Hodor has a noticeable scar near his right temple to hide the actor's facial tattoo, but it also provides an explanation for why the character is mentally challenged.
Tywin Lannister, when not in a council meeting or otherwise engaged in work, has been shown killing and skinning animals (a stag in Season 1, fish in a Season 3 deleted scene.) Later, after forging two swords out of the Stark great-sword Ice, he burns Ned Stark's wolfpelt scabbard in the flames and gloats in triumph. Some viewers have noted how the animal reflects the adversary of the time, but there's an even deeper layer to it. Tywin is a man with absolutely no respect for love, art, humor or music. He finds them to be useless wastes of time. So these scenes answer the question of what a man like that does for fun. Even his leisure time has a purpose (providing his meal for the evening.) Tywin does nothing simply for its own sake. Indeed in Season 1, he discusses things in these lion terms, telling Jaime that "a lion does not concern himself with the opinion of sheep" and even likening the Battle of the Green Fork by stating that "the wolf enters the jaw of the lion." He really does take a literal attitude to these things.
The symbols of various families help define their hats as well as some of their interactions with each other.
The Starks are represented by direwolves. Wolves are social animals known for their loyalty, just as the Starks are a loving family with a tight bond, sisterhood rivalries not withstanding. Dogs are also traditional enemies of cats, representing the Starks' feud with the leonine Lannisters.
The Lannisters are represented by lions. Lions are apex predators traditionally held as kings of the animal kingdom, representing the Lannisters' lofty standing. Lions are also symbols of pride, just as the Lannisters are extremely concerned with the prestige of their house over the rest. Lannisters are often the first to use animal analogies to indicate their superiority. For example, Jaime at one point sneers, "By what right does the wolf judge the lion?"
House Baratheon is represented by a stag. In pagan mythology, stags are symbols of the hunt. The foremost member of the house, Robert, is an avid hunter, to the detriment of the realm and himself. While it's probably not intentional, Christian mythology also holds that stags are enemies of serpents, which reflects the enmity between Robert and the Targaryens.
From the opening titles, the coins rolling down the aqueduct of Braavos. Of course the model of the Proud Merchant Race city is coin-operated.
Wyrm is another word for a dragon, which makes Grey Worm's service to Dany an astonishingly appropriate coincidence, especially since he was given a new insulting name each day before his liberation.
Jaqen H'ghar's first appearance is hidden in a cloak, with his face not visible. This was done because the actor wasn't cast yet, but it's also a reference to his true identity as a Faceless Man.
In "You Win Or You Die", Cersei orders Ned to kneel before her near the end of the episode. Of course, Ned won't because his honor prevents it, but furthermore, his leg wound means he physically can't and Cersei probably realizes this.
The show's use of 'sexposition', which is exposition via sex scenes. Seeing as how everyone seems to talk their heads off during sex, is it any surprise that Littlefinger, who runs the brothels in King's Landing, is also a bit of a Knowledge Broker?
The first scene with Jaime and Cersei in episode 1. Viewers will infer that the Lannisters were behind Jon Arryn's murder. From the books... In A Storm of Swords, it's revealed that they weren't. If you listen to their conversation, it's obvious they weren't the perpetrators — they were worried because they had no idea how much Jon Arryn knew, and what his actions were before his death! Before they had the chance to interrogate (and murder) Arryn, someone else had taken him out.
Robert Baratheon mentions that he favoured wielding a warhammer in battle. It is perhaps no coincidence that his bastard son Gendry is first seen wielding the hammer of a blacksmith. In "What Is Dead, May Never Die", Gendry is seen wielding a hammer when fighting the Lannisters.
In episode 6 "A Golden Crown", Ser Jorah Mormont stops Viserys from taking the eggs, says, "And yet here I stand." He's not just being badass — he's paraphrasing his house words ("Here We Stand").
Ned discovers a direwolf and a stag Mutual Kill. Stags and Direwolves are the sigils of Houses Baratheon and Stark. Sure enough, Ned and Robert's actions lead to their deaths within the season. Later, Tywin Lannister is introduced butchering a stag. Sure enough, the Lannisters orchestrate Robert's hunting accident and seize control of the throne from the Baratheons.
Ned is surprised to find a direwolf south of the Wall. The White Walkers are making the land beyond the Wall uninhabitable even for direwolves and have pushed this one south. Mance Rayder reveals a similar intention for the Wildlings in Season 3.
