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Literature: Rats, Bats and Vats
Rats, Bats, and Vats and The Rats, The Bats, and The Ugly are military Science-Fiction books by Eric Flint and Dave Freer that take place in the same universe on a colony planet called Harmony And Reason with a Bug War going on. But wait, it gets better: the colony was put there by a slow ship so a good deal of the passengers were of the genetic material variety ... instant conscripts! Hu, What not so instant? Well, crud. But wait, there are friendly aliens who are willing to sell us their advanced technology, too bad their ships FTL broke down on the way to warn us about the bugs. This technology mostly consists of the implant slowshield/hardshield chip and the Soft-Cyber chip, see below.

The first book deals with Chip Connolly, a vat-brat conscript, and a number of rats and bats getting Trapped Behind Enemy Lines, facing insurmountable odds. At the same time, Virginia "Ginny" Shaw, a young and innocent heiress, her cyber-uplifted galago Fluff, and her Korozhet tutor get captured by the Magh. Against all odds, Chip, the rats and the bats manage to save the girl and win the day.

The second book deals with Chip's court martial over the aforementioned events and Ginny and the others' attempts to save him from the firing squad.

The books can be read online here and here.


Contains examples of:

  • Aliens Speaking English: Though not all of them, and fairly justified when they do.
  • Arrested for Heroism: A recurring theme in the second book. The heroism made the incompetent military look bad. This leads to whole hosts of legal tropes, listed in their own section below.
  • Arson, Murder, and Jaywalking: The charges Chip is accused of include rape, desertion... and driving without a license.
  • Bad Boss: Korozhets routinely kill any slave that fails them, for any reason, and "slave" is also synonymous with "food"...
  • Big Eater: the uplifted Rats; due to being primarily shrews by genetics, they have extremely demanding metabolisms, to the point where it is mentioned repeatedly that they eat their enemies after every fight if it all possible, and if hungry enough they are compelled to turn on their allies. In the prequel, Fitzhugh pioneers a unit organization where humans carrying sizable loads of sugar and rations are attached to squads of rats; the Rats exhaust themselves after a few frenzied minutes of killing, and so these supply troopers dole out the high-energy boosting food to restore the Rats and get them straight back into the fight.
  • Blue and Orange Morality: Bat and Rat moralities are quite different to human morality. For example, Bats are highly sociable towards each other, but also very politically fractious and quite withdrawn towards humans, whilst Rats are unrepentantly promiscuous and coarse, not to mention casually amoral towards killing and eating anything and anyone.
  • Bluffing the Murderer: See Thanatos Gambit. Sanjay Devi had the murderer (and far worse) convinced she was on his side, then reveals she tricked him in order to be stabbed to death just before the people who could have rescued her arrived, because he was too good at manipulating the system not to pull a Karma Houdini otherwise.
  • Brain Uploading: It is eventually revealed that, due to the fact Bat and Rat brains are derived from their Soft-Cyber implants, it's possible to resurrect a dead Bat or Rat by removing the Soft-Cyber and installing it in a new brain. Ariel, a rattess, has this done to her towards the end of the second novel, granting her a human body that she has mixed feelings about; on the one hand, she laments its limitations compared to her old rat body, and finds it rather ugly — on the other, she is very much appreciative of being able to have an intimate relationship with her human with it.
  • Brought Down to Normal: Ginny fears this will happen to her if a head wound damages the Soft-Cyber chip that repaired the brain damage she suffered as a child. Fortunately, those chips can survive blows that would reduce the brains they're installed in to goo.
  • Bug War: Literally, due to the insectile nature of the Magh.
  • Cassandra Truth: Fitzhugh spends the entire first book trying to get his superiors to act on the information he's providing them in his briefings, or even to just read them. Eventually he gives up, commandeers a regiment, and exploits the opening in the enemy's defenses himself.
  • Chainsaw Good: Ginny comes to love hers. The people in her way, not so much.
  • Corrupt Cop: The entire "Special Branch", to the point of murder. Repeatedly.
  • Crapsack World: The idea behind the colony was a Socialist Utopia. Shareholders have all the money, Vats (the underclass) have to pay not just for their education, but the mandatory fieldtrips Shareholders might force them to be sent on, and the cost of cloning them. There's an alien invasion creating War Is Hell, and, in the second book, it's revealed that the "Special Branch" of the police is regularly getting away with murder to intimidate the Vats into compliance. What Measure Is a Non-Human? means the newly-created intelligent species are used as Cannon Fodder, and the prequel mention is made of repeatedly executing the Rats because they refuse to follow human conventions for military organisation. One of the major plots of the second book is a Xanatos Gambit to break the system enough that it can't be fixed without a complete overhaul, and to make the public angry enough to demand one.
  • Deadly Upgrade: the shield implants. If not used correctly they will kill their users and/or explode. Subverted in that this is exactly what they are designed to do; not only are the evil alien masterminds' natural weapons not covered by the two types of shield provided, the implants also don't even have a on/off switch.
    • Slow-Shields are energy absorbers that protect the user from kinetic energy weapons and power themselves by the body heat of the user, not that the later comes up in story.
    • Hard-Shields are Deflector Shields set up to not allow anything to travel past a certain speed in a certain perimeter, which conveniently means that if a firearm is set off inside that perimeter the bullet BLENDS the user
    • Phlebotinum Overload what happens when two Hard-Shields meet
      • Both Shield types come in installation sizes
  • Eats Babies: The adorably puppy-like infants of the Nerba are the favored food of the alien bad guys.
  • Engineered Public Confession: At the end of an ill-fated attempt to intimidate Intrepid Reporter Lynne Stark: "Thank you for appearing live on our program, Talbot Cartup. And the answer is 'No.'"
  • Everyone Calls Him/Her The Professor: The Professor's name is Sratit, and it gets a grand total of one mention.
  • Everything's Better with Monkeys: or at least uplifted Galagos (aka bushbabies).
  • Exact Words: How the Doc resists the Restraining Bolt; sure, he'll follow the good, wonderful Korozhet's instructions. Crotchet might as well order a wall around, though.
