"'...For I am Saruman the Wise, Saruman Ring-maker, Saruman of Many Colours!' I looked then and saw that his robes, which had seemed white, were not so, but were woven of all colors, and if he moved they shimmered and changed hue so that the eye was bewildered. 'I liked white better,' I said."
There is an idea (codified by J. R. R. Tolkien
) that wizards are identified as X the Color. Sometimes, it indicates rank, sometimes, jurisdiction, and every now and then, the type
of magic being used. White Magic
and Black Magic
, of course, are the most common examples. Another is Elemental Powers
of Color-Coded for Your Convenience
A Sister Trope
to Color-Coded Elements
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Anime & Manga
- Although not much is made of it, Slayers gives its wizards colors as well (Rezo the Red Priest, for example). The reason it doesn't enter into it much (especially outside the novels) is that Lina's is "The Pink", which has a reputation in Japanese Culture.
- In-universe, there's also the fact that Lina utterly hates her title, so she goes out of her way to not draw attention to it.
- Magic The Gathering is centered entirely around a system of five colors of magic: white (focusing on purity and light), green (focusing on nature and life), red (fire and strength), black (death and decay), and blue (air/water, technology, trickery and mental powers). They sometimes dress in those colors, too, but thankfully don't always. Part of the reason for dressing "in-color" is that most (but not all!) card art has a palette that matches the card's color.
Films — Animation
- The Flight of Dragons animated movie had four wizards assigned to different realms: green to the forests and plains, blue to the oceans and waterways, gold to the skies, and red to the mountains and volcanoes. This was both the elemental power of a wizard (ie their area of expertise) and where they might hold actual sovereign power.
- The Lord of the Rings has (at the beginning of the book) Saruman the White, Gandalf the Grey (later the White), and Radagast the Brown. Tolkien's notes also make reference to Alatar and Pallando the Blue. Alatar has no unique color epithet note , but is also blue, and him and Pallando together are known as the Blue Wizards.
- Radagast is parodied with Ridicully the Brown (probably with the intention of making you think of... certain body functionsnote , who, rather than a Nature Lover, is more of an Egomaniac Hunter.
- One book also references this by having the wizards' washerwomen mock the cleanliness of those who use "The White" as a title. Mrs Whitlow's line in Equal Rites is probably another LotR parody: "Grampone the White? He'll be Grampone the Grey if he doesn't take better care of his laundry."
- Finally, a straight example is Ipslore the Red in Sourcery.
- Most recently parodied in Unseen Academicals, where Unseen University's late sports instructor was Evans the Striped. Presumably, they were black and white stripes, as per referees.
- The Baroque Cycle by Neal Stephenson engages in some Magical Realism by having Enoch Root, who also appears in Cryptonomicon, which is set several centuries later — it's implied that he's a sort of "Wandering Jew" type. His last name is similar to the Dutch or German word for red and, at one point, he's referred to as Enoch the Red and linked to wizardry.
- Tortall Universe
- In the Tortall books by Tamora Pierce, the color of a mage's robe signifies his level of expertise — eg, Numair Salmalin in the Immortals quartet is said to be one of only seven Black Robe mages in the world. (...Because almost everyone else who tried to reach that level is dead.)
- Also, each person's "Gift" has a specific color, possibly related to the color of their eyes. For instance, Neal's is emerald green, Numair's is black with white flecks, Alanna's is violet or purple, and Jonathan's is deep blue. Incidentally, Neal's eyes are green, Alanna's are purple, and Jonathan's are... deep blue. On the other hand, Duke Roger's is orange, and he does not have orange eyes. It's mentioned in a couple of books that people born with unusually large gifts tend to pick up stigma such as similarly-coloured eyes; Numair's could have grown through training, which is why he doesn't have starry eyes.
- The Circle of Magic series (also by Tamora Pierce), however, color-codes its mages by their elemental affinity.
- Most of the adepts in Apprentice Adept are explicitly color-coded and are referred to only by their color. (Protagonist Stile is one of the exceptions.) Later on, in the second trilogy, there are a few adepts that don't bother with the color dynamic at all.
- The Saga of Recluce color-codes its order and chaos mages, though, surprisingly, the chaos mages are white and the order mages are black; mages that can do both are still predictably grey.
- Trudi Canavan's The Black Magician Trilogy. There's color coding for the three different disciplines of magic (Warriors wear red robes, Alchemists wear purple robes, and Healers wear green robes) as well as for rank (the heads of each discipline wears a black sash, the King's Advisors wear gold sashes, the Administrators wear blue robes, and the High Lord wears black robes.) Also, at the end of The High Lord, Lord Balkan becomes the new high lord and changes the robe color to white, and the black robes are now worn by the Black Magician.
- Andre Norton describes a similar system in The Jargoon Pard but with more colors; brown, orange, purple, violet...