When Dany asks Mirri Maz Duur if anything can be done to save Drogo, Mirri very briefly and visibly glances at Dany's stomach. Probably not a detail you'd notice if you didn't know what was coming.
Drogo's wound becomes infected in spite of Mirri Maz Duur's treatment, but several episodes later she reveals that she hates the Dothraki and wants revenge on them. Certainly she botched the treatment on purpose in order to facilitate her ultimate betrayal.
Sansa says, "I'll be a good wife to [Joffrey], you'll see. I'll be a queen just like you, I promise! I won't hatch anything!" This stands in contrast to a different queen, who does hatch something.
Regarding Sansa and Lady, Robert tells Ned, "Direwolves are no pets. Get her a dog and she'll be happier for it." So far, Sandor Clegane, often referred to as "Dog," has done more to protect Sansa than Lady ever did.
The parallels between the personalities and fates of the direwolves and their Stark masters.
Grey Wind joins his master Robb in battle and sometimes even strikes the first blow, just as Robb leads from the front, and both are murdered with crossbow bolts during the Red Wedding.
Lady is the most docile of the direwolves, but is ordered to die on command of the Queen, just as Sansa is at the mercy of the Queen. Both Sansa and Lady are sentenced to death on accusation of harming Joffrey.
Nymeria is abandoned and left to fend for herself, just as Arya is.
Summer seems to be pretty even-tempered and is only seen attacking out of defensive instinct. Bran is even-tempered and outspoken in his desire to protect his subjects.
Shaggydog is particularly aggressive. Rickon is irritable and confused while most of his family is away.
Ghost is different from the rest of his siblings and is discovered having separated himself from the rest of the litter, just as Jon Snow is a bastard and leaves Winterfell to join the Night's Watch. Ghost is also an albino, while the other direwolves are mostly grey. Traditionally, noble-born bastards can have the sigil of their house (if knighted), but with colors reversed, in this case a white direwolf on grey as opposed to the Stark's grey direwolf on white.
Jorah's armor looks oddly familiar, doesn't it? It's Northerner armor, because Jorah was a knight of the North until he was exiled, and he would naturally bring along the armor he possessed before his exile.
The Northerners' assessment of Frey's character foreshadow his actions word-for-word in the Red Wedding in Season 3.
Greatjon: "He'll sell you to the Lannisters as he likes!"
Theon: "Or slit your throat."
Catlyn: "I have known Lord Walder since I was a girl. He would never harm me."
Greatjon: "Unless there was a profit in it."
Dany's survival of the bonfire in the Season 1 finale is foreshadowed several times. In her first scene she steps into a scalding bath without reaction. Later she holds burning-hot dragon eggs without ill effect. After her brother's death, she flat-out asserts, "Fire cannot kill a dragon."
In episode 1, Robert wants Ned to run his kingdom, "while I eat, drink and whore my way into an early grave." Now, let's look at Robert's death: it was connected to all three (eating — he was hunting a boar, drinking — he was drunk, whoring — his bastards made Ned realize the truth about Cersei's children, forcing her to plan his death).
There's one scene where Viserys is in the bathtub with Doreah. She seductively pours hot wax on his chest and makes him wince in pain. This foreshadows the fact that he's not really a dragon.
Ser Barristan's last parting remark to Joffery that he melt Barristan's sword down and add it to the Iron Throne isn't just bravado. The Iron Throne was made by Aegon the Conqueror out of the swords of his enemies.
The parallels between Sansa and Arya's situations in "A Garden of Bones". Both endure torture at the hands of the Lannisters, and both are rescued by the Lords of the Lannisters. Tyrion compliments Sansa on her composure after being stripped and beaten and Tywin compliments Arya on her smarts for traveling as a boy. The ironic part is that Tywin is completely unaware of who Arya really is!
The melody sounding as The Purge of Robert's bastards goes on in the first episode of the second season is "The King's Coming". Indeed, King's Landing, here comes your new king.
If you look closely at the model of Harrenhal in the opening, it has the remnants of moving parts, showing that it's not just the model of a broken castle but a broken model of a broken castle.
The deliberate parallel between Jon Snow and Theon Grejoy in "The Old Gods and the New" when they are holding prisoners at swordpoint and ready to kill them. Theon, driven by the need to prove himself to his harsh and brutal men, chooses to succumb to the pressure to do something he clearly doesn't want to and delivers a botched execution on Rodrik. Jon, meanwhile, is alone with his prisoner, and no one would know if he took Ygritte's head or spared her. And in the end, Jon spares her. This does a great job showing the difference between the two unwanted bastards of the Stark household.
