from Maroon, Ash is synonymous with grey/black, Scarlet is a shade of red (and Sienna, a yellow-brown) and Canary (a one man Animal Wrongs Group) is named from Canary Yellow. Of cuse some don't match this pattern (Namely Raphael and Sprout). Other characters with color names include Chief Editor Indigo, Sienna's assistant, Murasaki (Japanese for purple). Marona's mother is Jasmine, and Walnut's real name is Faded.
- Most unique abilities for characters are also color themed. Marona's family has the ability "Chartreuse". Scarlet the Brave and Walnut have "Psycho Burgundy", Raphael's ability "Heliotrope" (Pink), Sprout's "Dark Eboreous" (Ebony), Flame's "Cobalt Blues", Fox's "Viridian Copper", Lierre's "Myosotis" (The color of forget-me-nots), and Drab's "Mega Crocus" (A color of lilies)
- In Touhou, Chen, Ran, and Yukari's names mean Orange, Indigo, and Violet respectively. Each name's color's position on the electromagnetic spectrum corresponds to its owner's power level with violet being the strongest and orange being the weakest.
- In Final Fantasy Tactics A2, you get to engage with the Cinquleur, whose names are Ruuj (red), Bliu (blue), Verre (green), Nware (black), and Blanch (white), each representing their job class.
- Both the Erusean Air Force and the Belkan Air Force from Ace Combat use colours for squadron names, though Belka uses the German versions. In an aversion of the Law of Chromatic Superiority, Yellow Squadron is Erusea's elite unit.
- Every major character in Gunstar Heroes is named after a color, with the exception of Pink's two sidekicks, as well as Smash Daisaku.
- RED and BLU of Team Fortress 2, natch (which doubles as Fun with Acronyms). Other fronts for the organizations seen in the in-game signage also follows this convention (such as Red Bread and Blue Corn in the Granary map), as do the names of their founders, Redmond and Blutarch Mann.
- The villains of Final Fantasy VII: Dirge of Cerberus are called Rosso (red) the Crimson, Azul (blue) the Cerulean, Shelke (amber) the Transparent, Nero (black) the Sable and Weiss (white) the Immaculate.
- Red and Blue, heroes of Treasure Hunter G, are members of an entire family of color-based names. Other characters are exempt from the theme, though.
- SaGa Frontier brings us twins Blue and Rouge, as well as Red, who seems to be an expy of the Treasure Hunter G character.
- All of the characters of VVVVVV are named after colors. For bonus points, all of their names also start with the letter "V" (Viridian, Vermilion, Violet, etc.; hence the game's title).
- The Path: All the girls' names are variations on "Red".
- Kingdom Hearts has a colourful music theme of the 'bell' type Heartless (Red Nocturne, Blue Rhapsody, Yellow Opera and Green Requiem in the first game and Chain of Memories; Crimson Jazz, Silver Rock, and Emerald Blues in Kingdom Hearts II).
- In Nazo no Murasamejō, the four lesser castles are named Aosame, Akasame, Ryokusame and Momosame, which respectively contain the Japanese words for blue, red, green and pink.
- The three high school friends from Jack French and the 7 Dwarfs: Michel Lebrun (French for "brown"), Sam Black and Will White.
- Kirby: Green Greens, Red Canyon, Orange Ocean, Purple Plants...
- The three siblings from Detana!! TwinBee are named after their respective colors: namely Light (Blue), Pastel (Pink) and Mint (Green).
- RWBY: Word of God has confirmed that, with only one exception, all characters in the show are named according to specific rules that are linked to colour associations. The exception is Professor Ozpin. The main characters are especially noted for their colour associations and how their names are associated with those colours: Ruby is red-themed and is based on Little Red Riding Hood; Weiss Schnee is white-themed and is based on Snow White (her name is German for "White Snow"); Blake is black-themed and her name comes from an Old English word referring to someone with black hair; Yang is yellow-themed, based on Goldilocks and has a name connected to the light of the sun. The episode "Field Trip" reveals there was once a war where corrupt leaders tried to ban art and all other forms of expression. Parents started naming their children after colors in defiance. After the war, the tradition stuck.
- In the Sequential Art Webcomic, the squirrel sisters Scarlet, Amber, Jade and Violet. Though when written it's rather 4M83R, 5C4RL37, J4D3 and V10L37.
- College Roomies From Hell: Michael Redford Green and his sister Blue.
- In Colour Wheel, all the named characters so far are named after their color scheme. Some are more blatant than others.
- In the (short-lived) WCI High, there was a trio of girls named Goldie, Sylvie, and Rusty.
- In Plus EV, the mother's name is Violet. Her first daughter is Scarlett, which is a shade of red. And violet is a mixture of red and blue. So it was logical to give their second daughter a name that's a shade of blue, and thus she was named... Ultramarine!
- In No Rest for the Wicked, Perrault remembers the red theme of Red's name.
- In Sinfest, the first two succubi to become actual characters are Fuschia and Baby Blue — whose hair and clothing are that color. Others of them have been given color nicknames by fans, and one, Sapphire, has been made official.
- Everyone in .
- The Ménage ŕ 3 spinoff Sticky Dilly Buns features sisters Amber and Ruby, hitting this and Rock theme naming
- France Five, being a parody of Sentai, naturally follow the same format with its heroes: Red Fromage, Black Beaujolais, Blue Accordéon, Yellow Baguette, Pink ŕ la mode.
- This is a very common way to designate mass transit lines. Different lines tend to have different colors on maps anyway, and simply calling them after their colors makes them easy to remember and less confusing to outsiders. Some examples:
- The Washington Metro has the Red, Yellow, Green, Blue, Orange, and Silver Lines.
- The Chicago L has the Red, Blue, Orange, Green, Purple, Pink, Brown, and Yellow Lines.
- The The T in Boston has Orange, Red, and Blue subway lines plus the Green Line, which is a subway/surface streetcar line, and the Silver Line, which is Bus Rapid Transit.
- The Los Angeles Metro Rail has Blue, Red, Purple, Green, and Gold Lines of varying characters. There are other lines that do not adhere to the theme, however.
- The Twin Cities' mass transit system has light rail Green and Blue Lines, an operational Bus Rapid Transit Red Line, and an under-construction Bus Rapid Transit Orange Line.
- The Tyne and Wear Metro has two lines, Yellow and Green.