- The Wheel of Time does this explicitly with the Aes Sedai, sorting them into one of seven colored Ajahs based on interest: Red, dedicated to preventing another Breaking, which mostly means severing male channelers; Blue, active with personal causes; Green, aimed at preparation for Tarmon Gai'don, the Last Battle; Grey, mediators and diplomacy; Yellow, the healers; Brown, who dedicate themselves to study and knowledge; and White, the philosophers. And Black, the evil ones.
- Colors are a really big deal in The Seventh Tower, where there is a whole society of Light-magic wielding mages who organize themselves according to the colors of the rainbow: with Red being the lowest rank and Violet the highest. On top of that, most magic in this series has to do with manipulating light, and using one's Sunstone to generate light in various colors has uses ranging from battle to music to common courtesy.
- Katherine Kurtz's Deryni are somewhat color-coded. Deryni with green or silver auras are able to Heal. The Haldanes have red auras. Since the society is feudal, Deryni nobility tend to have their aura colors included in their coats of arms (Haldane red, Morgan's Corwyn green).
- Allen L. Wold's The Eye in the Stone takes color-coded magic to the extreme, running through the spectrum of magic-associated pigments three times, so even different hues have their own meanings. Purchasing supplies for a ritual circle to invoke a needed spell, the protagonist has to buy an extra-large box of crayons, because the smaller boxes didn't have a dark enough blue!
- A Song of Ice and Fire has the Red Priests of R'hllor who have impressive magical abilities, supposedly powered by the sacred fire of that god. One of the major characters who belongs to this group is the Evillish Sorceress Mellisandre, who Word Of God has stated to be a similar figure to Gandalf. The other is the much more benevolent Thoros of Myr, who, at one point, is referred to as the Red Wizard.
- In Septimus Heap, Wizardry is color-coded: Purple is used by the ExtraOrdinary Wizards and their Apprentices, while bright green is associated with other Magyk.
- Jack Vance's Green Magic, has white, black, purple, and the eponymous green magic. The story can be read in its entirety on the Web.
- Dragonlance has three Orders of High Sorcery, each with its own color-coded dress code: White Robes (good wizards, specializing in divination), Red Robes (neutral wizards, specializing in illusion), and Black Robes (evil wizards, specializing in necromancy).
- Dress robes of White Council members in The Dresden Files include color-coded stoles over black robes: blue stoles for younger members, red for those with over a century of service, or purple for Senior Council members. Various adornments to the stoles signify honoraria or fields of study. Apprentices wear brown robes without stoles, and Wardens wear grey cloaks over their dress robes.
- Mages in A.L. Phillips's The Quest of the Unaligned are all color-coded by element and rank. Peasant mages wear a white sash and a robe in their element's color (red for aeshes, blue for shamais, silver for ruahks, and green for aretzes). Noble mages wear white robes with trim in their element's color, while the unaligned royal house wears white robes with gold trim.
- If you have read Diamond Sword, Wooden Sword by Nick Perumov, this page's picture is bad news for you. The Magical Orders of the Rainbow are the powerhouse of The Empire who made even the emperor their puppet. The Order of Arc the Red are fire mages and militarists; Garam the Orange are healers and medics; Ugus the Yellow are specialists on sacrifice and necromancy; Kutul the Violet are necromancers too, but their specialty is breeding monsters. What do Flaviz the Green, Liv the Blue and Soley the Indigo exactly do, we are not told.
- The rangers in Mahou Sentai Magiranger/Power Rangers Mystic Force fit this trope well. They are even called "Magician of the *color*" in Magiranger.
- In Kamen Rider Wizard, the name alone tells you this will be in play, as form-changing is the franchise's trademark. Flame Style is red, Hurricane Style is green, Land Style is yellow, and Water Style is blue. (No, this doesn't match Magiranger's colors.)
- Hordes of the things [BBC radio parody of The Lord of the Rings!]; Radox the Green, Badedas the blue, Fenjal the Pink... (all names of bubble bath products).
- The Colleges of Magic in Warhammer are each dedicated to a different "wind" of magic, which the human mind perceives as being of different colours. These colours, and their corresponding aspects, are Red/Orange (Fire), Gold (Metal and logic), Green (Life and fertility), Blue (Air and the heavens), Purple (Death and fighting the undead), Brown (Beasts), White (Light, knowledge, and fighting daemons), and Grey (Shadows, illusions, and trickery).
- Some wizards in Warhammer use the classic Tolkien-inspired naming convention as well, such as Anurion the Green, Arkhan the Black and (subtly) Balthasar Gelt. Warhammer 40,000 gets in on the act too, with the primarch Magnus the Red (also known as the Crimson King).
- In the Ironclaw RPG, the colors of a practitioner's robe details their abilities. Cognoscente adepts wear either green or purple, Elementalists wear the color of their chosen school (yellow for air, brown for earth, red for fire, and blue for water), clerics wear white, and thaumaturges wear grey.
