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Chandler's Law
The readers will never see this coming!

When in doubt, have a man come through a door with a gun in his hand.

As codified by pulp novelist Raymond Chandler, Chandler's Law is a concise but evocative piece of advice for writers who have somehow painted themselves into a corner, plotwise. The addition of a new opponent or complication, usually amidst a burst of violence, can free a protagonist from where he has become mired in the current plot.

Although expressed in a form very specific to the genre in which Chandler was writing, the Law can be easily generalized to handle any type of story.

Participants in National Novel Writing Month (which emphasizes wordcount over quality) know this law by a similar mantra: "If all else fails, have Ninjas burst through the wall and attack someone", as the writer should be able to get at least a few hundred words out of the characters suddenly questioning "Ninjas? What the hell is going on here?"

This undoubtedly finds some origin in the Rule of Drama. If guns are too dramatic for you, try dropping a cow for the Rule of Funny version. If an entirely new plotline results, see Halfway Plot Switch. Both Diabolus ex Machina and Diabolus Ex Nihilo can operate on this principle (with varying levels of success). Conflict Killer is often a result of this. Contrast Code Silver (which is this trope applied to medical and law dramas and otherwise non-action-packed series).


Examples:

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    Anime and Manga 
  • In Naruto, The Chunin Exam Finals culminate in a series of seven one-on-one single-elimination fights between the remaining eight participants. By the middle of the third battle, the Tournament was no longer progressing the story by itself, so the author chose that moment for Orochimaru to reveal his Evil Plan to destroy the Leaf Village.
  • In season 1 of the Axis Powers Hetalia anime, France, feeling left out and insecure, goes through a rather long series of flashbacks while trying to assure the viewers (and himself) that he was and is a powerful military nation. After a number of clips covering such events as the Hundred Years War, Joan of Arc, The defeat of Spain's armada by England and the War of Austrian Succession, France finally snaps back to reality just as Germany walks in/bursts through the door with a rifle in his hands, demanding France's surrender. The Dub even has Germany sarcastically apologizing for interrupting France and asking him mock nicely to put his hands up.
  • Episode 8 of Hyouka references Chandler's laws by name.
  • Bleach. Tite Kubo has stated that when he gets writer's block, making new characters helps overcome it. The trouble is, he doesn't create one or two characters, he creates entire groups which introduces a new Cast Herd leaving the story with Loads and Loads of Characters.
  • Sailor Moon actually had a case of this. Initially the series was supposed to end after the first arc, but because of it's popularity Naoko Takeuchi was asked to continue the series. The result is that the manga's first arc ends with Usagi going on a date with her boyfriend after the Big Bad is defeated. That's when a little girl falls from the sky and points a gun at Usagi.

    Comic Books 
  • Mark Waid
    • Take two characters who would otherwise have nothing in common or anything to discuss and put them into the same room.
    • Make a list of all the horrible things that could possibly happen to your character and consider going down the list.
    • To see this concept in action, read Waid's Justice League of America arc "Tower of Babel", in which the League especially Batman go right on down the list.
  • There was an issue of The Flash where Wally was involved with an uncomfortable relationship talk with his girlfriend. The captions really sum it up best:
    Then — out of the blue — ninjas attack.
    Thank God.

    Fan Fiction 

    Film 
  • In Last Action Hero, this is lampshaded when the protagonists lose track of the Big Bad; said Big Bad just keeps going about his business unfettered instead of giving them another lead to chase. Only by dropping Action Hero tropes for a while and considering the situation carefully do they find him Just in Time.
  • The Boondock Saints
    • While the film is practically made of "People Busting Through Doors and Shooting At People," there is one scene that particularly feels like this trope: The main characters are even bored, and the plot is kinda on hold; suddenly, their best friend kicks through the door and starts waving his gun around and screaming for everyone to pack their shit.
    • It turns out the friend bursts in panicking because he just shot and killed three people in broad daylight.
      • After they wrote about him bursting in, they asked themselves "now why did he burst in like that?". That's the whole point of the rule: it gives you a new direction to take and hopefully find yourself back on track. Sounds like it worked in this case.
  • In the sequel to The Expendables, our heroes are trapped under gunfire and the enemy has pulled out a tank. Suddenly, the enemy is quickly butchered by some unseen force. Considering the nature of the movie, this was likely a parody of this trope's place in action films. Oh, and it was Chuck Norris.
  • Saving Private Ryan has a scene that also feels like this trope. The squad regroups with an American unit in a building, only to have a wall collapse, revealing German soldiers occupying an adjacent room, resulting in a standoff. Captain Hamill (Ted Danson) and one of his men show up with Thompsons unnoticed and shoot all the German soldiers, ending the standoff.
  • Happens in Casino Royale, when Bond is being tortured by Le Chiffre for information. Bond points out that he will never give up the information, and Le Chiffre can't kill him without it, so he decides to castrate Bond. Armed men enter and kill Le Chiffre.

