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- In A "Not-what-it-looks-like" ad, a father is driving his daughter and her friends when they stop at a convenience store. As she gets out, he says to wait while he gives her some money for the store. Cue two cops pulling up as they see a man giving money to a teen who is leaning over to the passenger door of his car.
Anime and Manga
- Karin had a hard time explaining that it wasn't what it looked like when Usui confronted her over this (having seen her embracing an older man in the park), since she couldn't exactly tell him that she's actually a vampire.
- In a bit of Chapter 26 of Monthly Girls' Nozaki-kun that was animated as a part of episode 9, Out-of-Context Eavesdropping about Miyako asking Maeno on the phone to "call again at night" made her colleagues wonder if she's living "a degenerate lifestyle" that involves "transactions at night." Miyako is actually a Sequential Artist and Maeno is her editor.
- In Private Actress, Shiho meets Mariko Soriarno when she's being accosted by Japanese guys who think she's a prospect hooker after catching her in Shinjuku. Mariko angrily tries to brush them off and then Shiho comes to her aid.
- In Gate, some men think Yao Haa Dushi is a prostitute because of her good looks and Stripperific outfit and try to proposition her (2 men in the manga, several in the anime). She kicks the first few guys' asses and then makes the last one run away crying by claiming he has a Teeny Weenie.
- Kurosaki from Cocytus works at a coffee shop in the shopping district. Classmates at school spread a rumor that she's a prostitute and it's a source of bullying for her.
- In the Slayers Special OVA, Lina and Naga the Serpent are hired by a woman who wants to make her son Jeffrey into a man... which the two interpret as the woman trying to hire Naga to sleep with him. Lina has to explain to the woman that even though Naga's outfit is Stripperiffic, the two of them don't do that sort of thing. Turns out she just wants to hire them as bodyguards.
- In episode 2 of Please Tell Me! Galko-chan, Galko said "Papa" (in English) would pay her if she made bread. Unfortunately, "papa" is also the term for the "other side" in Compensated Dating, which causes a misunderstanding. Galko immediately corrects herself by saying by "papa" she means "father".
- Mentioned by Dave Barry, in an anecdote where the husband complains about the wife's driving, and she snaps Lets See You Do Better. She is about to get in the back, when it occurs to her she should be in front and slams the door, at which point the husband thinks she's in and drives off. Being dressed lightly in a bad neighborhood, she gets several price offers from passing men (It all worked out in the end though).
- In an old joke, a guy at a restaurant asks the girl sitting at the next table if she could pass the salt. She screams "EXCUSE ME?! WHAT KIND OF WHORE DO YOU THINK I AM?!", mortifying him in front of the whole restaurant. A few minutes later she hands him the saltshaker, saying her previous outburst was part of a psychological experiment in social stress. He responds "250 BUCKS AND THE ROOM? WHAT KIND OF WHORE ARE YOU?"
- This ends up being Supergirl's first encounter with humanity. Then again, with that skirt...
- In Swamp Thing, when Abby skips bail after being charged with crimes against nature for her relationship with the title character, she flees to Gotham, stops to ask some prostitutes to recommend a place to stay, and gets picked up along with them in a police sting.
- Played with in Love and Rockets. This trope happens to Maggie three times as she wanders alone through Texas. The first time, just after her breakup with Hopey (Maggie still clad in the slinky party dress she was wearing at the time), a man propositions her at a bus station. Penniless and wanting to make her way home, she accepts, for three hundred dollars. The second time, in another town, everyone at the local motel assumes this about her, including an actual prostitute who assaults her for invading her turf. The thoroughly demoralized Maggie, noticing a security guard eyeing her, invites him to her room for sex. When she awakens, she finds he's left her money; she doesn't return it. Played straight the third time as, having returned to the town, patched things up with the prostitute and just about to be reunited with Hopey, one of the motel owners slaps her in the face after a regular blames her for breaking up his marriagenote , whereupon yet another man propositions her. This time, she responds by beating him up.
- This happens to Red Sonja on a semi-regular basis; largely due to her habit of hanging seedy taverns in her Chain Mail Bikini. Thus usually ends badly for the person making the mistake, although she always gives them the opportunity to apologise before kicking their ass. They seldom take it.
