It started with the butterflies.Claire, Rose, Rachel and Kate — four New York City girls from the same school but from very different backgrounds and social circles — are drawn together one night by a flock of mysterious butterflies that only they can see. Waiting for them are two mysterious figures — a woman named Lula and her partner, JC — who inform the four girls that they are dead.In order to continue in their borrowed lives, the heroines are forced to fight for them. Each night, they must wait until midnight before they can rest. If the butterflies come to them before midnight, the girls must follow them and fight a twisted, bestial man with no help and no skills but their own will to live.Thereafter, the lives of the girls (and the plot of the anime) revolve around coming to terms with these facts and the "suicide" of their friend Lise. Their deaths and the rabid men they are forced to fight all tie back to a strange and influential family.Combining elements of horror, music — the girls occasionally break into song — and teen drama, Red Garden takes a very different approach to the girls-fighting-monsters genre.
Action Girl: To an extent. Claire and Kate are the first to put up a fight during the girls' first battle, and from then became the two primary combatants. Rachel on the other hand, is either the Girly Bruiser end or literally the Chew Toy of the night. Rose spends the majority of the fights cowering in fear, but she eventually graduates to an Action Girl. Lula and Headmistress Sinclair (the chairwoman of Grace) have also proven their Action Girl capabilities.
Alpha Bitch: Jessica, who is one of the girls in Grace, towards Kate. Subverted, as Jessica later reveals it's out of concern for her.
Character Development: The actual focus of the series. The nightly fighting and background of the two clans take a backseat to the way the girls are coping with their borrowed lives for most of the show.
Curb-Stomp Battle: Marie's fight in Episode 3, and it's not pretty. The girls actually lay out the curb stomping in a seemingly strategic fashion in Episode 11. Herve easily takes out an Animus and the girls in the finale as well, and Lula's the only one to deal mortal wounds.
Hope Spot: Lula presents one to the girls when they seem ready to quit fighting by showing them their dead bodies and telling them they can be resurrected and return to their normal lives if they can continue to fight. This lifts the girls' spirits up and they slowly begin to grow happier and start to get along with each other. Then comes episodesixteen.
Ill Girl: Mireille and Anna, Herve's cousin and sister respectively.
Improvised Weapons: Considering that the girls don't develop their powers until later, they have to rely on weapons. Claire primarily brings a bat to the fights, but in the first battle used the side-view mirror of a car, and a telephone inside a purse as a bludgeon. Kate had also attempted to strangle a monster with Rachel's purse, and Rachel herself whacked Herve upside the head with a large tree branch.
Oedipus Complex: Hervé ends up killing his father for not caring enough about Mireille and Anna.
No-Holds-Barred Beatdown: Rachel is the first to kill a monster in Episode 4 when she beats it to death with Claire's bat in a berserk state. In Episode 7, the girls (with even Rose included) viciously beat up another in an alley, and once again in a strategic manner in Episode 11.
Parental Abandonment: The reason why Claire holds a grudge against her father. Rose seems to have taken it well with her own father, despite that it resulted in her raising her siblings while their mother is in the hospital.
Phenotype Stereotype: Most of the upper class people have blonde hair and blue eyes, among them Kate and her family, Claire's family (but not Claire herself),several of the members of Grace, and both of the feuding clans.
Precision F-Strike: Delivered by Luke when his suspicions about Rachel and one of her teachers boil out.
Pretty in Mink: Primarily Rachel. She even dons a fur coat in the final battle.
Random Passerby Advice: At one point Claire is on the sidewalk outside her apartment practicing swinging a bat when a random guy runs across the street and critiques her stance, advising her to "rotate your hips", then walks away.
Talking the Monster to Death: In the OVA, Louise challenges the girls to a battle and when they lose, they'll have to become her friends. The girls point out that she already has valuable friends even if they're not immortal, and the battle never actually takes place.
There Are No Therapists: Subverted. While the girls never actually go to therapists their friends and family do notice that something is wrong, and they do ask the girls questions. The girls, however refuse to tell them.
Timeskip: The Dead Girls OVA takes place several hundred years in the future, with all of New York except Roosevelt Island mile high buildings and floating cars.
The only outsider to the family wars who gets entrusted with a vague hint of what the girls are doing is Butt Monkey Sam. He doesn't understand it, but it's the thought that counts.
Happens again in the OVA where a dressed-up Rachel starts flirting with Sam's Expy at the school prom.
Title Drop: Not in the main series, but in the OVA. The Red Garden is Roosevelt Island, which is now covered in pink flowers.
Tomboy: Claire leans towards this, especially when contrasted with the rest of the group.
Trademark Favorite Food: Well, not the favorite part. A few episodes in the girls find that lemons help with the side effects of their condition and from then on are seen eating them often and to the bemusement of the people they know, but they don't necessarily like them.
Tragic Dream: Rose spends several episodes looking for her Disappeared Dad to convince him to return to the family and in episode 17, expresses to Kate and Claire that she wanted herself, her siblings and her parents to live as a family of five again while getting to know her dad. Unfortunately, the previous episode had revealed that all Animus were fated to lose their memories and live forever meaning that she could not stay with her family. She doesn't even get to spend Christmas together with the whole family since she has to leave for the final battle.
Wake Up, Go to School, Save the World: Deconstructed. Fighting is clearly difficult for the girls (whether physically or mentally), and they don't know why they have to do it. This ends up creating a lot of social (and mental) problems for them, which are given quite a bit of focus.
The leaders of Animus whose only goal is to die. Of course being unable to move as a result of a curse probably contributed a lot to their disillusionment with eternal life.
Averted in the Dead Girls OVA where the four main characters are mostly satisfied with their immortality, and instead of angsting all the time do things like composing ridiculously silly battle songs and travel the world getting bounty hunting gigs.
Yank the Dog's Chain: In the OVA, Edgar and Louise finally look like they are ready to love each other and the girls are willing to let Edgar off the hook for his crimes, only for both of them to get pulled under the earth by vines.
Beforehand, Louise mentions having met the girls before which would indicate that she remembered her past life. If that is the case, then she could've been able to tell the girls about their past which is what they seeking clues for.