When Daxos is vouching for Dany and her people, the one among the Thirteen who nods first and most enthusiastically? Pyat Pree. Considering their arrangement, the foreshadowing is quite subtle but very deliberate.
No wonder Tyrion begins his conversation about Myrcella with Pycelle by asking him for a laxative. He's full of shit.
Bronn's cautionary words about the distribution of wildfire are validated. During the battle of Blackwater, we see some workers lose hold of a bunch of rocks there were pulling towards a catapult. Now imagine if that was wildfire.
In his first meeting with Dany, Pyat Pree dismisses Xaro's possessions as "baubles and trinkets," even though Xaro is known as the richest man in Qarth. It later turns out that not only is Pyat working with Xaro, but that Xaro's treasure vault is empty. Pyat knows that Xaro's riches amount to no more than the furniture and bric-a-brac around his home.
In "The Night Lands", Melisandre whispers to Matthos, Davos' son, that death by fire is the purest death. What happens to Matthos in Blackwater? Death by wildfire.
The beautiful symmetry between the Season 1 and Season 2 finales. Both seasons end with the return of something supernatural that hasn't been seen in centuries, but where Season 1 uses fire to bring about the return of something magical and wondrous, Season 2 uses ice to signal the return of something magical and horrifying. Ice and Fire are recurring themes in the series. Oh, and both seasons end with a Dark Reprise of the maintheme.
Although it's never remarked upon in the show, Robb's marriage ceremony is a compromise between his faith in the old gods and his wife's faith in the Seven. They're married by a septon in front of an oak tree (a weirwood being unavailable in the South).
Some of Drogo's lines in the House of the Undying are similar to lines from Conan the Barbarian, another character portrayed by Jason Mamoa;
Drogo: Or maybe this is a dream. Your dream or my dream, I do not know. These are questions for wise men with skinny arms. You are the moon of my life, that is all I know and all I need to know. And if this is a dream, then I will kill the man who tries to wake me.
Conan: Let teachers and priests and philosophers brood over questions of reality and illusion. I know this: if life is an illusion, then I am no less an illusion, and being thus, the illusion is real to me. I live, I burn with life, I love, I slay, and I am content.
In the premiere, there's a scene where Robb and Catelyn argue about trading Jaime for Sansa and Arya, during the course of which Robb yells at his mother; he immediately looks guilty and ashamed. The next scene is of Joffrey and Cersei arguing about Arya, during the course of which Cersei slaps her son; he immediately threatens her with death. It's a great contrast between the relationships among the Starks and the Lannisters.
Dagmer's kraken sygil is torn apart. Of course he'd be the one to betray Theon.
What Is Dead May Never Die is a Double Meaning Title. It's the motto of the Drowned God of the Ironborn and spoken by Theon during his baptism. It's also a reference to Arya's Deceased Fall-Guy Gambit in the the final scene, convincing the Lannister men that they can't kill Gendry because he's already dead.
"The Old Gods and the New": Robb compromises the North's campaign and his duty as king for a woman (Talisa); Jon compromises the Night Watch's mission for a woman (Ygritte); Theon compromises his hold over Winterfell for a woman (Osha). You can even make a case that Balon is right, and Theon is ruining everything because he can't keep it in his pants but at the same time is too chivalrous to just rape and kill like an Ironborn would. Instead, he acts like every other son of a certain Ned Stark, who nearly ruined his marriage when he came back with a bastard to raise at home.
In "Valar Morgulis", no less than four main characters are offered a "temptation" to leave the struggle they are immersed in and escape it all into a far easier life: Dany tempted to stay in the illusory world with Drogo and their son, Theon tempted to join the Night's Watch, Arya tempted to stop looking for her family and go to Braavos under Jaqen's protection, and Tyrion tempted to go to Essos and live a life of pleasure with Shae. All of them reject their temptation, because it would involve denying and losing their very identity.
When Salladhor Saan says "You Westerosi are funny people. Man chops your fingers off, you fall in love with him,", he's specifically talking about Davos and Stannis, but this is also a callback to Greatjon and Robb.
In the first episode of Season 2, Osha and Bran talk about the red comet and what everybody thinks it may mean: Robb winning a big battle, the Lannisters ruling Westeros, blood flowing en masse and dragons returning. By Season 3, all of these things have happened. Robb has won a lot of big battles, the Lannisters have retained control of the Seven Kingdoms with Joffrey as King, copious amounts of blood has been spilled, and dragons have returned.