- The Logan Legacy: While trying to wind down at a goth club following the death of Wolverine, X-23 is approached and propositioned by a man at the club. It's subverted a bit in that at one time in her life, Laura was a prostitute, however she has long since retired. She explains the situation and otherwise lets him down gently (as well as saving the John's life when the club is attacked by a pack of nihilistic idiots with too much time on their hands).
- During the Songs of the Orphan Child arc of her solo series, Laura encounters a young girl named Alice who approaches her in a diner. After a brief Sherlock Scan Laura deduces the girl is an abused prostitute, causing her to flee and get into a car with her pimp. Laura follows, and when she finds that the man has murdered her, she kills him in retaliation. Later, she and Gambit are captured by Ms. Sinister with the aid of Alice's Body Backup Drive clone, who reveals that her other self was not a prostitute at all: She was one of several clones Claudine Renko gave to Malcolm Colcord in his attempts to grant a Healing Factor to another subject, and the injuries Laura assumed were inflicted by her pimp were actually the result of testing to see if her healing factor was working. It wasn't, Alice was deemed defective, and she was instead purposed in an attempt to kidnap Laura. The man who killed her was her handler, not her pimp.
- In Aztek, while waiting for Curt Falconer for their date, nurse Joy Page gets bothered by a guy thinking she's "hustling".
- A supporting character sees Cassandra Cain meeting with Alfred, and interprets it the wrong way, despite Cass's attempts to correct her.
- In Demon Knights a young girl sees Exoristos and says she "dresses like a tart" and Exoristos not only thanks her but asks if it's some sort of pastry.
- In the Ranma ½ fanfic "Sauce", this happens to Shampoo, who is for plot-related reasons on a "date" with an ugly nerd, a passerby offers her "double" to go with him instead.
- Ah! My Goddess - Tabula Rasa. In this reboot Keichi assumes the exotically dressed woman offering him any wish he desires must be an escort.
- Male variation in Hivefled; trolls don't make a gender distinction in the promiscuity stigma. Eridan, when he joined the fleet, slept with anyone who looked at him in a desperate attempt to fit in, and rumours of him committing theft got mixed up with stories of him fucking everyone and got him arrested for illegal prostitution.
- A short story within the Triptych Continuum series centers on this. Twilight, upon noting how bad Ponyville winters are, decides to make some extra bits teleporting others so they need not deal with the weather. Unfortunately, her familiarity with academic and technical terminology leaves her putting up flyers for Twilight's Escort Service.
- Discussed in the Empath: The Luckiest Smurf story "Smurfed Behind: The Passion Of The Smurfs", where Smurfette through time travel meets with the real Mary Magdalene and assumes that she was a prostitute, only to learn that Mary was mistaken for one.
- A variation happens in Bridget Jones' Diary where Bridget goes to a "Prostitutes and Priests" themed costume party and isn't told that the costume part is off. Bridget's aunt introduces her to another guest called Penny dressed in an elaborate pink number saying that she wasn't told the theme had been called off either. There is a magnificent moment of awkwardness after Penny replies that she was told.
- Carry On Henry has Henry VIII picking up a farmer's daughter, who demands to be paid for sex. She is obviously not a prostitute, but she probably wants him to leave her alone.
- Inverted in Once Upon A Crime, where a jaded housewife thinks a guy is paying her for sex, and to spite her gambling-addicted husband, she says she would sleep with the guy for free. It turns out he was just giving her the share of the roulette winnings for calling the right number.
- In God Bless America, a pedophile mistakes Roxy for a child prostitute and Frank, for her pimp.
- L.A. Confidential, while investigating a ring of movie-star lookalike call girls, the detective mistakes the actual Lana Turner for a hooker. While she's hanging out with her mafia boyfriend.
- Viper gets hit with this trope in The Wolverine. Being who she is, this goes badly for the potential john.
- In the 1992 comedy film Passed Away, a young woman by the name of Cassie shows up for the funeral of Jack Scanlon. Jack's eldest son Johnny assumes that Cassie is Jack's secret mistress, but when they get alone together, Johnny finds out that Cassie merely received financial help from Jack and was not in any way romantically involved with him.