    • Later on, Dr. Thom learns the hard way that using his Korozhet mind control device to order Ginny to come to him was a bad idea. At least without first ordering her to put down the chainsaw...
  • Flowers for Algernon Syndrome: Something else the Soft-Cybers can do; repair neural or nervous system injuries, allowing mentally disabled people to live normal lives.
  • General Failure: Part of the reason humanity is doing so poorly against the Magh is that all of their military higher-ups are incompetents who wouldn't be too out of place amongst the more useless specimens of First World War leadership.
  • Get Thee to a Nunnery: The rats, with their Shakespearean download.
  • Gone Horribly Right: Where to begin?
    • The social system the humans brought with them to HAR, intended to be a form of social communism, has instead evolved into an oppressive plutocratic structure.
    • Genetically engineered and uplifted rodents turned out to be natural rogues who made horrible soldiers (in the sense of being disciplined, obedient and loyal). Plus, the shrew genes used made them so hyper-metabolic that there is always a chance of a hungry Rat turning on its human comrades for food.
    • Attempting the same process with bats, but using Irish revolutionary songs and the 1970s-ish worker's union political/support songs known as "Wobbly music" in an attempt to increase their loyalty created a mock-Irish race who fight the Magh' but are all secretly plotting against humanity, due to having imprinted upon them as "the oppressors".
  • Horde of Alien Locusts: Seemingly the Magh, with their insect-like creation of hives as they overrun human territory.
  • Indentured Servitude: Vats have to start their adult life with paying off the debts accrued from being "[g]rown in a Company Vat, raised in a Company Nursery, and educated in a Company School".
  • Interspecies Romance: Ariel the rattess has a fierce affection for her human partner, Major Fitzhugh, and he reciprocates despite the fact she, for example, has to ride around in his pocket. When she ends up being transplanted into a human body by the end of the second book, she wastes very little time, even by Rat standards, in jumping him, and is openly willing to stay monogamously mated to him despite the fact casual promiscuity is her natural instinct.
  • J'accuse: In the second book, Sanjay Devi has read about Dreyfus.
  • Language Equals Thought: Not only is this part of the reason behind the Blue and Orange Morality of the Uplifted Animals, it's an important plot point. Because their soft-cybers use English, which is "very twisty", Bats and Rats are able to think around their implanted commands to obey Korozhets.
  • Large Ham: Van Klomp
  • Lilliputians: 2/3rd's of Harmony And Reason's elite soldiers are the size of a small housecat, due to being genetically engineered and uplifted small mammals.
  • Literal-Minded: The uplifted animals suffer from this, resulting in many a case of I Thought It Meant.
  • Majorly Awesome: Both Fitzhugh and Van Klomp
  • Make an Example of Them: Besides the trumped-up charges against Chip and Fitz in the second book, it's revealed in the prequel that the suicidal incompetence of the military command stretches to killing off uplifted rats for acting like the not-humans they are when it comes to obeying orders.
  • The Medic: an oddly philosophical rat with a good deal of Heroic Willpower.
  • Miles Gloriosus: The HAR military brass minus Fitzhugh and Van Klomp.
  • Oireland: The uplifted Bats, to the point of asking why were they given high explosives again?
  • Pimped-Out Car: Nym's candy-striped golf cart.
  • Portal Cut: The slow-shield provides a variant, where triggering the slow-shield will cause it to cut off anything stuck through it at the time.
  • The Power of Love: One of the things that can overcome the soft-cyber Restraining Bolt.
  • Prequel: Genie Out of the Bottle is a short story taking place shortly before the main plot, detailing the backstory of Fitz, among other things. Available here.
  • Prison Episode: Subverted when Chip gets thrown in the brig in The Rats, The Bats, and The Ugly: he wants to stay in the brig where he gets a mattress and three meals a day. At the front, he doesn't get that.
  • Privately Owned Society: Although technically, it's commonly owned and the vat-grown citizens or their heirs can buy a share after they're done paying the bill for growing and educating them. That, and interest.
  • Rat Men: The Rats are an odd variant; they have human level intelligence, and are capable tool users, but aren't quite the Rodents of Unusual Size usually seen here; they average about the size of a Siamese Cat. There's also the fact that they are actually genetically engineered chimeras; the base animal is an elephant shrew, with implanted genes from common shrews and rats.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: Fitzhugh - for being competent and successfully holding the line when all the other sector commanders had retreated. Normally being promoted to head of Military Intelligence wouldn't qualify for this, but his department consists of four people including him, one of whom is never around, and the people he briefs never pay any attention to the information he's providing, much less act on it.
  • Restraining Bolt: A feature of the soft-cyber.
  • She Cleans Up Nicely: Inverted. Chip has no interest in Ginny whatsoever...until she gets nice and dirty, thus proving herself to not be the arrogant, mindlessly self-entitled Shareholder he assumes her to be.
  • Split Personality: what happens when you overload a soft-cyber.
  • Starfish Alien: At least two varieties; vaguely bug-ish Magh, and vaguely land-dwelling sea-urchin-ish Korozhet
    • Debatable about the Jampad, which are implied to be human-like, despite having lots of fur, four grasping appendages, and similar adaptations for a world with extreme tidal conditions (so they spend half their time in trees and half their time in water), and the Nerba, which are multi-limbed minotaur/bull-creatures... that grow from very puppy-like infants.
  • Thanatos Gambit: Sanjay Devi does so masterfully in the second book.
  • Uplifted Animals: the Rats and Bats are genetically engineered (the Rats are actually elephant shrew/garden shrew/rat chimeras) bipedal cyborgs that require Soft-Cyber and vocal implants to soldier and talk.
  • Villain with Good Publicity: The Korozhets, the "friendly aliens" who warned humanity about the Magh and gave them their alien technologies, are actually the true masters of the Magh and are seeking to slowly reduce humanity into slavery or extinction and claim their world. They use their status to subtly manipulate the human military to ensure they fail, and the soft-cyber implants include a compulsion to obey them.
  • Widget Series: Take a swig every time you laugh out loud ... we dare you.
  • Write What You Know: Dave Freer's knowledge of conscription apparently comes first hand
  • Zombie Advocate: The rats and the bats are considered non-persons, and the bats have several pro-bat parties.

