A series of mystery novels by Kerry Greenwood.In early 1928, bored, wealthy aristocrat Phryne Fisher (pronounced 'fry-nee') solves a minor mystery at a dinner when she finds a stolen necklace. One of her fellow guests is impressed by her skill at deduction and asks her to solve a case for him in Australia. Phryne returns to her native land, solves the case and becomes a private detective. Taking Melbourne and the rest of Victoria by storm with her class, skills, flair and talent for continually doing scandalous things, she quickly builds up a group of friends and allies- everyone from a pair of cab drivers to one of the few female doctors in the country- while solving her strange and myriad cases.The Phryne Fisher mysteries:
Flying Too High
Murder on the Ballarat Train
Death at Victoria Dock
The Green Mill Murder
Blood and Circuses
Raisins and Almonds
Death Before Wicket
Away With The Fairies
Murder in Montparnasse
The Castlemaine Murders
Queen of the Flowers
Death By Water
Murder in the Dark
A Question of Death (short story collection)
Murder on a Midsummer Night
Dead Man's Chest
Murder and Mendelssohn
The series has recently been adapted into a TV series on ABC, Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries. Several changes have been made from the canon, including removing Ruth entirely, giving Phryne a new sister called Janey and an Aunt called Prudence. Fan reactions have been... mixed at best... although the author loves it.
The books contain instances of these tropes:
Abusive Parents: Phryne and Eliza's mother never really did much to help them, and their father was an alcoholic bastard who continually tried to force his daughters into arranged marriages they didn't want.
Berserk Button: Phryne does not take it well when people mess with anyone in her family- especially Jane, Ruth or Dot, who aren't good at protecting themselves.
Beware the Nice Ones: In Dead Man's Chest, Phryne meets a maid called Bridget, who she describes as being perfectly nice and helpful. In the end of the book, Bridget murders the horrible mother of her employer, probably because she felt sorry for the old woman's over-exhausted companion (her reasons weren't actually stated).
Blondes are Evil: Not 'evil' as such, but Jane has been noted by at least one fellow emotionless bastard to be quite terrifying because she has basically zero empathy for anyone who isn't Ruth, Ember and possibly Phryne, though she has never acted upon said lack of empathy in the manner of psychopaths. She'd make a perfect assassin if someone gave her a weapon, but so far she hasn't so much as picked up a knife.
Blue Blood: The Honourable Miss Phryne Fisher and her sister the Honourable Miss Eliza Fisher.
Lady Alice Harborough, too.
Bodybag Trick: Used by the Exit organisation in Blood and Circuses to smuggle a prisoner out of prison in a coffin.
Clueless Mystery: Occurs often. For example, in Murder In The Dark, the abductor is revealed to be Sylvanus, but we're never told some of the things that leads Phryne to figure it out- like that he can't swim, for instance.
Continuity Drift: Phryne was originally said to have been born in the Melbourne suburb of Collingwood. Later books changed this to Richmond, a nearby suburb. (Those familiar with Melbourne's geography may note that both these answers could be true if Phryne was born at the intersection of Victoria Parade and Hoddle Street.)
Conviction by Counterfactual Clue: One of the things that leads Phryne to believe that the abductor in Murder In The Dark was Sylvanus, which it was turned out to be his being in possession of two lunch boxes. Because it's impossible that he could have just been carrying one to someone else.
Different as Night and Day: Jane and Ruth. Jane is a slim blonde who likes reading and learning, is incredibly intelligent, intends to be a doctor, has little to no empathy for most people and will read anything, but she prefers scientific texts most of all. Ruth is a plump brunette who likes cooking, is smart but not as academically brilliant, intends to be a cook, is very compassionate and likes romances. They get along brilliantly, though.
Expy: Murder and Mendelssohn introduces an old friend of Phryne and his unrequited love interest, who are so obviously BBC Sherlock Holmes and John Watson that the author even wrote a bit at the end explaining why.
Evil Matriarch: More like obstructive and annoying matriarch, but Lin Chung's grandmother definitely counts.
Basically, all Chinese matriarchs are like this. Hell, all Chinese elderly women are like this.
Fake-Out Make-Out: Phryne and Bert do this to avoid detection in Little Lonsdale Street in Cocaine Blues.
Also happens between Phryne and Inspector Robinson in the tv series adaptation of Murder in Montparnasse.
Fearless Fool: In one very memorable example, Jane ends up being used as the bait for a gang of human traffickers in Unnatural Habits. She isn't even slightly scared. Keep in mind that this is a boat full of armed men and she's a tiny, unarmed kid with not much backup.
I Call Her "Vera": In Murder in the Dark, the assassin known as the Joker has named all of his knives. The one he attempts to use on Phryne is named 'Eleanora', after his mother.
If It's You, It's Okay: John Wilson from Murder and Mendelssohn is gay, but is attracted to Phryne and has no idea why she's the exception.
Instant Sedation: Actually averted in Murder On The Ballarat Train- the sweet scent of chloroform wakes Phryne up (being a light sleeper helped) and the person who had a chloroform-soaked rag laid on her face suffered horrific burns and nearly had liver damage.
Myopic Architecture: The safe in Death Before Wicket is huge and imposing, but it was made to be set in a wall, so it has a very thin back that can be easily removed. The owners of the safe never realised this, and didn't know that it should have been in a wall, so they left it on a desk.
No Bisexuals: Eliza, Phryne's sister, is a lesbian, but nobody once brings up the possibility of her being bisexual.
Phryne herself. She once said that 'My Sapphic friends say I'd make a perfect lesbian if I didn't have this strange yen for male genitalia.' The word 'bisexual' has never come up, or anything like it.