Way back in the very first episode, Jaime asked Ned Stark for not competing in tournaments, to which Ned responded, "I don't fight in tournaments, because when I fight a man for real, I don't want him to see what I can do." Later in Season 3, Jaime and Brienne are caught by Roose Bolton's men because a farmer had seen him fight in a tournament, recognized him and told them. Jaime's vanity has finally caught up to him!
Daenerys suddenly reveals herself to be fluent in Valyrian in "And Now His Watch Has Ended." This was hinted at in previous episodes when she teaches her dragons a Valyrian command word and translates the phrase "valar morghulis." She also has an unheard conversation with a dying slave in "The Walk Of Punishment". During her conversations with the slavemaster, her expression also occasionally betrays her understanding.
In "Valar Dohaeris", while Tyrion is talking to Cersei, Ser Meryn Trant and another guard are guarding the door. Bronn comes along and tries to enter the room when he is blocked by Ser Meryn Trant who says 'You put your hand on that door and you lose the hand.' This may be a double entendre from Meryn Trant, who is also threatening the life of Tyrion Lannister with this line.
In "Dark Wings, Dark Words", Joffrey and Margaery stand before a mirror, with him showing her how to hold a crossbow and she gazes into the mirror and says "I wonder what's it like to stand here... and watch something die over there". It's very subtle, but she's actually looking at Joffrey's reflection.
Daenerys insists on making Missandei a part of her deal with the Astapori slavers. The fact that Danaerys understands Valyrian means that she doesn't need Missandei as a translator, but it also means that she was aware of Missandei's Tactful Translation and was either suitably impressed or moved to pity, or both.
There are several hints that the identity of the cleaning boy who "rescues" Theon is Ramsay Snow, Roose Bolton's bastard:
He quotes the Stark words, "Winter Is Coming," hinting that he's not from the Iron Islands as he claims.
He refers to Theon several times as "my lord," when it was established in Season 2 that commoners always say "m'lord" rather than "my lord."
The soldier calls him "bastard" just before being killed.
He tells Theon, "We're not in the Iron Islands." This is similar to a line delivered by Roose Bolton to Robb: "We're not in the North."
This is the second time Theon's been kept awake by someone blowing a horn at him, and on top of that, the device Theon is bound to can come across as awfully familiar to those who have seen the banner of House Bolton.
Right after Burn Gorman's character kills Craster, Mormont is heard screaming, "You will be cursed by every law...!" This is a reference to Sacred Hospitality, which is a big deal in ancient cultures and in Westeros. It's also a big hint about exactly why Robb, his family and his army were massacred in mere minutes: they'd eaten bread and salt from Walder Frey, which was supposed to guarantee their safety under his roof, and had entered his castle unarmed and unprepared.
Both Melisandre and Thoros of Myr are red priests. However, while she is fanatical, uncompromising and has Stannis' victory as her main goal, he is a laid-back drunkard that cares mostly about protecting the smallfolk and has recovered his faith only recently. Reflecting their attitudes, Melisandre dresses in bright, uniform red robes, while Thoros wears faded pinkish or maroon clothes.
The parallels between Ned and Robb's deaths. Ned's fall was caused by his unyielding devotion to honour, but his last act before his death was dishonouring himself by lying about being a traitor. Robb's fall was caused by him following his heart over his head, and his last moments were watching the woman he loved die in front of him. Both father and son sacrificed everything for an ideal (Ned honour, Robb love), but had it taken away from them before they died.
The box that Ramsay sends Balon does not just have the Greyjoy ensign carved on — it is actually made out of Theon's Ironborn armor, as revealed by its distinctive hinges. This way, Ramsay is offering proof that he has Theon and that what is inside the box really belonged to him.
Why is the only thing that can kill a White Walker called dragonglass, when people know it's also called obsidian? Partly because they're found in Dragonstone, but partly because White Walkers are the embodiment of winter and cold, and the only weapon against them is fire. What's the embodiment of fire? Dragons.
In the episode "Second Sons", Mero tells Daenerys, "I swear I fucked you once in a pleasure house in Lys." Jorah tells him to mind his tongue with particular anger. While the comment is already an insult, it would also strike close to home for Jorah, whose second wife left him to become a concubine in Lys and resembles Daenerys. Mero might even be talking about the same woman.
