Time travel provides all kinds of possibilities for a romance arc: some of them comic, some of them tragic, and some of them bittersweet. As a comedy trope, time travel can result in a culture clash between two otherwise suited people, since different times have different manners and mores. More dramatically, a time travel plot may force a protagonist to make a decision between returning home or staying in a different era
. Time travel can also serve as a force which reluctantly separates the couple, if one must return to his or her original time. Time travel can sometimes result in the ultimate Long Distance Relationship
, if the couple tries to make it work despite the time barrier.
In some cases, Love Transcends Spacetime
, and a couple separated by time are able to be reunited simply through The Power of Love
. Alas, this is not always the case with a Time Travel Romance
. Sometimes separated lovers are separated forever. In other cases, they have to go through a great deal of effort
(using magic or science) to be reunited.
Of course, separation isn't the only possible source of romantic drama in a time travel plot. A Time Travel Romance
may lead to Time Travel Escape
, if the object of affection needs to be rescued from a historically-necessary but unfortunate death. Love across time may also lead to My Own Grandpa
, which could be played for either comedy or drama.
In many time travel stories, the cross-time romance is a subplot, rather than the main story. If the romance is the main plot of a work which involves time travel merely as a means of uniting, challenging, or separating love interests, then you're likely dealing with a Paranormal Romance
. See also Reincarnation Romance
and Eternal Love
, which describe other methods of extending a romance arc across time.
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- This 2012 advert for the UK Department Store John Lewis featuring a girl from 1925 the store's founding year, and a guy from 2012 romancing each other across a split screen.
Anime And Manga
- Happens in Golden Days between Kei and Setsu and Jin and Mitsuya.
- InuYasha, with Kagome and Inuyasha. However, Kagome travels back and forth through the Bone Eater's Well located in her family shrine's back yard so often, they might as well live in adjacent towns. At least until the end, where the Bone Eater's Well stops working and they are torn apart for at least three years. When the well starts working again, by the time of Kagome's highschool graduation, she has to choose between the Warring States Era and her own time — she obviously decides to stay in the past and marries Inuyasha.
- In Voices of a Distant Star, due to lack of FTL, lovers are separated by relativistic considerations and light travel time.
- In The Girl Who Leapt Through Time, there's a potential romance between the main character Makoto and one of her closest friends, Chiaki.
- El-Hazard: The Magnificent World has Ifurita getting sent back in time thousands of years and taking The Slow Path to get back to the main character Makoto, so he could go meet her for the first time. Eventually Makoto finds out how to Time Travel to her right after that point, and they're reunited.
- In Kamisama Kiss, this is actually what happened between Tomoe and "Yukiji", as the Yukiji Tomoe fell in love with was actually Nanami all along.
- In Anatolia Story, a girl named Yuri Suzuki is thrown into the old Hitite Empire and becomes the concubine of one of the Hitite princes, Kail Mursili. Both are aware of the trope, and in fact Kail points out the HUGE inconveniences. But in the end, Yuri decides to stay in Hattusa and officially marry Kail.
- In the "Dead End Kids" arc of Runaways, the team is sent back in time to 1907, where Victor falls in love with local girl Lillie. It doesn't work out, and it's later revealed that their travelling back in time was a result of the machinations of Lillie's modern-day self, who had hoped that Victor would take her away from the brewing gang war of that era... which turned out to be an unforeseen consequence of the Runaways being sent back in time.
- In the Belgian comic Yoko Tsuno, when the group time travels to the Bruges of the Renaissance times, Pol falls in love with the Innocent Flower Girl Mieke. The group brings her to the modern times, so she and Pol stay together.
- Somewhere In Time is all about this, with a guy named Richard being so determined to meet the girl who was the model for a beautiful portrait that he basically psyches himself back in time to find her. They're torn apart, and then reunite when he dies.
- Kate and Leopold serves as a good example of a romantic comedy incorporating time travel as a way of creating a culture clash between the protagonists, an Impoverished Patrician from Victorian England and an Office Lady from our time.
- Doc Brown unexpectedly encounters love in the Wild West in the third Back to the Future film, with a much younger woman named Clare. They stay together and he and brings her to the present.
- The Lake House: Dr. Kate Forster and Alex Wyler fall in love via a trans-temporal mailbox.
- The first Terminator movie had Sarah Connor falling in love with her rescuer from the future.
- Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home gave us Kirk and Gillian Taylor.
- The movie version of Crusade in Jeans used this. The original book version didn't though.
- The movie version of The Time Traveler's Wife is all about this trope.
- About Time
- Diana Wynne Jones's The Dalemark Quartet includes a time travel romance in the fourth book, The Crown of Dalemark.
