Trivia / Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
Enough trivia and what-could-have-beens surround this novel and its myriad adaptations that they've warranted whole books of their own: Spotty Powder and Other Splendiferous Secrets
, Pure Imagination
(1971 film-specific), and the 50th anniversary Milestone Celebration Inside Charlie's Chocolate Factory
. Consider the information below a highlight reel.
- Adaptation Overdosed: In order of release, there's...
- Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971 film)
- A non-musical stage play by Richard George that's extremely faithful to the book; Dahl approved of it
- A BBC Radio 4 adaptation in The '80s (Note: One troper was an Oompa-Loompa in the radio adaptation, and has spent years trying to track down a recording)
- A musical stage adaptation by Jeremy Raison and Christopher Reason that toured the U.K. and elsewhere in The '80s
- A 1985 video game for the ZX Spectrum
- Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005 film)
- Roald Dahl's Willy Wonka, a 2005 U.S. stage musical created for the touring children's theatre circuit that uses the 1971 film's songs and adds new numbers by Leslie Bricusse, the film's lyricist, but the script is significantly different to the point that it isn't promoted as the loose Screen-to-Stage Adaptation it is. Notable for existing in four different versions, ranging from a half-hour "Kids" version suitable for a grade-school assembly to a full-length version that can use child and adult actors
- The 2005 film had several tie-in video games.
- A 2006 Disney-style combination boat/simulator ride at the U.K. theme park Alton Towers.
- The Golden Ticket (2010 opera)
- In 2013, WMS Gaming introduced video slot machines based on the 1971 film!
- Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2013 West End stage musical, Retooled for Broadway in 2017)
- The online game Poptropica has an island themed after the novel.
- Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (2017 Direct-to-Video animated feature)
- Cash Cow Franchise: Qualifies as this for Roald Dahl's estate, if only because it's Adaptation Overdosed.
- Defictionalization: The first film adaptation was largely Merchandise-Driven. Quaker Oats gave a ton of money to the production and then changed the name of an upcoming candy line to Wonka, which is also one reason for its title change. That line initially flopped, but the brand was subsequently retooled and relaunched — it is currently owned by Nestlé. Ironically, the Wonka brand is best-known for non-chocolate products (Nerds are their most famous original creation, and their Everlasting Gobstoppers don't last forever, unfortunately), and is more popular in the U.S. than the U.K. But they do have several varieties of chocolate bars in the U.K., and Nestlé even supplied all of the edible prop candy for the 2005 film.
- Now there also is an inflatable blueberry suit (obviously NSFW), to imitate Violet's transformation .
- Milestone Celebration: The 50th anniversary in 2014 ("50 Whipple-Scrumptious Years", as the official logo put it) was marked with a variety of events and offerings and specifically kicked off on January 31st, since that's the day Charlie finds his Golden Ticket.
- Penguin Books added the novel to their adult-oriented Penguin Modern Classics line, which went awry due to having a Contemptible Cover. It had several kid-friendlier anniversary editions too, including deluxe reissues of both the Joseph Schindelman and Quentin Blake-illustrated editions (the latter in full-color for the first time).
- The retrospective book Inside Charlie's Chocolate Factory was released.
- Other events included contests in the U.S. and U.K., and the annual Puffin Virtually Live school webcast that marks Roald Dahl's birthday was centered on the book. While the 2013 West End stage musical was not specifically mounted to tie in to this anniversary, it was incorporated into many of the U.K.-based events, such as the webcast and an Easter-season window display at the Piccadilly Circus Waterstone's bookstore that recreated its sets in miniature with chocolate biscuits. The show's director Sam Mendes also wrote the introduction to the aforementioned Modern Classics edition of the novel.
- What Could Have Been: The original concept for the story didn't have any children in it! After that, there were multiple drafts, each with different numbers of children (anywhere from five up to thirty) with different personalities and fates, as explained below. The general plot was different too: In an early draft the factory tours were a weekly event, Willy Wonka had a son called Freddie, and the story ended with Charlie getting his own chocolate shop. There's a lot of information here. Highlights of the could-have-beens:
- Miranda Mary Piker was a school-obsessed swot. Rough draft material from this subplot, in which she and her headmaster father meet their comeuppance trying to destroy a machine that makes a powder that allows one to play sick for the day, is featured in Spotty Powder and Other Splendiferous Secrets.
- Marvin Prune was a very conceited boy.
- Miranda Grope would have disappeared up the pipes along with Augustus Gloop.
- Wilbur Rice and Timmy Troutbeck rode off atop the carts hauling fudge away from Vanilla Fudge Mountain to The Pounding and Cutting Room.
