Written by Jane Austen and published in 1811, Sense and Sensibility is one of her best-known novels, not least because of the 1995 Ang Lee film. It tells the story of two sisters, Elinor and Marianne Dashwood, who, on the death of their father, are forced to move (along with their mother and younger sister) into rather more straitened circumstances. The novel follows Elinor's quiet, restrained love affair with Edward Ferrars (her sister-in-law's brother who is expected to marry a rich woman) and Marianne's more overtly-romantic love triangle with the dashing Willoughby and the older, reliable Colonel Brandon.The main theme of the novel is the contrast between reasonable Elinor's patience and sense of responsibility and Marianne's headstrong love of romance ("sensibility" in the language of the time), which often leads her into trouble.The 1995 film cast Emma Thompson as Elinor and Kate Winslet as Marianne; a 2008 BBCMini Series, which drew heavy inspiration from the film and is comparable in quality, cast Hattie Morahan as Elinor and Charity Wakefield as Marianne. The BBC also previously adapted the book into television miniseries in 1971 and 1981. There is also a Tamil-language Indian film based on the book and 1995 film, starring Aishwarya Rai and available in the US under the title I Have Found It. In 2010, Marvel Illustrated produced a Comic Book Adaptation, script by Nancy Butler, art and covers by Sonny Liew.In 2013 it was the first novel to be adapted by The Austen Project, in which various authors were contracted to write modern day Setting Updates of Austen's six books. The author was Joanna Trollope.
This novel provides examples of:
Accomplice by Inaction: John Dashwood is this to his wife and Lucy Steele, doing absolutely nothing when they hurt his sisters.
Annoying Younger Sibling: Marianne to Elinor, although Elinor has much more affection for Marianne than the trope implies. Their youngest sister, Margaret, is rarely annoying — and indeed has so little presence in the story that her existence is often forgotten; she does, however, have one moment of fulfilling the trope. When Mrs Jennings asks for information about Elinor's Love Interest, Margaret innocently obliges.
Edward's to Miss Morton — leave it to Jane Austen to make men victims of this trope.
Colonel Brandon's "Eliza" to his older brother.
Benevolent Boss: It's implied that the Dashwood women are regarded as this by their servants, since three of them immediately volunteer to accompany them into Devonshire; the narrative further remarks that when the women arrive safely at Barton Cottage, they are considerably cheered by how happy their servants are to see them.
Dark and Troubled Past: Colonel Brandon. He confides it to Elinor, including the part about his childhood sweetheart, his childhood sweetheart's illegitimate daughter, and his childhood's sweetheart's illegitimate daughter's seducer (who happens to be Willoughby.) See? He had a point.
The Dutiful Son: We are told that Elinor, despite her youth, often acts as a counselor to her mother. She also hides her disappointment about Edward's engagement from her family, to spare them any concern about her.
Elegant Classical Musician: Marianne is a talented pianist with very deep feelings for music, and her talent enchants both Colonel Brandon and Willoughby.
Emo Teen: Marianne gives into gloom and despair, replacing activities such as eating and sleeping with sobbing, after Willoughby leaves - not "leaves her," just leaves, as in just going away on business for an indefinite period of time. Needless to say, when he does officially leave her...
Even Evil Has Standards: When Fanny Dashwood notices her mother, Mrs. Ferrars, sneering at Elinor's artwork, Fanny ventures to compliment it. Even the narrator states "Perhaps Fanny thought for a moment that her mother had been quite rude enough."
Foolish Sibling, Responsible Sibling: Responsible Elinor and foolish Marianne, albeit one where the "foolish" daughter is portrayed fairly sympathetically. It's even reflected in the title (when you realize that "sensibility" meant to Austen something like what "sensitivity" means in modern-day English).
Foreshadowing: Colonel Brandon displaying the "taste" in music (during Marianne's playing at a party) that Marianne considers essential in a lover.
The Glorious War of Sisterly Rivalry: The conflict between Marianne's advocacy of her behavior and indulgence in sensibility and Elinor's practical sense and insistence she try to control herself more mirrors the glorious war between Freud's Id and Superego.
Greed: Fanny Dashwood and, to a lesser extent, John. Seriously, they had an income about twelve times that of the other branch of the family, and John had given an effing promise to his dying father; they should have done something.
Grumpy Bear: Elinor's mother and sister see her this way.
Hidden Depths: Elinor, Edward, Willoughby, and Mrs. Jennings, for starters. In fact, this novel could also very easily have been called First Impressions...
Higher Self: Elinor acts something like this for Marianne.
I Can't Believe A Girl Like You Would Notice Me: This is part of Edward's explanation for why he stayed in Norland for so long while he was falling in love with Elinor; he had convinced himself that she only saw him as a friend, so he was only hurting himself.
Ice Queen: Lady Middleton and Fanny Ferrars Dashwood - it's their mutual coldness that attracts them to pursue a friendship with one another. Later, Willoughby indicates that his wife Sophia is one of these as well, although the reader gets no direct confirmation because she's never seen.