- William M. Lee's short story "A Message From Charity" is about the telepathy-based romance between Peter Wood, a modern-day teenaged boy living one of the small towns surrounding Boston, and Charity Payne, a teenaged girl living in the very same town, but 250 years earlier. They never meet, except in their thoughts.
- The Time Traveler's Wife
- Ransom Rigg's Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children features Jacob going back in time and falling in love with his grandfather's ex, and having to make the decision of whether or not to stay. He does
- The Dandelion Girl is about a man falling in love with a girl from the future. Bring a tissue.
- Robert A. Heinlein employed this trope throughout his later novels.
- Time Enough for Love features protagonist Lazarus Long traveling back thousands of years to visit his original family in 1917 Kansas City, Missouri. Along the way, he meets, falls in love with, sleeps with, and breaks his Masquerade to his mother. They are parted by World War One and him being MIA in combat, thanks to Love Makes You Dumb.
- The Number of the Beast picks up this story where it left off, as Lazarus needs the help of the Burroughs family and their much more efficient time machine to rescue his mother from her reported death in the 1990s and bring her to his present time. After she is successfully retrieved and undergoes rejuvenation therapy, she joins his Polyamory.
- To Sail Beyond the Sunset has Maureen herself, now an operative in the Time Police, stage the rescue of her own father from World War II Britain, and also for the purpose of sleeping with him. Parental Incest in mainstream Speculative Fiction, thy name is Heinlein.
- Warrior Cats has a variant on this. Jayfeather travels to the past taking the place of Jay's Wing who he is a reincarnation of and meets Half-Moon, who is in love with Jay's Wing. Later, they come to genuinely love each other.
- Rachel Weintraub / Moneta and Kassad in Dan Simmons' Hyperion Cantos. Like River Song, Moneta travels in a different time stream than Kassad, but she keeps meeting him during important training of his early years training under FORCE (but when they first meet she is in her late twenties, he is younger), which causes him to fall in love with her. She, on the other hand, has been in love with him long before, as Rise of Endymion divulges and even sends him off with a goodbye kiss with the admonition to be on the look out for her as he returns to his own time, after having dying in combat with the Shrike and being taken by Moneta into the Time Tombs. Kassad's paradoxes in the time stream in connexion with Moneta are delineated in more depth on the work's page.
- There is a romance in Dinoverse like this. Time travel in that 'verse entails possessing the bodies of whatever's big at the time, and a girl named Patience ends up in the body of a hulking carnivorous acrocanthosaur, soon befriending and then being attracted to a bright native acro which she nicknames Green Knight or GK. Her host had made overtures to him before, but he hadn't been interested; he wanted Patience. She had angst over how they could never be, since she didn't want to stay a dinosaur. He died trying to make a Heroic Sacrifice to save one of her human friends - he failed - but it was okay, because he and the friend both ended up in the human's body. This meant that Patience and GK could be together after all! ...along with the friend. Strangely, all three parties were okay with this.
- Connie Willis:
- This is part of the main premise of Diana Gabaldon's Outlander series.
- Vlad the Impaler and Elizabeth Bathory in Count and Countess.
- The Michael Crichton novel Timeline has André Marek, a Yale archaeology researcher traveling to 1357 France with his associates. While getting mixed up in one of the many skirmishes of the Hundred Years War, he falls in love with the English noblewoman Lady Claire. When the others return to the present, the Middle Ages loving Marek decides to stay behind. In the epilogue of the novel, the others learn Marek married Lady Claire and sired children. His final words were "I have chosen a good life."
- Tomorrows Ghost by R. Chetwynd-Hayes, based around a romance between a Regency-era woman and a 1980s man.
- Harry Turtledove's Crosstime Traffic series has elements of this, with a bit of Star-Crossed Lovers mixed in.
Live Action TV
- LOST had the romance between Penny and Desmond, which was largely introduced during time-travel episodes.
- In Doctor Who in the episode "The Girl In The Fireplace," the Doctor fell in lust with Madame de Pompadour (you know, the French King's mistress) while they're separated by extreme Narnia Time. It verged on The Dulcinea Effect on his part, while she spent the best part of her life in love with him, but they're separated at the end.
- Then there's River Song, supposedly The Doctor's wife. She is also a time traveler, but moves on her own. Though it was indicated at first that they are meeting in roughly reverse order, later episodes show that it's a little more complicated than that. For example, the Doctor is present at her birth, but though it's the first time she meets him, it's not the last time he meets her. The only point we know for sure is that the last time River meets the Doctor is in 'Silence in the Library' in which she dies. His last encounter with her is as yet unknown, since from the audience's point of view, it hasn't happened yet. Given how randomly he goes through time, it's not even certain that he would know the last time he met her.