- The Dark Eye has the three guilds of mages, white (law-abiding and usually following strict ethics and codes when using magic), black (free-thinkers who believe that every type of magic deserves to be researched) and grey (somewhere in between). All other practitioners of magic don't fall into this scheme though.
- The Toa of BIONICLE are color-coded based on powers, as are all of the Matoran and Turaga. Red is fire, blue is water, green is air, white is (unusually) ice, brown is stone, and black is earth. Rust colors are often associated with the Makuta. Starts to dissolve in the last couple of seasons.
- The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion follows this trope implicitly, in that every school of magic has an associated sigil and color and the type of mage in random and most non-random encounters can be identified by the color of their robes.
- In Guild Wars, most spells and other skills have the color of their casting animation determined by the class and attribute the skill belongs to.
- Each class in World of Warcraft has a color associated with it, so a character's class can be discerned at a glance, e.g. on a listing of raid members. Warrior = Brown, Paladin = Pink, Death Knight = Red, Shaman = Bluenote , Hunter = Green, Druid = Orange, Rogue = Yellow, Priest = White, Mage = Light Blue, Warlock = Purple, and Monk = Spring Green.
- Practitioners of magic in the Final Fantasy universe are often aligned with colors, although it color-codes according to type of magic rather than specific mages:
- White Mages actually wear white.
- Black Mages tend to wear blue instead of black, but, like Jawas, have their faces impossibly overshadowed to the point that their eyes actually glow in the shadow cast by the brim of their Sunday hats.
- Lulu from Final Fantasy X is an exception: she does not hide her face, and instead plays this trope straight.
- Red Mages actually wear red.
- Blue Mages actually wear blue.
- Time Mages are usually associated with purple, but varies from title to title.
- Summoners are usually associated with green, but varies, especially when Summoning is triggered by some kind of magicite or the summoner also fulfills one of the other mage classes (such as Yuna in Final Fantasy X).
- Final Fantasy Tactics A2 has Green Mages that wear green and focus on buffs and debuffs.
- Battle for Wesnoth, since it's inspired by Final Fantasy, has a similar categorization. Brown is for apprentice magi, red for master (fire) magi, white for holy magi, silver for teleporting magi, and black for dark (necromantic) magi.
- Eternal Darkness combines this with Elemental Rock-Paper-Scissors. Red, Blue, Green, Purple and Yellow Magick each correspond to a specific Ancient; offensive Magicks cast gain an alignment advantage while defensive magicks grant an alignment-specific bonus. (Red grants Health, Green restores Sanity, Blue restores as much Mana as you've spent casting it and Purple grants Health, Sanity, embues your weapons with Poison and turns your character invisible. Yellow Magick is never available to the protagonists, but apparently belongs to some other, unseen being...
- The spellcasting animation in Wizard 101 has your character drawing a sigil of his/her spell school in midair. The various sigils are color-coded.
- The wizards in the Disgaea series color code the first four levels by the element used (fire, wind, ice, and Non-Elemental), and the next two by being able to use multiple elements.
- The spheres of magic in the final Wizardry trilogy are color-coded. Red: Fire, Blue: Water, Purple: Air, Green: Earth, Cyan: Mental, Yellow: Pure Magic/Divine.
- RuneScape: Before the destruction of the old Wizard's Tower, there were four orders of Wizard; Blue, Red, Green and Grey, aligned with Saradomin, Zamorak, Guthix and lesser gods respectively. Each order of wizard had their own set of values; unfortunately, those values clashed, and in the end, the wizards started an argument during a ritual, causing an explosion which killed all but the Blue and Red apprentices. The Blue apprentice founded the new tower, which is why most modern wizards wear blue and tend to be at least superficially Saradominist.
- In Dragon Fable Warlic will, when asked, inform the player why his nickname is "The Blue Mage".
- In Avatar The Last Airbender, the element a person can bend is related to their nation. Since cloth color is based by nation, this means waterbenders will usually wear blues and purples, earthbenders green/brown, airbenders oranges and yellows, and firebenders reds and black. Eye colour also enters the equation, with the people from the Water Tribe having blue eyes, Earth Kingdom having green eyes, Fire Nation having amber eyes, and Air Nomads having grey eyes.
- In My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, as of season 2, episode 3, unicorn and alicorn magic glows with specific colors, often the same color as the caster's eyes, cutie mark, or mane. Twilight Sparkle's magic is a sort of pink-purple color, Rarity's is a light blue, Celestia's is bright yellow, Luna's is a deep, deep blue, the Flim Flam brothers' are green, Cadance's a lightish blue, and her impostor is dark green. In season 3, we see Sweetie Belle have a brief, green spurt, and while Trixie's magic is normally purple, when she's using the Alicorn Amulet, it turns red, and so do her eyes for brief periods.