Subverted with John Dashwood, who gave his word that he would take care of his dying father's widow and sisters after he died - only end up getting rather easily talked out of doing a single thing to help them by his greedy wife.
Ill Girl: Marianne, after some time moping about in a damp garden.
Informed Attribute: There are only a very few instances of Elinor and Edward's relationship being shown to the reader before it's explained that Elinor has fallen in love with him. We really aren't given any reason why she fell. In truth, the novel does a better job of showing the reader her relationship with Colonel Brandon, which makes it somewhat more understandable why a lot of the other characters ship the two of them. Both major film versions go to great lengths to set up a more believable romance between Edward and Elinor.
It's All About Me: Marianne is deeply self-absorbed, considering her feelings (whether positive or negative) absolutely irrepressible and in the process disregarding common politeness and the feelings of others; when circumstances force Elinor to confess that she too has been unhappy, Marianne breaks down in tears of remorse, forcing Elinor to comfort her again, and continues to wallow in her own unhappiness - with added guilt, now - rather than provide emotional support for Elinor. It takes near-death to smarten her up. Granted, she's a teenager, but it's a major contrast with Elinor, who's 19 and displays more responsibility and consideration for others than many people much older than her.
I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: Elinor. Though it's more I Want My Beloved to Behave in a Morally Upright Manner; after several conversations with Lucy, Elinor is perfectly certain that Edward will not be happy if he marries Lucy, due to Lucy's poor character and shallow, selfish personality. However, breaking an engagement was a very serious breach of trust in that time, so he still needs to go through with it. She still gets him.
John Dashwood and his wife Fanny. Fanny is far more of a Jerk Ass than John, though; it's shown that John does at least have genuine affection for his sisters and might be a better person without his wife's influence. He's still way too preoccupied with money to be very likable, however.
Fanny's other brother, Robert, is also one of these, as is their mother. One really has to wonder how Edward turned out so nice, coming from such a family.
Willoughby at one point attempts to portray himself as this. It doesn't work.
Mr. Palmer is one. He's either rude or indifferent to everyone he meets, but later on it's shown that he does love his family, especially his child, and he goes out of his way to be kind and polite to Marianne and Elinor when events go against them.
Kissing Cousins: Colonel Brandon confides his Back Story to Elinor, including the fact that his first love was his cousin Elizabeth.
Manipulative Bitch: Lucy Steele. Fanny, too, as witnessed in her conversation with John where she persuades him to go back on his promise to his father. She makes no argument worthy of serious refutation, but the way she plays him is brilliant.
Master of the Mixed Message: Elinor meets Edward at the beginning of the novel, and they seem to hit it off, or at least Elinor's mother and sister think so. Elinor admits she likes him, but she says it's nothing serious because Edward never said he loved her and he never proposed to her. The reason for his mixed signals gets revealed soon. Edward is involved in a dead-end relationship with Lucy Steele. He doesn't love her anymore, but considers his engagement binding.
Meaningful Echo: Near the beginning, Marianne describes the man of her dreams as a "connoisseur," with repeated emphasis on his good "taste" in music. Five chapters later, she realizes Colonel Brandon alone lacks the "shameless want of taste" displayed by everyone else as she plays the piano.
Never My Fault: A truly despicable version from Willoughby, in a scene that is supposed to make him more sympathetic - he excuses himself from seducing and then abandoning Eliza by saying it's unreasonable to believe that "because I was a libertine, she must be a saint" (essentially, "blame us both equally", despite the fact that the consequences for her were far worse).
Nobility Marries Money: Willoughby marries Miss Grey. He's a gentleman (and a scoundrel) of a landed gentry with a mansion house called Combe Magna, and he will inherit another house from his elderly childless cousin, Mrs. Smith. However, he lives extravagantly and is deeply in debt. Miss Grey has a dowry of fifty thousand pounds, which makes her the wealthiest heiress in Jane Austen's 'verse. Her feelings for him are not entirely clear, but he is a fashionable, handsome man, and she wants to get married so she can part with her guardians with whom she didn't get along. Willoughby claims he loves Marianne Dashwood who is lovely, intelligent, passionate, but poor as a church mouse, and Miss Grey, being rather plain, is understandably jealous; however, it's unclear how true that is, since Willoughby's account is the only one the reader is given and he's not the most honest guy. They are not an ideal couple, but narrator says at the end of the book that they were not always unhappy together.
No Name Given: A very minor example, but the sharp-eyed reader may pick up on the fact that the narrative explicitly states that Sir John and Lady Middleton have four noisy children. However, we are only ever introduced to John, William, and Annamaria. It's never even indicated whether the fourth child is a boy or a girl.
Nosy Neighbor: Mrs. Jennings, though generally in a good-natured fashion.
The Not-Love Interest: Colonel Brandon and Elinor, who half the cast eventually start shipping as much as Brandon/Marianne. Even Elinor admits to herself that she can understand the logic of their belief.
