Officially the Republic of Namibia (Afrikaans: Republiek van Namibië, German: Republik Namibia, Khoekhoegowab: Namibiab Republiki dib), Namibia is a country in Southern Africa known for its desert and the San people who live there. One of the major tribes, the Herero were nearly decimated under German occupation of the country. Its capital city is Windhoek. Is one of the world's youngest nations, having only been independent since 1990, when it fought South Africa to gain its independence.
One of the country's most notable features is the long panhandle in the northeast. This extension is called the Caprivi Strip and, unsurprisingly, is result of European colonialism. Between 1884 and 1915, Namibia was known as German South West Africanote In 1890, the chancellor of Germany, Leo Von Caprivi, negotiated a deal with Britain. Caprivi wanted access to the Zambezi river so German ships could navigate to the African east coast. In return, Germany gave up all claims to the British territory of Zanzibarnote and was granted the 450 kilometer-long strip of land. However, it turned out that just 60 kilometers down the Zambezi from the edge of the strip was the world's largest waterfall, Victoria Falls, leaving the river unnavigable. Despite this, the strip has remained throughout the country's existence.
The Caprivi Strip is home to Lozi people, who are ethnically and linguistically quite different from the rest of the country's people and who were not even considered when it was formed. This lead to the formation of a rebel group known as the Caprivi Liberation Army, who fought a war with the Namibian government in the late 90's.
Not only is one of the least densely populated countries (second only after Mongolia), it also has a huge income inequality (partially because of the Apartheid era). It's also expensive, since a lot of things have to be imported from other countries.
- A Nazi by Any Other Name: In Windhoek, Goering Street is not named after Hermann Göring. It is, however, named after his father, colonial administrator Heinrich Göring, who has just as much of a history.
- In 2020, the country made international headlines due to the election of a certain Councilor named Adolf Hitler Uunonanote . Uunona, to his credit, acknowledges the history associated with the name, has stated he has no plans for world domination, and prefers not to be called by his middle name, instead preferring to be called "Adolf" in private and "Adolf Uunona" in public for this reason. Politically, he's the farthest thing from the other Hitler, as not only was Uunona an anti-Apartheid activist, he was also associated with the very left wing MPLA.
- The Artifact: Namibia was a strange case of this after World War II (WWII). South Africa conquered then-German South-West Africa during World War I and, after that, kept the territory (now plain South-West Africa) as a League of Nations (LON) mandate. But, after WWII, when the LON got replaced by the United Nations (UN), all former mandates became UN trust territories overseen by the UN Trusteeship Council. Except one, that is: as South Africa refused to do the conversion, Namibia became the lone LON mandate overseen by the UN General Assembly (as successor to the LON Assembly). Ultimately an anti-Apartheid UN simply cancelled the whole bizarre shebang in 1966 and then Namibia became a plainly illegally-occupied territory until its independence in 1990.
- Crossing the Desert: Namib and Kalahari Desert.
Namibia and Namibians in media:
- The Dogme 95 film The King Is Alive is set in Namibia. It is about a bus of tourists breaking down and the occupants deciding to put on an amateur production of King Lear.
- The Thomas Pynchon novel V has deals partially with the Herero Wars.
- The South African movie Lost in the Desert (known in Afrikaans as Dirkie) is a survival story also set in the Namibian deserts.
- The Burning Shore by Wilber Smith is mostly set on the Skeleton Coast.
- The South African film Oh shucks! Here comes UNTAG is set in the fictional country of Namabwe, which is obviously based on Namibia.
- André P Brink set his novel The Other Side of Silence features Namibia and the Ghost Town of Kolmanskop.
- Nwabudike Morgan of Sid Meiers Alpha Centauri made one of his several fortunes from diamond mines in Namibia.
- A two-part special of the Prime Video series The Grand Tour had the show's three presenters drive dune buggies from the Skeleton Coast all the way up to a much smaller beach at the Angola border, with a stop at the capital Windhoek along the way.
The Namibian flag
The Namibian national anthem
- Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic
- President: Hage Geingob
- Vice President: Nangolo Mbumba
- Prime Minister: Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila
- Deputy Prime Minister: Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah
- Chief Justice: Peter Shivute
- Capital and largest city: Windhoek
- Population: 2,550,226
- Area: 825,615 km² (318,772 sq mi) (34th)
- Currency: Namibian dollar (N$) (MMK), South African rand (R) (ZAR)
- ISO-3166-1 Code: NA
- Country calling code: 264
- Highest point: Brandberg (2573 m/8,442 ft) (90th)
- Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean (3,646 m/11,962 ft) (-)