The Real Ghostbusters episode, "Chicken, He Clucked." A man hates chickens so much that he wants to make a deal with a demon to get rid of them. Embarassed by such a silly request for a soul, the demon gives him the power to send anything away as a compromise. Soon, every chicken on Earth is sent to another dimension and (after annoying the man) the Ghostbusters. The demon agrees to help the Ghostbusters, though, because his colleagues found out about the deal and won't stop mocking him. The demon reveals a loophole that the Ghostbusters manage to exploit to cancel the deal.
Happens by accident in "The Devil to Pay" to Ray and Winston, who competed in a questionable game show. After winning, they unknowingly sign a contract (with red ink pens) that they thought was an agreement to be contestants in the host's premiere game show, "Race the Devil" and for a chance to win an all-expenses-paid trip for four to Tahiti. Egon realizes too late that the two had actually signed away their souls to the demon host to compete in his game show, where they must play for their lives and souls. Managing to win, Peter threatens the host to give them the trip after winning or face severe physical pain, which the demon host had no choice but to grant.
A literal example from the fourth season of Teen Titans, where Slade makes a deal with Trigon to help him make sure Raven fulfills the prophecy of the end of the world in exchange for Trigon giving him his life back. Trigon does not keep his word, which results in Slade calling a truce with the Titans until he can take what he was promised by force.
In Kim Possible, Monkey Fist makes a deal with a malevolent mystic monkey named the Yono in order to take Ron's baby sister (whom is revealed to be a prodigy called the Han, hence the name Hana). After the Yono is defeated by Hana, he admits defeat without anger before Monkey Fist is turned to stone (following the path of the Yono.)
Spoofed on The Simpsons in "The Devil and Homer Simpson", where Homer sells his soul for a doughnut, but gets it back through The Power of Love; when he married Marge, he promised to be hers, body and soul, forever. Earlier in the episode, he manages to find a loophole:
Homer: "Hey, wait. If I don't finish this last bite, you don't get my soul, do you?"
Devil Flanders: "Well... technically no, but -"
Homer: "I'm smarter than the Devil! I'm smarter than the Dev-"
Devil Flanders:(after going One-Winged Angel)"YOU ARE NOT SMARTER THAN ME! I'LL SEE YOU IN HELL YET, HOMER SIMPSON!"(disappears)
Homer:(sticking the doughnut into his shirt) "Not likely." (short laugh)
Of course, being Homer, he absent-mindedly eats the last bit of the donut while sleepwalking anyway. Challenged to a trial for the soul, the Devil is surprisingly amenable, summoning a judge and agreeing to bathroom breaks every half-hour on the condition that he chooses the jury.
Played straight in "Bart Sells His Soul", in which he sells his soul (a piece of paper with "Bart Simpson's Soul" written on it) to Milhouse for $5, so he can buy some growing dinosaur sponges. Over the course of the episode, however, he begins to have bad dreams, being indifferent towards things that used to amuse him, and notice that the world around him seems to not recognize him, so he tries to get his soul back. Unfortunately, Milhouse sold Bart's soul to Comic Book Guy for Pogs, and he then sold it to someone "very interested in that soul." After he's given up, Lisa surprises him by revealing that she bought it, and gives it to him. Bart then eats the paper so that he doesn't lose his soul again.
In an episode where Springfield's single people tried to change the law to make the town less family-friendly, Marge Simpson decided to lead a campaign to stop them. A tobacco company representative offered her a check. Once she took it, the representative took off his hat, revealing a pair of horns, assumed a more devil-like appearance in general and claimed she belonged to them. She pointed out she hadn't endorsed the check and the representative resumed his human look and claimed the horns were "football injury".
Mr. Burns has been inclined to have made a deal with the devil (he even thanked Satan for his long age on the cover of a newspaper). Funnily enough, Burns has also played the role of the devil himself on a couple occasions, one being the time when Homer managed to destroy the Springfield church. The church couldn't afford the repairs so they were forced to let Mr. Burns turn it "profitable". Burns' role in the deal was made quite clear: Ned Flanders flat out said some considered him to be evil, a cross dropped on his head and his shadow even had little devil horns when he approached the church council (though they were revealed to only be a part of his hair standing up). After the necessary funds had been raised, Burns tried to escape in the cover of a smoke bomb taking all the money with him... but the smoke had already cleared before he got to the door so he was forced to pay anyway.
Sent up in the Futurama season 4 finale "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings":
Bender: You may have to metaphorically make a deal with the devil. And by "devil", I mean the Robot Devil. And by "metaphorically" I mean get your coat.