In "Two Swords," Gray Worm and Daario are competing to see who gets to ride with Daenerys. Simple enough, but it's odd that Gray Worm cares as much as Daario, who is utterly infatuated with Dany. Flash forward a few episodes and you realize Gray Worm has feelings for Missandrei, who is always by Dany's side. He wasn't competing to ride with Dany, but Missy.
When Walda Bolton arrives at the Dreadfort in "The Lion and the Rose", her dress is surprisingly drab for a lady. However, in the next scene Roose comments that he had to be smuggled into his own land, explaining their nondescript attire.
The Lannisters' use of "The Rains of Castamere" as a Badass Boast becomes ironic in this season. The song is from the Reyne's point of view, lamenting the pride that precipitated their fall. However, the Lannisters themselves are the most prideful of houses, which causes them serious setbacks in this season as their behavior starts to catch up with them. This culminates in "The Children," where the song plays after Tywin is killed by his own son.
Foreshadowing for the events of the Purple Wedding:
As the septor says his words at Joffrey and Margery's wedding ceremony, the camera lingers on various main characters. When the septor says, "Cursed be he who would seek to tear them asunder", the camera pans in a way that subtly highlights Joffrey's murderer - Olenna Tyrell.
Olenna Tyrell fusses over Sansa, adjusting her hair and her necklace. When done, a stone is missing from the right side, but Olenna hides its new asymmetry by draping Sansa's braid asymmetrically as well.
When Olenna admits her actions to Margaery, she adjusts Margaery's necklace, just like she did Sansa's.
The revelation in "Oathkeeper" of the secret alliance between the Tyrells and Littlefinger gives their interactions in Season 3 a lot of edge. Olenna tells Cersei in "And Now His Watch Has Ended" that, "We mothers do what we can to keep our sons from the grave, but they do seem to yearn for it." Likewise Varys warning Olenna about Littlefinger probably set her wheels turning as to who will be the right man to pull off a regicide. And Olenna's meeting with Tywin where at first it seems like the old Lion had the upper hand, seeing it again its hard to see it as anything other than Lady Olenna laughing herself silly at Tywin's presumption.
With the revelation that the Lannisters are basically broke, Oberyn's taunt to Tywin that Prince Doran has the "rich man's disease" (gout) and remarks it's a wonder that Tywin doesn't have it as well is much more cutting in hindsight.
Sansa's new dress after her conversation with Littlefinger about why she lied for him at the tribunal has a plunging neckline, fits to the curves of the Lady Stark and obviously is made to keep a firmer hold on Lord Baelish's attention. Yet with the dyed hair to hide her identity and black feathers exhibiting a likeness to Littlefinger's sigil the mockingbird, Sansa is also fully delving into her identity as his niece Alayne Stone. You could even say she's killing two birds with one stone. For bonus points, her new bird theme also references Sandor Clegane's nick-name for her- "Little Bird."
When Oberyn and Tyrion discuss how Cersei makes her lies sound sincere, Tyrion admits, "Making honest feelings do dishonest work is one of her many gifts." Later on, this is exactly what Sansa does when she relates her honest feelings of hatred at the Lannisters for humiliating her and her happiness at being liberated from King's Landing to do the dishonest work of enabling Westeros' most duplicitous man.
Sansa's rather outlandish new outfit looks like something a Disney villain would wear, but it's exactly the type of thing a teenager would create to feel sultry and wicked.
The events in Moat Callin are pretty much a mirror image of what happend in Winterfell two seasons earlier. A troop of iron born trapped in a besieged castle. A commander who refuses surrender, rather seeking to die fighting. The commander betrayed by his subordinates. The iron born taking the offer of surrender and instead being skinned alive on Ramsey Snow's order. Must have been like a deja vu for poor Theon/Reek.
In "The Watchers on the Wall", Sam tells Pyp that when the time to act comes, you forget about everything, what you know, even who you are yourself, and just act. In the same episode, Janos Slynt keeps blabbering about how he was Commander of the Gold Cloaks, how he "knows" giants don't exist (even while he's seeing two walking to the Wall) and how he "knows" the Night's Watch is an untrained bunch of thieves who can't fight. Predictably Janos melts and runs to hide without unsheathing his weapon while everyone else - even the cooks and the kid manning the elevator - fights the battle.
Also when Sam goes to look for Gilly, he sees Slynt hiding in a corner unable to even justify his behaviour with a lie. At first it might simply look like him still broken down from the horror of the battle. However shortly before breaking down atop the wall he talks about the child he killed back in Season 2 which was one of the reasons why Tyrion had him send to the wall, so imagine his horror when the first thing he sees after deserting his comrades being a young woman with her baby child. It must have been like the gods themself are trying to punish him for his crime and cowardice.