- The two have adapted by keeping diaries of their encounters with one another and comparing notes when they meet, to avoid accidentally revealing any information on events the earlier of the two hasn't experienced yet.
- James T. Kirk has another tragic example in the Star Trek: The Original Series episode "The City On The Edge Of Forever." Kirk is sent back to Great Depression New York City through a Negative Space Wedgie Time Portal. There, he meets and falls in love with Edith Keeler, a kind-hearted, visionary shelter worker. The tragedy is that unless Keeler dies, the Nazis will win World War II and Starfleet will never exist. The punch is all the worse in the end, as Kirk has to personally intercede to prevent Dr. McCoy from saving Keeler's life.
- The Fridge Logic in this one is quite hard, because there were many obvious options to save Keeler without harming history- including simply taking her with them back to the future (Since she was supposed to die, this would not have changed history, except to go from "killed by a car" to just "missing forever" . . . but then Kirk couldn't be The Casanova and kiss an alien every week!)
- Also, the Guardian of Forever basically says that time would only correct itself when the same conditions (in this case, Edith Keeler's death) were achieved. The fact that Kirk fell in love with her makes it a bigger sacrifice. Had she not died, they wouldn't have gone anywhere.
- Phil and Keely's romance in Phil of the Future. Eventually played for drama as Phil and his family are sent back to the future.
- Jen and Wes in Power Rangers Time Force.
- The Flipside Of Dominick Hide: Dominick is from the future and Jane is from the 1980s. They have a passionate affair which leaves Jane happier, but pregnant and Dominick more emotionally healthy.
- Shippu Mahou Daisakusen: Kickle & Laycle have this dynamic. In the end, they both go back to the future, to Kickle's time period, and Laycle becomes a part of the family.
- Professor Layton and the Unwound Future: Claire and Layton have this going on. Claire was thought to have died in an accident involving a time travel experiment, but she ended up being sent ten years into the future instead. Unfortunately, as it was still experimental, this results in molecular instability, and they are ultimately forced to go back to their own time... in other words, back to the time machine explosion that would kill her. Even Layton takes off his hat in tears.
It appears my time is up, at last. It was nice to see you again. It ended so suddenly; my... last time travel
- Played with in Fire Emblem Awakening, where the Second Generation Characters are all time travelers who fled from a Bad Future where Grima destroyed the world. Now for the most part, they cannot fall in love with the First Generation characters, averting this trope... until you realize they can fall for the Avatar, who is a friend of the First Generation charas and potential parents of the kids. And to top it all off, such a pairing will give these future children their own Kid from the Future: Morgan. (Who can also be the future kids's little sibling) In this case though, none of them actually want to go back to their original Bad Future — and even if they did want to return, that's a feat which may be impossible to do anyways since Grima trashed everything. The fandom is split on whether this is a good move story/gameplay wise, or a really squicky deal since it would make the Avatar a Creepy Uncle/Aunt to his/her spouse.
- In Homestuck, Dirk Strider and Roxy Lalonde exist years into the future relative to Jake English and Jane Crocker, but are still capable of communicating with them with such ease that the latter two aren't even aware of the time difference. Despite this, Dirk has fallen for Jake, who in turn has shown himself not at all entirely opposed to pursing this. It seems likely that the two would be able to meet up within Sburb, however.
- In Justice League Unlimited, Supergirl falls in love with Brainiac 5 of the Legion of Super-Heroes when they go into the future, and she stays there to be with him when the rest of the heroes go back.
- One episode of 101 Dalmatians: The Series features the main cast (and Cruella) arriving in a time and space-transcending village cursed by a witch as a response to Cruella's ancestor's harshness. The witch's spell reduces all but Cruella and Spot to become mindlessly happy and never want to leave. During their stay, Lucky meets up with a carriage pup named Rebecca and becomes smitten with her, seemingly because of the spell. When the spell is broken and the main cast are making their escape before the village disappears, Lucky shows legitimate feelings for Rebecca when he asks her to come with them. It's shown to be quite mutual, but Rebecca chooses to remain to keep an eye on Cruella's ancestor. And because it wasn't enough of a Bittersweet Ending, Laser-Guided Amnesia kicks in, leaving Lucky completely unaware of her existence not long afterwards.
- Time travel plays a role in Fry and Leela's Will They or Won't They? relationship in Futurama. Fry is also his own grandfather by having slept with his grandmother in a trip to 1947 Roswell.
- She-Ra: Princess of Power episode "Darksmoke and Fire" had Adora sent over a hundred years into Eternia's past by a plot of Hordac's. While there, she meets Tarvan, who grows to adore her. She has to leave him behind when Granamyr returns her to the future.