Radio / Star Wars Radio Dramas

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In 1981, 1983, and 1996, National Public Radio station KUSC-FM performed radio play adaptations of the original Star Wars movie trilogy. Considered part of the Star Wars Expanded Universe, the plays were made with the full cooperation of George Lucas, who sold the rights to KUSC-FM (hosted by his alma mater, the University of Southern California) for a dollar apiece.

Mark Hamill reprised his role of Luke Skywalker for both Star Wars and The Empire Strikes Back, before being recast by Joshua Fardon for Return of the Jedi after the 13-year delay. Anthony Daniels voiced C-3PO in all three dramas. Billy Dee Williams played Lando in The Empire Strikes Back but was replaced by Arye Gross in Return of the Jedi. All of the other roles were recast, with Perry King playing Han Solo, Ann Sachs as Leia, and Brock Peters (Admiral Cartwright in the Star Trek films) as Darth Vader. Some of the more well-known actors in the production include Ed Asner (Jabba the Hutt), John Lithgow (Yoda), Yeardley Smith as a robot in Jabba's palace, Adam Arkin as Fixer (one of Luke's acquaintances on Tatooine, not included in the films), and David Alan Grier as a supporting player.

All three series were adapted for radio by Brian Daley. The thirteen-year delay between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi almost led to Author Existence Failure—Daley died of cancer hours after the wrap party for Return of the Jedi in 1996.

The radio plays were formerly considered to be "G-Canon", which, by the Holocron's canon hierarchy, placed it in the same tier as the movies, but not as high as the movies themselves, and even below the scripts and novelizations. This became a moot point when they were thrown out with the rest of the EU by the 2014 "Legends" rebranding. Despite this, material from the dramatization for the original Star Wars (A New Hope) was adapted into the 2015 novelization A New Hope: The Princess, the Scoundrel and the Farm Boy, particularly the torture sequence with Leia and Darth Vader.

In addition to using most of the same tropes as the movies, the Star Wars Radio Dramas provide examples of the following tropes:

  • Action Prologue: The Empire Strikes Back opens with a Rebel supply convoy being ambushed and destroyed by the Empire.
  • Adaptational Heroism: Probably to the smallest degree possible when it comes to the Imperials, who are otherwise even bigger jerks than they were in the movie, but it is still worth mentioning that both Vader and Tarkin seem to not be so fond of having people die or be killed if it doesn't serve their interest.
    • When Vader crushes Antilles's throat on the Tantive IV, he remarks irritated that his death was "without meaning", suggesting that he actually would have let Antilles live had he revelead the truth about the stolen plans.
    • Throughout the drama, Vader shows respect towards legal procedures, at least as long as his mission doesn't start slipping out of his grip. Later on, he raises objections concerning picking Alderaan as the Death Star's target without consulting the Emperor first, although it doesn't take Tarkin long to convince him.
      • At the time the drama premiered, it could also be interpreted as a sign that the Emperor himself, still a figure largely obscure to the audience, might not have approved of such radical measures to be taken against the Rebellion.
    • Both Vader and Tarkin express pity over the deaths of the four TIE-Fighter pilots who were sacrificed in order to let the Millennium Falcon crew believe they actually escaped whereas in fact they were allowed to.
  • Adaptational Villainy: Aside from the exceptions listed above, we get much more than just a vague idea as to why the Empire is such an oppressive regime (the lack of which resulted in a significant part of the movie fandom to root for the Empire):
    • We are given a detailed description of the Empire's merciless crush of the Ralltir uprising, with random killings of civilians and concentration camps to hold real and alleged rebels. Lord Tion in particular is a 100% bastard with no redeeming traits who even has the nerve to boast about how skillfully the Imperials managed to torch alive a group of unarmed rebel leaders who thought they were going to negotiate a ceasefire in front of Bail Organa and his daughter Leia, known for their pacifistic views.
    • There is an extremely disturbing sequence of Darth Vader torturing Leia by means of a droid. Let's just say that he plays it cruel even for his own standards.
    • Some viewers might have been indifferent to the destruction of Alderaan as it was shown in the movie but they sure as hell won't be indifferent to the very same scene in the radio adaptation.
  • Adaptation Expansion: The plays are all quite a bit longer than the source movies—the Star Wars play is nearly six hours long. Consequently, they include several scenes that were either cut from the films or entirely new. The additional material provides most of the tropes listed on this page.
    • From Star Wars, we get Leia using the Tantive IV to smuggle medical supplies to Rebel forces on Ralltiir, learning about the Death Star plans and acquiring them from Rebels on Toprawa, and Luke watching the battle between Tantive IV and the ISD Devastator. There are also scenes of Luke interacting with his friends on Tatooine.
    • The Empire Strikes Back showed the Battle of Derra IV, which was alluded to in several later EU materials including the first four books of the X-Wing Series. We also got a conversation between Han and Luke after he got the storm shelter put up in the Hoth wastes.
    • Return of the Jedi included Luke constructing his new lightsaber. Being that it was performed after the current EU got into full swing, we also got a Call Forward to The Thrawn Trilogy in the form of a conversation between C-3PO and an undercover Mara Jade.
  • Audio Adaptation: Three adaptations of the three films of the original trilogy, with quite a bit of additional material mixed in.
  • Canon Immigrant: The Star Wars play had the first in-story appearance (he was first mentioned in the novelization of Episode IV but did not appear) of Bail Organa, who would later appear in the prequel trilogy as the Republic senator from Alderaan. Also, Return of the Jedi features a character strongly implied to be Mara Jade, a character never seen in the films and originally introduced in The Thrawn Trilogy.
  • Cold-Blooded Torture/Mind Probe: The original Star Wars merely hints at Leia being tortured, with a shot of Vader entering her cell along with a scary-looking probe. In the radio drama, Vader injects her with a drug to make her more suggestible. When roofies aren't enough to convince Leia that Vader is a member of the Rebel Alliance who needs the stolen plans, Vader switches to torture, using the Force to inflict psychic pain on Leia. This also fails.
  • Continuity Snarl:
    • Lucas's decision to include a Deleted Scene with a digitized Jabba the Hutt in the re-release of Star Wars created a continuity conflict with the Star Wars radio drama, as "Heater", one of Jabba's men, takes Jabba's place in the radio version of the scene.
    • Lucas's infamous decision to have Greedo shoot at Han when he Re Cut the 1977 film (later revised again to have Han and Greedo shooting simultaneously) created a continuity conflict with the radio drama, in which Han still shoots first.
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: Derra IV from the Empire play was a one-sided slaughter that cost the Rebels a valuable supply convoy and most of a squadron of X-Wings. Later-published materials establish that the ambush was planned by Grand Admiral Thrawn, and by the Legacy of the Force novel series it's being used as a Virtual Training Simulation for GFFA fighter pilots.