Also from "The Watchers on the Wall" there's a callback to Bronn's advice about using fire during a siege. The Night's Watch have fire as one of their weapons, a barrel gets stuck and explodes, killing a few men.
In "Children", how did Tyrion know about the secret passage to the Hand's chambers? Remember that in Season 2 Varys presented him a map of all the secret passages of King's Landing in preparation for the Battle of Blackwater. Talk about a subtle Chekhov's Gun.
Maester Luwin thought that his last act would be to send the Stark boys to relative safety of the north, rather than the wars tearing up the south. Unfortunately by the looks of it, south would have been the better choice in spite of everything. Welcome to the Zombie Apocalypse, kids! This becomes Ascended Fridge Horror, since Bran's party is attacked by a gang of wights and Jojen Reed dies as a result.
Roose Bolton remarks to Lord Karstark upon finding the hundreds of dead Northmen in Harrenhal that "The debt will be repaid, my friend. For them and for your sons." Upon first glance this appears to be a show of solidarity by Bolton for a still grieving ally, but then you remember that Karstark is still furious over Catelyn's freeing of his son's killer, and that this may be a sign of Bolton turning on the Starks, especially given his son's recent sacking of an unarmed Winterfell. It's also an echo of "The Lannisters Always Pay Their Debts."
In "And Now His Watch Is Ended": There are a lot of examples of children who weren't considered a threat coming back years later to haunt their tormentors; Varys and the sorcerer that mutilated him, the orphans weighting on Theon's conscience, Arya accussing The Hound of Mycah's murder, and the Targaryen children being butchered during Robert's Rebellion. The only Targaryen child that is still alive, Dany, has taking the Iron Throne as her life aim, and now 19 years later she's just seized the army to do it. So, what's the first thing Dany does with this army? Order the deaths of all soldiers and slavers in Astapor... and tell the Unsullied to spare their children. Uh oh.
This is, in fact, what gets Ygritte killed. At the beginning of a village raid in the Gift, she shoots the first arrow and kills a man talking to his son. She stands while the boy looks back in disbelief, lowers the weapon and leaves, despite having more than enough time to shoot him next. That sheWouldn't Hurt a Child is further implied during the razing of Mole's Town, when she comes across Gilly and her baby, but motions her to remain silent instead of harming them. That other kid? He fleeds to Castle Black, joins the Night's Watch, and kills her with a bow during the Battle of the Wall.
In "Cripples, Bastards, and Broken Things": Jory Cassel tells Jaime Lannister that he fought beside Jaime at the siege of Pyke and nearly lost an eye. In the next episode, Jaime kills him with a dagger through the eye.
In "Two Swords": The show lingers for about five seconds on a recent golden statue of Joffrey holding a crossbow and stepping on the head of a slain direwolf. Obviously, it was commissioned to celebrate his 'victory' over Robb Stark. Funny and telling of the obnoxious parts of his personality, right? Now imagine being Sansa, and having to walk past that statue every time you're in that part of the palace.
In ''Breaker of Chains", Tywin cites Orys I's Honor Before Reason approach to Justice as a sign of lacking wisdom note since he got killed by his evil brother who he was too gullible to regard as Beneath Suspicion, and for that failure, he enabled his own death and let the state be run by a tyrant. He's self-serving and manipulative but Jerkass Has a Point. The Starks and the Tullys are loved by the commonfolk for keeping the lands peaceful and safeguarding their lives but their political failures have compromised the safety of their subjects. As a result of the Red Wedding, the North and the Riverlands have become a Crapsack World under the Freys and the Boltons with the smallfolk left with nowhere to go and nobody to turn to. Nice Job Breaking It, Hero doesn't quite begin to cover it.
In both "Two Swords" and "Breaker of Chains", there are subtle hints that the riverlands have become a much different place post-Red Wedding. Specifically, lingering shots of hanged corpses and a wide shot of the riverlands burning whereas last season it was bright and green even in the midst of war. The farmer in "Breaker of Chains" attributes it to the loss of Hoster Tully and the power of the Freys, but book readers might have a better idea of what has changed so drastically in the span of only a few episodes.
In "The Children" Mance asks Jon Snow if he's the kind of man who would break the custom of Sacred Hospitality when he realizes that Jon came to his camp with the intent of killing him. The murder of Jon's beloved brother, Robb, was a breech of that custom.