    Literature 
  • Used in Raymond Chandler's novels, naturally. Even lampshaded viciously in The Lady In The Lake when Marlowe confronts a character and they pull a pistol:
    "I've never liked this scene," I said. "Detective confronts murderer. Murderer produces gun, points same at detective. Murderer tells detective the whole sad story, with the idea of shooting him at the end of it. Thus wasting a lot of valuable time, even if in the end murderer did shoot detective. Only murderer never does. Something always happens to prevent it. The gods don't like this scene either. They always manage to spoil it."
  • In Stephen King's book on writing appropriately titled On Writing, he mentions the use of this rule to overcome a serious case of writer's block when working on The Stand, namely, by having Harold and Nadine place a bomb and kill several of the main characters, including Nick Andros. And then another bomb, this one nuclear, killing tons more characters.
  • Lawrence Block also does this. In a book on writing, he illustrated how to maintain conflict between a protagonist and a grizzly bear until the protagonist starts escaping down the river. "Then you give the bear a canoe..."
  • Chuck Palahniuk has said that, if you want to move a plot along, the best way is to just have another character enter the room and make them say something disturbing.
  • Chandler's successor, Robert B. Parker, used this trope often with Spenser. Being Spenser, he usually turns the tables on his attackers. He ran into this so often that you kind of started to think that if the bad guys had just sat tight, Spenser wouldn't have had any leads to follow.
    • In at least some of these cases, Spenser is actually being Genre Savvy. He actively attempts to bait the bad guys into making a run at him so he can thwart them and have someone to get answers from, especially if he doesn't know exactly who the bad guys are.
  • Justified and Lampshaded in Jasper Fforde's The Well of Lost Plots: early in the book, Thursday purchases a 'Suddenly, a shot rang out!' plot device from one of the Well's wordsmiths. Later, when she's in a situation she can't get out of, she cracks it open...and Suddenly A Shot Rings Out! The Bookworld being what it is, there's also a logical, in-universe reason for this to happen, besides Thursday using the device.
  • In Changes from The Dresden Files, Harry has been strapped to a bed by his friends (Long Story), and a hit-man, presumably sent by the vampires, walks in. Naturally, the shit hits the fan almost immediately.

    Live Action Television 
  • In the American version of The Office, Michael Scott misuses this trope constantly at his improv class. Any time he is called to act in a scene, he pulls out a gun to increase drama because "you can't top it". Of course, nobody can top it and it ruins every improv exercise the class attempts.
    • In fact, improv classes usually state as one of the first rules of scenework that pulling a gun is a "weak choice" — as pointed out above, it keeps everyone else in the scene from contributing anything. Not to say it never happens, of course, or that it can't work when it does happen.
  • Lampshaded in The Pretender. Jarod narrates that when in doubt, have a man walk in with a gun. A man walks in with some ice cream. As he corrects himself in the narration, the man asks Jarod whether he is Dick Dickson (who Jarod is currently pretending to be). When Jarod answers in the affirmative, the man promptly draws a gun.
  • Joss Whedon has been quoted as saying that whenever they needed to add to the drama in Firefly, they'd get someone to point a gun at Kaylee.
    • ...which was a variation of his tactic from Buffy the Vampire Slayer, "When in doubt, put Willow in danger."
      • Season 2 of Buffy also got a lot more interesting when Angel lost his his soul. In general, each season upped the drama once the Big Bad was revealed.
  • Doctor Who relies a lot on this, which ranges in execution from masterful tension-risers to Wacky Wayside Tribe Padding.
    • In "The Dalek Invasion of Earth", Ian holes up with a group of survivors and things are looking quite optimistic for him, so he and the others are promptly attached by a horrible flailing monster called a Slyther that apparently the Dalek Supreme keeps as a pet. At around the same time, Susan is attempting to go through sewers with resistance members and is attacked by some stock footage of a rather small alligator.
    • "Genesis of the Daleks" has a truly amazing sequence where the Doctor and Harry are being about five minutes too efficient at infiltrating Davros's lab, and so get attacked by a giant orange polystyrene land clam when Harry steps in it after the Doctor points out to him that it should be avoided. The clams are apparently one of Davros's experiments but what purpose they could possibly have is never explained.
    • There's one in "The Big Bang", with the stone Dalek that chases the characters around.
  • Jim Henson once commented on his pre-Muppet puppet sketches that when he couldn't think of how to close a sketch, he'd either have an explosion or have one character eat the other. It's pretty clear that this carried over to The Muppet Show.
  • Two and a Half Men has Alan, while writing a movie in a coffee shop, getting writer's block several times and solving it by having a meteor hit the characters.
  • Occurs in the Breaking Bad episode, "Dead Freight". Walter, Jesse, Mike, and new Nice Guy Todd, rob a train to get a massive amount of methylamine. The robbery goes off without a hitch, but as the crew are celebrating they see a young boy on a dirt bike watching them. Cue seemingly Nice Guy Todd calmly pulling out a gun and executing the kid with no warning whatsoever, to end the episode.