- Biggie Shorty in Pootie Tang dresses like a hooker and likes to stand on the street (usually listening and dancing to Pootie's music). However, when two guys roll up in car and ask how how much she would charge to do them both, she starts physically assaulting them, pointing out that she's not a hooker. When one of them weekly tries to tell her than anyone would get that idea, she increases the beating.
- Water (1985). The governor and his wife go to meet the famous movie star filming a Spenco advertisement at the well. The actor, assuming she's the hooker he demanded, slings her over his shoulder and proceeds to carry her off to his trailer.
Governor: I told you not to wear those shoes.
- Inverted in Spring Break Lawyer. The protagonist's friend goes for a walk while at Spring Break and sees a girl on a street corner. It's blatantly obviously to anyone but him that she's a hooker, but he assumes that all her talk is just foreplay, even when she asks if he has cash. Except she's not a hooker but a cop, and he gets busted for soliciting a prostitute.
- In 12 Monkeys, when Dr. Railly takes Cole into a rundown hotel, the desk clerk, who would get a cut from the local pimp, calls the pimp to report a prostitute not giving him the kick-back.
- A staple of cheap romance novels of the "Rake meets Virgin" kind - of course, the hero would never rape a decent woman, but if he mistook the heroine for a prostitute, then he is only to blame for mistaking her for a prostitute ... as raping prostitutes is okay if he can pay. Or so we're told. Lots and lots of Unfortunate Implications.
- In A Brother's Price, Jerin manages to be mistaken for a whore (a female whore, that is; male prostitutes are never out on the streets unguarded) for a short period of time, but the disguise, consisting of makeup and a feather boa, doesn't fool the villains.
- In the first book of The Sword of Truth, Richard and Kahlan enter an inn in a Wretched Hive. Kahlan is immediately mistaken for a whore. Not wanting to cause bloodshed, she merely pretends to have a day off with Richard being hired by her.
- In the novel Neverwhere, Richard initially thinks that the master bodyguard Hunter is a prostitute based on a combination of how she dresses and the fact that she advertises that she supplies "personal physical services" (which is actually a non-sexual Unusual Euphemism).
- Happens in 1634 The Galileo Affair with Giovanna at a fancy dress party. Made awkward by how everyone wants to make clear that there's nothing wrong with prostitution per se. Then we learn that this is a recurring problem for Venetian Jews, who are required by law to wear yellow hats or veils in public — the same colour as prostitutes.
- In Stand on Zanzibar, Bronwen is almost denied entry to Yatakang because of her microsari and the fact that her passport says she's a widow. In Yatakangi, the word "widow" is a common euphemism for "prostitute".
- In the Discworld novel Men at Arms, Angua finds a notebook in Captain Vimes's quarters with a list of women's names and dollar amounts. Having spent most of the book with a rather low opinion of Vimes, she naturally assumes they're prostitutes. They're widows and orphans of Watchmen.
- In the Esther Diamond novel Unsympathetic Magic, actress Esther is playing a prostitute while filming on location in Harlem. After witnessing some terrifying magic late at night, she runs out into traffic screaming about zombies and men with swords. Unsurprisingly, the drivers who stop for her assume she's on drugs and either tell her to get out of the way or try to hire her.
- Rachel Morgan, the heroine of The Hollows series, is noted for having unfortunate dress sense. Because of the way she is dressed, she is mistaken for a hooker in the first scene of the first novel. It remains a Running Gag for the first few books; Vampiric Charms, her Occult Detective agency, even gets listed under Escorts in the phone book.
- A male case occurs in Doctrine of Labyrinths— due to his unusually bright clothing and lack of directional sense, Felix gets mistaken for a prostitute by a group of opportunistic thugs. Luckily, a real prostitute smoothes things over for him.
- In the Doctor Who Eighth Doctor Adventures novel Vanishing Point, the Doctor, in a conversation with the local equivalent of a priest and a woman who's actually a prostitute, manages to obliviously note create the impression he's a prostitute himself who recently had a very satisfying night with the aforementioned priest.