  • Doomed by Canon: There's a scene in episode 13 of the New Hope play where Admiral Motti and Grand Moff Tarkin discuss using the Death Star to overthrow the empire. Both of them die when Luke blows up the station.
  • Fantastic Racism: Hints of this from Luke Skywalker, of all people. When Luke sees the hologram game on board the Millenium Falcon, he assumes Han has to play the ship's computer. Obi-wan has to explain to him that Chewbacca is an intelligent being who can play games of strategy with Han.
  • Gun Struggle: Happens between Leia and Lord Tion on Alderaan, resulting in Lord Tion's death.
  • Hunting "Accident": Bail Organa's plan to conceal the death of Lord Tion. It doesn't help them.
  • I Never Said It Was Poison: Leia is grilling Lord Tion on Alderaan about the mysterious new battle station. She lets slip the code name "Death Star", and Tion instantly realizes she's a spy for the Rebel Alliance.
  • Kick Them While They Are Down: The Imperial officer confronting Captain Antilles in Star Wars (supposedly, since we have no visual to verify that) upon the latter's capture punches him in the gut.
    Commander: Rebel scum... Didn't even have the guts to fight, huh?
  • Limited Special Collector's Ultimate Edition: All three radio series were available together, in a CD boxed set, with special artwork on the discs not available on other editions, as well as exclusive bonus tracks. The bonus tracks were excerpts of conversations with cast members, select scenes played without music or sound effects, and an audio get well card recoded by the cast for Brian Daley, the writer who adapted all three series for radio and who at the time Jedi was recorded, was sick with pancreatic cancer. (Unfortunately, Daley didn't last long enough to be able to hear it. He died the morning after the wrap party.)
  • The Magic Versus Technology War: An interesting case of Adaptation Expansion in which not only scenes are added to the source material but an actual secondary message gets much more focus. And so, while the movie did hint on the conflict between modern technology and the "trickery" of the Force, the Star Wars radio adaptation makes it much more prominent.
    • Lord Tion is critical of Alderaan's opposition towards embracing newest technological advances even though it could significantly expand their economy. His indiscriminate admiration of science even when its put in the worst use is made clear when he slips out how powerful the Death Star will be.
    Bail Organa: But this is unthinkable!
    Tion: It's progress.
    • When Leia sees the Death Star for the first time, Darth Vader tells her not to be concerned too much about it since "it is, after all, but a machine".
  • Narrating the Obvious: An unfortunate limitation of a radio drama is that players sometimes have to narrate or describe things for the audience:
    • In Star Wars, Luke and Biggs reach a scenic point, where Luke helpfully tells Biggs that they can see the whole canyon from there, and Luke describes the lightsaber Obi-Wan hands him before he turns it on.
    • In The Empire Strikes Back, Wedge narrates Luke's attack on a walker for the Hoth command center, and Darth Vader calls out the objects he's Force-throwing at Luke during their duel.
    • In Return of the Jedi C3PO narrates Leia releasing Han from the carbonite.
  • No Sell: In this version Han lampshades Vader blocking DL-44 shots with his hand, right before Vader yanks said blaster out of Han's.
  • Oh Crap!: Red Leader as the Red Flight gets ready to the final approach against the Death Star in Star Wars:
    Red Leader: "Right... uh, okay, Red Flight. This is it..."
  • Slip into Something More Comfortable: Inverted by Leia after the escape from Tatooine in Return of the Jedi. She goes to her quarters in the Millenium Falcon to take off the metal bikini, saying that she's going to "put on something more durable". Han then asks her if she's going to "just throw it away," and her response is "we'll see."
  • Space Is Noisy: The Star Wars play justifies this through the use of auralization, with Han mentioning it to Luke as they warm up the Falcon's quad lasers during the escape from the Death Star.
  • A Storm Is Coming: In Star Wars, Luke and Biggs note that the wind is rising on Tatooine, and that it soon will be everywhere.
  • The Starscream: In some cuts of the Star Wars play there's a scene where Tarkin and Admiral Motti are plotting to overthrow the Emperor. Nothing ever comes of it.
    • It does add context to Tarkin's line "Evacuate? In our moment of triumph?"
    • The scene was clumsily - and unnecessarily - cut from the BBC broadcast.
  • Viewers Are Morons: All three dramas are relatively well written and directed so most of the time what we get is just Narrating the Obvious. That being said, the writers do seem to underestimate the audience's intelligence and/or memory skills every once in a while:
    • In Star Wars, upon the Tantive IV being caught up with by the Devastator, Leia exclaims how it's "the ship that fired on us before", even though it's been literally just over two minutes since we were introduced to that particular Star Destroyer and her captain.
  • Villainous Crush: Lord Tion has one on Leia, although whether it's purely physical attraction or genuine affection for her personality is never clarified. That being said, considering how they differ in terms of their outlooks on war and technology, the latter option is rather dubious.

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