- Clarence Crump, Bertie Upside, and Trevor Roper ate handfuls of Warming Candies and were only saved from inwardly-firey death by being put in a refrigerator.
- Augustus Gloop was originally named Augustus Pottle, Violet Beauregarde had the alternate last names of Glockenberry and Strabismus, Veruca Salt started out with the name Elvira Entwhistle, and — this is absolutely true — Mike Teavee's original name was Herpes Trout.
- The Oompa-Loompas' original name was the Whipple-Scrumpets. (In the finished book, Charlie's favorite variety of Wonka Bar happens to be the Whipple-Scrumptious Fudgemallow Delight.)
- Originally Mrs. Bucket was Charlie's companion on the tour rather than Grandpa Joe, the Wonka Factory had conventional workers rather than Oompa-Loompas, and instead of elaborate poems verses of an And Then There Were None-esque ditty came in the wake of each child's fate.
- And very early on, Charlie was black. Dahl's editor convinced him to drop that idea.
The 1971 film
The 2005 film
- Acting for Two Thousand: Every single Oompa-Loompa, even the female ones, are played by Deep Roy. Some (jackhammer, boat-rowers) are completely animatronic. Also, though some shots are recycled, minimal CGI was used - rather, Roy had to be filmed as each individual Oompa-Loompa. Don't worry, he got paid through the nose for his hard work!
- Adored by the Network: Until 2014 (when it was picked up by the HBO networks), this was a favorite of ABC Family's weekend/Christmas-season movie lineups, often presented as a double feature with the 1971 version, which still qualifies for this trope (even after the network's name change to "Freeform").
- Creator Backlash: Of a sort. Gene Wilder said that, while he liked Tim Burton and Johnny Depp, he didn't care much for this adaptation.
- Doing It for the Art: With regards to the Nut Room sequence, Tim Burton was so dead set on avoiding using CGI that he paid a team of animal trainers to train 40 real squirrels for it. It took 19 weeks of painstaking work, training each squirrel individually, but they pulled it off. And all for a scene that takes up less than 10 minutes of screen time.
- DVD Commentary: Tim Burton provided one that appears only on high-definition format releases (HD-DVD and Blu-Ray).
- Executive Veto: Originally, Warner Bros. wanted to cast Jim Carrey as Mr. Wonka and reteam him with director Tom Shadyac (the Ace Ventura films, Liar Liar). Roald Dahl's widow Felicity vetoed this.
- Fake American: British actor Adam Godley as the American Mr. Teevee (Mike's dad).
- In Memoriam: Freeform ran it in 2012 to pay tribute to David Kelly (Grandpa Joe). Same thing when Christopher Lee (Dr. Wilbur Wonka) passed away in 2015.
- I Want You to Meet an Old Friend of Mine: Johnny Depp was so pleased with Freddie Highmore's work in Finding Neverland that he asked Tim Burton to let Highmore screen test.
- One-Book Author: This is the only acting credit for Julia Winter (Veruca).
- Production Posse: It's a Tim Burton movie, so no surprise Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham-Carter, and Danny Elfman are along for the ride.
- Technology Marches On: Mike uses his computer to deduce the location of one of the Golden Tickets. In the 1971 film, a squad of professional programmers spend a lot of time and money to develop a massive supercomputer for this very purpose and suffer an odd A.I. is a Crapshoot moment - see that page for details.
- Too Soon: Many critics while the film was in production likened Johnny Depp's performance as Wonka to Michael Jackson. Unfortunately, the comparisons happened to be made during Michael Jackson's highly publicized child molestation trial in which he was acquitted weeks before the film's release.
- What Could Have Been:
- The Other Wiki has a history of this film's development and could-have-beens, but in addition to the facts listed there:
- Marilyn Manson campaigned for the role of Willy Wonka. Other candidates were Rowan Atkinson, Nicolas Cage, Jim Carrey, John Cleese, Robert De Niro, Eric Idle, Dwayne Johnson, Michael Keaton, Steve Martin, Bill Murray, Mike Myers, Leslie Nielsen, Michael Palin, Brad Pitt, Adam Sandler, Will Smith, Patrick Stewart, Ben Stiller and Robin Williams.
- Frank Oz was attached to the director's chair before Tim Burton took over. Martin Scorsese, Rob Minkoff, Robert Zemeckis, Barry Levinson and Gary Ross were all at one point either seriously considered or attached to direct.