Legal tropes:

The second book (and parts of the prequel) involve the bureaucracy striking back against the heroes that made them look bad by succeeding. This brings in a whole host of Lawyer Tropes (and loads of major spoilers)

  • Amoral Attorney: Lots of them, but especially Tana Gainor (Not only an Amoral Attorney, but also an outright Criminal Ringleader) and Tesco.
  • Clear Their Name: Of course.
  • Courtroom Antic: To be expected when a rat is called to testify.
  • Crusading Lawyer: Mike Capra, of the repeated Crowning Moment Of Awesome.
  • Faking and Entering (prequel): Inverted Trope: Fitzhugh is accused of having attacked Talbot Cartup by having broken into his girlfriend's apartment after she had revealed she was marrying Talbot instead. He had a key, and owned the apartment. She had forgotten in her panic of almost having killed him as part of a sex game.
  • False Rape Accusation: The Doctor holding her hostage knows Ginny had (consensual) sex with Chip. She would never make a false accusation. He would on her behalf, though, and then keep her from contradicting it.
  • Kangaroo Court: Part of a Xanatos Gambit to let the evil conspirators get exactly what they want, because a fair trial without trumped-up charges would actually have worked. Fitzhugh was a all too willing to make a Heroic Sacrifice out of sense of honour.
  • Make the Dog Testify: Defied. The rats and bats count as mechanical recording devices, not actual witnesses.
  • Off on a Technicality: Used to deal with technically true, but ridiculously trumped up charges in the second book.
  • Surprise Witness: Ginny busting through the door with a chainsaw.
  • That Was Objectionable: Used on a question that was so obtusely phrased that one has parse it several times to figure out what it means.
    Prosecuting Attorney: You claim that the accused attempted to persuade Ms. Shaw not to accompany you. When he went, had you not gone and had she, if she had wanted to and were able, and if there were no restraints on her to go, would Ms. Shaw not have been brought forcibly, meaning along with the Korozhet that you state was carried, netted to the tractor?
    Defense Attorney: Objection! That question should be taken out and shot, Your Honor. It's a traitor to the English language.
    Judge: Indeed. Rephrase it please, Captain Tesco.


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