In addition, it establishes that Calculon made a deal with the Robot Devil to get his ACTING!TALENT!
Also milked for laughs in "Hell is Other Robots", when the Robot Devil challenges Leela to the classic fiddle contest (which is apparently mandated by the "Fairness In Hell Act"). While he delivers a vicious performance (using two bows, no less), Leela lets off a few screeching notes, then bangs him over the head with the (golden) violin and escapes.
And once more with Bender in "The Beast with a Billion Backs" - Bender wants a robot army to take over the world, and the Robot Devil will give it to him - in exchange for his firstborn son. We then cut to Bender picking up a child robot, taking it back to hell, and punting it into a smelter - the Robot Devil then says that that disgusted even him!Observe.
Early in "The Farnsworth Parabox", the Professor also calls on Zeus, Buddha, and God to get him out of the mess he was making, but apparently only Satan actually bothered to do anything (which, in a possible inversion, Farnsworth claimed was repayment for an existing debt).
The Robert Johnson story is parodied on Metalocalypse; the band meets with the "Blues Devil" for the purpose of selling their souls in exchange for mastery of the blues, but through their expertise in contract negotiation, they manage to bargain him down to a $5 Hot Topic gift card, plus the Devil would have to give them part of his soul. It is unknown whether or not the Devil took the deal (probably not).
In the My Little Pony episode "Bright Lights," Erebus offered to make Knight Shade famous, in exchange for "a little cooperation" - letting Erebus and his underling Zeb steal the shadows of his audience.
Darkwing Duck's banned episode shows why the Devil can't "take the soul and run" — Beelzebub, disguised as a janitor, tells a crude lie to Gosalyn that the Forbidden Book section of the school library was replaced with permitted books, which means she honestly believed she had permission to use it (although she really should have confirmed this claim with a librarian first) so the contract is invalid, and he loses his victim. Don't mistake this for a clever twist - it just makes the whole thing pretty pointless by taking away what's central to the trope. "Your soul is mine forever! Or at least until someone bothers to come fetch you back!"
Spoofed on Family Guy when Peter says he'd sell his soul for the chance to take a tour of the Pawtucket Patriot Ale brewery. The Devil is eager for the opportunity, but then one of his assistants checks through Hell's computer archives and points out that Peter already sold his soul in the 1970s for Bee Gees tickets, and again in the 1980s for half a Malomar. An annoyed Devil wonders where he can get a lawyer, and half of Hell's population immediately volunteers for the job.
In the Pinky and the Brain Halloween episode, the devil offers Brain the world in exchange for his soul. Brain refuses because he's angry about being called a failure, but later finds out that the gullible Pinky has been persuaded to sign in his place, in exchange for a "radish rose watchamahoozit." However, the devil is forced to release Pinky when it turns out that he doesn't even know what one is.
Occurs twice in the second Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon. In the first, colonist C.F. Volpehart makes a deal with an eldritch horror-ish entity in order to obtain riches; while the terms are never specified—souls are never mentioned—the fact that Volpehart eventually regrets the decision and longs to kill the beast is evidence that he clearly lost something in the bargain. The second occurs to the original Oroku Saki, who agrees to bond with a dying demon in exchange for Physical God status—a deal which, given everything, turned out quite well for Saki.
An episode of Batman: The Brave and the Bold has Batman travelling back in time to Victorian England in an attempt to stop Gentleman Jim Craddock from releasing an imprisoned demon in exchange for immortality. Craddock succeeds in his attempt before Batman and his allies manage to reseal the demon, but Craddock realizes he's been betrayed when he's hanged for attempted murder and comes back as an undead ghost that can never pass into the afterlife. Now calling himself the Gentleman Ghost, the enraged and probably insane Craddock blames Batman for his plight (despite Batman warning him about what would happen if he went through with his deal with the demon), and swears revenge on him. Hence why the Ghost has been the lead villain in no less than three episodes so far, while Hawkman (his Arch-Enemy who was originally involved with his origin in the comics) has yet to appear.
In all fairness, Astaroth did not lie to nor betray Craddock like Batman expected (from a certain point of view): when Craddock forced him to fulfill the deal, the demon said that "his soul will never leave this world". Let's just say that Astaroth's idea of imortality didn't fit Craddock's. Still, Batman was right about making deals with demons.