‘We were up till terribly late, yes,’ the Doctor said brightly. ‘I didn’t get a wink of sleep, you know.’
‘You’re a dark horse, Holy Man, aren’t you?’ Lanna smiled, and nodded at the Doctor. ‘I know what you mean. I had one or two. . . meetings myself last night.’
- Happens briefly in Codex Alera. Isana (who, as a powerful watercrafter, looks younger than she is) is mistaken for a prostitute by two policemen while she is hanging around outside a building in the upper-middle-class Craft Lane. Apparently it is not uncommon for wealthy students at the Academy to pay a prostitute to meet them closer to the school, then to not show up for various reasons. Unlike most examples of this trope the two policemen are relatively polite about the matter given the social norms, especially since Isana quickly realizes their mistake and manages to convince them that it would be unwise of them to make an issue of the situation (Though not explicitly stated, the implication is that they believe she is a Lady incognito for some reason). They quickly leave her in peace, much to Isana's relief since she was in fact acting as a look-out while Kitai robbed the place.
- Friday picks up a guy for casual sex, then finds out afterwards that he's an Artificial Human like herself. She rushes to the transit station, and after futile hours of waiting and searching, she's politely asked to leave by a security official who assumes this trope. Friday realises the guy has long gone, so doesn't bother arguing and just leaves.
- Masquerade of the Red Death: At one point, Dire McCann returns to his hotel room with both of his vampiric bodyguards ... both of whom are female and wearing tight clothing. The hotel security guard immediately makes this assumption, and has to be hit with vampiric Domination to avoid problems.
- Lois in Malcolm in the Middle gets a rather trashy makeover that she has to wear for her job. When a man asks if she's a hooker she is outraged... then she thanks him and drags him into her boss's office to convince him to let her go back to her old look. Though it was also because the man she brought in happened to be her boss' brother-in-law.
- Happens twice to Robin in How I Met Your Mother. She goes on a date with a nerd to prove something to Barney and he assumes she is a hooker. The next time happens when she sneaks into a prom by pretending to be another nerd's date.
- Earlier there is the episode "Mary The Paralegal" where Barney tells Ted he's getting him an escort for the night but he reveals to the others that she isn't. The trope is played straight at the end of the episode because Ted doesn't know.
- In Angel Cordelia is handing out business cards for their business with the ambiguous slogan "We help the helpless". One of the guys she hands them to assumes she is a hooker and Doyle is her pimp.
- In Ashes to Ashes DI Alex Drake arrives in 1981 dressed as a prostitute, and the entire station thinks she actually is one until she produces her warrant card.
- Inverted in Arrested Development: Michael finds a woman named Nellie, who he assumes is his sister, when she is actually a prostitute that George Sr. uses every once in a while.
- In It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia Dee is mistaken for a prostitute in the "Mac Is A Serial Killer" episode. The writers may have been trying to go farther than the more common version of the trope, since the man who talks to her is a caricatured pimp rather than a mere would-be client.
- In another episode, Dennis is mistaken for a gigolo while lounging around a country club. Subverted since his father Frank had set it all up.
- In Prime Suspect 1, as soon as DCI Jane Tennison sits to have a drink in a pub with two prostitutes she's questioning, a man asks her for 15 minutes in his van parked outside.
- In a 3rd Rock from the Sun episode, Dick is convinced that he's about to be recalled to the home planet and is worried about what will happen to Mary without him. When they're at a bar, he tries to find a man to set her up with. They're thrown out after being mistaken for a pimp and hooker.
- In another episode, Nina thinks that she's been mistaken for being a prostitute, but actually Harry was just trying to play the role of the tooth fairy. It Makes Sense in Context.
- There's an episode of Happy Endings where Alex is mistaken for a prostitute. Specifically, she's wearing an oldfashioned sexy fur coat draped over a tight red dress on Valentine's day, and she waves over a car, leans into the window and asks the driver if they're looking for a party - because she was lost.
- In a sketch on Monty Python's Flying Circus a Dirty Old Man mistakes several posted advertisements as stealth prostitution ads ("small white pussycat for sale" etc.) but none of them are - except one.