- Michael Jackson, according to his brother Jermaine's book You Are Not Alone, was all set to campaign for the Wonka role — and then he was charged of child molestation for the second time in his career in 2003. Colleague/producer Marc Schaffel goes further with this, claiming that Michael actually wrote a whole soundtrack for the movie and submitted it to Warner Bros. back in 2000, figuring that they would give him the lead on the basis of it. But though executives loved it, they were not comfortable casting him as Willy Wonka, and offered to find another role in the film for him in exchange for the soundtrack. Michael was too dead set on the lead role to allow this. A few weeks before the movie hit theaters in July 2005, Jackson had been declared not guilty of the charges after a high-profile trial, so the unintentional, superficial resemblances between him and Depp's take on Wonka were brought up in many reviews and commentaries and Burton had to go on record as saying it was not a parody. (Years later, Douglas Hodge would acknowledge Jackson as one of many, many inspirations for his very different interpretation of Wonka in the West End musical.)
- Sam Neill auditioned for the role of Mr. Salt, but Burton said he wanted Johnny Depp to be the only "name" actor in the movie. (Christopher Lee's appearance is more Creator Thumbprint.)
- Gregory Peck was first offered the role of Grandpa Joe, and he told Warner Brothers that he'd consider it. Sadly, he died before he could give his answer, but his family has revealed he was very eager to play the part. The only reason he didn't say yes right away was because he was afraid it would make him seem desperate and cause the studio to give him a lower paycheck. Peter Ustinov was also offered the role, but he passed away before he could give the producers his answer. Also considered were Richard Attenborough, Kirk Douglas, Albert Finney, Richard Griffiths, Anthony Hopkins, Armin Mueller-Stahl, Paul Newman, Max von Sydow, Eli Wallach and David Warner. Liccy Dahl actually wanted Christopher Lloyd for the part with Dustin Hoffman as Willy Wonka.
- Warner Bros. seriously considered giving this film a Screen-to-Stage Adaptation. Instead, their theatrical division became a co-producer of the 2013 stage musical.
- Originally, the role of Mr. Teavee was going to be played by an actor famous for playing a father on a sitcom as a Casting Gag. Tim Allen, James Belushi, Dan Castellaneta, Ed O'Neill, Ray Romano, Bob Saget and Kurtwood Smith were among those considered.
- One of Tim Burton's first vetoes when he was hired as director was the possibility of killing off Charlie's father. The studio suggested portraying Wonka as one to Charlie, to which Burton replied, flabbergasted, "Willy Wonka is not a father figure!"
- Write What You Know:
- The Braces of Orthodontic Overkill young Willy Wonka wears? Burton wore similar headgear as a child.
- The scene of the Wonkas reuniting amidst the elder Mr. Wonka's numerous newspaper clippings of his son's success was based on when Burton visited his dying mother and found a scrapbook full of reviews for his movies.
The 2013 West End Musical
- Actor-Inspired Element: Willy Wonka's elegant Staff of Authority having the bendy properties of a bamboo cane (think Charlie Chaplin) was role originator Douglas Hodge's idea; he'd been rehearsing with a bamboo cane and grew used to its feel and the tricks, stances, etc. this allowed him. (See What Could Have Been below for how his input affected other aspects of the show.)
- Cut Song: Not a whole song, but the second verse of "The Amazing Tale of Mr. Willy Wonka" (about the Serious Business of his sweets) was cut with the 2014 cast turnover, skipping to the Prince Pondicherry story. It is preserved on the cast album.
- "Double Bubble Dutchess" was replaced in early June 2016 with "Queen of Pop," a song written for the Broadway production.
- Deleted Scene / Orphaned Reference: The "Creation Overture" animated prologue was dropped in 2014 upon the first major cast turnover for reasons unknown, though pacing and/or not wanting to rerecord the narrationnote may have been factors. This cut resulted in the loss of the Meaningful Echo of the phrase "just a bean" in "It Must Be Believed to Be Seen".
- Executive Meddling: This is the reason "Pure Imagination" from the 1971 film is included with what is otherwise a completely new score. Sam Mendes wasn't too happy about this, since he wanted the show to stand on its own merits, but since audiences and critics love its placement as Climactic Music — and it ties in to the Central Theme perfectly — this is arguably a case of Tropes Are Not Bad.
- Milestone Celebration: This was the show that officially reopened the newly renovated/restored Theatre Royal Drury Lane, the world's oldest operating theatre, for its 350th anniversary in 2013.
- Saved from Development Hell: The initial plan for a Broadway transfer to launch in the 2014-15 season was scrapped, partially due to Sam Mendes being busy with other projects and the need to wait on a theatre big enough to accommodate its huge physical production becoming available. The Broadway production, with Jack O'Brien taking over the directing duties from Mendes (who stayed on as a producer), opened in April 2017.