Speaking of Batman, there is a deal with the devil in the Batman: The Animated Series episode "Joker's Favor". Charles Michael Collins makes a deal with the Joker to do whatever he wants in order to save his own life. While the Joker is not exactly the devil or a supernatural equivalent, anyone would have to agree that he is at least the devil incarnate.
Class of 3000 had one in the form of Lil D signing a record contract to an obviously devil looking producer (the guys even had henchmen who look liked snakes and almost refers to himself as the Devil) named Big D. However, all of Lil D's gigs were just being used to sell hams, but the contract actually did state Lil D sold his soul, and Big D had a Villain Song called All We Want Is Your Soul. Lil D challenges Big D to a series of contests (which are suggested by Lil D's friends) which Big D manages win every single time, using his supernatural powers. Sunny (the producer's real target) who turned him down frequently, signs with Big D to bail Lil D out. However, he manages to get out of it by purposely performing badly, tricking Big D into rip up the contract. Bonus points for rubbing it in his face afterwards.
The third season of The Secret Saturdays had Zak make a deal with V.V. Argost, in order to learn how to control his newfound powers. Argost blatantly says his dark, ulterior motives in front of Zak. Just as a little warning. So when their use for each has ran out, they will find themselves in a battle of wits to survive.
There was an episode of Rocko's Modern Life that was a parody of The Shining. It featured Heffer as a security guard who at one point says he'd sell his soul for a soda. He then goes into a haunted bar and gets a soda, afterward getting a paper that says, "1 Soda, 1 Soul".
In "Born Again Krabs", Mr. Krabs actually trades Spongebob's soul for 62 cents, trapping Spongebob in Davy Jones' locker until the Dutchman becomes so sick of him he willingly gives Spongebob back. This episode was a notable Crowning Moment of Awesome for Squidward, who proceeded to call Mr. Krabs out on his selfishness — notable because, under more normal circumstances, Squidward would probably have had a hard time caring about the situation.
In "Money Talks", Mr. Krabs gives his soul to the Flying Dutchman in exchange for being able to talk to money (it's worth noting that the Flying Dutchman himself was surprised that Mr. Krabs would sell his soul for something so ridiculous, but then again...). When the wish backfires and the Dutchman reverts it, he tells Mr. Krabs that he now owes him his soul... only for Mr. Krabs to point out that he already sold his soul several times to many other Eldritch Abominations (and Spongebob!), who tell the Dutchman to get in line.
Care Bears Movie II: A New Generation has a girl named Christy making one of these with a demon named Dark Heart (disguised as a boy), pledging to help him capture the Care Bears in exchange for his granting her athletic prowess.
After seeing what she had done, she renounces the deal and loses her new athletic ability - but since she had been a marble champ before all this, she manages to shoot a marble that brings down the chandelier prison the Care Bears were trapped in, freeing them all to battle the demon.
Transformers: The Movie: Megatron's bargain with Unicron, resulting in Megs' upgrade to Galvatron. Megatron didn't have a choice, as when he tried to refuse to make a bargain, Unicron threatened to eat him. Since it's very much still Megatron in there, Galvy's loyalty must be enforced by Mind Rape. Galvatron does a Faustian Rebellion of sorts, attempting to make Unicron his slave after stealing the Matrix of Leadership. It doesn't turn out how he expected.
In The Smurfs episode "Harmony Steals The Show", Harmony signs a contract that allows him to use Ghostwriter's original symphony as his own in exchange for being his eternal performer at his spectral nightclub. Papa Smurf and the other Smurfs help Harmony break the contract by revealing before the judge and jury that Ghostwriter's "original symphony" was actually musical pieces stolen from other musicians.
Captain America in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes! makes a deal with Hela, the Norse goddess of death, to send him to the land of the living so he could save his friends. But once he dies, she will get his soul.
In Ugly Americans Twayne Boneraper makes a deal with a politician that he'll become mayor in exchange for his soul. Unfortunately said politician is utterly unelectable and boasts openly about having made a deal with the devil. He ends up dying accidentally, putting Twayne up before the demonic court for being a failure as a demon, as the only soul he's managed to ensnare recently is that of a large, ill-tempered cat.
Also, Callie's mother made a deal with the (current) devil himself, a marriage contract to be specific, though they later divorced.
In yet another episode a Justin Bieber lookalike sold his soul for talent, and in that same episode Callie's dad tries to tempt Mark out of his soul when it is discovered he has the biggest one on record.