Dirty Old Man: Which one is it? shopkeeper surreptitiously hands him a card. Reads "Blonde prostitute will indulge in any sexual activities, only 4 quid a week." What does that mean?
- Combined with Comically Missing the Point in the Blackadder Goes Forth episode "General Hospital" after Blackadder and Nurse Mary start sleeping together.
Blackadder: What happened to [your boyfriend]?Mary: He bought it.Blackadder: Oh, I'm sorry, I didn't realize that was the arrangement, um... (starts digging for his wallet)
- Michelle constantly gets this in the sleepy small town of Paradise in Bunheads. She may have been a Las Vegas dancer, but it was always above board and she gets offended when she gets accused of doing worse.
- In an episode of Barney Miller, Fish is dressed as a woman while out on purse-snatching detail and gets hit on by an old man who offers "her" money.
- Inversion on The Bob Newhart Show: Bob is outside a Bulls game trying to sell an extra ticket and gets mistaken for a john by an undercover lady cop.
- Inverted in an episode of Seinfeld, where Kramer, dressed in the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, wearing a large fuzzy hat, and walking with a cane, tries to remove a prostitute from doing business in his car. A cop mistakes him for a pimp.
- The Commish. A prostitution ring is uncovered when a businessman orders a blonde dressed as a police officer, and runs into a Hot Cop in the hotel lobby. She's a brunette but he's too excited to care. He asks to be arrested as part of the roleplay. She happily obliges.
- Silent Witness. In "Finding Rachel", Nikki Alexander investigates a crime in Africa, and is warned against wearing her jeans for this reason.
- There was an episode of the sitcom Mixology where a man who mistakes one of the main girls for a prostitute, proposes she allow him to take her to Paris for $1,000,000. Her disbelief causes him to think that's too cheap, so he offers her next $2,000,000. She explains she's not a prostitute and he asks if she'd still like to go to Paris. She won't go for free.
- Las Vegas: A meta-example in the pilot. Danny McCoy, the main character and Narrator for the first few episodes, is going through his work day and introducing the various supporting characters. After talking with his buxom colleague Mary, she walks off with one of her (older, male) clients, and Danny turns to the audience with "No, I know what you're thinking, and don't go there. Mary's not a hooker, she's our Special Events Director".
- In Life in Pieces, Matt and Colleen try to have sex in his car by the side of a road because they can't find any other place to be alone. They're stopped by a cop who angrily mutters that prostitutes never learn that it's not a good idea to do so.
- General Hospital. As Tiffany waits for her friend Laura outside the strip joint The Paradise Lounge (Laura has gone inside to speak with the owner), a beat cop assumes she's a hooker waiting for a client simply because she's wearing a fur coat. The idiot fails to recognize her either as a local celebrity (she's a TV reporter), or as the police commissioner's (his BOSS) wife.
- This frequently happens to Kimmy on Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt.
- In Skins, Alex gets mistaken for a prostitute.
- Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. The cops assume this about their Victim of the Week, given how she's dressed and the part of town she's in. They're confused when her autopsy shows her to be in perfect health and with good hygiene, something highly unlikely for a working girl and soon realize that she was just a typical college girl out for a night of partying. And her killer didn't mistake her for a hooker either—it was her boyfriend whose sex games got too rough.
- Sisters. Daughter Reed starts an escort service. When a man asks her mother Alex out on a date, she's shocked and horrified at the lewd advances the man makes, and even more shocked when he tells her that he assumed she was one of Reed's call girls, having seen the two together.