- What Could Have Been:
- As discussed in this article, director Sam Mendes first tried to get the stage rights to the novel in the late 1980s. He tried again at the Turn of the Millennium, but the rights were with Warner Bros. by then, and they were busy with what became the 2005 film. Once that was out of the way, the go-ahead was given for a new stage adaptation in 2007. From there the show went through fifty drafts! (Amazingly, the first song written, "Almost Nearly Perfect", managed to survive the whole way.)
- Before going with the conceit of adult actors in trick costumes (ala how Lord Farquaad was handled in the stage version of Shrek) to play the Oompa-Loompas, the creators considered either using puppets or casting children in the roles.
- Douglas Hodge's decision to take on the role of Willy Wonka meant giving up the chance to play the title character in a Cameron Mackintosh-produced revival of Barnum at Chichester Festival Theatre. But he'd never had the chance to take part in the creative process of staging a new musical before (of his previous roles in stage musicals, 1983's Bashville came very early in his career, and all the others were revivals), and Sam Mendes and the writers were willing to listen to his input.
- "It Must Be Believed to Be Seen" was almost a Cut Song, as the songwriters came up with a far more bombastic number to take its place. That song made it to the readthrough stage, but Douglas Hodge wasn't happy with it and wanted something cheekier...so the writers, who felt much the same way by that point, played "It Must Be Believed to Be Seen" for him, and with further tweaking, the song was back in the show. Part of the tweaking involved Mr. Wonka's entrance — Hodge, who had read the book but not yet seen the 1971 movie adaptation, wanted to fake a fall as he came down the steps. Once he understood that this was too similar to the '71 film, the Internal Homage variant involving an Instant Costume Change instead of a tumble emerged.
- Initially the show was set to premiere at the London Palladium, but when the West End production of Shrek The Musical announced its closing notice, leaving the similarly massive Theatre Royal Drury Lane free, plans were changed.
- The Great Glass Elevator setpiece was so hard to perfect that not only were the earliest preview performances cancelled outright, but an alternative version of the "Pure Imagination" sequence was created in which the elevator is explicitly described as invisible (the actors miming its walls).
- The chocolate river and the boat ride down it couldn't be convincingly realized on stage without killing the show's pacing (via time-consuming switching in and out of setpieces), hence the simpler waterfall setpiece in the Chocolate Room and a different journey-by-boat for the transition from the Nut Room to the Department of the Future.
- The final stretch of "Juicy!" features roller-skating Oompa-Loompas; originally Willy Wonka was going to skate too, but Douglas Hodge never got the hang of it and concerns for his safety led to that bit of business getting cut.
The 2017 Broadway Retool
- Cut Song:
- "The Amazing Tale of Mr. Willy Wonka" was replaced with a solo for Grandpa Joe, "Tales of Wonka", that itself was cut and replaced with "Charlie, You and I" during previews.
- "Almost Nearly Perfect" was cut in favor of the 1971 film's "The Candy Man" as part of a completely new opening scene.
- "It's Teavee Time" was replaced with "What Could Possibly Go Wrong?"
- Aside from a few lyrics referred to as "Grandpa Joe" in the song listing, "Don'cha Pinch Me Charlie" was cut and replaced with "I've Got a Golden Ticket" from the '71 film.
- "Simply Second Nature" was replaced with "Pure Imagination", which was moved to the Chocolate Room scene to make room for "The View from Here", the new Climactic Music.
- "Juicy!" was cut, leaving Violet the only brat without a "The Villain Sucks" Song; her demise is a wacky background event during the new Backstory song "When Willy Met Oompa".
- "A Little Me" and the closing reprise of "It Must Be Believed to Be Seen" were replaced with a Bright Reprise of "Strike That! Reverse It!"
- Deliberate Flaw Retcon: In the New York Times article discussing the Retool, the creative team claimed that the much less elaborate sets were "meant to reinforce the show’s oft-stated theme: the importance of imagination. The change was prompted partly by necessity — the British sets were designed for a West End theater that has a much larger stage than the Broadway house." But by the time this piece was published, there had been many complaints from preview audiences that the sets were a huge comedown from the Scenery Porn of the West End version and didn't live up to what all of the promotional material and even the exterior of the theater promised, and more cynical theatergoers were theorizing that the REAL reason they didn't just use/adapt the London sets was a desire to mount the show on the cheap and make it easier to tour. After the article was published, these theatergoers argued that if they really intended the audience to use its imaginations, they should have gone with an even more minimalist approach (ala Peter and the Starcatcher).
- What Could Have Been: Sam Mendes was going to direct the Broadway transfer, but due to his many commitments he had to hand off the duties to Jack O'Brien.