Ed, Edd 'n' Eddy: In the episode "Out With The Old, In With The Ed", the Eds return to school and learn that they're in different classes. They are forced to deal with the Kanker Sisters to get into the same room together for a hefty price - they must publicly reveal their 'relationships' with the Kankers to all the kids at school. They finally arrive at their new classroom to find it's a girl's bathroom - where the Kankers soon arrive.
In the Ben 10: Ultimate Alien episode "The Enemy of my Frenemy", Charmcaster offers the lifeforce of every inhabitant of her dimension (600,000 people, including the heroes) to Diagon in exchange for her dead father's resurrection. However, her father refuses his resurrection, saying he never wanted this, that Charmcaster is being a worse tyrant than the one who killed him if she goes through with this, and that though he loves her, he can't stay with Charmcaster, and Diagon, as per the laws of magic, returns the lifeforce of Charmcaster's victims. Charmcaster suffers a Villainous B.S.O.D. afterward, followed by a progressive turn through the Heel–Face Revolving Door.
In "Native Son", Tygra's backstory shows the consequences of denying the Devil what it wants. The Tiger Clan was suffering from a plague and their leader Javan petitioned the Ancient Spirits of Evil for help. The Spirits demanded that Javan sacrifice his newborn son Tygra, and Javan agreed. At the moment of truth, Javan betrayed the deal and sent Tygra away on a hot air balloon to Thundera. As punishment, the Spirits sent the plague back to the village, killing everyone, then trapped them in a suspended state between life and death along with involuntary transformations into horrible mindless monsters every night.
In Xiaolin Showdown, Chase Young made one of these with Hannibal Roy Bean, selling his soul to the side of evil in return for a potion that gives him eternal youth and power. Raimundo also makes one with Wuya, who offers him everything he ever wanted in return for restoring her to her powerful physical form. She delivers on this promise, but he turns on her to save his friends and seals her away in the new puzzle box. In the parallel universe of the finale, it was Master Monk Guan who made the deal with Bean instead of Chase.
In the Superfriends episode "Swamp of the Living Dead", the Legion of Doom makes a deal with a malevolent being (Word of God says that the being was Satan, but the show called him the Evil Being to get him past standards): lure the Superfriends into his swamp for him to imprison, and he will grant them the ultimate power of evil. When the Legion succeeds, the Evil Being grants them the power to command armies of The Undead. After using the zombies to rob and plunder a bit, the Legion decide to capture the Evil Being and force him to give them more power. Enraged, he easily escapes and turns the zombies on them. Unable to defeat the zombies, the Legion is forced to free the Superfriends to save themselves.
In The Venture Bros., making a deal with "the Investors," a group of Intangible Men under the employ of the Guild of Calamitous Intent usually ends poorly for the deal maker. When Pete White and Billy Quizboy unknowingly make a deal with them, Brock Samson informs them that they are the only people who have "borrowed money from [the Investors] and lived long enough to panic about it". Turns out the Sovereign made a deal with them once too. The season 6 premiere episode largely revolves around his plan to welch out on it.
In Gravity Falls episode "Dreamscaperers", Gideon summons the enigmatic demon Bill Cipher (Y'know, that triangle guy you see during the intro) to invade Stan's mind and retrieve the combination to the safe where the Mystery Shack's deed is kept. Bill agrees, and states that in return Gideon can help him with something Bill's working on. However, the intervention of the Pines Twins prevent Bill from carrying out his end of the bargain, causing Gideon to call the deal off, and just use dynamite on the safe instead.... No doubt eventually Bill will just grab another memory of the safe: and ask for whatever the hell he wanted from Gideon... It's not bound to end well for the deranged nine year old.
Dipper himself makes another one with Bill in "Sock Opera", and is almost immediately screwed over. To be fair, he was desperate and sleep-deprived at the time, so he probably wasn't thinking straight.
In "The Last Mabelcorn", it is revealed that Stanford, the author of the journals, had worked with Bill in the past, which lead him to be tricked into building a portal to the NightmareRealm.
In Disney's feature film version of Pinocchio, the Coachman's boy victims in effect sell their souls to him in exchange for a night of unrestricted fun and mischief on Pleasure Island, only to have the deal foreclosed on them after they are turned into donkeys, and he sells them into slavery at various mines and circuses.
Looney Tunes - in one short (that was later expanded to become a full episode of "The Bugs Bunny Show") Yosemite Sam goes to Hell. The Devil strikes a deal where he'd let Sam go if he could get Bugs Bunny down there. After several tries, with his usual lack of success, Sam angrily calls off the deal, puts on a devil costume, and declares he's staying.