Mythology and Religion
- Invoked by a Genre Savvy young woman named Tamar in the Book of Genesis. Her first husband passed away without leaving any male heirs, so she married his brother Onan in hopes of perpetuating his family lineage. But Onan didn't want kids that were not legally his, so he practiced coitus interruptus... and also died a premature death. Next in line is a the youngest brother Shelah, but Shelah's father Judah doesn't want to give up Shelah because he worries that Tamar is cursed and that he'll lose his last son. Conveniently, Shelah is not quite old enough for marriage yet, so Judah tells Tamar to move back in with her parents and wait, which she does. When Shelah comes of age, he is not given to Tamar as promised (and indeed expected by society) and is married off to someone else... so Tamar puts on the veil and garments of a shrine prostitute and waits while Judah heads up to Timnah. He promises to pay her a goat for her "services," note , and she takes his seal, cord, and staff as collateral. Three months later, her pregnancy is revealed, and Judah sentences her to be burned to death for engaging in illicit sex; but before she is brought to the stake, Tamar sends a messenger with the items to Judah, saying that they belong to the man that impregnated her. Judah owns up to his role in all this, apologizes for not keeping his promise to Tamar and spares her life, even allowing her to live under his roof and supporting her as he would an actual wife. Thw twin boys she gives birth to are aknowledged as her and Judah's children.
- Forgotten Realms "Spin a Yarn" story from 2003:
Storm shrugged. "I was acting the part of a very moral noble lady of Cormyr then.""Are there any very moral noble ladies of Cormyr?" the Simbul asked the ceiling, but any answer Storm might have made was lost in Qilue's query, "So what did you tell the officer?"Storm grinned, drew herself up, and said in an elderly, imperious, and outraged voice, "Excuse me, but you want me to do what?!?!?" [...] "He quickly protested that I must have misunderstood him, and that his smile was mere welcoming politeness and not a leer at all, and his question: 'So, how much, sweethips?' was an official inquiry as to the amount of rose petal scent, commonly known as 'sweethips' in Marsember — an assertion that was and remains news to me, but gods' luck to him for swift thinking — I was importing with me into the Forest Kingdom."
- Done subtly in Endless Frontier, when Haken introduces Kaguya to his father, John Moses:
John: Who's this? I don't think I asked for one today, but I won't say no!
- Happens quite a lot to The Princess in A Dance with Rogues.
- Happens to Princess Solange in Code of Princess.
- Also subtly done in Under Night In-Birth, when Akatsuki meets Hilda:
"Okay... Going by your appearance only, I thought you were one of these professionals who ply their trade at night..."
- In Mass Effect 2 a female Shepard has this exchange with a Batarian recruiter on Omega, who uses the trope as an insult.
Recruiter: Well, aren't you sweet. You're in the wrong place, honey. Stripper's quarters are that way.*Shepard pulls out her gun*Shepard: Show me yours, tough guy. I bet mine's bigger.
- Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas has Kendl wearing nothing but shorts and a tied up shirt, making herself quite revealing. Her brother, Sweet, scolds her for how she dresses and tells her that she looks like a hooker, but she brushes it off as her brother being paranoid and overprotective. Later on, Kendl runs to CJ complaining about how a bunch of construction workers were hitting on her and trying to show her "a good time". CJ gives payback by killing all the workers and pushing the porta potty with the foreman inside down a pit and filling it with cement.
- In ATOM GRRRL!!, Big E does not take kindly to a police officer trying to bribe sexual favors out of her.
- The Order of the Stick has a joke where Roy finds his sister, Julia after her kidnapping, and assumes from her dress sense that she had been subjected to Go-Go Enslavement.
- In this and the next few strips of Schlock Mercenary, the fancy evening dress Dr. Bunnigus puts on for the evening is mentioned by Captain Tagon and Lt Shodan to look like she's dressing as a prostitute.
- In Captain SNES: The Game Masta, Marle attempts to deal with people on the street in Nexus the same way Crono does: staring at them until they give useful information. However, she's no longer in her RPG world, and most of the people she attempts to talk to aren't NPCs, so it doesn't go well. Most people clue in to the fact that she's an RPG character, against which there is a lot of bias in Nexus, but at least a few of them mistake her for a prostitute.
- In The Simpsons episode "Mobile Homer", a character said Marge "dressed like a Lebanese Prostitute".
- In The Cleveland Show Halloween Episode "Escape from Goochland", Donna confiscates Roberta's hooker costume. Cleveland convinced Donna to wear it. Later, she got arrested for being mistaken for a real one. As she was thrown into the police van she tries to tell them she's just wearing a costume, and the real hookers mock her.