No Celebrities Were Harmed: Averted. When Phryne lived in Paris, she bought paintings from Picasso and occasionally talked to Gertrude Stein and Alice Toklas. She was also part of a group of female friends including Dolly Wilde (Oscar Wilde's niece), Joe Carstairs, Natalie Barney and Romaine Brooks.
Mr Featherstonehaugh from Unnatural Habits was part of Oscar Wilde's circle.
Both Phryne and Rupert Sheffield worked with Compton Mackenzie during World War One.
The cultists in Death Before Wicket are explicitly mentioned to have been followers of Aleister Crowley.
Non-Action Guy: Dot and Ruth, though both have been known to do some badass things when circumstances called for it, usually involving frying pans.
The Nondescript: This is Inspector Jack Robinson's major physical trait, and it makes him a very efficent policeman. Even people he has arrested cannot remember what he looks like.
The Password Is Always Swordfish: In Queen of the Flowers, the password to get on board the gambling ship the Ace of Clubs is "Swordfish" (or, at least, it is on the night Phryne visits).
Public Exposure: Phryne worked as an artist's model in Paris after World War One. She has a painting of naked nymph for which she was the model hanging in her drawing room, to the surprise of some guests.
Recycled IN SPACE!: Several of the stories in A Question Of Death. The story about the Book of Hours is basically a subplot that got dropped from Death Before Wicket, anyone who read Urn Burial should be able to guess most of the plot of Overheard On A Balcony with no trouble, and so on- not to mention that one of the stories is almost exactly the same as a Dorothy L. Sayers short story, plot-wise. They're not all totally unoriginal, of course.
Refuge in Audacity: Phryne does a lot of things normal people shouldn't be able to, such as taking a Chinese man (who gets married) as a lover, dressing scandalously (at least for 1928) and employing and adopting people from the streets. It's justified because as a rich, powerful, connected woman with very few secrets who doesn't care about what people think of her, Phryne is unaffected by the effect these acts should have on her reputation.
Although it's not without repercussions- Mr Butler nearly resigns in Murder in Montparnasse when Lin Chung gets married but Phryne doesn't leave him, and there's a number of scenes where people react aversely to Phryne's habits (like when Evelyn puts her and Lin in rooms at opposite ends of the house because she doesn't like Chinese, in Urn Burial).
Remember the New Guy: We're constantly introduced to people Phryne knew once, mainly from Paris. To be fair, she did have a very interesting life before the books.
Running Gag: Ruth's obsession with romances, up until it gets her into trouble in Queen Of The Flowers, after that the romances mostly vanish.
Sauna of Death: Phyrne and Sascha are locked in a Turkish bath in Cocaine Blues.
Series Continuity Error: It's a plot point in Ruddy Gore that Dorothea Curtis adored hyacinths, and was always wearing their scent. In one of the later books, Phryne wrongly remembers her favourite flower as being violets.
Shout-Out: A subtle one; in Murder on the Ballarat Train, a character refers to having lost money in the crash of the Megatherium Trust - a reference to on-going Arc Words in the Lord Peter Wimsey novels.
It's also a Call Back- Bobby in Cocaine Blues ended up starting said Trust and ended up absconding to South America after it failed. It's something of a recurring plot device in Greenwood's novels- basically, if you see 'Megatherium Trust', it's not going to end well.
Urn Burial is a classic Shout-Out to Agatha Christie. It's even got a little old lady who's a private detective named Mary Mead.
Sixth Ranger: Tinker, a kid Phryne ends up taking in after Dead Man's Chest.
Skinny Dipping: Phryne and Simon go skinny dipping in Raisins and Almonds.
Smoky Gentlemen's Club: Phryne belongs to a smoky ladies club; a female-only club that is run along the same lines as a traditional gentlemen's club.
Society Marches On: In The Castlemaine Murders, Eliza has a secret she finally confesses to Phryne: she's a socialist- and also, as we find out later, a lesbian. This doesn't seem like much to modern viewers, but the idea of a noble woman being a lesbian socialist would have huge repercussions for Eliza and her entire family in the day.
Spot of Tea: Mr Butler regards a cup of tea as the panacea for every female problem.
Take Me Out at the Ball Game: In Death Before Wicket, the killer attempts a murder during a university cricket match, with a shoe rigged to inject poison into the target while he is one the pitch.
Take That: Murder and Mendelssohn has a subplot that's a clear combination of this and Fix Fic. An old friend of Phryne comes to Australia with a friend who's giving a lecture. He's hopelessly in love with the friend, who doesn't appreciate him and is a complete arsehole. Phryne then investigates who is trying to kill the friend, not because she likes him, but because she's worried that her friend might die saving his life. The subplot would be just fine, if the characters weren't Sherlock Holmes and John Watson. And, Phryne being Phryne, she ends up getting them both together, while bashing the Sherlock-expy for A, being a dick, B, being a misogynist, and C, acting like deduction is something he made up and has never been seen before when women have been using it for hundreds of years.
Translation By Volume: Phryne's father has apparently subscribed to the view that all foreigners only pretend to speak their native languages, and will understand English if it's shouted loudly enough. It hasn't worked out very well for them.
True Companions: The soldiers in Murder In Montparnasse. They are not happy when two of them are murdered.
Where Everybody Knows Your Flame: A very low-key (but no less awesome) example: the Blue Cat Club is an impeccably-run gentleman's/gay club (it's got two circles: the outer circle are men who just like to hang out with other guys in a place that doesn't require impeccable manners, and the inner circle is a group of gay men who like to hang out, be themselves and eat amazing French food) that sounds like a cross between the Windsor Hotel and a museum.
World War I: Phryne joined an all-women ambulance brigade in France during the last year of the war, and was decorated for courage.
Doctor MacMillan and John Wilson were medical personnel in the same war, and Rupert Sheffield cracked codes. All of them have some very bad memories of the war.