Not What It Looks Like: Colonel Brandon approaches Elinor with a proposition - since Edward, freshly disinherited for being engaged to Lucy, needs to make a living, the Colonel wants to offer him the position of rector in his home parish, and would like Elinor to act as intermediary since the men have never met. Mrs. Jennings misunderstands what little she overhears, and thinks that the Colonel has proposed marriage to Elinor. Several pages later, the discrepancy is clarified, and both women are considerably amused by it.
The Oath-Breaker: Lucy's jilting her fiance is treated with all the gravity that the era would regard it, even though Edward wants out.
Oblivious to Love: Marianne seems, through much of the story, like she's deliberately ignoring Colonel Brandon's undeclared love for her. On literally the second-to-last page, it's finally clarified that she honestly had no idea, and is stunned when she realizes it.
Passed Over Inheritance: Mr. Dashwood effectively gets hit with this at the beginning of the book; his elderly uncle leaves everything not to Mr. Dashwood, but to his son John, because during his final illness the uncle became deeply attached to John's little boy Henry. Because Mr. Dashwood dies so soon after his uncle, all he has to leave his wife and daughters is what he himself owned, which is very little compared to the Norland estate.
Parental Favoritism: It's clear that Marianne is her mother's favorite child; it's even explained in an early chapter that Mrs. Dashwood dotes on her because of her three daughters, Marianne is the most like herself. It's also implied that Mrs. Jennings favors Mrs. Palmer over Lady Middleton, for the same reason.
Mrs. Ferrars clearly favors both Robert (her youngest) and Fanny (her only daughter) over Edward. Later, she even favors Lucy, Robert's wife, over Elinor, who marries Edward - despite the fact that Lucy was the reason she disinherited Edward in the first place!
Parental Marriage Veto: Colonel Brandon and his childhood sweetheart Elizabeth were forcibly separated. Later, Edward's refusal to break off his engagement to Lucy causes his mother to disown him.
Parents as People: Mrs. Dashwood is a kind and loving but fallible character. (If Marianne was a modern day student, she would ask her mother if she could go to the prom in Willoughby's car, arguing that he's "OMG hot." Mrs. Dashwood would agree with "OMG so hot," and Elinor would be the one to ask if he actually has a driver's license.)
Perpetual Poverty: The Dashwoods aren't exactly destitute (they have servants), but the situation in which they find themselves after Mr. Dashwood's death is certainly a massive step down for them socially.
Replacement Love Interest: It's implied that Marianne is this for Colonel Brandon, given her strong resemblance in both looks and temperament to his childhood sweetheart, Eliza.
Romantic False Lead: Many, the biggest ones being Willoughby for Marianne and Lucy Steele for Edward.
Romanticism Versus Enlightenment: Essentially the point of the novel - Elinor and Austen alike both fall on the side of enlightenment, whereas Marianne is on the side of romanticism (the "cult of sensibility" of which she is a member was basically Romanticism in its early stages).
Sarcasm Mode: Austen's description of the "kindness" John Dashwood intends to show his half-sisters.
Separated by a Common Language: Being "sensible" had a different meaning in Austen's time than it does now; sensibility in those days referred to an affection for things wild and untamed in nature. Nowadays, sense and sensibility mean pretty much the same thing. If the novel were written today it would probably be called Sense and Sensitivity.
Settle for Sibling: Planned by Mrs. Ferrars and ultimately happens... just not at all in the way she expected.
She Is Not My Girlfriend: Elinor, who usually ignores the various conjectures and hints everybody makes about her love life, at one point finds herself obliged to tell her brother that no, she is not going to marry Colonel Brandon. John completely ignores her. He knows better, obviously.
Shipper on Deck: At one point half the cast seems to ship Elinor and Colonel Brandon. Elinor and Brandon... don't share their opinion, although Elinor at least admits she can see where they get the idea.
Strongly Worded Letter: Elinor is unwilling to ask Marianne if she is engaged to Willoughby, fearing that her interference will be rejected. She decides that if things continue thus, she will write to her mother and "represent in the strongest manner [...] the necessity of some serious enquiry into the affair". (When she finally does make this plea, Mrs Dashwood largely ignores it and only asks Marianne to be more open with them.)
The Vamp: Fanny Dashwood. The woman is a work of art. She talks her husband out of fulfilling his father's Last Request to Take Care of the Kids. Then she treats them with all sorts of coldness and contempt because they're living in what is now her house. Then she resents them for taking their own staff with them when they move out. She even resents the fact that they take their own belongings with them!
Wounded Gazelle Gambit: Fanny, an excellent one. Miss Steele reveals Lucy's engagement. Fanny falls into violent hysterics and kicks them out of the house. Her husband's comment: "She has borne it all with the fortitude of an angel! She says she shall never think well of anybody again."
Wrong Guy First: Marianne with Willoughby; Edward goes through Wrong Girl First with Lucy.