Follow TV Tropes

Following

Useful Notes / Benin

Go To

https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Benin_map_5553.png
Presenting Benin. Not to be confused with Benin City. Or the Bight of Benin. Or the Benin River. Or the Bini people. Oh forget it, yay Benin!
Benin (French: Bénin), officially known as the Republic of Benin (French: République du Bénin), also formerly known as Dahomey and once part of the infamous Slave Coast, what is now the Republic of Benin was once the mighty Kingdom of Dahomey, a kingdom mostly known for its Amazon Brigade (that and the fact that they were nicknamed “the black Sparta” should tell you all you need to know about its sheer awesomeness). They resisted successfully attempts to conquer them until 1892, when France managed to conquer the kingdom during the Second Franco-Dahomean War, turning it into a colony named French Dahomey.
Advertisement:

In 1960, the country gained independence and managed to keep a democratic government for at least 12 years. However, in 1972, a coup d’etat saw the rise of a (supposedly) Marxist-Leninist government. They also changed the name of the country to a name (supposedly) more neutral, the People’s Republic of Benin; the new name was taken from the Bight of Benin which, incidentally, was taken from the Benin Empire (which wasn’t in modern Benin but rather in modern Nigeria).

The communist government eventually had an economic collapse and in 1991 the country had elections once again. Nowadays it’s considered an example of democracy in Africa, but it must be stressed that it hasn’t had much time to show it off.

Sadly, as a matter of contrast, the literacy rate is one of the lowest in the world (less than 35%). Also, a lot of people live under the poverty line.

Advertisement:

It’s also known for the Vodun, the official religion of the country (even though a great part of the population has adapted Christianity as well), from where it migrated to other parts of Africa and the Americas where it eventually transformed into Voudou, or Voodoo if you prefer.

Actor Djimon Hounsou and singer Angélique Kidjo were born here. And yes, it's the same Benin from Gabriel Knight Sins of the Fathers.

Advertisement:

Notable Works:


The Beninese flag
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_benin.png
The flag uses the traditional Pan-African colors, but with additional interpretations. The green left half symbolizes hope; the yellow upper-right half symbolizes wealth; and the red lower-right half symbolizes courage. The flag was originally adopted in 1959, then replaced in 1971 by a plain green flag with the red star of socialism on the upper left corner, but was since re-adopted in 1990.

Coat of arms of Benin
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/coat_of_arms_of_benin.png
The coat of arms uses two leopards (the leopard is Benin's national animal) holding a shield (from clockwise, the sield contains a Somba fortress to represent Benin;s historical past, the Star of Benin, which is the country's highest award, a ship to represent the country's colonial history under European rule and a palm tree to symbolize agriculture). On top of the shield are horns containing sand and corn that stands for prosperity. The coat of arms was originally adopted in 1964, then replaced in 1971 by six corn cobs and a cog wheel with a plain green flag with the red star of socialism in the middle and a red ribbon containing the initials of the country's former full name in French, like the flag, it was since re-adopted in 1990.

The Beninese national anthem

Jadis à son appel, nos aïeux sans faiblesse
Ont su avec courage, ardeur, pleins d'allégresse
Livrer au prix du sang des combats éclatants.
Accourez vous aussi, bâtisseurs du présent,
Plus forts dans l'unité, chaqu'jour à la tâche,
Pour la postérité, construisez sans relâche.

Enfants du Bénin, debout!
La liberté d'un cri sonore
Chante aux premiers feux de l'aurore;
Enfants du Bénin, debout!

Quand partout souffle un vent de colère et de haine.
Béninois, sois fier, et d'une âme sereine,
Confiant dans l'avenir, regarde ton drapeau!
Dans le vert tu liras l'espor du renouveau,
De tes aïeux le rouge évoque le courage;
Des plus riches trésors le jaune est le présage.

Enfants du Bénin, debout!
La liberté d'un cri sonore
Chante aux premiers feux de l'aurore;
Enfants du Bénin, debout!

Tes monts ensoleillés, tes palmiers, ta verdure,
Cher Bénin, partout font ta vive parure.
Ton sol offre à chacun la richesse des fruits.
Bénin, désormais que tes fils tous unis
D'un fraternel élan partagent l'espérance
De te voir à jamais heureux dans l'abondance.

Enfants du Bénin, debout!
La liberté d'un cri sonore
Chante aux premiers feux de l'aurore;
Enfants du Bénin, debout!

Formerly, at her call, our ancestors
Knew how to engage in mighty battles
With strength, courage, ardour, and full of joy, but at the price of blood.
Builders of present, you too, join forces
Each day for the task stronger in unity.
Build without ceasing for posterity.

Children of Benin, arise!
The resounding cry of freedom
Is heard at the first light of dawn,
Children of Benin, arise!

When all around there blows a wind of anger and hate:
Citizen of Benin be proud, and in a calm spirit
Trusting in the future, behold your flag!
In the green you read hope of spring;
The red signifies the courage of your ancestors;
The yellow foretells the greatest treasures.

Children of Benin, arise!
The resounding cry of freedom
Is heard at the first light of dawn,
Children of Benin, arise!

Beloved Benin, your sunny mountains, palm trees, and green pastures
Show everywhere your brightness;
Your soil offers everyone the richest fruits.
Benin, from henceforth your sons are united
With one brotherly spirit sharing the hope of seeing you
Enjoy abundance and happiness forever.

Children of Benin, arise!
The resounding cry of freedom
Is heard at the first light of dawn,
Children of Benin, arise!

Government
  • Unitary presidential republic
    • President: Patrice Talon
    • President of the National Assembly: Louis Vlavonou

Miscellaneous
  • Capital: Porto-Novo
  • Largest city: Cotonou
  • Population: 11,733,059
  • Area: 114,763 km² (44,310 sq mi) (100th)
  • Currency: West African CFA franc (CFA) (XOF)
  • ISO-3166-1 Code: BJ
  • Country calling code: 229
  • Highest point: Mont Sokbaro (658 m/2,159 ft) (175th)
  • Lowest point: Bight of Benin (Depth is not calculated yet) (-)
Top

How well does it match the trope?

Example of:

/

Media sources:

/

Report