    Music 

    Tabletop Games 
  • The Dungeons & Dragons adventure Whispers of the Vampire's Blade suggests using this trope, and includes a table of possibilities for who exactly is kicking down the door and why.
  • Mentioned by name in the Tabletop RPG Feng Shui, in the "GM's advice" section.
  • This is one of the most emphasized pieces of advice for Spirit Of The Century GMs.
  • Warhammer 40,000. When in doubt, have another Tyranid/Ork/Chaos/Necron invasion. Or an Imperial Crusade.
    • Or have it turn out that the governer/inquisitor/whatever was actually an agent of chaos/tyranids/generic evil all along.
  • Unknown Armies alludes to it in the GMs section when explaining how to plot a game, suggesting that GMs throw in another faction "in case you need somebody to come through the door with a gun"
  • Quoted and explained in GURPS: Mysteries.
  • The Ninja Burger RPG has a chart to determine what kind of new violence can throw spice up your mission.
  • The RPG.net forums give us this gem: Screw it, ninjas attack!
  • The Random Events table in Maid runs on this. It's also somewhat unusual in that, in addition to the GM using it, the players can pay Favor in order to trigger a roll on the Random Event table (assuming that the GM isn't enforcing their Rule Zero rights and saying "you can't do that", which the rulebook advises for more structured scenarios).
  • This is very common advice for GMs, newbie and veteran alike. Any GM of any description has experienced the awful feeling of their table group starting to screw around and make their own fun because they've grown bored with the plot. This is the smart GM's cue to have a surprise, unkown antagonist leap into the king's throne room and immediately start cracking heads or, if the party is bored of constant fighting instead of talking, to suddenly have the monster's boss walk in, surrender and attempt to talk it out.
  • Battletech canon plays this straight. When the plot stops feeling like a twisted web of lies, betrayal, and deceit, assassinate a random major protagonist. Has happened at least 8 times.
  • A similar mechanic exists in Fiasco - at exactly halfway through the game, an event called the Tilt happens where a bunch of extra conflict elements (e.g. "a dangerous animal gets loose", "love rears its ugly head", "someone develops a conscience", "something precious is on fire")are taken from a table and thrown into the game. Played properly, everything should be going horribly wrong already, and the Tilt elements are intended to create a Halfway Plot Switch.

    Video Games 
  • The Giant Space Flea Out Of Nowhere seems to be a video game exclusive variant when the game has to provide some kind of challenge, even if the monster has no relation to the scene and the characters ignore it once the fight ends.
  • In many FPSes, this is the only plot point that happens outside of a cutscene. Apparently Red Steel was designed by Raymond Chandler.
  • Monster Girl Quest, for all its wonderful writing, doesn't seem to know how to end conversations all that well. Most of the time, they end with "and then a monster appeared."
  • The Director AI in Left 4 Dead and Left 4 Dead 2 pulls this quite frequently: stay in one place too long instead of advancing and you'll get a bunch of Special Infected coming at you.
    • It's also more likely to send a Zombie Horde at the Survivors at any given moment the slower they're progressing through the level. This can be something of a vicious cycle when playing on Expert.
  • Stay too long in one place in the newest version of Minecraft on Hard difficulty and more monsters, with better armor and potion effects, will spawn at night.

    Web Comics 
  • This page of Darths & Droids uses the explosion version.
  • Girl Genius...
    • ...uses the rather natural combination of this trope and Moment Killer here.
    • Earlier on, the trope is discussed with regard to throwing pies instead of sudden violence here.
  • Irregular Webcomic!...
  • Ménage à 3 had perhaps fallen into something of a rut by the end of volume 5, although lead character Gary had at least just escaped from a protracted car-crash relationship. So the writers applied this principal twice over, perhaps even to excess. First, another of the lead characters' boyfriend came through a door (and into the middle of a lesbian orgy) with a startled expression, and then, one strip later, it turned out that Gary had just come through an international plane flight with a naked transsexual lingerie model.
  • Nale of The Order of the Stick spells it out in-character here.
  • In Sluggy Freelance Zoe gets pissed off at how much this trope turns up in her life.
    Zoe: I don't believe this! Just when I think we might be having a nice, ordinary issue to deal with, like adultery, you come in screaming about vampires! What happened to normal problems, like credit-card debt?
  • Strip Tease is a decent slice of life comic, until the writer decides to throw in some "drama" and has the main character's girlfriend kidnapped... three times... by the same people...
  • Waterworks pulls this off when the plot seems to stall, and even the main character comments on how nothing vital seems to be happening. All of a sudden, after the readers have been fooled into thinking that a leisurely talk scene is about to follow, the hitherto Shrouded in Myth powerful villain bursts through a door, wrestling with a Mini-Mecha. Awesome three-on-one fight scene follows.
  • This Wiki's Lessons In Life comic applies this principle to conversations.

    Western Animation 
  • Regular Show uses this a lot, the episode starts with Mordecai and Rigby taking part of something plain or mundane, then before you know it, an Eldritch Abomination comes out of nowhere, a normal person exhibits super natural powers, a normal object comes to life...and more.


Chained HeatRule of DramaConflict Ball
Catharsis FactorLaws and FormulasChekhov's Armoury

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